Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

This podcast dialogue is based on the personal experiences of two seasoned practitioners, each with over 30 years of clinical practice. For practicing herbalists, each episode in this weekly podcast explores a set of four single herbs used in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Dr. Daoshing Ni is the co-founder of Yo San University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and chair of the Doctoral program in Women’s Health and Reproductive Medicine. Dr. James Skoien is an international lecturer on the topic of Chinese Medicine with over 33 years of teaching experience.

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I. Exterior-Releasing Herbs: Wind Cold

01: Ma Huang (ephedra),
Gui Zhi (cinnamon),
Qiang Huo (notopterygium),
Zi Su Ye (perilla leaf)

Episode 01: Overview
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Ma Huang (Herba Ephedrae) and Gui Zhi (Ramulus Cinnamomi) disperse wind-cold in the taiyang channels.
Ma Huang is the stronger of the two to induce perspiration and release the exterior. Therefore, it is more suitable for exterior conditions. In addition, Ma Huang dilates the Lung to relieve dyspnea and wheezing, and increases urine output to reduce edema.

Gui Zhi, moderate in potency, treats both excess and deficiency cases of wind-cold invasion. Gui Zhi warms the channels, the chest and the chong (thoroughfare) channel to treat bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), arthritis, chest pain and palpitations caused by cold and phlegm accumulation, and irregular menstruation or lower abdominal pain and coldness.

Qiang Huo (Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii) relieves arthritic pain, especially in the upper body. Qiang Huo relieves pain of the taiyang Urinary Bladder channel, when there is neck and occipital stiffness and pain.

Zi Su Ye (Folium Perillae) disperses wind-cold, and regulates Spleen and Stomach qi. It expands the chest to relieve congestion, relieves nausea and vomiting, stabilizes the fetus during pregnancy, and relieves abdominal pain and diarrhea associated with seafood poisoning, all of which are problems caused by qi stagnation in the middle jiao.Zi Su Ye’s function of diaphoresis is not as strong as that of Ma Huang or Gui Zhi; it is therefore more suitable for clearing mild wind-cold invasions.

All four of these herbs treat wind-cold, a condition characterized by aversion to wind and cold, chills more prominent than fever, body aches, the absence of perspiration, a thin, white tongue coating and superficial, tight pulse. Additional uses include treatment of dyspnea, cough, wheezing, edema, bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), arthritis, and dermatological disorders including but not limited to sores and abscesses.

Episode 01: Ma Huang (ephedra) Guide
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng 

There are 11 kinds of medicinal ephedra in my country, and the main varieties in Hexi Corridor are Ephedra sinica, Ephedra equisetifolia, Ephedra sinica and Ephedra sinica. Among them, Ephedra sinica has a large distribution area, high grade and good quality. It is the main purchase target of ephedra processing plants and the main cultivated species.
Site preparation and fertilization: Ephedra is best planted in neutral sandy loam with deep soil, good drainage and rich nutrients. And before sowing, deep turn and prepare the ground, 40 cm is suitable for deep turning, to achieve deep, thin, flat, solid and even. At the same time, it is necessary to apply sufficient base fertilizer in combination with land preparation. Generally, over 5,000 kg of decomposed farmyard manure, 40 to 45 kg of standard nitrogen fertilizer, and 45 kg of potassium dihydrogen phosphate are applied per mu.

It is an important medicinal plant, rich in alkaloids, second only to Ephedra equisetifolia. It has few woody stems and is easy to process and refine; because it often grows in plains, hillsides, river beds, grasslands, etc., it is easy to harvest. Therefore, the amount used for medicinal purposes is often more than that of Ephedra equisetifolia. It is the main source of ephedrine extraction in my country. plant.

Actions: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
1. Release Sweating Relieve Biao
2. Drain Lung Stop Asthma
3. Drain Water Eliminate Swelling

Sweat relieves the surface, spreads the lungs and relieves asthma, relieves swelling and relieves swelling.

Ephedra (for raw use, often with sweating to relieve the surface); honey ephedra (made with honey, weakened sweating power, longer than nourishing the lungs and relieving asthma).

Indications: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
1. Used for wind-cold table demonstration. The taste is pungent, warm in nature and dispelling cold, good at opening up the body, perspiring through the hair orifice, and it is a strong agent for pungent warming and relieving the surface. It is used to treat exogenous wind-cold, aversion to cold, fever, head and body pain, no sweat, tight pulse and other wind-cold manifestations caused by confinement. It is often used with Guizhi to strengthen the power of relieving the surface and dispelling cold, such as Mahuang Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”). [5] 2. Used for cough and asthma. This product mainly enters the lung meridian. It can relieve the lung qi with hard work and reduce the lung qi. It is mainly to relieve the lungs and relieve the cough and relieve the asthma. When the lung qi is blocked
Ephedra sinica
Ephedra sinica [2] It can be used to control cough and asthma caused by cold, heat, sputum, drinking, and with or without evidence. It is especially suitable for cough and asthma caused by wind-cold external restraint and lung qi suppression. [6] Treatment: ①Wind-cold restraint, cough and asthma caused by the loss of lung qi, often compatible with almonds and licorice, and Sanao Decoction (“Taiping Huimin Heji Prescription”, referred to as “Heji Bureau Prescription”); [ 4]

②Cough and asthma caused by external cold and internal drinking, excessive clear phlegm, etc., often compatible with dried ginger, Pinellia ternata, etc., such as Xiaoqinglong Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”); The compatibility of gypsum, almonds and licorice, namely Maxing Shigan Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”). [4] 3. Used for feng shui edema. This product can not only disperse damp evil, but also open up the lung qi, regulate the waterway, and lower the bladder for diuresis and swelling. It is often used with gypsum, ginger, etc., such as Yuemai Jiashu Decoction (“Golden Chamber Synopsis”) for the treatment of feng shui syndromes that are attacked by wind pathogens, edema due to lung failure, poor urination, and manifestations. [5] [4] 4. Taking the power of ephedra to relieve cold and relieve stagnation, it can be used to treat wind-cold arthralgia, yin gangrene, phlegm core and other syndromes. [4]

Herb combinations/Formulas: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
Related compatibility
The first is hemp and osmanthus. The closing of guarding qi is to open up the law, and the depression of camping points to smooth out the yin, then sweating and relieving the table will be better.
The second is the hemp and apricot phase agents, and the Xuanjiang phase causes the Xuanfei to relieve asthma.
Sanma, Gui and Atractylodes macrocephala are matched to relieve the surface, dispel cold and dampness by sweating.
4. Compatible with gypsum, Xinliang catharsis, clearing lungs and relieving asthma. [1]

Precautions and contraindications: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
Use attention
This product has strong sweating power, and it should be used with caution when it comes to anti-perspiration, night sweats and asthma due to yin deficiency. This product can raise blood pressure, insomnia and hypertension patients with caution. [7]

Caution: heat or emptiness patterns (e.g. yin and qi emptiness), ascending liver yang, during pregnancy; Cons: with hypertension.
Herba Ephedrae (ma huang) can increase blood pressure.

Overdose: nausea and vomiting, flushed face, sensation of heat, excessive sweating, dizziness, headache, nervousness, tremors, insomnia, palpitations, hypertension; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Drug interactions:
má huáng Ephedrae Herba and blood pressure lowering drugs e.g. beta blockers, drugs for diabetes mellitus, obesity, thyroid dysfunction, rhinitis:
possibly an inhibitory effect on beta-blockers, caution in drug-treated patients with diabetes mellitus, obesity and thyroid dysfunction, caution in patients who use medication for colds

má huáng Ephedrae Herba and anticoagulants (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
má huáng Ephedrae Herba may increase the effects of anticoagulants; it can theoretically increase the concentration of the drug in the blood and thus increase the bleeding tendency.
(probably with long-term use!)

má huáng Ephedrae Herba and diuretics (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
má huáng Ephedrae Herba enhances the effect of diuretics

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: “Mainly stroke, typhoid fever, headache, and febrile malaria. Express sweating, remove evil heat, relieve cough and reverse qi, remove cold and heat, and cure the accumulation of symptoms.” [4] “Famous Doctors”: “Through the principles, relieve the muscles.” [4] “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Ephedra is a special medicine for the lung meridian, so it is often used to treat lung diseases. Zhang Zhongjing treats typhoid fever, uses ephedra for non-sweat, and Guizhi for sweating.” [4] Related discourse

① “Decoction of Materia Medica”: “Ephedra is the best medicine for health, and Guizhi is the medicine for health deficiency. Although Guizhi and ephedra are medicines for the sun, they are also medicines for Rongwei. The lung is the main body of the body (qi), and the heart Zhurong (for blood), Diephedrine is an agent for hand lunar yin, and Guizhi is an agent for hand Shaoyin. Therefore, those who cough with typhoid fever and cold, use Ephedra and Guizhi, which is the source of the soup.”

Materia Medica: “Ephedra is light but can be cured, so it is the first to cure typhoid fever. It is the first for relieving muscles. Specializing in stroke, typhoid, headache, temperature malaria, expressing sweating, and removing evil spirits, covered with wind, cold and dampness. Between the yang and the fur, the law is closed, Rongwei’s qi and blood cannot be controlled, so it is said to be true. This medicine is light and clear, so it can eliminate its constrains and make the evils disperse from the surface; those who cough up the qi, Wind-cold depression is also in the hands and too yin; cold and hot, the evil is on the surface; the five internal organs are in an emergency, the five slow and the sixth is also urgent; the wind and the pain are also under the threat of the wind evil guest, and the disease is also Weishi. Wei Zhong Feng Han Once the evil is dispersed, all the evidences that come up will be eliminated. If the red and dark spots are eliminated on the day, if it is in the spring and summer, it is not suitable. It is not possible to break the solid and accumulate. Jie Guyun: Go to Rongzhonghan Evil, venting the heat of the wind and heat, is a sure thing. Too much service makes people feel vain, and it disperses the vitality of the essence.”

③”Tongxuan Materia Medica”: “Ephedra is light to remove the truth. It is the first drug to be published. It is only suitable when the winter season shows cold evil. Although fever and cold, headache, body pain, urgency and pulse Those who are not tight can not be used. Although the symptoms of sweating, you should also check the severity of the disease. If you are not enough, you should not take it. Cover sweat is the fluid of the heart. If you can’t sweat and sweat it, you can pass it through sweat. Sweat, then your heart and blood will be shaken, or you will lose your yang, or you will have a bad symptom due to blood overflow, you can be cautious and cautious.”

④ “Medicine Huayi”: “Ephedra is a medicine for dispelling evil spirits. However, those with deficiency of vitality, coldness or weakness due to exertion, should not be used. If it is misused, spontaneous perspiration will not stop, the muscles will be alert to the flesh, and will die. Yang syndrome. Before and after the vernal equinox, the Yuan Palace is easy to open. If you suffer from full sun channel syndrome, the wave of cold becomes febrile disease. Before and after the summer solstice, the yang qi is floating outside, the skin film is vented, everyone is qi deficiency, such as suffering from foot sun syndrome, cold and heat syndrome, do not sweat too much, so that the vitality is first vented, so use four or five points less. Dissolve, dissolve the muscle surface slightly, and clear the inside. These two are the methods of Liu Hejian’s “Yuanji”, which are outstanding through the ages. If you feel a storm at four times, block your lungs, cough and sound dumb, or have a stuffy nose and a full chest, or If you have a lot of phlegm, you can use Sanao Decoction to disperse the lung evil, which is very effective. It is very effective to cut the rash and relieve the heat evil, so as to express the emotion and lung with almonds.”

⑤ “Materia Medica Zhengyi”: “Ephedra is the first medicine for treating feelings. Although it is said to relieve the surface, it is actually to open the lung, although it is called to dispel cold, it is actually to vent evil. The wind-cold is solid and dissipated, that is, warm and heat can be promoted. Observation on “Materia Medica” mainly treats apoplexy and typhoid, removes evil heat, except cold and heat, and treats wind-heat spotted rash, and heat-blocking is not benevolent in future generations. The purpose of the malaria miasma can be seen. Moreover, the Zhongjing Mahuang Decoction specializes in the sun sickness and cold injury camp. The ephedra and the Guizhi well are used for dispelling the cold. If you do not go with the Guizhi, you will not be expert. It mainly dispels cold and sweats. Suppresses ephedra to vent the lungs, not only to evacuate foreign evils, but also to suffocate the lung qi, and has no right to treat the festival. That is to say, it is light to open it, such as Zhongjing Gancao Mahuang Decoction Treatment of edema and swelling, “Qianjin” ephedra mellow wine decoction used to treat episodic jaundice, and later generations used ephedra to treat edema and asthma. Urinating is not good for all methods. Feeling evil on the outside. It is also common for cold pathogens to constrain the lungs, but nasal congestion is dumb; hot evils suffocate the lungs, but it is muddy nose and nose; water stains the lungs, but the face is floating and wheezing; the flaming lungs are qi-heat Rough breath, as well as internal burning of dry fire, external cooling of new cold, dry cough and dryness, etc., all believe that it is the important task of dredging the lungs and preserving and purging, compared with the suppression of apricot, shellfish, mulberry, loquat leaves, etc. For those who are obliterated, the merits and crimes are not bad. Ephedra is the lightest in nature and has a weak smell. Although “Materia Medica” is said to be bitter and warm, it is also suspended for its function, but it is gentle to raise the ears. It is a popular fear. Almost thought that the medicine of great temperature and heat, then Li Linhu’s “Compendium of Sexual Heat” is wrong. And Miao’s “Jingshu” is even more exaggerated, competing with the saying that there is a lot of pungency and a fever. I don’t know. When ephedra is sweating, it must be warmed with warm clothing. It is the beginning of sweating. No warming and no sweating. This is the one who can be confirmed since the treatment. And also only the cold evil is on the surface, it is advisable to sweat less, so as to solve the problem. It expresses the cold and heat of evil. If it is used to vent the lungs and open the dark, and it does not get rid of the sweat, it will work very quickly, not to mention the flirty sex, once it passes, it must not be profusely sweating, nostalgic for the power of the medicine, and the power is huge. ”

⑥ “This Sutra”: “Mainly stroke, typhoid fever, headache, and febrile malaria. Expressing sweating, removing evil heat, relieving cough and reversing qi, removing cold and heat, and breaking down accumulation.”

⑦”Farewell Record”: “Mainly the five internal organs are slow and urgent, the wind and hypochondriac pain, the word and breast disease. Good saliva, clear the body, relieve the muscles, vent the evil spirits, and eliminate the red and dark spots.”

⑧ “Medicinal Nature Theory”: “Cures the body’s toxic wind and stubbornness, and the skin and the flesh are insensitive.”

⑨ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: “Cures obstruction of the nose and orifices, the smell is not smelling, and the lungs are cold and cough.”

⑩ “Compendium”: “Disperse red mouth, swelling and pain, edema, wind swelling, postpartum blood stagnation.” [1]

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Ephedrae Herba / Má Huáng
Chemical composition:
The main ingredient is a variety of alkaloids, such as ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, etc., and also contains volatile oil, flavonoids, etc.
Pharmacological action:
Ephedra volatile oil has a sweating effect, and ephedrine can increase and speed up the secretion of sweat glands in people under high temperature environment. Ephedra volatile oil emulsion has antipyretic effect. Both ephedrine and pseudoephedrine can relieve bronchial smooth muscle spasm. Pseudoephedrine has obvious diuretic effects. [5] Ephedrine can excite the heart, constrict blood vessels, and raise blood pressure; it has obvious excitatory effects on the central nervous system and can cause excitement, insomnia, and restlessness. Volatile oil has an inhibitory effect on influenza virus. Its methanol extract has anti-inflammatory effects. Its decoction has the effect of anti-pathogenic microorganisms. [5] Xanthine can excite the heart, constrict blood vessels, and raise blood pressure; it has obvious excitatory effects on the central nervous system, and can cause excitement, insomnia, and restlessness. Volatile oil has an inhibitory effect on influenza virus. Its methanol extract has anti-inflammatory effects. Its decoction has the effect of anti-pathogenic microorganisms. [5] Modern use
In modern times, this product is often used as the mainstay, and it can be used in combination with the syndrome. It can treat migraine senile pruritus, frostbite, allergic rhinitis, sleep apnea syndrome, as well as sinus bradycardia, hiccups, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, renal failure, Lumbar sprain, sciatica, Raynaud’s disease, infectious purulent inflammation, chronic pharyngitis, toothache, etc.

Anticoagulant or antihypertensive effect
Diuretic effect
Haematopoiesis promoting effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)

Episode 01: Gui Zhi (cinnamon) Guide
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī

Cassia twig (Latin: Ramulus Cinnamomi, Guixin) is a Chinese medicinal material, which is a twig of the laurel evergreen tree cassia (cinnamon, Cinnamomum cassia). Produced in Guangxi, Guangdong, Yunnan, Fujian and other places, especially Guangxi. Harvested in spring and summer, sun-dried or dried in the shade, sliced ​​for raw use.

Actions/Indications: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī
1. Untie Muscles (Tissues) Release Sweating
2. Warm Yang Stop Pain
3. (Hua Qi) Dissolving Damp Moving Water

Divergent wind-cold: Osmanthus fragrans can reach Yingwei, divergent muscle surface wind-cold, used for cold wind-cold syndrome, symptomatic symptoms such as aversion to cold, fever, headache, body pain, floating pulse, etc. But the sweating effect is milder than that of ephedra. If used together with ephedra, it will increase the power of sweating and dispelling cold. It is used to treat exogenous wind-cold and no sweat, such as Mahuang Decoction; when used together with the white peony root of Yin and Ying, it can reconcile Ying and Wei, and the sweat will be slower. , For the treatment of exogenous wind-cold and sweating symptoms, such as Guizhi Decoction.

Warming meridians and dispelling cold: Guizhi tastes spicy and warm in nature. It has the effects of warming meridians and dispelling cold, dispelling wind and relieving pain. It is used for the pain of limbs and joints caused by the block meridian of wind, cold and dampness. It is often used with Guizhi Decoction with Fangfeng and Weilingxian. Cassia twig has a sweet taste and has a slightly strong effect. It is widely used in gynecology and other miscellaneous diseases, such as irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, and dysmenorrhea caused by blood deficiency and cold coagulation. It is often used equivalently with evodia, angelica, white peony, and chuanxiong. Such as Wenjing Decoction. It is also used for blood deficiency, heart palpitations and pulse generation. It is often used with roasted licorice, codonopsis and donkey-hide gelatin, such as Fumai Decoction.

Invigorating yang and dissipating qi: Guizhi has the effect of warming yang, phlegm, and bladder qi to promote water. It is used for uncomfortable yang, dampness, or edema, or a syndrome of phlegm, such as treating phlegm. Zhiling Guigan Decoction, Wuling Powder for treating edema and so on.

Precautions and contraindications: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī
Cinnamon sticks are relatively warm in nature, and should not be used in patients with febrile fever, Yin deficiency and Yang syndrome, and blood-heat vomiting; and it is also warm in nature. It should be used with caution in pregnant women and menorrhagia.

Needling technique:
Interaktionen mit Medikamenten:
guì zhī Cinnamomi Ramulus und Antikoagulanten (verstärkende Wirkung) (theoretisch)
guì zhī Cinnamomi Ramulus könnte die Wirkung von Antikoagulanten verstärken; es kann theoretisch die Konzentration des Medikaments im Blut erhöhen und somit die Blutungstendenz steigern.
(vermutlich bei langzeitiger Anwendung!)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics:: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī
The “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” states that Guizhi “mainly coughs and wheezes, congestion, spitting, spitting, and joints.

Pearl Sac“: “Relieves colds and headaches, relieves symptoms, relieves sweating, and removes skin rheumatism.”

Benjing Shuzheng“: “It can benefit the joints, warm the meridians and pass the pulse… There are six ways of using it: Heying, Tongyang, Lishui, Qi, Xingyu, and nourishing, which are Guizhi Liu Great effect. Its effect is the greatest, and its application is the widest. It is not as good as Guizhi Tang, but it is also the same.”

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Ramulus Cinnamomi / guì zhī
According to chemical analysis, the main components of the volatile oil contained in cinnamon sticks are cinnamaldehyde and cinnamic acid, and contain a small amount of cinnamaldehyde acetate and phenylpropyl acetate. It still contains mucilage, tannins and resins.
According to pharmacological studies, the volatile oil contained in Guizhi can inhibit the development of many intestinal bacteria, such as Shigella, Vibrio cholerae, and Salmonella. It also has an inhibitory effect on influenza virus, and can stimulate sweat glands and dilate blood vessels in the skin, so it has a sweating effect. Its volatile oil tastes spicy and fragrant, can promote the secretion of digestive juice and increase gastrointestinal peristalsis, help the elimination of gastrointestinal gas, so it has the effect of invigorating the stomach and removing wind. In addition, Guizhi can strengthen the heart and relieve pain.

Antikoagulantische bzw. blutgeringungshemmende Wirkung
Analgetische Wirkung
Thermoregulierende bzw. Fieber senkende Wirkung (und Schwitzen auslösende Wirkung)
Vaskuläre Permeabilität hemmende und Ödeme und Ergüsse beseitigende Wirkung (Indikationen: Aszites, Gelenkkapselflüssigkeitansammlungen, Intracranialödeme, Ödeme der Augenhintergrund)

Episode 01: Qiang Huo (notopterygium) Guide
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)

Notopterygium incisum Ting ex H.T.Chang qiāng huó
Qianghuo, also known as Silkworm Qiang, Chuanqiang, Bamboo Jieqiang, Big Tou Qiang, is a Chinese medicinal material.
It is a perennial herb of the Umbelliferae family Notopterygium incisum Ting ex HTChang and the same genus N. forbessi Boiss. ) Or the rhizomes and roots of N. franchetii Boiss. Mainly produced in Sichuan, Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Yunnan, Xinjiang, Tibet, Henan, Hubei and other places. For life.

Actions and Indications: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)
1. Releasing Sweating Relieve Biao
2. Disperse Wind Relieve Damp

Divergence of wind and cold: This product is light on the body, Xin Wen can radiate wind and cold on the muscle surface. It is used for the test of cold wind and cold. Because of its strong sweating power and analgesic effect, it is especially used for wind-cold headaches and body pain. It is often equipped with wind-proof , Angelica dahurica, Cangzhu are used equally, such as Jingfangbaidu powder. It is also formulated into a relieving surface heat-clearing medicine to treat exogenous wind-heat and obvious headaches.

Relieving rheumatism and relieving arthralgia: Qianghuo Xinwenwen can dispel wind and cold, bitterness can overcome dampness, aromatic can relieve pain, not only dispel rheumatism, but also relieve arthralgia, it is used for arthralgia due to wind, cold and dampness, especially the upper half of the body pain is commonly used, and it is often used alone. , Fangfeng, Qianghuang, or equated with Astragalus and Angelica.
It can also treat facial nerve paralysis related to rheumatism.
This product can inhibit skin fungus.

Relieve the appearance and dispel cold, expel wind and dampness, relieve pain.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)
Divergence of wind and cold: This product is light on the body, Xin Wen can radiate wind and cold on the muscle surface. It is used for the test of cold wind and cold. Because of its strong sweating power and analgesic effect, it is especially used for wind-cold headaches and body pain. It is often equipped with wind-proof , Angelica dahurica, Cangzhu are used equally, such as Jingfangbaidu powder. It is also formulated into a relieving surface heat-clearing medicine to treat exogenous wind-heat and obvious headaches.
Relieving rheumatism and relieving arthralgia: Qianghuo Xinwenwen can dispel wind and cold, bitterness can overcome dampness, aromatic can relieve pain, not only dispel rheumatism, but also relieve arthralgia, it is used for arthralgia due to wind, cold and dampness, especially the upper half of the body pain is commonly used, and it is often used alone. , Fangfeng, Qianghuang, or equated with Astragalus and Angelica.

Precautions and contraindications: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)
Überdosierung löst Übelkeit und Erbrechen aus.

Vorsicht: Gelenkschmerz infolge von Blut-Leere und Kopfschmerz infolge von Yin-Leere

Needling technique:
Qianghuoqi Xiongshengsheng San, strong pungent and dryness, so people with blood deficiency arthralgia, yin deficiency exogenous sensation, superficial deficiency and spontaneous perspiration are not to be used.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)
“Medicinal Nature Theory” stated that Qianghuo “cures thieves, aphasia, aphasia, bloody itching, insufficiency of hands and feet, oblique mouth and face, and stubborn numbness all over the body.”

“Medicine Method Xiang” “Cures wind, cold and dampness, soreness and unkindness, dizziness from winds, and difficulty in stretching the neck.”
“Decoction of Materia Medica”: “Qianghuoqiong, cures foot solar rheumatism, headache, limb pain, and all body pains, but this cannot be eliminated.”

1. “Tang Materia Medica”: “It is better to use Alone for wind therapy, and Qianghuo for combined water.”
2. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Qiang Empress, living alone, can both overcome wind and dampness, pass through customs, but the strength of Qi is different.” [1] 3. “Lei Gong Pao Yao Xing Jie”: “Qiang Huo Qi Qing belongs to Yang, good deeds qi points, comfortable but not astringent, rising and sinking, strong but good to disperse, can express evil, so start with the sun small intestine. Although the function of wind is different from that of living alone, it is in fact mutually inward and outward.”
4. “Materia Medica Preparations”: “Relieve liver qi, search for fat wind, treat rheumatism, headache in this meridian (sun), disease of governor channel, strong spine and convulsions, rigid spasm, convulsions, apoplexy without words, head and eyes also.”
5 “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: “Qianghuo is the commander of chaos anyway, wind can overcome dampness, so Qianghuo can cure water and dampness, and it can be used with Xiongqiong to cure the sun, Jueyin headache, sweating and dispersal, to pass through the guanxi festival, not from time to time. It is also a fairy medicine for colds. In the past, it was used in the nourishing and replenishing qi decoction to treat colds caused by exertion, which has the meaning of nourishing the middle and reducing the body.”

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Qiang Huo (notopterygium)

According to chemical analysis, Qianghuo contains volatile oil, organic acids (palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid) and alkaloids.
According to pharmacological studies, the volatile oil contained in Qianghuo has an inhibitory effect on fungi.

This product contains volatile oil, β-sitosterol, parsley, organic acids and alkaloids. Qianghuo injection has analgesic and antipyretic effects, and has an inhibitory effect on skin fungi and Brucella. The water-soluble part of Qianghuo has the effect of anti-experimental arrhythmia. Volatile oil also has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects, and can combat myocardial ischemia caused by pituitary gland and increase the nutritional blood flow of myocardium.

Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)
Blood vessel dilating effect

Episode 01: Zi Su Ye (perilla leaf) Guide
Podcast |
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè

source
They are Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.var. crispa (Thunb.) Hand.-Mazz.), Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. var.acuta (Thunb.) Kudo) and other leaves.

Harvest when the branches and leaves are lush in summer, remove impurities, and dry in the sun.

Medicinal parts
Leaves such as crepe perilla and sharp perilla. The roots and near-root old stems (su head), stems (perilla stalk), persistent calyx (perilla bud), and fruits (perilla seeds) of the above plants are also used for medicinal purposes.

Manufacturing method
Remove impurities and old stems; or spray water, chop and dry.

Traits
The leaves of this product are mostly shrunken, curled, and broken, and the intact ones are ovoid in shape after being flattened, with a length of 4 to 11 cm and a width of 2.5 to 9 cm. The apex is long or sharp, the base is round or wide wedge, and the edge has circular serrations. Purple on both sides or green on the upper surface, purple on the lower surface, sparsely gray-white hairs, and many concave point-like glandular scales on the lower surface. The petiole is 2-7cm long, purple or purple-green. Crisp. Those with tender branches have a diameter of 2 to 5 mm, purple-green, and pith in the middle of the section. The air is fresh and fragrant, and the taste is slightly pungent.

Identify
(1) The surface preparation of the leaves of this product: some cells in the epidermal cells contain purple pigments, drop 10% hydrochloric acid solution, immediately red; or drop 5% potassium hydroxide solution, that is bright green, and then change It is yellow-green.

(2) Take 0.7g of the crude powder of this product, put it in a 500ml round-bottomed flask, add 250ml of water, mix well, connect the volatile oil tester, add water from the upper end of the tester to the mark, and overflow into the flask, then add petroleum ether (60 ~90℃) 1.5ml, connect the reflux condenser, heat to boiling, and keep it boiling for 2 hours, let it cool, and divide the petroleum ether layer as the test solution. In addition, 0.7g of the control medicinal material of perilla leaf was taken, and the control medicinal material solution was prepared by the same method. According to the test of thin layer chromatography (Appendix VI B), draw 10μl of each of the above two solutions and place them on the same thin layer plate of silica gel G, using petroleum ether (60~90℃)-ethyl acetate (19:1) as The spreading agent, spread out, spread 15cm, take out, dry, spray with dinitrophenylhydrazine test solution, and place. In the chromatogram of the test product, spots of the same color appeared on the corresponding position of the chromatogram of the control medicinal material.

Actions and Indications: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
1. Relieve Biao Dissipate Cold
2. Move Qi Harmonize Middle
3. Relieve Toxins

Relieve the appearance and dispel cold, promote qi and stomach. Used for cold, cold, cough and nausea, pregnancy vomiting, fish and crab poisoning.

1. Regulate Qi and Harmony. Cure cold, cold, fever, cough, asthma, fullness of the chest and abdomen, and fetal movement. And can detoxify fish and crabs. Used for colds, colds, fever, aversion to colds, headache and nasal congestion, cough or chest tightness. It is often compatible with almonds, Qianhu, etc., such as Xingsu San; if there are both qi stagnation and chest tightness, it is more compatible with Xiangfu, Chenpi, etc., such as Susan.
2. Stagnation of spleen and stomach, chest tightness, and vomiting. This product has the effect of widening the movement of qi, neutralizing the stomach and relieving vomiting. For those who are cold, use it with Huoxiang; for those who are hot, use it with Huang. For those with partial qi stagnation and phlegm, it is often used with Pinellia and Magnolia.
3. It is used for pregnancy vomiting and full chest and abdomen. It is often compatible with tangerine peel and Amomum villosum to enhance its anti-vomiting and anti-fetal effects.
4. It is used for abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea caused by eating fish and crabs, used alone or with ginger, and decocted with Baizhi.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
1. Those who feel cold from the outside, have aversion to cold, have a headache, no sweat, and clear nose and nose, can be compatible with Qianghuo, Fangfeng, Angelica dahurica, etc., to relieve the appearance and dispel the cold.
2. For those with qi stagnation and dampness, gas discordance, abdominal distension and nausea, nausea and diarrhea, it can be compatible with Huoxiang, tangerine peel, Pinellia Qu, Poria, etc., to promote qi and dampness.

1. For colds: 10 grams of perilla leaves, 5 scallions, 3 slices of ginger, decocted in water and warm.
2. For exogenous wind-cold headache: 10 grams of perilla leaf, 6 grams of cinnamon, 5 scallions, decoction in water.
3. For acute gastroenteritis: 10 grams of perilla leaves, 10 grams of Huoxiang, 6 grams of tangerine peel, 3 pieces of ginger, decoction in water.
4. For thoracic distress, hiccups: 15 grams of perilla stem, 6 grams of tangerine peel, 3 pieces of ginger, decoction in water.
5. Used for pregnant women with fetal movements 30 grams of hemp root, 10 grams of perilla stem, decocted in water.
6. For pregnancy-induced vomiting: 15 grams of perilla stems and leaves, 3 grams of Coptis chinensis, decocted in water.
7. For edema: 20 grams of perilla stalk, 1 piece of garlic with skin, 15 grams of ginger skin, 15 grams of wax gourd skin, decocted in water.
8. For crab-eating poisoning: 30 grams of perilla leaves, 3 slices of ginger, decoction and frequent drinking.
9. For scrotal eczema: appropriate amount of perilla stems and leaves, decoct and soak the affected area in water.
10. Used for internal parasites, appropriate amount of perilla stems and leaves, steamed buns with noodles, eating can kill the internal parasites such as roundworms.

Pattern combinations: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
Perilla San
Composition: 5 grams of perilla leaf, mulberry bark, green bark, schisandra, almond, ephedra, and roasted licorice
Efficacy: Xuanfei dispelling cold, resolving phlegm and relieving cough.
Indications: Exogenous wind and cold binds the lungs. Symptoms include coughing and excessive sputum, headache, fever and aversion to cold, not thirsty, pale tongue, white fur, floating pulse.
Comments:
①The main points of this prescription are fever, aversion to cold, cough, excessive sputum, and floating pulse.
②This prescription can be used to treat chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, and emphysema.
Xingsusan
Recipe: 9 grams of perilla leaves, 9 grams of pinellia, 9 grams of Poria cocos, 9 grams of Peucedanum, 9 grams of bitter platycodon, 6 grams of Citrus aurantium, 3 grams of licorice, 3 slices of ginger, 3 jujubes, 9 grams of almonds, Take 6 grams of orange peel, decoct in water and take it warmly.
Function: Lightly releases and cools dryness, regulates the lungs and resolves phlegm.
Indications: Autumn exogenous cold and dry syndrome, aversion to cold without sweating, slight pain in the head, cough and thin white sputum, nasal congestion, dry throat, white fur, stringy pulse.
Xiang Su San
Recipe: 120 grams of Radix Aconite, sauteed, depilated, 120 grams of perilla leaves, 30 grams of roasted licorice, 60 grams of dried tangerine peel, and the above four medicines are made into coarse powder. Three times a day, take 9 grams of powder each time and take it with hot water.
Function: Evacuate wind and cold, regulate qi and balance, mainly treat exogenous wind cold, qi stagnation in the chest (stomach), aversion to fever, headache, no sweat, suffocation in the chest (stomach), reluctance to eat, thin white tongue coating, floating pulse.
Scallion Soup Soup
Recipe: Make xiangfu 4.5-6 grams, tangerine peel 4.5-6 grams, 3 fresh green onions (green onions), 4.5-9 grams perilla, 2 to 2.5 grams roasted licorice, 9-12 grams light tempeh, decoction. Function: sweating to relieve the surface, adjust the air to relieve the fetus.
Indications: typhoid fever during pregnancy (pregnant women feel wind-cold), aversion to cold and fever, no sweat, headache and body pain, nausea in the chest (stomach), thin white fur, floating pulse.
Su Jiang Tang
Recipe: 22.5 grams of perilla leaves, 2.5 grams of ginger, decoction in water to form a 25% concentration of medicinal soup (that is, the two medicines are 25 grams in total, to be decocted to form 100 ml of medicinal soup), taken once a day in the morning and evening, 100 each time Milliliters, 10 days is a course of treatment, and every two courses are separated by 3 days.
Function: Resolve phlegm, relieve cough, relieve asthma. Indications of bronchitis.

Precautions and contraindications: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
People with febrile disease and weak Qi are not allowed to take it
Taboo
Patients with qi deficiency, yin deficiency and febrile disease should be taken with caution.
Fever, high fever, yin deficiency and fire, and blood-heat rash are forbidden to take. [5] Food: Perilla leaves can not be eaten with carp, causing poisonous sores.
① “Materia Medica Sutra”: The disease is yin deficiency. People who develop cold and heat or aversion to cold and headache should be cautious not to take it. The disease should be restrained and repaired.
It is also unsuitable for those who are nauseous.
② “Materia Medica Tongxuan”: long service to vent one’s true anger. Patients with qi deficiency, yin deficiency and febrile disease should be taken with caution.

Vorsicht: Aussen-Leere-Schwitzen; lange Anwendung kann zur Qi-Leere führen.

Vorsicht bei Autoimmunerkrankungen z.B. SLE: kann möglicherweise allergische Reaktionen (verstärkte Photosensitivität) der Haut verursachen.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
Perilla from Tao Hongjing: (Perilla) under the leaves is purple, and the smell is very fragrant. It has no purple, no fragrant, and stubble-like ones. It is named Ye Su and is not used.

The Sketch Book“: Perilla, purple under the leaves, and very fragrant, picking stems and leaves in summer, and fruit in autumn. There are several species of Su, including Stachys, Bai Su, Yu Su, and Shan Yu Su, all of which are fern. Bai Su Fang has round stems and round leaves, not purple, but also very fragrant, and it is actually used as medicine. Yusu is like fungus, with big leaves and fragrant. Wu people are known as fish cooks, and a Yushu. The famous mountain fish Sui between the raw mountains and rocks, the main resting dysentery, the frequency of small and small streams, the dry rice drink is adjusted and taken, and it is effective.

Compendium“: Perilla and Baisu are all planted in February or March, or the perisha grows on the ground. Its stem is square, its leaves are round and pointed, and there are serrations around it; those with rich soil have purple faces and backs, those with barren soils have blue faces and purple backs, and those with white faces and backs are white su, which is also scutellaria. When the perilla is tender, the leaves are picked, and the vegetables are ruined, or the salt and plum brine are very fragrant for ZU food, and the summer months are used for cooked soup.
Five and June are harvested with roots, simmer the roots with fire, and dry in the shade, so that the leaves will not fall for a long time. In August, the thin purple flowers bloom, and the ears are like nepeta ears. When September is half dry, the seeds are harvested. The seeds are as thin as mustard seeds and are yellowish red. You can also take oil like stubble oil. Today there is a kind of flower perilla; its leaves are fine-toothed and densely closed like a cut shape, and the fragrant stems are the same. It is called Huisu.

Perilla has been cultivated and used in China for about 2000 years. It is mainly used for medicinal, oil, spice, edible and other aspects. Its leaves (sue leaves), stems (sue stems), and fruits (sue stalks) can all be used as medicine. , The young leaves can be eaten raw and used as soup, and the stems and leaves can be submerged. In recent years, perilla has become a multi-purpose plant that has attracted worldwide attention due to its unique active substances and nutrients, and has high economic value. Russia, Japan, South Korea, the United States, Canada and other countries have carried out a large number of commercial cultivation of perilla plants, and developed dozens of perilla products such as edible oil, medicines, submerged products, and cosmetics.
1. “Don’t Record“: Mainly release the breath and remove the cold.
2. Meng Xu: In addition to cold and heat, treat air-conditioning.
3. “Rihuazi Materia Medica“: nourishing the middle and nourishing qi. Cure the fullness of the heart, stop cholera to turn tendons, appetite and eat, and (cure) all air-conditioning, stop beriberi.
4. “The Sketch Book“: Tongxin Jing, beneficial to the spleen and stomach.
5. “Luganyan Materia Medica“: Stop bleeding from golden sores; treat hemorrhoids, decoction and wash it.
6. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica“: sweating, relieving colds and headaches, eliminating phlegm, stopping roaring and asthma.
7. “Compendium“: Broad movement of the qi, eliminates phlegm and helps the lungs, harmonizes blood, warms the middle, relieves pain, relieves asthma, and prevents fetuses.
8. “Materia Medica Fengyuan“: It can disperse the evil of blood.
9. “Materia Medica” and “Compendium” Perilla is an important medicine in modern times. Its taste is pungent, enters qi, its color is purple, enters blood. Therefore, the same with orange peel and Amomum villosum can promote qi and anti-fetus; with Huoxiang and Wuyao, it can warm and relieve pain; with Xiangfu and Ephedra, it will sweat and relieve muscle; with Xiongqiang and Angelica, it will harmonize and disperse blood; With papaya and magnolia, it can relieve dampness and relieve heat and treat cholera athlete’s foot; with platycodon and citrus aurantium, it can benefit the intestines; with almond and raspberry, it can relieve phlegm and relieve asthma.
10. “Materia Medica Huiyan” Perilla, dispelling cold qi, clearing lung qi, widening middle qi, easing fetal qi, lowering qi, and flower phlegm qi, it is also the magic medicine for treating qi. One thing has three functions: such as cold and typhoid, headache and bone pain, aversion to cold and fever, unfavorable limbs, or beriberi hernia, if the evil depression is on the surface, Su Ye can dispel the evil and relieve the surface; stagnation and fullness of the chest, chest If the diaphragm is unfavorable, or the fetal gas is forced upwards, and the abdomen and hypothermia are swollen and painful, Su Geng can smoothly and broadly; if or when asthma is reversed, Su Zi can breathe down. The phlegm is rushing, and Suzi can reduce the fire and clear the phlegm. The three methods are different, and the method should be detailed.
11. “Medicine Huayi” Perilla leaf is what happened. Xin Wen Neng San, qi-thin energy-passing, taste-poor venting, special anti-muscle release, treatment of cold and typhoid, and malaria at the beginning, exogenous cholera, damp-heat beriberi, and the most important medicine for exopathic symptoms. Danxi treats damp-heat disease after the vernal equinox, headache, body heat, spine-strength eye pain, dry nose and thirst. Every time it is used with Pueraria lobata root and Angelica dahurica, it dissolves through Liushen power, helps its prestige, sweats and relieves muscles, and its disease is as sweeping. Take its spicy fragrance to treat depression, stagnation of the chest and diaphragm, and drink to distract the heart, and the heart is happy and hot. Such as cold stagnation abdominal pain, fire stagnation dysentery, damp stagnation diarrhea, less adjuvant two or three points, it is most appropriate to relax the surface and relieve the muscle from the inside. Shen Su Yin cures colds and colds in people with deficiency, and the prescription has one tonic and one loose, which has profound meaning. If you don’t follow its righteousness, subtract the ginseng, or take it if you don’t, or the evil will not dissipate and righteousness will be weak.
12. “Materia Medica Zhengyi” (Perilla) is a new promulgation agent, which is also a light agent. Therefore, those who are mainly angry can make it proclaim, and those who are angry can make it proclaim. The leaves are inclined to Xuan San, the stems are inclined to Xuan Tong, and the Zi has both, and the sex is slightly slower.
“Materia Medica Justice” Perilla has a strong fragrance. The skin is opened on the outside to vent the lungs and qi; the upper is to clear the nose and clear the head, which is an elixir for wind-cold exogenous feelings; the middle is to open the chest and diaphragm, wake up the spleen and stomach, release phlegm and drink, relieve stagnation and promote qi stagnation. Nowadays, people always use stems, leaves, and seeds to divide the main symptoms. The origin of this product is different, and the shape is also different. The stems of those with more leaves are also thin, while those with larger stems have fewer leaves. Therefore, the analysis and treatment are especially precise. The leaf is lightly raised, it can be used for the external sense of wind and cold, evacuate the closed lungs, open up the muscle surface, vent the weather and dissipate the evil, the most agile. The stems are firm, although hollow, but near the roots are great and thick. The giants can be used to relieve internal qi, relieve knots, relieve pain, reduce adverse symptoms, appetite and refresh the spleen. The purpose of solidification is different from that of venting exogenous feelings. The child is smooth and straight, lowering qi, eliminating phlegm, stopping cough and moisturizing the lungs, which is of special interest. Nowadays, the secret of medicine selection is different from that of Song, Jin, Yuan and Ming, and it can not be said that it is a non-pharmaceutical entertainer.
13. “Changsha Yaojie” Su Yexin powder is good at breaking cold and rushing down, expanding the chest and abdomen to eliminate fullness, so it can treat the syndrome of stasis in the chest and pass the meridians to the channel, disperse wind and cold, and solve both Chinese and foreign Medicine also. Perilla) is a new publicizing agent, and it is also a light agent. Therefore, those who are predominantly angry can be proclaimed, and those who are preoccupied can be proclaimed. The leaves are biased towards Xuansan, the stems are biased towards Xuantong, and the seeds are both, and the sex is slightly slower.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Folium Perillae / zĭ sū yè
Chemical composition:
The whole plant of Perilla frutescens contains about 0.5% volatile oil, about 55% of Pe-rillaldehyde, 20-30% of L-limonene and a small amount of α-pinene. Also contains arginine, cumic acid (Cumic acid), cyanidin 3-(6-p-coumarin-β-D-glucoside) 5-β-D-glucoside (Cyanidin3-(6-p- Coumaroyl-β-D-glucoside)5-β-D-glucoside]. In addition, the volatile oil of the leaves contains Isoegomaketone, etc. The whole plant of Perilla contains volatile oil and contains isoamyl-3- Isoamyl 3-furylketone, perillaldehyde, α- and β-pinene, d-limonene, 1-linalool, camphene, menthol, menthone, perilla alcohol, two Hydroperillary awakening, eugenol. Perilla contains about 0.5% volatile oil (perill oil), the oil contains 16.8%-22.6% of perillaldehyde (l-perillaldehyde), and 19.7% of perilla-alcohol (l-perilla-alcohol) -23.1%, dihydroperillyl alcohol

Thermoregulierende bzw. Fieber senkende Wirkung (und Schwitzen auslösende Wirkung)

1. Antipyretic effect: rabbits with fever with perilla leaf decoction and infusion 2g/kg orally with mixed typhoid vaccine have a weak antipyretic effect.
2. Bacteriostatic effect: Perilla leaves can inhibit the growth of staphylococci in the test tube. Perilla leaf extract has a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 200-1600 mg/ml for 6 fungi agar cultures; perillaldehyde in the extract plays a major antibacterial effect.
3. Blood sugar raising effect: 0.35ml/kg of perilla oil is given to rabbits orally; it can increase blood sugar; after the main component of the oil is made into oxime (Oxime), the blood sugar raising effect is stronger than that of perilla oil.
4. Effect on blood coagulation: intravenous injection of perilla water extract into the ear surface of rabbits can shorten the blood clotting time, plasma recalcification time and thromboplastin time, indicating that the endogenous coagulation system of perilla has a promoting effect, but the external source The effect of the sexual coagulation system is not obvious.
5. Promote intestinal motility: Perilla ketone isolated from perilla leaves can promote intestinal peristalsis in rats and accelerate the movement of intestinal materials. This is because Perill ketone has a stimulating effect on the intestinal stents.
6. Sedative effect: Perillaldehyde, Stigmasterol, and Dill apiole isolated from perilla leaves have a sedative effect, which can prolong the sleep time of rats with reduced phenobarbital. Among them, the half effective dose of Dill apiole = 1.57 mg/kg . Perilla decoction at a concentration of 1:2O has an inhibitory effect on the ECHO11 strain.
Toxicity: Perillone and other ketone compounds are all 3-substituted furan compounds, which show toxic effects on mice, goats and heifers, especially on the lungs, which can be caused by pulmonary edema and pleural exudation. Death, but the route of administration is different, the toxicity is different, 10 mg/kg intravenous injection of perillone can cause death to goats, but 40 mg/kg gavage has no effect. Perillyl alcohol has toxic, irritating and sensitizing effects. In addition, female goats can be fatal by intravenous injection of 10 mg/kg of perillone. If 40 mg/kg gavage can still survive, there is no evidence that the appeal substance is harmful to humans.

02: Jing Jie (schizonepeta),
Fang Feng (siler),
Gao Ben (ligusticum),
Bai Zhi (angelica)

Jing Jie (Herba Schizonepetae) and Fang Feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae) are both excellent herbs to disperse wind.

Jing Jie has a stronger diaphoretic function than Fang Feng. Jing Jie is acrid but mild,slightly warm but not drying, and depending on with what other herbs it is prescribed, disperses either wind-cold or wind-heat. Because the strength of Jing Jie is in dispelling wind, it treats various itching and dermatological disorders in which wind is the underlying cause. Charred Jing Jie stops bleeding.

Fang Feng dispels wind, cold and dampness. It relieves pain in the head, eyes, throat, body, and joints. It relieves arthritis caused by bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), or spasms, cramps or tetany from internal Liver wind.

Gao Ben (Rhizoma Ligustici) relieves arthritic pain,especially in the upper body. Gao Ben is best for vertex headaches.

Bai Zhi (Radix Angelicae Dahuricae), acrid and aromatic, addresses wind-cold characterized by frontal headaches, supra-orbital pain, toothache and nasal obstruction. Because it also dries dampness, Bai Zhi treats bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), dermatological disorders that involve swelling and pus, and lower abdominal coldness and pain with leukorrhea.

All four of these herbs treat wind-cold, a condition characterized by aversion to wind and cold, chills more prominent than fever, body aches, the absence of perspiration, a thin, white tongue coating and superficial, tight pulse. Additional uses include treatment of dyspnea, cough, wheezing, edema, bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), arthritis, and dermatological disorders including but not limited to sores and abscesses.

Episode 02: Jing Jie (schizonepeta) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
Schizonepetae Herba jīng jiè
Nepeta cataria (Nepeta cataria L.), alias: fragrant nepeta, nepeta, artemisia tetragona, pseudosu, is a perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae and Nepeta genus.

The stem is strong, the base is lignified, multi-branched, 40-150 cm high, the base is nearly quadrangular, the upper part is blunt quadrangular, with shallow grooves, and white pubescent. It is used as medicine to dry stems, leaves and flower spikes. The fresh buds are the best for children’s sedation. Nepeta leaves are yellow-green, the stems are square and slightly purple, the cross section is yellow-white, and the ears are slightly darker, purple and yellowish green. The taste is flat, the nature is warm, non-toxic, and the fragrance is strong.
Nepeta is a sweating and antipyretic medicine. It is one of the commonly used Chinese herbal medicines. It can suppress phlegm, expel wind and cool blood. Cure influenza, headache, cold and heat, sweating, and vomiting.

Produced in Xinjiang, Gansu, Shaanxi, Henan, Shanxi, Shandong, Hubei, Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan; it is distributed eastward from Central and Southern Europe through Afghanistan to Japan, and is wild in the Americas and southern Africa. Type specimens were collected from Europe. [1] Artificial cultivation is mainly produced in Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hebei and other places.

Actions and Indications: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
1. Release Sweating Relieve Biao
2. Disperse Wind Dispel Toxin
3. Harmonize Blood Stop Bleeding

Dispelling wind; relieving the table; rash through; hemostasis. Main cold and fever; headache; itchy eyes; cough; sore throat; measles; carbuncle; sores and scabies; Used for colds, headaches, measles, rubella, and sores at the beginning. Fried charcoal cures blood in the stool, uterine bleeding, and postpartum blood halos. Relieve the appearance and dispel wind, clear rash, reduce sores, and stop bleeding. Used for colds, poor measles, bleeding in the stool, uterine bleeding, epistaxis. [5]

1. Treatment of wind-heat headache: Nepeta ears and gypsum are divided into equal parts. For the end. Two dollars per serving, the tea is adjusted down. (“Yong Class Seal Party”)
2. Cure all diseases of the boss, blood labor, ethos, headache, head spin and dizziness: Nepeta spikes are the end. Three dollars per drink. (“Longmu Theory of Ophthalmology”)
3. Treating wind-heat and lung congestion, sore throat, speechless, or choking if there is something: half of Nepeta ears, two or two platycodons, one or two licorice (sunburn). The top is rough. Each serving is four yuan, one cup of water, three slices of ginger, fry for six minutes, remove the residue, and take it warmly after eating. (“Jufang” Nepeta Soup)
4. Treat all winds, deviated mouth and eyes: one catty of green nepeta, one catty of green mint. Grind in a sand basin, twist the raw silk juice in a magnet, and fry into a paste; the remaining three points, one point away, the second part of the day is dried as the end, and the paste is used as a pill, like a sycamore seed. Twenty pills per serving, three servings as early as late afternoon. Avoid moving scenery. (“Experience Rear”)
5. Treat blood in stool:
(1) Nepeta, fried, for the end. Drink two dollars per meter, and the woman uses wine. It can also be used as wonton food. (“Experience Formula”)
(2) Two or two Nepeta and one or two Sophora japonica. Fried purple is the end. Three coins for each serving, give away clear tea. (“Simple Unilateral”)
6. Treatment of postpartum blood halos, heart-building, eyes falling, wind-shrinking people who want to die: dried nepeta ears, smashed and sieved. Every time the last two coins are used, the boy urinates a drink,
Nepeta
Nepeta
Heat-regulating clothes, pick teeth for those who are silent, and pour the nose for those who are closed. (“The Sketch Book”)
7. Treatment of urinary hematuria: Nepeta, shrunken sand, equal parts. For the end. Drink glutinous rice for three coins and serve three times a day. (“Simplified Prescriptions of the Lakeside Collection”)
8. Treatment of hemorrhoids, swelling and pain: boil nepeta soup and wash it every day. (“Simple Unilateral”)
9. Treatment of obstructive obstruction, acute lower abdomen pain, anal swelling and pain, no matter what Xinjiu: Rhubarb (half if urination is not clear), Nepeta spike (half if it is not clear), equally divided. Each is the last. Take one or two dollars for each serving, adjust the warm water, and temporarily add or subtract servings. (“Xuanming Lunfang” is reversed)
10. Cure all scabies: Nepeta, honeysuckle, smilax, equal parts. In the end, rehmannia glutinosa is boiled for pill, and Wuzi is big. Take one hundred pills every day and night, with tea and wine. (“Ben Cao Hui Yan”)
11. Treatment of wind-toxin, swelling, pain and hardness: one liter of rat sticks (micro-fried), and four taels of nepeta ears. Rough Luo is scattered. For each serving of three coins, take one medium cup of water, fry to five minutes, remove the water, add the bamboo lees and half together, stir evenly, and take it three times a day. (“Holy Benefits”)
12. Treatment of wet feet: Nepeta leaves smashed and applied. (“Simple Unilateral”) [5]

Herb combinations and Formulas: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)

1) Nepeta is combined with windbreak to strengthen the effect of dispelling wind and relieving surface.
2) Nepeta with mint, one qi and one blood, can strengthen the effect of sweating.

Nepeta-Chinese herbal medicine
3) Nepeta is combined with rigid silkworm, dispelling wind and relieving surface, treating dampness and inferior diseases.
4) Nepeta mixed with alum can enhance the effect of dispelling wind and resolving phlegm, and can treat wind and phlegm congestion and convulsion in children.
5) Nepeta with plaster, cure wind-heat headache.
6) Nepeta and Sophora charcoal can dispel wind and stop bleeding, and can be used to treat blood under intestinal wind.
7) Nepeta is combined with cohosh charcoal to promote clearing yang and stop bleeding.
8) Nepeta with rhubarb, clearing heat and laxative.
9. Angelica Nepeta treats stroke

Pattern combinations: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
1. Jingfangbaidu powder (“Surgical Cases”) when treating sores, swelling, pain and fever, and floating left hand pulse: Nepeta, Fangfeng, Ginseng, Qianghuo, Duhuo, Peucedanum, Bupleurum, Platycodon grandiflorum, Trifoliate orange Shell, tuckahoe, chuanxiong, licorice 3g each. Decoction. Eat far away. [6] 2. Nepeta Jiebiao Decoction (Shiyi Recipe) to treat wind-cold cold: Nepeta, Fangfeng, Su Ye, Angelica dahurica, Almond 6g each, Chiling 9g, Tangerine peel 6g, Shenqu 9g, 2 slices of ginger, 2 scallions. Decoction in water, take 1 dose a day. [6] 3. Nepeta Lianqiao Decoction (“Rejuvenation”) treats the nose: Nepeta, Bupleurum, Chuanxiong, Angelica, Radix Rehmanniae, Red Peony, Angelica, Parsnip, Mint Leaf, Gardenia Seed, Scutellaria, Platycodon, Forsythia, etc. 1.5g, 1g licorice, file for 1 serving,

Rabbits with artificial fever, oral nepeta decoction and extract 2g (crude medicine)/kg, there is no antipyretic effect. in
Nepeta cataria
Nepeta cataria
In vitro, high concentration (1:100) has the effect of anti-tuberculosis. [5]

Precautions and contraindications: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
Contraindications: outside emptiness or liver wind; while ingesting the herb, the patient should avoid fish, crab, and duck; a reaction with itchy rashes is possible.

Spontaneous sweating due to deficiency of the surface, headache due to deficiency of yin, avoid taking.
1. “Medicinal Properties”: Nepeta long-term service for thirst disease.
Nepeta medicinal diagram

2. “Wei Hang Ji Tan”: Anyone who takes nepeta wind medicine should not eat fish.
3. “Compendium” is against donkey meat and fish without scales.
4. “Materia Medica Sutra”: Avoid it if the patient has sweaty on the surface; if blood deficiency, cold and heat are not due to rheumatism and cold, do not use it; if there is a headache due to yin deficiency, fire, inflammation, and headache, be careful to stray into it. [5]

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
① “This Classic“: Mainly cold and heat, rat fistula, scrofula, sore, rupture and accumulation of qi, blood stasis, dehumidification arthralgia.
② “Medicinal Nature Theory“: cures evil winds, crooked mouth and face, stubborn numbness all over the body, guilty conscience and forgetting things, gaining strength to make things worse. Mainly ward off evil and poisonous gas, remove work, and treat swelling; take a grip and cut, take 5 liters of water, boil 2 liters, and divide into two cold servings, the main purpose is to benefit
Nepeta
Nepeta
The blood vessels transmit the five internal organs without qi, can sweat, and remove the cold wind; they also smash the powder and seal the poisonous swelling with vinegar.
Meng Xu: Postpartum stroke and stiff body, yanmojiufu.
④ “Diet Therapy Materia Medica“: Helps the spleen and stomach.
⑤ “Food Nature Materia Medica“: Mainly congested blood, fatigue, back pain, sweating, regulating husband’s beriberi, muscles and bones, yin and yang toxin, typhoid fever, headache, head spinning, dizziness, hand and foot jerks.
⑥ “Rihuazi Materia Medica“: to benefit the five internal organs, to reduce the appetite and the breath, and to sober up alcohol. Cooking hot food and decocting tea to cure head wind and sweat; decoction in black bean sauce cures typhoid fever.
⑦ “The Sketch Book“: cure head wind, wasting, scabies, women’s blood wind.
⑧ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica“: treat bruises and apply toxins. Treat vomiting blood. Nepeta ears, the head of the super clear wind, relieves headaches, improves eyesight, relieves heat and pain in the lungs, liver, and throat, reduces swelling, removes all poisons, and emits carbuncle. Cure hematochezia, stop women’s sudden collapse, eliminate wind and heat, and ventilate the lungs and block the nasal orifices.
⑨ “Compendium“: Dissipate wind and heat, clear the boss, improve the throat, reduce sores and swelling. The treatment is strong, black flowers in the eyes, sores, yin, vomiting blood, bleeds, bleeding, bloody dysentery, collapsing, hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids. [5]

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Jing Jie (schizonepeta)
1. Antipyretic and analgesic effect: Use mixed typhoid vaccine to make rabbits fever, and gavage 2g/kg of Nepeta Schizonepeta decoction or ethanol infusion, which only has a weak antipyretic effect. Nepeta decoction has antipyretic and analgesic effects. The d-menthone in Nepeta is the main component of analgesia, and 3-methylcyclohexanone also has analgesic effect.

2. Anti-pathogenic microorganism effect: In vitro test of Nepeta decoction has strong antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Diphtheria bacillus. Secondly, it has a certain inhibitory effect on Bacillus anthracis, Streptococcus beta, Typhoid bacillus, Shigella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium human tuberculosis, etc. 50% Nepeta decoction per chicken embryo 0.1ml has no inhibitory effect on the PR8 strain of influenza A virus.

3. Hemostatic effect: the bleeding time of mice was measured according to Akohob’s method, the clotting time of rabbit capillary method was measured, and the hemostatic time of raw nepeta and nepeta charcoal were compared. The drugs were all prepared with normal saline for intragastric administration, 2g/kg for rabbits and 5g/kg for mice, and normal saline was used as a control. The results showed that raw nepeta can not significantly shorten the bleeding time, while nepeta charcoal shortens the bleeding time by 72.6%; raw nepeta can shorten the clotting time by 30%, and nepeta charcoal shortens by 77.7%, indicating that nepeta can be fried by charcoal It has hemostatic effect afterwards.

4. Other effects: Nepeta in vitro test has a weak inhibitory effect on cancer cells. Nepeta decoction can significantly inhibit the swelling of the ears of mice, and also have a significant anti-inflammatory effect on inflammation caused by acetic acid. It is also reported that the main anti-inflammatory component of Nepeta is 1-pulegone. Benzofurans, 3-octanol and B-pinene also have anti-inflammatory effects. The IC50 of the former for 3a-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is 8.1μg/ml.

Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)

Episode 02: Fang Feng (siler) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Fang Feng (siler)

Saposhnikoviae (Ledebouriellae) Radix fáng fēng
Parsnip (Saposhnikovia divaricata (Trucz.) Schischk.) is a perennial herb with strong roots, slender cylindrical shape, and yellowish brown.
The stem is solitary, with many branches from the base, nearly as long as the main stem, with thin edges, clusters of basal leaves, elongated petioles, and broad leaf sheaths at the base. The leaf blade is ovate and stalked. The stem leaves are similar to the basal leaves, but smaller, and the terminal leaves are simplified and have a wide sheath.
Multiple umbels are numerous, born on stems and branches, apical peduncle is 2-5 cm long; umbels are glabrous; small umbels have flowers 4-10; no involucres; small involucres are linear, apex is long Approximately 3 mm, calyx teeth short triangular; petals obovate, white, glabrous. Double-hanging fruit is narrow and round, with verrucous protrusions when young, and gradually smooth when mature; flowering period is from August to September, fruit period is from September to October.
Produced in Heilongjiang, Jining, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Ningxia, Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong and other provinces in China. It grows on grasslands, hills, and gravel slopes. The root is used for medicinal purposes, and is used to treat colds, headaches, joint pains, neuralgia and other diseases.

Actions and Indications: Fang Feng (siler)
1. Disperse cold relieve Biao
2. Disperse wind stop pain
3. Relieve damp stop pain

Relieve the appearance and dispel cold, expel wind and dampness, relieve pain.

Indications:
Wind-cold cold, wind-cold dampness arthralgia, strong muscles, joint pain, feng shui swelling, ulcer and sore toxin.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Fang Feng (siler)

Pattern combinations:
① Treatment of wind and evil injures the health, sweat and evil wind: Fangfeng, Nepeta, Pueraria lobata. (“Zhongyinmaizhi” Fangfeng Decoction)
② Treats migraine headache, unhealed age, rheumatic fever, plastic damage to the eyes, and more than brain pain: Ligusticum chuanxiong five coins, Bupleurum chinense seven coins, Coptis (stir-fried), Fangfeng (go Lu), Qianghuo one or two, roasted licorice one two and five dollars, Scutellaria baicalensis three and two (peel, file, half wine, half fried). The top is fine powder. Each serving is two coins dagger. Add a little tea into the cup. The soup is adjusted like a cream. Put it in the mouth, and use less white soup to send it down. Before lying down, if you have a bitter headache, add two points of Asarum for each serving. (“Orchid Chamber Secret Store” empty ointment)
③Treat the head wind and the pain intolerable: Fangfeng and Angelica dahurica, four or two each. The top is fine, refined honey and pills, as big as marbles. For example, use Chaqing as a pill, take one pill each time, and add it to the tea soup. If the head winds upright, empty-hearted suits. Take leprosy after eating. Unhealed even into the three services. (“Puji Recipe”)
④Treat wind-heat and depression, tendons and pulse fatigue, dysfunction of the limbs, dizziness, strong back pain, tinnitus and nasal congestion, bitter mouth, dry tongue, unfavorable throat, nausea of ​​the chest and diaphragm, cough and vomiting Suffocation, sticky tears and sticky saliva, dryness of the intestines and stomach, pyrexia, defecation and leaching and other symptoms: fangfeng, chuanxiong, angelica, peony, rhubarb, mint leaves, ephedra, forsythia, mirabilite, one each, one each for plaster, scutellaria, and platycodon Two, talc in two or two, licorice in two or two, Nepeta, Atractylodes, and Gardenia each-points. The top is at the end, each serving is two yuan, a large cup of water, three slices of ginger, fry until six minutes, and take it warmly. (Fangfeng Tongsheng Powder in “Yiming Lunfang”)
⑤Treat white tiger wind, turn around pain, heat swelling in both knees: Fangfeng one (two) two (remove the reed head, slightly fry), earth dragon two (two fries), leak Lu Erliang, the last medicine, pound Xiluo as a powder, every time you take, regardless of time, adjust two yuan with warm wine. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Fangfeng San)
⑥The most difficult to treat carbuncle: Fangfeng, Angelica dahurica, licorice, red peony root, Ligusticum chuanxiong and Guiwei each have two coins, one male trotters. Add five scallions and white onion roots, fry them in three large bowls of water, wash them with silk pieces dipped in water, wipe them dry, apply medicine, and wash the deep curved parts with a wool pen. (“Ten Methods of Surgery” Fangfeng Decoction)
⑦Cure all wind sores, scabies, skin itching, and addictive rash: Fangfeng (removed fork), cicada shell, pig tooth honey locust (crispy, peeled, seed) each one and two half, Gastrodia Twenty Two. The upper four flavors are pounded into fine powder, cooked and mashed with refined mutton, and boiled with wine as the paste. The pills are as large as mung beans. Each serving is 30 pills, with nepeta wine or tea soup. (Fangfeng Pills in the General Record of St. Franciscans)
⑧ Treating tetanus and fighting injuries: Araceae (washed with soup seven times) and Fangfeng (de-crossing) are divided into equal parts. Fine. If the wound is injured, apply medicine to the sore, and then adjust a sum of money with warm wine. If the teeth are tight, the horns are stretched, the medicine is two dollars, the boy urinates, or the injured person is injured in a fight, the medicine is two dollars, and the warm wine adjusts it. (“Prescription” Yuzhen San)
⑨ Treatment of spontaneous perspiration: fangfeng, astragalus, one or two each, Baizhu two two. Take three coins, water for one and a half minutes, and decoct three slices of ginger for each serving. (“Danxi Heart Law” Yupingfeng San)
⑩Prevention of night sweats: five coins for windbreak, two and a half for chuanxiong, and two and a half for ginseng. For the fine details, two yuan per serving, the rice drink will be adjusted down. (Fangfeng Powder in “World Medicine Effective Recipe”)
⑾ Eliminate the wind and smooth the air, cure the secretion of the large intestine of the elderly: one or two each for fangfeng and citrus (fried with bran), and half and two of licorice. In the end, take two dollars for the white soup before each meal. (“Simple and Single Recipe”)
⑿ Treatment of collapse: prevent wind and remove the reed head, sunburn is also the end, each serving is two dollars, mixed with batter and wine, and even more with batter and wine. (“Experience Rear”)
⒀Treatment of fungal vaginitis: windbreak, Euphorbia, and Mugwort each have five coins. Decoction, fumigation and washing, once a day. (Xuzhou “New Medical Treatment Law of Unilateral Proven Prescriptions”)

Precautions and contraindications: Fang Feng (siler)
Caution: Yin-void-fire or blood-void, ascending Liver-Yang
This product is spicy, warm and dry, so it should be used with caution for those with yin deficiency and blood deficiency; for those with yin deficiency and headache; avoid taking it with blood deficiency and arthralgia.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Fang Feng (siler)
1. “Tang Materia Medica“: “It is better to use Alone for wind therapy, and Qianghuo for combined water.”
2. “Compendium of Materia Medica“: “Qiang queens, living alone, can both overcome wind and dampness, and pass through customs, but the strength of the Qi is different.” [1] 3. “Lei Gong Pao Yao Xing Jie“: “Qiang Huo Qi Qing belongs to Yang, good deeds qi points, comfortable but not astringent, rising and sinking, strong but good to disperse, can express evil, so start with the sun small intestine. Although the function of wind is different from that of living alone, it is in fact mutually inward and outward.”
4. “Materia Medica Preparations“: “Relieve liver qi, search for fat wind, treat rheumatism, headache in this meridian (sun), disease of governor channel, strong spine and convulsions, rigid spasm, convulsions, apoplexy without words, head and eyes also.”
5 “Ben Jing Feng Yuan“: “Qianghuo is the commander of chaos anyway, wind can overcome dampness, so Qianghuo can cure water and dampness, and it can be used with Xiongqiong to cure the sun, Jueyin headache, sweating and dispersal, to pass through the Guan Li festival, not from time to time. It is also a fairy medicine for colds. In the past, it was used in the nourishing and replenishing qi decoction to treat colds caused by exertion, which has the meaning of nourishing the middle and reducing the body.”

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Fang Feng (siler)
① Antipyretic effect For rabbits with artificial fever, oral administration of Guanfangfeng decoction or infusion has obvious antipyretic effect, and the effect of decoction is better than that of infusion.
②Analgesic effect. Mice can be administrated with anti-wind (species unidentified) 50% ethanol extract (vaporized to remove ethanol), which can significantly increase the pain threshold (electrical stimulation of rat tail method), and subcutaneous injection is also effective.
③Antibacterial effect The fresh Guanfangfeng extract in vitro test has certain antibacterial effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. The unidentified Fangfeng decoction also has a certain antibacterial effect on hemolytic streptococcus and dysentery bacilli. Guan Fangfeng alcohol extract was injected subcutaneously into rabbits, and it had no effect on blood sugar.

Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Diuretic effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)

Episode 02: Gao Ben (ligusticum) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Gao Ben (ligusticum)

Ligustici Rhizoma găo bĕn 藁本
Ligusticum, the name of Chinese medicine. It is the dried rhizome and root of Ligusticum sinense Oliv. or Ligusticum jeholense Nakai et Kitag. When the stems and leaves are withered in autumn or when the seedlings emerge in the next spring, they are excavated to remove the sand and dried in the sun or dried.

Distributed in Shaanxi, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Henan, Hunan, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong and other places.

Actions and Indications: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
1. Disperse wind relieve Biao
2. Disperse cold stop pain

Dispel wind and cold, dehumidify and relieve pain.

①Zhang element: “Gaoben is a medicine for the sun meridian wind. Its vitality is strong, and the cold air is depressed in this meridian. It is a necessary medicine for headaches. It can not cure the peak pain. It can be used with wood incense to treat the evil of mist and dew. Yushangjiao; used as a facial cream with Angelica dahurica, not only treating wind and dampness, but also according to its kind.”

② “Huiyan of Materia Medica”: “Gaoben, rising sun and radiating rheumatism, passing through the summit, giving medicine to the stomach and intestines. Its pungent and strong fragrance can clear the evil of scorching scorching, dispel the air of mist and dew, so it can cure wind and headaches. , Cold air injures the brain to cause tooth pain. It can also relieve the dampness of the nerves and eliminate the yin barrier. Therefore, it also cures women’s pain in the vagina, abdomen ailments, hernias, and the elderly wind in the stomach, which will benefit for a long time. Mostly Xin Wen Sheng San, the special effect of dispelling wind, cold and dampness in the Juyang channel is the special work. If the symptom of cold and dampness is improved, the medicine that goes down must be good.”

③ “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: “Today people only know that lily root is the medicine to cure the brain, but “This Jing” treats women’s hernia, abdominal emergency, cold in the yin and other syndromes, all of which are the cold and dampness of the yang meridian Sickness is also a prince of evil spirits, so if you use Gaoben to remove wind and dampness, you will be cured of all diseases at home and abroad, except for wind and headache.”

④”Materia Medica Seeking Truth”: “Gao Ben, the book can cure gastrointestinal diarrhea, but also cure acne, alcohol, and dry the sun. If it is involved, the treatment will cure it, not only cures wind and headache. It is said that its sexuality is quite similar to that of Xiongjiao, which can cure headaches, but one is the liver and gallbladder, although it is the boss, but not at the top, the sun and the governor, although it is connected up and down, but not the liver and gallbladder. For different ears.”

⑤ “Materia Medica Zhengyi”: “The temperature of ligusticum is pungent, rising and dispersing as it rises and disperses. It mainly controls the cold, wind and dampness of the sun and lunar, and can relieve the gloom and stagnation of Jue. Its function is similar to Asarum, Chuanxiong and Qianghuo. People with hernia, cold in the yin, swelling and pain, and anxiety in the abdomen, are all lack of clearing Yang, stagnation of Qi in Jueyin and suffocation is a disease, and it is mild, and lifted to relieve the knot and remove the cold. The hernia can be removed. However, the acute pain of hernia due to yin deficiency and internal heat and stagnated liver and collaterals is not the cure. “Bielu” said that the person who dispels the fog and dew and moisturizes, the temperature rises and helps the yang, can overcome the cold and dampness. Zhongjing’s so-called disease that clears evil in the middle is also the qi of the mist in the yang in the scriptures. It is also said that the wind and evil are dragged, and the wind and cold will hit the network. Those who have yin deficiency and weakness, dysfunction, and limbs dragging, are even more unreasonable to try wind medicine.”

Indications:
Used for wind-cold symptoms, peak pain, rheumatic arthralgia

Cold, cold, headache, peak headache, migraine.
Arthralgia due to rheumatism, pain in the limbs.
Cold and wet hernia, acute pain in the abdomen, carbuncle, scabies and acne.
Rhinitis and sinusitis cause headaches. This product is effective.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
1. Commonly used to treat solar wind-cold, offenders along the meridian, symptomatic headache, nasal congestion and top pain, often used with rheumatism and analgesics such as Qianghuo, Cangzhu, and Ligusticum chuanxiong, such as Shenshu San. (“Heji Bureau”)
2. Treatment of rheumatism, pain in the whole body, every time it is used with rheumatism such as Qianghuo, Fangfeng, Cangzhu, such as the decoction of rheumatism and Qianghuo. (“Internal and External Injury Discrimination Theory”)

Pattern combinations:
① To treat cold and evil depression in the foot sun channel, headache and top pain: Ligusticum, Ligusticum chuanxiong, Asarum, Onion. Decoction. (“Guangji Fang”)

②Treat all wind, migraine, headache, nasal congestion, brain stuffiness, typhoid fever and head wind, body sores and ringworm, stubborn numbness of hands and feet: Ligusticum chuanxiong, Asarum, Angelica, Licorice, Ligusticum chinensis are divided into equal parts. For the end, four taels for each medicine, one catty of calcined gypsum, water and pills, and eight pills for each two. After taking one pill, chew the mint tea after eating. (“Pujifang” Bailong Wan)

③Treatment of stomach cramps and abdominal pain: five coins for Ligusticum, three coins for Cangzhu, decoction in water. (“Xinjiang Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

④ Treatment of scabies: Ligusticum decoctatum decoction bath, and use of coats. (“General Prescriptions on Pediatric Health”)

⑤ Dry cleaning dandruff: Ligusticum and Angelica dahurica are divided into equal parts. In the end, the hair will be mixed up at night, comb it tomorrow morning, and the dirt will go away. (“Convenience Picture Compilation”)

⑥ Treatment of redness on the upper part of the nose: Grind the fine powder of ligustrum, first wipe the redness with saponified water, wipe dry, mix and apply with cold water or honey water, and use it after drying. (“Jifeng Pu Ji Fang” Gao Ben San)

Precautions and contraindications: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
Caution: heat patterns and headache as a result of blood emptiness, ascending liver yang
This product is pungent, warm, fragrant and dry, and should not be taken for those with headaches with deficiency of yin and blood, hyperactivity of liver yang, and fiery internal stress.

Avoid use of internal heat due to yin deficiency.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
① “Materia Medica Annotation”: “Evil Luru.”

② “Medicinal Nature Theory”: “Afraid of green argentea.”

③ “Materia Medica”: “Febrile disease, headache, fever, thirst or bone pain, and typhoid fever in spring and summer, Yang syndrome headache, postpartum blood deficiency and fire inflammation headache, are not suitable for consumption.”

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Gao Ben (ligusticum)
To treat neurodermatitis, use 50% Gaoben injection to subcutaneously inject the lesion.
Generally, each lesion is injected twice a week, 5-10 ml each time; if there are more lesions, or the scope is large, the injections can be rotated daily so that each lesion can be injected twice a week. In the evening after each injection, hot compress can be applied locally to avoid the formation of induration.
After treatment, 139 cases were observed for 1 to 4 months. 46 cases were cured (the rash subsided completely without itching), 44 cases were markedly effective (more than 2/3 of the rash subsided, and no obvious itching sensation), and effective (the rash partially subsided, but there was still some Itching) 47 cases, 2 cases were invalid. The effective rate was 98.5% (6 cases had been combined with a small amount of 0.5% hydrocortisone emulsion).
Generally, itching diminishes and improves gradually after 2 to 4 injections. Smaller lesions can be cured in 8 to 10 times, up to 20 times. In the course of treatment, there are generally no obvious side effects. Individuals have allergies or urticaria-like rash; some swelling and pain at the injection site can be treated symptomatically. People who have allergies should stop the drug.

Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Thermoregulating or fever lowering effect (and sweating effect)

Episode 02: Bai Zhi (angelica) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Bai Zhi (angelica)

Angelicae dahuricae Radix bái zhĭ

Origin:
It is distributed in Northeast and North China and other places in mainland China. It grows in areas between 200 meters and 1,500 meters above sea level. It is generally born under forests, forest edges, streams, shrubs and valley grasslands. [1]

Actions and Indications: Bai Zhi (angelica)
1. Disperse wind relieve Biao
2. Disperse cold stop pain
3. Eliminate damp relieve toxin

Dispel wind, dry dampness, reduce swelling and relieve pain. Cure headache, brow bone pain, tooth pain, nasal cavity, cold and damp abdominal pain, intestinal wind and hemorrhoids, red vaginal discharge, carbuncle sore, skin dryness, itching, scabies.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Bai Zhi (angelica)
① Treatment of headache and eye pain: Baizhi has four coins, and aconitum has one dollar. The top is the last, each word is served, and the tea is adjusted to serve. Some people who suffer from eye pain will first have water, and then use this twitch to enter the nose, and the effect will be faster. (“Zhu’s Collected Medical Prescriptions” Baizhi San)
② Treatment of dizziness from various winds, prenatal and postpartum colds for women, severe head faint and blood-wind headache, sudden cold and sudden warmth, confusion, typhoid head dizziness, etc. Syndrome: Fragrant Baizhi (wash four or five with boiling soup At the end, refined honey and pills are as big as marbles. For each pill, chew with nepeta tea. (“One Hundred One Prescription” Du Liang Wan)
③Treat half of the headache: Angelica dahurica, Asarum, gypsum, Frankincense, Myrrh (removing oil). The upper flavors are divided into equal parts, and they are blown into the nose, with left pain and right blowing, and right pain and left blowing. (“Zhongfutang Public Selection Recipe” Baizhi Asarum Blowing Nose San)
④Treat eyebrow pain, which belongs to wind-heat and phlegm: Scutellaria baicalensis (wine-soaked stir-fried), Angelica dahurica. The top is the last, and the tea is adjusted for two dollars. (“Danxi Heart Method”)
⑤ Treatment of Biyuan: Xinyi, Fangfeng, and Angelica dahurica have eight points each, Xanthium xanthii is two points, Ligusticum chuanxiong is five points, North Asarum is seven points, and Licorice is three points. Decoction in white water, and even take four doses. Avoid beef. (“Encyclopedia of Ulcers”)
⑥ Treatment of intestinal wind: Fragrant Angelica dahurica is fine powder, Mikan adjusts it down. (“One Hundred One Selection Party”)
⑦ Treatment of constipation and constipation: Fragrant Angelica dahurica is fried to the end, 2 yuan per serving, a little bit of honey in the rice drink, and even two servings. (“Ten Remedies”)
⑧ Treatment of hemorrhoids swelling and pain: first smoke it with saponins, then apply goose bile to adjust Angelica dahurica powder. (“Summary of Medical Prescriptions”)
⑨ Under the treatment, there is pus in the intestines, drenching, very dirty, cold and painful in the umbilical abdomen, and pus should be drained: one or two of Angelica dahurica, two or two roots of red hollyhock, peony root (white), alum each Half two (the alum burns, don’t research). In the end, use wax pills like wuzi big, empty stomach and before meals, drink ten or fifteen pills with rice, wait for the pus to run out, still don’t use other medicines to make up. (“Materia Medica Yan Yi”)
⑩ Treatment of swelling, poison, heat and pain: vinegar to adjust the end of Angelica dahurica. (“Hygiene Easy Recipe”)
⑾ Treatment of ulcer and red swelling: Angelica dahurica and rhubarb are divided into equal parts. In the end, the rice drink served two dollars. (“Experience Formula”)
⑿ Treatment of knife and arrow wounds: Fragrant Angelica dahurica chews it and smears it. (“Simplified Prescriptions of the Lakeside Collection”)
Treatment of headache, toothache, and trigeminal neuralgia: take 2 taels of Angelica dahurica and 2 points of borneol, grind them together, place a small amount in the vestibule of the patient’s nose, and inhale evenly. Treatment of 20 cases of toothache, 2 cases of trigeminal neuralgia, the shortest effective time is 1 minute, the longest 10 minutes; 21 cases of headache, effective 20 cases; 17 cases of neurasthenia headache, effective 14 cases, effective within 2-7 minutes. Or use 60 grams of Angelica dahurica, 26 grams of Fangfeng, and 5 grams of Asarum, processed into 80 ml of injection, and sterilized in aliquots for intramuscular injection, 2 ml each time. Treating more than 20 cases is also effective. In addition, this product is formulated with comfrey, white wax, honeysuckle, borneol and sesame oil (sesame oil) to make Angelica dahurica oil, which can cure burns. [4]

Precautions and contraindications: Bai Zhi (angelica)

Caution: dryness, emptiness of blood and yin; Hypertension; Overdose can cause nausea, vomiting, numbness of the extremities, hypertension and convulsions.

Beware of autoimmune diseases e.g. SLE: may cause allergic reactions (increased photosensitivity) of the skin.

Overdose can cause mucosal ulceration, nausea, vomiting, numbness of the extremities, hypertension and convulsions; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Those with yin deficiency and blood heat should not be taken.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Bai Zhi (angelica)
Li Gao: Angelica dahurica, general therapy for wind, its qi is aromatic, can pass the nine orifices, and is indispensable for perspiration.
Wang Haogu: Baizhi is used to treat nasal diseases with Xinyi and Asarum. If you use long muscles to enter the inner support, you can know that you will enter Yangming.
Compendium“: Angelica dahurica, the color is white and the taste is pungent, and the active hand is Yangming; the nature is warm and the qi is thick, the active foot is Yangming; the fragrance is high, starting with the Taiyin Lung Meridian. Diseases such as the head, eyes, eyebrows, and teeth include wind-heat in the three meridians; diseases such as leakage, bandage, and carbuncle, damp and heat in the three meridians; wind-heat is pungent to dissipate, and damp-heat is warm to remove it. It is the main medicine of Yangming, so it can cure blood disease and fetal disease, and excrete pus to produce muscle and relieve pain. Cure nasal deep, epistaxis, tooth pain, brow and bone pain, large intestine constipation, urinary bleeding, women’s blood wind dizziness, stomach vomiting; relieving arsenic poison, snake wounds, sword and arrow gold sores.
Materia Medica Shu“: Angelica dahurica has a spicy taste and non-toxic temperature. Its aroma is strong and it is also fragrant. Starting with foot yangming and foot lunar yin, qi points are removed, and blood points are removed. Ascends more than descends, and yang is also. Good-natured dispels wind and can eat pus, so the housewife misses the red and white. Xin is scattered, mild is used, and the fragrance enters the spleen, so the main blood is to block the yin and swell, cold and heat, and the head wind invades the eyes and tears. The spice disperses knots and enters the blood to relieve pain, so the skin is long. Fragrant and pungent, so it can moisturize. The spicy fragrance is warm and loose, so it can cure wind and evil for a long time, and wind can overcome dampness. The fragrance enters the spleen, so it relieves vomiting. It can treat wind pain in both sides, dizziness and itching of the head, and the effect of dispelling wind.
Materia Medica Huiyan“: Angelica dahurica, the ascendant leader, the lower reaches the stomach and intestines, reaches the limbs, penetrates the skin and even the hair orifices, and relieves evil spirits. Such as headwind and headache, dizziness and dizziness; such as numbness of the limbs, weak feet and paralysis; such as sores and erosions, discharge of pus and long flesh; such as obstruction of the eyes, pain and redness; such as blood closure in women, swollen and leaky vagina; such as Pediatric acne can be cured by pruritus for itching. Angelica dahurica can cure it. The first Xing Wei Xin San, such as headache, paralysis, eye, leakage, carbuncle ulcers, etc., not due to rheumatism and cold pathogens, but due to yin deficiency and qi weakness, and yin deficiency fire, all are forbidden.
Hundred Kinds of Materia Medica“: For all medicines that drive wind, there is no one that does not consume semen, Angelica dahurica is extremely fragrant, can drive wind and dry dampness, its quality is extremely smooth, can harmonize blood, but not wear it, use it It is beneficial to those who are harmless. The ancient people used medicine not only knew the strength of the medicine, but also the shortcomings of the medicine, and then the blood of the person, the symbol of the disease, participated in the research and research, and determined the choice, so it can have obvious effects without hidden harm, this scholar’s place Heartbroken too.
Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica“: Angelica dahurica has strong temperature and can help to relieve dampness. It is the main medicine for removing wind and dampness in the Foot Yangming Jing. Therefore, it can cure all head and face diseases in Yangming, such as head faint pain, bone pain in the eyebrows, gum bone pain, and black-faced scars. In addition, the wind-heat takes on the lungs, flashes upwards in the brain, and seeps into deep tears; moves to the large intestine, and becomes bleeding and bleeding, intestinal wind and hemorrhoids and fistula ulcer; wind and damp heat, which occur on the skin, become sore and itchy; both can Warm dissipating and relieve support, so that the wind of the law is cleared, the carbuncle that stays in the knot, the swelling and the potential disappears, and the wind is sincere, and the damp fire is also an essential medicine.
Materia Medica Justice“: Angelica dahurica has a pungent and warm smell, very aromatic, and can dry out dampness most. The so-called long skin and moisturizing color in the “Jin Jing” means warming and nourishing. At first, it is not that it can cure external ulcers, which can grow muscles and grow meat; it is actually used to cure breast carbuncle, hair back, scrofula, and hemorrhoids. Fistulas, sores, and scabies are referred to as persistent blood, producing new blood, draining pus and relieving pain. Jie Gu is also said to cure the scalp, face, skin, wind, numbness, and itching. Near the lake, it is said to be white and pungent in taste, warm in nature, and the main medicine for Yangming. Carbuncle is Yangming damp-heat, and damp-heat can be eliminated by warmth, so it drains pus and produces muscles to relieve pain. It is said that the product of rising Xinwen Wen can cure cold and dampness, but must not cure damp heat. But ulcers are disease. There are more than nine out of ten people with dampness and heat, and less than one in ten people with cold and dampness. Hu can rule carbuncle ulcers and fight fire.

The sentence of “Rihuazi” to relieve pus and relieve pain is really out of nothing, and it is based on the principle of medicine. In addition, Jiegu’s so-called dry and itchy skin means fire and dampness, and he is safe to take this pungent medicine. The so-called damp and hot people on the edge of the lake are divided by one sentence, how can it be justified? In short, all the people who have failed to understand the theory and method of ulcer science are also the same.
Kou Zongxi’s “Yan Yi” stated that there is pus in the intestines under the treatment, and there is endless drenching. It is very dirty, and the cold and pain in the umbilical abdomen are all caused by the pus and blood. I call this disease one of the symptoms, cold dampness, stasis, stasis, interlocking, and cold pain in the umbilical abdomen, which are the confirmed symptoms of cold syndrome. Therefore, it is appropriate to use temperature rise and relieve blood stasis to consolidate astringent. Absence of pus is definitely not the excretion of ulcers. Why should it be arrogant as a comparison? If it is regarded as an essential medicine for purging pus, it will cause all kinds of ulcers to heat up, and it will be painful and unspeakable. After treating ulcers for more than 20 years, the decoction contains only dampness and no fire, which is occasionally used, but I dare not try it arbitrarily. If there is this in Ruyi Jinhuang San of the anti-swelling compress, take the pungent to loosen the ears. Daming also said to remove facial defects and scars, which is the meaning of facial fat in the “This Classic”. However, he thought that when treating red eyes and pterygium, the wind and fire would rise sharply, and Wen Xin rose to it. The lake near the lake is called treating the nasal abyss, and covering the nasal abyss is a symptom. There are three differences between wind-cold, wind-heat, and lung-heat stagnation. Wind-cold depresses its lung qi, and nasal congestion and mucus can raise Yang. If wind-heat and turbid nose are turbid, and lung-heat and yellow pus and smelly nose, Hu Ke generalizes. It is also said to treat epistaxis, tooth pain, eyebrow and bone pain, all Yangming heat upset is pain, the ancient method occasionally uses Angelica dahurica, originally added to the ejaculation agent, with the meaning of quoting meridians, but listed as special Article, equal to the main medicine of the king, isn’t it ridiculous! Angelica dahurica is pungent and warm, aromatic and dry, relieves wind and dispels cold, ascends the boss to clear the orifice, can also dry dampness and raise yang, reach the skin externally, and refresh the qi internally. Its function is similar to that of Chuanxiong and Ligusticum.
“This Classic” treats women with leakage of redness and whiteness, blood occlusion and yin swelling, all of which are the symptoms of clear sun sink, cold and dampness injury in the middle and lower, temperature rise and dryness are only suitable. If yin deficiency is not taken, or damp-heat is soaked, and for this disease, it is not a general cure. Headwind and eyes tears are also only the deficiency of Yang Qi, and those who multiply by wind-cold and wind-heat, the general can be in harmony, as the sun is prosperous and the wind-heat is invaded, it is difficult to use, and there are also yin deficiency and liver wood superior, too much to dredge , And those who face the wind and tears are even more undesirable. Skin growth and facial grease are the same as those of lily root.

Bielu” cures wind evil, that is, it is said that wind-cold invades. If you are thirsty for a long time, Zhongol is said to be treated as a chronic diarrhea, very much. It is not suitable for thirst to dry dampness and promote clearness, vibrate the qi of Yangming, and cure chronic diarrhea. And no one in ancient and modern times has heard of using this to cure thirst. It is suitable for those who treat vomiting, the stomach yang is weak, and those who eat in and out are suitable, but the stomach is flaming, and it is irritating and can not be used. In the turmoil of Xianman is the wood, the qi of Shaoyang is overwhelming, and those who can’t manage it should be suitable, and those who suffer from inflammation of the liver and gallbladder and qi are forbidden. To treat wind pain and dizziness, it is also only the air of yang and harmony, and it does not spontaneously, but the person who is hit by the outside wind will always be in harmony.
One Hundred One Selection of Prescriptions” Duliangwan is an experiment for Yang deficiency and wind dizziness. If Yin deficiency and qi fire float up to cause wind dizziness, it is not the same as Japanese.
The Classic“: The main woman leaks red and white, blood occludes yin and swelling, cold and heat, limelight (head wind) invades the eyes and tears, grows skin, and moisturizes.
Don’t Record“: Treat wind and evil for a long time (long-time thirsty or suspected chronic diarrhea), vomiting, full flanks, wind pain, dizziness, and itching.
Medicinal Properties”: treats the irritation of blood in the heart and belly, eliminates wind pathogens, masters women’s bleeding and vomiting, improves eyesight, stops tearing, treats women’s bleeding, waist and abdomen pain; can eat pus.
Rihuazi Materia Medica“: treatment of red pterygium, repairing fetal leakage, ruptured blood, replenishing new blood, breast carbuncle, hair back, scrofula, intestinal wind, hemorrhoids, pus, sores, scabies, Relieve pain and grow muscles, remove facial blemishes and scars.
Southern Yunnan Materia Medica“: dispels the wind of the skin, relieves cold stomach pain, abdominal pain, cold pain, cold dampness and pain in the whole body. [5]

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Bai Zhi (angelica)
Anti-inflammatory effect: Mice gavage of Angelica dahurica or Hang Angelica decoction (lg equivalent to crude drug lg) 4g/kg can significantly inhibit the inflammation of mice ears caused by xylene (P<0.01).
Antipyretic and analgesic effect: Subcutaneous injection of peptone on the back of a white rabbit caused a high fever animal model. 1g Baizhi or Hangbaizhi decoction 15g/kg has obvious antipyretic effect. Gavage of Baizhi or Hangbaizhi decoction in mice with 8g/kg can significantly reduce the writhing times of mice caused by intraperitoneal injection of 1% acetic acid (0.1/kg), and the effect is similar to that of aminopyrine 8 g/kg. P<0.001. In the hot plate test of mice, the pain threshold was within 30 minutes before administration, and the oral administration of Angelica dahurica or Angelica dahurica 8g/kg, 60 minutes after administration, the pain threshold of dahurica dahurica and antidiarrhea increased significantly, compared with the normal saline group Compare P<0.001 and 0.01.
Antispasmodic effect: The bergamot lactone, xanthotoxin, and isoperatorin B contained in this product have obvious antispasmodic effects on rabbit ileum. Isoperatorin can also increase the contractility of the rabbit’s uterus and the tone of the earthworm muscle. Scopolamine has an antispasmodic effect on uterine spasm induced by estrogen or barium chloride in in vivo or in vitro rats, and its ED50 is 0.09 mg/kg.
Cardiovascular effects: The isoperatorin and quincepin contained in this product have the effect of lowering blood pressure on cats. 50 mg/kg reduces arterial pressure by 50%, and the effect is maintained for 1.5 hours. The copolymer of isoimperatorin and N-vinylpyrrolidone can extend the time of cat arterial pressure reduction by 5-10 times. It can also reduce the contractile force of the isolated frog’s heart.
Antibacterial effect: Baizhi decoction has inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli, Shigella, Proteus, Typhoid, Paratyphi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Vibrio cholerae, human tuberculosis, etc. The in vitro test of oxyprehus contained in this product has antibacterial effect on 11 strains; imperatorin also has antibacterial effect on xanthotoxin; the meter IC of human tubercle bacillus H37RV is 100 meters cg/ml. The water infusion also has a certain inhibitory effect on pathogenic fungi such as Odurium spores.
Photosensitization: The furanocoumarin compounds such as citron lactone, xanthotoxin and isoperatorin in this product are photoactive substances. When they enter the body, once they are exposed to sunlight or ultraviolet rays, they can be irradiated Solar dermatitis occurs on the skin, redness, swelling, increased pigmentation, and thickening of plain skin occur. The photosensitivity activity of xanthotoxin is the strongest, citron lactone is the second, and isoimperatorin B is weaker. Photoactive active substances can be used to treat vitiligo. Isoperatorin is an effective ingredient in the treatment of psoriasis, and it is proved to be effective in clinical erythema measurement.
Anti-cancer effect: Isoperatorin and Angelica sinensis have cytotoxic effect on Hela cells. The ED50 of isoperatorin is 100μg/ml.
Anti-radiation effect: 1g/kg of Angelica dahurica methanol extract is injected into the abdominal cavity 5 minutes before X-ray irradiation, which has a protective effect on the skin damage of mice.
Other effects: A small amount of Angelica dahurica toxin has an excitatory effect on the medullary vascular motor center, respiratory center, vagus nerve and spinal cord of animals. It can increase blood pressure, slow pulse, deepen breathing, and cause salivation and vomiting. Large scene use can cause rigidity. Intermittent cramps, followed by general paralysis.

03: Xiāng Rú (moslae),
Xì Xīn (wild ginger),
Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower),
Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

Xiang Ru (Herba Elsholtziae seu Moslae) is a key herb for treating summer night invasions of wind-cold-dampness manifesting in aversion to cold, fever, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and the absence of perspiration. 1t harmonizes the middle jiao, transforms dampness, and treats edema accompanied by dysuria.

Xi Xin (wild ginger) has strong analgesic properties and dispels wind, treating bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), wind-cold headache and toothache. Xi Xin also warms the Lung to treat dyspnea and wheezing involving phlegm caused by cold in the Lung. By comparison to Wu Zhu Yu, Xi Xin more effectively disperses stagnation.

Xin Yi Hua (Flos Magnoliae) disperses wind-cold, opens nasal passages and relieves headache. It is best for sinusitis or to aid wind-cold sufferers who have lost their sense of smell because of nasal obstruction.

Cang Er Zi (Fructus Xanthii) disperses wind, dispels dampness and induces perspiration. It is primarily used for headaches, yellow nasal discharge, itching rashes, bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome) and spasms and cramps. However, it is slightly toxic and should be used with caution.

Broadly speaking, these herbs treat wind-cold, a condition characterized by aversion to wind and cold, chills more prominent than fever, body aches, the absence of perspiration, a thin, white tongue coating and superficial, tight pulse. Additional uses include treatment of dyspnea, cough, wheezing, edema, bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome), arthritis, and dermatological disorders including but not limited to sores and abscesses.

Episode 03: Xiāng Rú (moslae) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Xiāng Rú (moslae)

Moslae (Elsholtziae) Herba xiāng rú
Elsholtzia, the name of Chinese medicine. It is a plant of the Lamiaceae, Elsholtzia genus, erect herb, dense fibrous roots. Stems usually branch from above the middle, obtuse quadrangular, grooved, glabrous or sparsely pilose, often in straw yellow, turning purple-brown when old. The leaves are oval or elliptic-lanceolate, with spikes, slender pedicels, nearly glabrous, bell-shaped calyx, corolla lavender, filaments glabrous, and anthers are purple-black. Flowering from July to October. Born on the roadside, hillside, wasteland, forest, river bank, with an altitude of 3400 meters. Elsholtzia vulgaris can sweat the surface, reduce dampness and neutralize, and relieve swelling. Indications: Xia Yue feels cold and drinks cold, headache and fever, aversion to cold without sweating, chest rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, edema, athlete’s foot.

Origin:
It is the whole plant or above-ground part with roots of the Lamiaceae plant Elsholtzia vulgaris or Moss chinensis. In summer and autumn, the stems and leaves are luxuriant, and the flowers are harvested when they first bloom, dried in the shade or sun-dried, and bundled into small bunches.

Actions and Indications: Xiāng Rú (moslae)

1. Release Sweating Relieve Biao
2. Harmonize Middle Dissolve Dampness
3. Drain Water Reduce Swelling

Sweat relieves the surface, reduces dampness and neutralizes, relieves swelling. Sweating and relieving heat, running water to dispel dampness, warming the stomach and regulating the middle.
Treat Xia Yue feeling cold and drink cold, headache and fever, aversion to cold without sweating, chest abdomen pain, vomiting, diarrhea, edema, athlete’s foot.

Indications:
Used for yin-heat syndrome. This product has a pungent and warm divergence, it can sweat and dispel cold when entering the lung meridian, and its qi is aromatic, and it enters the spleen and stomach and dispels dampness and heat and harmonizes. Therefore, scallion is good for treating summer and moon by taking cold drinks, exogenous wind and cold, internal injury, heat and dampness, and evil The syndrome of cold and fever, headache, no sweat, vomiting and diarrhea, is often used in combination with magnolia and lentils, such as scallion.

Used for edema athlete’s foot. This product is Xin San Wen Tong, good at promoting yang qi, enters the lungs and raises the source, so as to promote water and reduce swelling. For those who have difficulty in urination and beriberi edema, it can be used alone or in combination with Atractylodes macrocephala, such as spleen spleen and diuresis, such as Shouzhu pills.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Xiāng Rú (moslae)

①Treat spleen and stomach discord, chest and diaphragm stagnation, internal coldness, external exposure to cold evil, hatred of cold and strong heat, body pain, limb fatigue, cholera, vomiting, spleen and stomach upset, not awake during drinking, four o’clock typhoid headache: Two taels of fragrant oleracea (removed from soil), half tael of licorice (roasted), white lentils (fried), magnolia (peeled and fried in ginger juice), and Fushen. The above is the details. Two dollars per serving, boil the soup into the salt point serving. (“Bofang” Fragrant Lobster Soup)

② Treatment of cholera, irritability, pain in limbs, cold sweats, and excessive thirst: two or two oleracea and one or two polygonum. Put the second flavor on a coarse mashed sieve. Take two money daggers per serving, one cup of water, fry for seven minutes, remove the slag and take it warmly, three days a day. (“San Chai General Record” Fragrant Lobster Soup)

③ Treatment of cholera, abdominal pain, vomiting and dysentery: one liter of raw scallion (cut), one liter of small garlic (crushed), Magnolia officinalis (sunburn), and twelve ginger. Cut the upper four flavors, use a bucket of water, boil three liters, and divide them into three servings to stop vomiting and dysentery. Each serving must be warm. (“Emergency Remedy” Fragrant Lobster Soup)

④ Treatment of storm water, wind, swelling, edema, or water in the sore, swelling all over the body: dried scallion per catty, atractylodes seventy-two. The upper two flavors are mashed and the lower is sifted; the fragrant scallion is thickly boiled to extract the juice, and the combination is made into a pill, such as Wuzi. Take ten pills every day, four or five days and nights, which will help you to urinate very well. It is also good to use both flowers and leaves in summer. Avoid herring, seaweed, isatis, peaches, plums, and bird meat. (“Seng Shen Ji Fang” Xiang Liao Shu Wan)

⑤ Treatment of sudden bleeding on the tongue, such as drilling: Take scallion juice for one liter, on the third day. (“Behind the Elbow”)

⑥ Injury to heat (Lying on wet weather in summer, or coldness, headache, fever, tendons, retching, cold limbs, etc.). Use half a catty of fragrant balsam, Magnolia officinalis (seared in ginger juice), and half a catty of white lentils (slightly fried), and file. Each serving is five dollars, add two bowls of water, half a bowl of wine, fry into a bowl, put it in water and wait for it to cool down and take it. Even into the second server, very effective. The name of this party is Xiangluyin. The lentils in the recipe can be replaced by Coptis (stir-fried in ginger juice).

⑦ Edema: Fifty catties of incense, file into the pot, add water and cook for a long time, remove the residue and fry again. When it is thick enough to pinch the pill, it will be made into a ball, as big as a wuzi. Take five pills every day, three times a day, and the amount of medicine can be added a little day by day for smooth urination. The name of this party is scallion fried. Another recipe: One catty of Elsholtzia leaves, one bucket of water, simmer, remove the slag, and then boil it into an ointment, and add a few or two of Atractylodes macrocephala to make a ball, which is as big as a wuzi. For every ten pills taken, the rice soup is given. The name of this party is Shenshi Nieshu Wan.

⑧ Upset and hypochondriac pain. Take one or two liters of mashed juice with scallion.

⑨Nosebleeds continue. Grind your tiredness with Elsholtzia spp.

⑩ Treatment of heatstroke and polydipsia. The last thing is to smash the Luo for loose, take two money daggers, one cup of water, and seven points for decoction. Do not go to the warming service, regardless of the time. (“San Franciscans Records” Xiang Liao San)

⑾ Treatment of water disease, swelling and swelling, does not consume 50 kilograms of dried sylvestris. Blindly file on a fine file, in the inner kettle, boil the fragrant balsam with water for a few inches, remove it, clear it, and fry it gradually, make the pill, take five pills such as sycamore seeds, three days a day, plus a little, take a small Convenience is a degree. Thoughtless. (“Outside Taiwan”)

⑿ To treat infantile white baldness, hair loss, sweating, and pain. Boil a little juice of Chen Xiangluo, and apply fat and Hu powder. (“The Secret Record of Son and Mother”)

⒀ Treatment of bad breath: A handful of incense, boil with a bucket of water, take three liters, and contain a little. (“The Essential Prescriptions for Thousands of Money”)

⒁ Treat multiple boils, prickly heat, and appropriate amount of fresh moss. Smash and apply externally. (Jiangxi “Handbook of Herbal Medicine”)

⒂ Treat skin pruritus, genital eczema, and appropriate amount of whole plant. Decoction and wash outside. (“Zhejiang Medicinal Flora”)

⒃Canavalia fragrant drink: 25g canavalia, 10g incense, 3g licorice. After decoction of the above three flavors, add appropriate amount of rock sugar or honey to mix thoroughly, drink and take. Efficacy Solution table is warm.

Precautions and contraindications: Xiāng Rú (moslae)
Caution: with outside-empty patterns (with sweating)
Those who are imaginary should not take it. 1. “Materia Medica Congxin”: The one who has no manifestation of evil will stop it. 2. “Depei Materia Medica”: it is forbidden for those with deficiency of qi and yin deficiency.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Xiāng Rú (moslae)
① “Do not record”
: Mainly cholera, abdominal pain, vomiting, loose edema.
②Meng Xu: Remove the hot air and turn the muscles into the muscles. You can cook the juice for a meal. Then dry the end to stop the epistaxis, take it with water.
③ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: to get rid of irritating heat, and treat vomiting against cold air.
④ “Luganyan Materia Medica”: typhoid fever at the end of the four o’clock.
⑤ “Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: treats injury and heat, facilitates urination.
⑥ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: relieves the surface and eliminates evils, treats heatstroke, headache, heatstroke, intestinal pain, heat cough, sweating, stomach warming, and neutralization.
⑦Wang Ying’s “Food and Materia Medica”: Xiayue cooks and drinks tea on behalf of the tea, can be no fever, adjusts the temperature of the stomach; rinses the mouth with juice to remove the odor.
⑧ “Compendium”: The main beriberi is cold and hot.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Xiāng Rú (moslae)
This product contains volatile oil, the main components of which are olecranon glycol, sterols, phenolic substances, and flavonoid glycosides. Volatile oil has sweating and antipyretic effects, and can stimulate the secretion of digestive glands and gastrointestinal peristalsis. In addition, it has a diuretic effect.

Episode 03: Xì Xīn (wild ginger) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)

Asari Herba xì xīn
Asarum (scientific name: Asarum sieboldii) is a plant of the genus Asarum in the Aristolochiaceae family. Distributed in Japan, North Korea, and Zhejiang, Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Anhui and other places in mainland China. It grows in areas between 1,200 meters and 2,100 meters above sea level. It grows mostly in wet humus under forests. It is a plant native to China (not introduced from abroad).

This product is a perennial herbaceous plant of Aristolochiaceae (Asarum heterotropides Fr. Schmidt var. mandshuricum (Maxim.) Kitag.), Seoul Asarum (Asarum sieboldii Miq. var. seoulense Nakai) or Asarum sieboldii Miq. .) The whole grass. The first two are commonly called “Xianxin” and are mainly produced in Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang; the latter are mainly produced in Shaanxi and other places. Harvested in summer and autumn, dried in the shade for raw use.

Actions and Indications: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)
1. Disperse wind relieve Biao
2. Dissipate Cold Stop Pain
3. Warm Lung Dissolve Yin Drinking Syndrome

To dispel wind and cold, relieve orifice, relieve pain, warm lung and transform drink.

Dispel wind, dispel cold and relieve pain, warm the lungs and dissolve the drink, and open up the nasal orifice[1] Headache and body pain caused by flu or rheumatism.
Toothache, mouth sores, nasal cavity.
This product has anesthesia effect.
Can help intestinal peristalsis.
People with deficiency of both qi and blood should not use more.

The ancients believed that asarum is a poison and can only be used in small amounts. There is a saying that “Asarum is not money”, but in fact it is “Asarum… Although dead and unharmed”. [2] Containing safrole is highly toxic and is a carcinogen, which is easily destroyed by high temperature.
Asarum contains a powerful carcinogen and nephrotoxic substance aristolochic acid, but there is still a safe way to use it. You can use only the roots with very low content (the ancient recipe also uses only the roots) and take advantage of the aristolochic acid almost insoluble in water. If only the roots are used for medicine, decoction in water, and strict inspection and review, there is no aristolochic acid; therefore, aristolochic acid is not banned. I Aristolochic acid

Indications:
Used for cold and cold, external feeling of yang deficiency. This product dispels wind and cold, reaches the surface and enters the inside. Entering the lung meridian is not only scattered on the surface of the wind and cold, it is often used the same as Qianghuo, Fangfeng, and Angelica dahurica to treat general cold and cold, such as Jiuwei Qianghuo Decoction. Exogenous sensation of yang deficiency with cold without sweat, fever and deep pulse, such as Mahuang Fuzi Xixin Decoction.
It is used to treat headache, nasal cavity, toothache, arthralgia. This product is spicy and fragrant, can dispel wind and cold, clear the nose and orifices, and relieve pain. It is used to treat exogenous wind pathogens and migraine headaches. It can be used equated with Chuanxiong, Angelica dahurica and Qianghuo, such as Chuanxiong Cha Tiaosan; if it treats pain, it will be broken, and the pulse is slightly stringy and tight. It should be combined with Chuanxiong, Ephedra, The same use of aconite, such as Xixin soup. It can be used with Xinyi, Baizhi, and Xanthium cocklebur for those who are used to treat wind evil invading the lungs, nasal congestion and nasal abyss, and headache and runny nose. It is good for treating wind-cold toothache. It can be gargle with Asarum alone or with Baizhi Jiantang, or with the same decoction of Piper longum longiflorum and gargle with the name Asarum Decoction (“San Franciscans General Record”). When mixed with gypsum, coptis, cohosh and other gastric-clearing and purging gunpowder; nymphs with tooth decay can be used with insecticidal and pain-relieving honeycomb decoction for gargle. Cure wind, cold and dampness, cold pain in the waist and knees, it is often used with Duhuo, Morus sylvestris, and windproof, such as Duhuo Jishui Decoction.
For cold phlegm, stop drinking, qi reverses asthma and cough. This product can not only dispel the external cold, but also reduce the qi to eliminate phlegm, warm the lungs and transform the drink. Therefore, it can be used to treat exogenous wind-cold, stop drinking water, wheeze and cough, clear and thin phlegm, often with ephedra, Cinnamon sticks and dried ginger can be used equally, such as Xiaoqinglong Decoction; if there is no manifestation of evil on the outside, the pure cold phlegm stops drinking and involves the lungs, and those who suffer from asthma and cough, can be used with Poria, dried ginger, and schisandra, such as Linggan five-flavored ginger Xin Tang.
In addition, this product is Xin Wen Xing San, has a deep fragrance, blowing nose and sneezing, and has the power of clearing and rejuvenating the body. It is used to treat patients with closed-syndrome and positivity due to sudden suffocation, faintness, pale complexion, and closed teeth. They are often mixed with acacia honey locust, blowing a little into the nose and sneezing. Such as clearing the customs; it can also be used alone as a powder, blowing the nose and sneezing.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)
①Cure wind-cold headache, the pain is broken, the pulse is slightly stringy and tight: Asarum one or two (clean), Chuanxiong one or two, aconite (pao) half clean, and ephedra one minute. Finely slice on top, and add the roots of green onion, ginger, and jujube. Take five coins for each serving, one and a half cups of water, fry to one cup, and then take three servings. (“Puji Fang” Xixin San)

②Treatment of migraine: Realgar (research), Asarum (removal of seedling leaves, for the end). Add two flavors, and then grind them together. For each word taken, the left side twitches into the right nose, and the right side twitches into the left nose. (“San Franciscans” to Ling San)

③Treat cold and nasal congestion: asarum, perilla, fangfeng, almond, platycodon, mint, mulberry bark. Decoction. (“Fangmai Authentic”)

④Treatment of typhoid fever is incomprehensible, there is water in the heart, retching, fever and coughing, or thirst, or relief, or choking, or difficulty in urination; people with full abdomen, or asthma: ephedra (extreme knot), peony, asarum , Dried ginger, licorice (sunburned), cassia twig (peeled), half a litre of schisandra, half a litre of pinellia (washed). For the eight flavors, use a bucket of water, first boil ephedra, subtract two liters, remove the froth, add all the medicines, boil three liters, and remove the water. Warm clothes one liter. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Xiaoqinglong Decoction)

⑤ Treatment of nasal congestion: A little bit of Asarum, blow into the nose. (“Pujifang”)

⑥ Treatment of tooth pain for a long time: Asarum (to the leaf seedlings), long pepper. Divide the two flavors into equal parts and mash them into a sieve. For every half-money dagger, one cup of water, fry a dozen to a boil, gargle hot and vomit cold. (The Asarum Soup in “The General Record of St. Francis”)

⑦ Treat tooth pain: Nepeta, Asarum, and honeycomb are divided into equal parts. The top is coarse, every three dollars, a large cup of water, fry until 70%, rinse, warm and spit. (“Yuyaoyuan Prescription” Asarum Powder)

⑧ Treatment of toothache: Asarum for one dollar, cork for one dollar. Gargle with decoction, do not chew. (“Jilin Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

⑨ Treating phlegm and drinking, the qi is low, but the cough and chest full are on the contrary: Poria four taels, licorice, dried ginger, asarum each three taels, and schisandra half a liter. Add five flavors, use 8 liters of water, boil 3 liters, and remove the water. Warm clothes for half a liter, three days a day. (“Golden Chamber Synopsis” Linggan Five Flavor Jiangxin Soup)

⑩ Treatment of Shaoyin disease, the first to get it, anti-febrile, pulse sink: two two ephedra (to the knot), two two asarum, one aconite (cannon, peeled, broken eight pieces). Serve the three flavors, use a bucket of water, cook ephedra first, subtract two liters, remove the froth, add all the medicines, cook three liters, and remove the water. One liter of warm clothes, three times a day. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Mahuang Fuzi Xixin Decoction)

⑾ Treat wind into the abdomen, cut pain and trouble: Asarum, Evodia, dried ginger each half two, angelica, fangfeng each one or two, peony two taels. The top is at the end, every half two, two liters of water, and one liter of boiling. Wen divided into three servings, and continued to advance. (“Yuan He Ji Yong Jing” Asarum Soup)

⑿ Treatment of children’s aphthous: asarum powder, vinegar to adjust, stick to the navel. (“Healthy Home Recipe”)

⒀ Treatment of bad breath and tooth swelling and pain: Asarum boiled in thick juice, hot and cold vomiting. (“Sheng Hui Fang”)

⒁ Treatment of deafness: asarum, soluble yellow wax pill rat feces. Wrap a pill in cotton and stuff it. Be angered. (“Gong’s Experience Recipe” Cong Er Wan)

⒂ Treatment of deficiency, cold, vomiting, and diet: half asarum (with leaves) and half a tael, and two and a half cloves. For the end. For each serving, put the soup with persimmon. (“Outline”)

⒃ Treatment of dark wind, unconsciousness: Asarum powder, blow into the nose. (“World Medicine Effective Recipe”)

⒄Children’s guest (press: the symptoms of this disease are: blue face, painful pain, unable to speak; or stiff neck, dangerous appearance; or sudden crying in the night). Divide the ends with Asarum and Guixin in equal parts, and put a small amount into the mouth of a child for each serving.

⒅ Sores in the mouth and tongue. Divide the ends with Asarum and Coptidis in equal parts, apply on the affected area, and rinse off the salivary juice. For the treatment of aphthous in children, vinegar can be used to adjust the asarum powder and stick it on the navel.

⒆ Polyp in the nose. Blow in the end of the asarum from time to time.

Precautions and contraindications: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)
Contraindications:: radial Herba xì xīn increase blood pressure. Asari Herba xì xīn must not be used in high doses; Overdose is caused by high dosage; Headache, nausea and vomiting, sweating, thirst, ke dies hypers from hypertension. Overdose (contains toxic substances, safrole, aristolochic acids and β-asarone; do not overdose!): Headache or feeling of pressure in the head, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, hypergesic nausea and vomiting, nausea, respiratory paralysis, unconsciousness; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Yin deficiency and Yang hyperactivity, headache, dryness of the lung and injury of the yin and dry cough are contraindicated. Anti-Veratrum

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Xì Xīn (wild ginger)
“The Classic”: “Mainly cough, headache, brain movement, Hundred joints and spasms, rheumatic arthralgia, dead muscles…improve eyesight, benefit nine orifices.”
“Don’t Talk about Materia Medica”: “If Asarum is used alone at the end, it should not be more than half a dagger.

① “The Classic”: “The taste is pungent and warm.”

② “Wu Pu’s Materia Medica”: “Shen Nong, Huang Di, Lei Gong, Tong Jun: Xin, Xiao Wen; Qi Bo: non-toxic; Li Shi: Xiao Han.”

③ “Medicinal Properties”: “The taste is bitter and pungent.”

④ “Medicine Heart Method”: “Pungent, hot.”

The meridian enters the lung and kidney meridian.

① “Decoction of Materia Medica”: “Shou Shaoyin Yin meridian medicine.”

② “Lei Gong Pao Yao Xing Jie”: “The Four Classics of Entering the Heart, Liver, Gallbladder, and Pai.”

③”Materia Medica Sutra”: “Start with Shaoyin and Sun.”

④ “Huiyan of Materia Medica”: “Into the foot yin, Shaoyin blood points.”

The function cures wind, dispels cold, runs water, and resuscitates. Cure wind-cold headache, nasal deep, toothache, phlegm-yin-cough, rheumatic arthralgia.

① “Ben Jing”: “Mainly cough, headache, brain movement, Hundred knots contracture, rheumatic arthralgia, dead muscle. Improve eyesight, benefit nine orifices.”

② “Do not record”: “Warm the middle and lower the qi, break the phlegm, divert the channel, open the chest, remove the throat, stubborn nose, wind and epilepsy, epilepsy, lower mammary glands. No sweat, no blood, safe five internal organs, nourish liver and gallbladder , To master the vitality.”

① “Don’t Talk about Materia Medica”: “Asarum, if used alone at the end, not more than half of the money, too much will be stuffy, and the unreasonable will die.”

②”Annotation on Treatise on Febrile Diseases”: “When water stops the heart and does not work, the kidney qi is dry. The “Internal Classics” says that the kidney is bitter and dry, and it is moisturized by anxious food. Dried ginger, asarum, and pinellia can moisturize water. Qi and nourish the kidneys.”

③Zhang element: “Cure headache, the sun will lead to life, Shaoyin is asarum, Yangming is for Angelica dahurica, Jueyin is for Chuanxiong and Evodia, Shaoyang is for Bupleurum, the user should not be bad with the menstrual. , So entering Shaoyin is quite similar to living alone.”

④ “Compendium”: “Asarum, Xin Wen Neng San, so it is suitable for people with wind, cold, rheumatism, headache, phlegm, stagnation of gas in the chest, and epilepsy. Those who are used for aphthous, throat, and tooth concealment diseases, whichever is used It can dissipate floating heat, and it is also the meaning of fire. Xin can vent the lungs, so it is suitable for people with wind-cold cough. Xin can nourish the liver, so lack of courage, epilepsy, eye diseases, etc. Xin can be used. It can moisturize dryness, so it can pass Shaoyin and ear orifices, and it is suitable for those with astringent stool.”

⑤ “Materia Medica Sutra”: “Asarum, wind medicine. Wind rises, rises up, Xin moves horizontally, and warms diverges, so the main cough, headache, brain movement, Hundred joints contracture, rheumatic arthralgia, death Muscles. Gaibi and dead muscles are both the moisture of the ground, or the combination of wind and cold, wind can dehumidify, warm and dispel cold, and Xin can resuscitate, so the treatment of wind-cold and dampness is also the same as above. Middle and lower qi, break phlegm and open the chest, remove throat and nose, lower milk knots, no sweat, no blood, nourish the liver and gallbladder, clear the essence and qi, all of them will rise and release, and the power of opening all orifices is long. Taking the medicine for improving eyesight and benefiting the nine orifices must be unreasonable. How can it be taken for a long time.” Both are thick and hard to hear.”

⑥ “Materia Medica Huiyan”: “Xinxin, Zuojiang, Gui can drive the cold of the zangfu, Zuotarzi can relieve the cold of various diseases, Zuoduhuo can relieve Shaoyin headache, Zuojing and Fangneng can disperse the wind of the classics , Zuoqin, Lian, Chrysanthemum, Bo, and can cure wind, fire, toothache, and dissolve depression and heat.”

⑦ “Medicine Huayi”: “Asarum, if cold evil enters the inside, but in the Yin meridian, it can be extracted from the inside. With Jiuwei Qianghuotang, it is quick to disperse cold evil, because of its spicy smell, it can rise Entering Xiongxin Decoction, after the treatment of eye pain, you will be ashamed and afraid of the day, and it is difficult to open. He Tongqiao Decoction, disperses lung qi and clears nose and orifices. Adds Qingwei Decoction, dispels stomach heat and relieves toothache. This hot medicine is used as a cold medicine. , It’s the righteousness to take the opposite.”

⑧ “New Compilation of Materia Medica”: “Asarum, can only be used less, not more, and can only be shared, and can not be used alone. More use will cause exhaustion and pain, and use alone will exhaustion and death.”” Xinyang medicine also rises but does not sink. Although it goes down, it warms the fire in the kidney, not the water in the kidney. In flammability, Asarum warms the fire and raises the fire, so don’t use your ears more. Or ask: Asarum disperses people’s true qi, why can headaches be effective? Hijab is the head of the six yangs. When the clear qi rises and the turbid qi falls, the boss is refreshed. However, the turbid qi rises and the clear qi falls, and the boss feels painful. Turbidity is good for lowering turbid qi and raising clear qi, so it cures headaches like a god. However, the taste is pungent and the nature is loose. It must be supplemented with blood tonic, so that the qi can get blood and not disperse.”

⑨ “Hundred Kinds of Materia Medica Records”: “Asarum, cure by qi. Anything that is fragrant can disperse wind pathogens. Asarum is full of air and strong in taste, and its evacuation power is greater. And the wind will carry the cold. Since then, it is hot but cold, asarum is warm in nature, and can expel cold, so

Episode 03: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

Xinyi is a Chinese medicinal material, also known as wood pen, Xinyi flower, wood pen flower, Wangchunhua. It is mainly the flower buds of Magnolia liliiflora Desr. or Wangchun magnolia, magnolia, and Wudang magnolia. Refers to the buds of other magnolia plants. Mainly produced in China’s Henan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Anhui and Hubei. For life. Nanzhao County, Henan Province is known as the “Hometown of Xinyi”.

Magnolia (Magnolia denudata Desr.) is a deciduous tree belonging to the genus Magnolia, Magnoliaceae, and Magnolia, also known as white magnolia, Wangchun, and magnolia. It is native to various provinces in central China and is now cultivated in Beijing and south of the Yellow River Basin. Magnoliaceae Magnolia subgenus, deciduous tree. The flowers are white to lavender red, large, fragrant, and cup-shaped corolla. The flowers open first, and the leaves grow later. The flowering period is about 10 days. Famous Chinese flowers and trees, important flower viewing trees in early spring in the south. Shanghai city flower. The shape of magnolia flower is very much like lotus flower. When in full bloom, the petals spread out to make the courtyard blue and white, and the white light is dazzling. It has high ornamental value; it is an ideal flower type for beautifying the courtyard.

Actions and Indications: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

1. Dissipate Cold Open Orifice

Dispel wind and cold

Tong Nai Qiao

Relieve headache

Dispelling wind and cold, clearing nose and orifices: This product can relieve the nasal orifices due to cold and cold on the head and face. It is used for nasal congestion and headache caused by cold and cold, especially for nasal headache, nasal congestion, unsmelling smell, or runny nose. The main medicines for other diseases are often used with cocklebur, angelica, fangfeng, and ligusticum. Generally use less for colds. Because this product is not very warm, it can also be used for people with hot nose

Also treat toothache, face swelling, sore
This product can shrink the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa and replace ephedrine

Herb combinations and Formulas: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)
Treatment of dysmenorrhea and infertility: The magnolia flower will be under-opened, one per year, hollow in the morning every day, and take it with water. (“The Essentials of Remedies”)

With Xanthium

Both Xinyi and Xanthium are pungent and warm, both can promote lung and orifice, evacuate rheumatism, promote stagnation and relieve pain, and work together to dispel wind and cold, improve nose and orifice, relieve headache, and increase the curative effect.

Xin Yi and Xanthium are both pungent and warm, both can promote the lungs and relieve the orifice
with Asarum
Xin Yi and Asarum, Xin Wen Wenjie, good for nasal orifice, the two drugs are used together, complement each other, can be used for wind-cold nasal congestion or nasal muddy nasal discharge is the most suitable.

with Chuanxiong

Xinyi enters qi, chuanxiong enters blood, and the two drugs are compatible to promote qi and disperse blood stasis.

with Angelica

Xinyi and Angelica dahurica enter the Yangming Meridian, and the two drugs cooperate to cure the pain of the eyebrows, and can digest the stomach.

Xin Yi and Bai Zhi, both enter the Yangming Sutra
with plaster
It can clear away heat and wind, relieve swelling and pain, Xinyi tastes pungent, disperses wind-heat, plaster-induced cold, clears heat and purges fire, disperses and clears each other, complementing each other.

with mint

Xinyi Xinwen, Mint Xinliang, the two medicines are compatible, there is no disadvantage of cold or hot, so cold syndrome and heat syndrome can be applied.

Allergic rhinitis

Xinyi 9g, mint 3g, Angelica dahurica 9g, sesame leaves 9g. Take one dose a day, decoct in water in the morning and two times in the evening.

Material: Xin Yi 9g
stuffy nose
Grind Xinyi into the end, add a small amount of musk, dip the scallion white into the nose, and it will be effective several times.

Bibuchi

15g of Xinyi, 8g of Xanthium, 30g of Fragrant Angelica, 1.5g of mint leaves, and then dried into fine powder. Mix with green onion and tea after eating, 6g each time.

rhinitis

An appropriate amount of Xinyi is ground into a fine powder, and a small amount is taken into the nose, three to four times a day.

Appropriate amount of Xin Yi, grind into a fine powder, take a small amount and inhale into the nose, three to four times a day
sinusitis
10g of Xin Yi, decoct in water and take it.

allergic rhinitis

Take 3g of Xinyihua, if it is a wind-cold injure the lungs, add 10g of Huoxiang, if the wind-heat is prosperous, add 20g of Sophora japonica. Put it into a cup, rinse with boiling water, stuffy, soak for about 5 minutes, drink frequently, once or twice a day.

rhinorrhea, a piece grows in the nostril

Xinyi (dehairing), mulberry bark (honey roasted) 120g each, 31g gardenia, Citrus aurantium, Platycodon grandiflorum, and Angelica dahurica 60g each. A total of details. Take 6g each time and mix with light radish soup.

Wind cold

Xinyi 3g, perilla leaf 6g, soak in hot water.

chronic hypertrophic rhinitis

9g for Xinyi, 12g for Passepartout, 9g for each of Su Ye and Loofah, 6g for each of safflower, calamus, and Fritillaria; if you add more tangerine peel for phlegm, 9g for pinellia, 9g for each of sputum, tangerine and 9g for turmeric. Aunt Jiashan with severe turbinate stiffness, Fritillaria vulgaris 9-12g each. Take one dose per day after decocting in water.

Neurological headache and dry stool

Xinyi, Angelica dahurica, Cocklebur, Chrysanthemum, Honeysuckle, Vitex, Rhubarb, Citrus aurantium 10g each, Asarum, Chuanxiong, Licorice each 6g. Take three times of decoction in water, one dose per day, usually five to ten doses in a row.

Xin Yi Flower 10 grams

After endoscopic sinus surgery

Xinyi, Xanthium 5g each, Platycodon grandiflorum 8g, Honeysuckle, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, 10g each, Codonopsis mulberry bark, 12g each of Ophiopogon japonicus, 15g each of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Houttuynia cordata, 3g each of raw rhubarb, mint, 3g each of Angelica dahurica , Raw Astragalus 20g a day, decoction in two times. One month is a course of treatment.

Composition: 5 grams of Xin Yi flower
Wind-cold simple chronic rhinitis
4g of Xinyi flower, 3g of black tea, 20g of brown sugar. First pick up the syringa flowers and dry them, put them in a cup with the black tea, brew them with freshly boiled hot water, cover them for 20 minutes, add an appropriate amount of brown sugar and stir evenly. When tea is drunk frequently. Usually it can be brewed for about four times, and the brown sugar can be self-adjusted depending on the brewing frequency.

simple chronic rhinitis of wind-heat type

20g Xinyi flower, 2 eggs. Wash the eggs first, cook them in a boiling water pot, and let them cool to remove their shells. Pick up the Xin Yi flowers, put them in a casserole, add water to soak for a while, fry for 20 minutes, filter the juice and return to the casserole, put in the hard-boiled eggs, simmer for 20 minutes on low heat. Take one in the morning and one in the evening, one dose a day.

with wine

Jiuqin good deeds, Xinyi Tongqiao, the two medicines are matched to cure the turbid and yellow nose of the nose and have the effect of clearing heat and dispelling wind.

With Tianxiong

The kidney qi flows through the brain, due to insufficient kidney yang, emptiness of the marrow sea, and headache due to deficiency and cold, the Tianxiong who warms the kidney with great heat and heat, and works with Xin Yi to raise hair.

Precautions and contraindications: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

Caution: Yin-Void-Fire or Ascending Liver-Yang

Overdose: reddening of the eyes, drowsiness, feeling of weakness; pay attention to the maximum dosage!Don’t use yin deficiency, fire and sweat

Those who suffer from Qi deficiency and brain pain belong to blood deficiency and fire burning, toothache belongs to stomach fire, and those who suffer from high Yin deficiency and fire.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” states that Xin Yihua “mainly heats the five internal organs, and suffers from headache and brain pain.”
“Don’t Record”: Warming the muscles, relieving the nine orifices, clearing the stuffy nose, spitting out, treating swollen face and tooth pain, dizziness, and the body is almost as if on a car or boat.

Grow hair and hair, remove white worms.

“Medicinal Properties”: It can treat noodles and produce anhydride.

For facial fat, the main brilliance.

“Rihuazi Materia Medica”: Clear the veins, improve eyesight.

Cure headache, hatred of cold, body silence, itching.

“Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: cures brain leakage and rhinoplasty, expels wind, and new tile baking is the end.

Cure face cold and pain, stomach pain, hot sprinkle clothes.

“Compendium”: nasal chafing, nasal suffocation, nasal choking, nasal sore and post-acne nasal sore, and use ground powder, add a little musk, dipped in white onion several times.

“Jade Catalpa Medicine Solution”: To relieve lungs and reduce adversity, promote qi and dispel stagnation.

“Jiangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine”: External use can promote uterine contraction and has a role in promoting birth.

1, “Materia Medica Collection Notes”

Xiongjiao makes it evil five stone fats.

Acorus calamus, cattail yellow, coptis, gypsum, yellow ring.

2, “Materia Medica Sutra”

Avoid people with qi deficiency, those with brain pain belonging to blood deficiency and fire, and those with toothache belonging to stomach fire.

3, “Materia Medica Huiyan”

People with deficiency of qi may feel the wind and cold occasionally.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Xin Yi Hua (magnolia flower)

Research:
According to pharmacological studies, the volatile oil contained in this product has the effect of shrinking the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa, can replace ephedrine, has the effect of clearing the nose and relieving inflammation, and can cure various rhinitis, especially for allergic rhinitis. It is mainly used in clinical Chinese medicine. For nasal disorders. Its non-volatile components have the effect of contracting the uterus and lowering blood pressure. Whether it can be used as a uterine contractor and an antihypertensive drug remains to be further studied.

Local convergence

The volatile oil of the flower buds of Xinyi has the effect of shrinking the blood vessels of the stinky mucosa.

The volatile oil of the flower buds of xinyi has the effect of shrinking the blood vessels of the stinky mucosa
Lower blood pressure effect
The water and alcohol extracts of dried plank buds have antihypertensive effects on intravenous, intraperitoneal, and intramuscular injections of anesthetic substances (dogs, cats, rabbits, rats, etc.).

The depressurizing component is transferred to the part that dissolves in ether in the degreasing water solution.

In terms of the principle of lowering blood pressure, it seems to have nothing to do with the central nervous system, but directly inhibits the heart, especially the expansion of blood vessels and ganglion blockade.

The antihypertensive effect is not obvious when taken orally, which may be due to the fact that the active ingredients are not easily absorbed.

The root contains magnolia, so it has the effect of lowering blood pressure.

Striated muscle

The alkaloid crystals in the flower buds of the flower buds of the frog have a curare-like effect on the frog rectus abdominis specimens, while the water decoction has the opposite effect, which has an acetylcholine-like effect.

The alkaloids in the flower buds of Wangchun flower are crystallized on the specimens of frog rectus abdominis, which has curare-like effects.
Comparative experiments on the above-mentioned specimens with different extraction methods proved that the nature of the flower buds of Wangchun and the flower buds produced in Japan are the same, and the former has a stronger effect.
infiltration anesthesia

The infusion or decoction has a local anesthetic effect on animals, the Xinyi saturated solution has a curare-like effect on the nerve and muscle of the frog, and the Xinyi decoction has a small amount of subcutaneous injection of guinea pigs with infiltration anesthesia.

The water extract of Xinyi has obvious acetylcholine-like effects.

antibacterial

① Antiviral: Japanese Xinyi has a significant antiviral effect on lymphocytic choroid meningitis virus in vitro and in vivo (injecting its decoction subcutaneously in mice).

②Inhibit the growth of fungi: 15%-30% Xinyi decoction has an inhibitory effect on a variety of pathogenic fungi.

Xinyi decoction has inhibitory effect on a variety of pathogenic fungi
③Inhibition of bacterial growth: its decoction has an inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus, Streptococcus b, etc.
Anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects

The intraperitoneal injection of xinyan lignan in mice can significantly inhibit the formation of granulation tissue. Its anti-inflammatory effect is similar to that of oral hydrocortisone half a dose.

Xin Yi oil can directly resist the contraction of SRS-A on guinea pig lung strips, and it can also resist the allergic contraction of mouse ileum induced by histamine, and it also has obvious protective effect on allergic asthma in guinea pigs.

central inhibition

A variety of ingredients of Xinyi, such as O-methyl syringare, true asarone, trans-asarone, etc., have inhibitory effects on the central nervous system.

A variety of ingredients of Xinyi, such as O-methyl syringare ether, true asarone, trans-asarone, etc., have inhibitory effects on the central nervous system.
willow leaf magnolia flower buds contain d-aconitine and other alkaloids that have inhibitory effects on the central dopaminergic nervous system, possibly blocking dopamine receptors and inhibiting the uptake of dopamine by sympathetic nerves.
Anti-pathogenic microorganism effect

100% Xinyi decoction has varying degrees of inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus, Diphtheria bacillus, B-streptococcus, Bacillus anthracis and Shigella in the test tube.

15%~30% Xinyi decoction has inhibitory effect on a variety of pathogenic fungi. The high-concentration Xinyi preparation also has a certain inhibitory effect on Candida albicans and influenza virus.

other

The water extract of Xinyi has antihypertensive effect on cats and dogs by intramuscular and abdominal injection. Wangchunhua phenolic alkaloids have curare-like effects and have relaxing effects on striated muscle.

High-concentration Xinyi preparations have varying degrees of inhibitory effects on a variety of pathogenic bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Various lignan components of Wangchun flower buds have anti-platelet activating factor activity.

Episode 03: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application


Name and Description: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

Xanthium is the involucre fruit of Xanthium sibiricum Patr. Also known as Tai Ershi (“The Classic”), Niu Liaozi (“Guizhou Folk Prescriptions”), Hu Suzi (“Medicinal Materials Collection”), Canglangzhong, Cotton Mantis (“Jiangsu Plant Medicine History”), Cang Zi, Hu Cangzi (“Northeast Medicine and Plant History”), hungry louse (“Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine History”), Cangkezi, Xanthium Tribulus (“Shaanxi Chinese Herbal Medicine”). Xanthium is a commonly used Chinese herbal medicine, which has the functions of dispelling wind, removing dampness and clearing the orifice. In addition, Xanthium or the whole herb can also be used for medicinal purposes, but Xanthium is a poisonous plant, and the fruit is the most poisonous. It must be used strictly in accordance with the doctor’s advice.

Origin:

[Source] This product is the mature fruit with involucre of the dicotyledon Asteraceae Xanthium and Mongolian Xanthium.

[Textual research] From “Qianjin. Shizhi”. “Main Poisonous Plants in the South”: Cocklebur, poisonous parts, whole plant; fruits are the most poisonous; fresh leaves are more poisonous than dry leaves, and tender leaves are more poisonous than old leaves. Rescue method of poisoning: People with mild poisoning should stop eating for several hours to one day, and drink plenty of sugar water during this period. In severe cases, gastric lavage, catharsis and high enema with 2% normal saline can be used in the early stage, and 25% glucose solution and 500mg of vitamin C can be injected at the same time; vitamin K can be injected to prevent bleeding; plasma transfusion should be considered when necessary; to protect the liver, citric acid can be taken Choline, intramuscular injection of methionine; low-fat diet. The folk use licorice and mung bean soup to detoxify.

Actions and Indications: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

①Treat low back and leg pain

The Xanthium is made into 30% injections, and each time is injected with 2 to 4 ml to the pain point, once every other day, 10 times as a course of treatment. Used for lumbar sprain, lumbar muscle strain, sciatica, hypertrophic lumbar spondylitis, lumbar spondylitis, etc. in 163 cases of lumbar and leg pain, with a total effective rate of 89%. Those who work quickly are relieved after one injection, usually 3 to 5 times. The curative effect is good for acute lumbar sprain or lumbar muscle injury; the curative effect is unstable for low back pain caused by sacral fissure and hypertrophic lumbar spondylitis.

②Treatment of allergic rhinitis

After medication, the symptoms of most patients disappeared or improved, or the episodes decreased. The nasal mucosa has no obvious changes except for a small number of changes from pale to mild hyperemia. Usage: Xanthium edulis is roasted into dark brown and ground powder, ~5 grams each time, take 3 times a day for 2 weeks. Or mix the powder and honey to make pills (each pill contains 3 grams of medicinal powder), take ~ 2 pills each time, take 3 times a day for 2 weeks, if necessary, take 3 weeks to 2 months. The medicinal powder can also be extracted with alcohol to make tablets (each tablet is equivalent to about 1.5 grams of the original drug), each serving 2 tablets, 3 times a day, for about 2 weeks. A small number of patients have mild diarrhea, abdominal distension and pain, as well as mild headache and general weakness after taking the medicine.

③Treatment of chronic rhinitis

Take 30-40 cocklebur seeds, gently beat them, put them in a clean small aluminum cup, add 1 tael of sesame oil, bring to a simmering heat, remove the cocklebur, and pour it into a small bottle for later use. When using, apply a cotton swab to the nasal cavity, ~3 times a day, two weeks as a course of treatment. Treatment of 207 cases, except for 3 cases ineffective, 12 cases did not adhere to the medication, the rest were cured, and the clinical symptoms completely disappeared. The longest follow-up period has reached 3 years, and no recurrence has been seen.

④Treatment of malaria

3 taels of fresh cocklebur, wash and mash, add water and fry for 15 minutes, remove the residue, beat in 2 to 3 eggs and cook in the liquid. Take the egg and liquid medicine at once before the onset of malaria. If it is not cured once, you can take it again according to the above method.

⑤Treatment of mumps

Xanthium edulis is decocted with water, 4 times a day for 3 days. Newborns pay 1 yuan a day, 1 to 2 years old, and 1.5 yuan for every 2 years old, and 1 to 1.5 taels for 14 years old and over. Generally, it can be taken for 2 to 3 days for mild cases, and for severe cases, it can be used to mash the affected area with cocklebur leaves. Those with comorbidities should cooperate with other treatments.

⑥Treatment of leg ulcers

The cocklebur seeds are fried with yellow powder for 2 to 4 taels and pig suet oil is 4 to 6 taels. They are pounded like a paste. When using it, first wash the wound with lime water (1 kg of lime, add 8 kg of boiling water, and let it stand for 1 hour to absorb the supernatant). After drying, apply ointment, and apply external bandage. 5-7 days in winter; 3 days in summer to change dressings.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

① Cure wind dizziness, or mental pain: Cocklebur kernel three or two, Gastrodia and white chrysanthemum each three dollars. (“Ben Cao Hui Yan”)

② In addition to rheumatic arthralgia, extremity spasm: Xanthium in three or two. To pound the powder, use one and a half liters of water, decoct Qihe, and sip. (“Food Medicine Heart Mirror”)

③ Treatment of leprosy: a catty of Cangzhu, three or two of Xanthium. Each is the end, and the rice is a pill, as big as a wuzi. Three servings a day, two dollars per serving. Avoid intercourse in March. (“Dongtian Secret Order”)

④ Treating scabies, dispelling wind and dispersing poison: Xanthium frutescens fried meat with clams. (《Properties of Herbal Medicine》)

⑤ Treatment of women’s wind and pruritus addictive rash, the body itching does not stop: cocklebur flowers, leaves, seeds are divided into equal parts, and Xi Luo is the last. Each serving will be adjusted for two yuan with Doulinjiu. (“Holy Benefit”)

⑥ Treatment of nasal runny and turbid tears: Xinyi half two, Xanthium two and a half, Xiangbaizhi one or two, and mint leaf half. Top and dry, for fines. Two cents per serving, with green onions and tea after eating. (“Jishengfang” Cocklebur powder)

⑦ Treatment of witnessing, tinnitus: Xanthium half-point. Smash it, use two liters of water, squeeze the juice, and cook porridge with half a tael of japonica rice, or make a decoction. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Xanthium porridge)

⑧ Treatment of toothache: Five liters of cocklebur, take a bucket of water, boil five liters, hold it in heat, vomit when it hurts, and vomit again. Without seeds, both stems and leaves must be used. (“Golden Wings”)

⑨ Treatment of boils malignant: Xanthium five dollars. Slightly stir-fry for the end, drink the rice wine; then use the chicken to clean the affected area, and pull out the boil. (“Experience Collection” Cocklebur Liquor)

Precautions and contraindications: Xiāng Rú (moslae)

⑴ Do not eat with pork.

⑶ It is not suitable to eat cocklebur cake, and it is not allowed to eat tender leaves or fruits at will.

⑶ Strictly control the dosage and take it as prescribed by the doctor.

Caution: qi or blood emptiness; Overdose causes vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, headache, decreased appetite Chen and Chen: not in patients with liver disease or alcoholism Overdose (unprocessed form): nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, headache, decreased appetite, jaundice, hepatitis, nephritis, hepatocellular necrosis (50-100 g of unprocessed coronary necrosis in Kprönne children).1. Avoid taking headache and arthralgia due to blood deficiency.

2. “Tang Materia Medica”: Avoid pork, horse meat, rice swill.

3. “Materia Medica Congxin”: Dissipate qi and consume blood, do not take it if you are weak.

[Note]

Xanthium: disperse wind and dehumidify, clear nose orifices. It is used for wind-cold headache, rhinorrhea, rubella itching, dampness and contracture.

Xanthium: uterine bleeding, deep abscess, leprosy, skin eczema.

The whole cocklebur is also used for medicinal purposes to treat acute and chronic gastroenteritis and bacillary dysentery.

Dosage: 3-9g of Xanthium edulis; 1-2 taels of Xanthium (30-60g).

Moxibustion:
1. Human poisoning
In some areas of northern my country, there are occasional cases of poisoning caused by accidental consumption of cocklebur or cocklebur buds. Xanthium can be eaten raw, fried or boiled hot, and some can be boiled for soup. The least intake is only 5-6 capsules (children), the more reaches 3000 grams; the serving of Xanthium buds ranges from 50 to 2000 grams. Poisoning reactions vary in severity. Generally dizziness, headache, laziness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or fever, facial flushing, conjunctival congestion, urticaria, etc.; severe cases may be irritable or drowsy all day long, and then coma, convulsions, heartbeats Slowness, elevated blood pressure, jaundice, hepatomegaly, liver damage, bleeding, changes in urine routine or oliguria, eyelid edema, etc. It is caused by damage to the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys. If poisoned patients can be treated in a timely and effective manner, most of them can recover quickly. A small number of people with severe poisoning or untimely rescue can cause hepatic coma due to massive necrosis of liver cells, as well as death from renal failure or respiratory failure.

The incubation period of cocklebur poisoning varies with the food ingested. It is generally 2 to 3 days, and the onset occurs within 4 hours. For example, those who eat raw cocklebur directly will get sick 4 to 8 hours after eating, those who eat cocklebur cake will get sick 10 to 24 hours, and those who eat seedlings will get sick within 1 to 5 days.

1.1, detoxification method
⑴ When there is no gastrointestinal bleeding, induce vomiting. Use 1:5000 potassium permanganate solution for gastric lavage and oral administration of magnesium sulfate to cater for diarrhea. If a large amount is taken for more than 4 hours, 1% to 2% saline should be used as a high enema as soon as possible.

⑵Inject 5% dextrose saline intravenously and drink plenty of sugar water. If you have heart failure, pulmonary edema, and urinary obstruction, you should limit the amount of fluid infusion.

⑶ Vitamin K and other hemostatic agents should be given when bleeding occurs, and blood transfusion when necessary.

⑷When the liver is obviously damaged, hepatoprotective drugs such as hormones and vitamins B1, B12, and C can be given. During the treatment period, fatty foods are temporarily banned, and other symptomatic treatments.

⑸ 30g licorice, 120g mung bean, decoction for oral administration.

⑹120g Radix isatidis, decoct in water and take it twice in the morning and evening.

⑺ 60g reed root, 30g mung bean, 15g honeysuckle, 9g kudzu flower, 9g licorice, decocted 2 times, combined together, divided into the morning and evening every day for 3-6 doses.

⑧For gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms, use 30g of licorice, 9g of Polygala, 15g of Adenophora, 9g of charcoal in blood, 1.5g of Panax notoginseng powder (for flushing), decoction 2 times, combine together, once every 4 hours, 2 times After that, take 2 to 6 doses in a row.

⑼Acupuncture

①Detoxification: take Quchi and Sanyinjiao.

②The teeth are closed tightly: take the cheek car and hegu.

③ Vomiting, abdominal pain: take Zhongwan, Neiguan, and Zusanli.

(④Coma: taking people and bearing pulp.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

① “The Classic”: “The taste is sweet and warm.”

② “Don’t Record”: “Bitterness.”

③ “Pin Hui Essentials”: “The taste is bitter and sweet, warm in nature, and slightly poisonous.”

【Return Channel】Into the lungs and liver channels.

① “Leigong Pao Yao Xingjie”: “Into the lung meridian.”

② “Jade Catalpa Yao Jie”: “Into the foot Jueyin Liver Meridian.”

③”Materia Medica Seeking Truth”: “Into the liver and spleen.”

④ “Meeting Medical Mirror”: “Enter the liver and kidney meridians.”

【Efficacy】Relieve wind and cold; clear nose orifices; dispel rheumatism; relieve itching.

[Indications] Biyuan; Wind-cold headache; Rheumatic arthralgia; Rubella; Eczema; Scabies.

[Discussed by each family]

① “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: “Mainly the wind, cold and pain, rheumatism, arthralgia, limbs, spasm and pain, and dead flesh muscles.”

② “Materia Medica Supplements”: “Soaking in wine to remove wind and tonic.”

③ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: “Cure all ethos, fill the marrow, warm the waist and feet. Treat scrofula, scabies and itching.”

④ “Materia Medica Mengyun”: “Relieve headaches and pass through the top door, chase the wind and poison in the bone marrow, and kill the chancre and dampness.”

⑤ “Materia Medica Zheng”: “Treat the nose and yuan.”

⑥ “Materia Medica Preparations”: “Sweat well, dispel rheumatism, go to the top of the brain, go down the feet and knees, and reach the skin. Treat headaches, dark eyes, toothaches, nasal depression, and remove thorns.”

⑦ “Jade catalpa medicine solution”: “Relieve swelling and open arthralgia, expel wind and dehumidification. Treat scabies and pruritus addiction.”

⑧ “Divided medicines”: “Cure nasal breath.”

⑨ “Conference Medical Mirror”: “Cure all hemorrhoids.”

⑩ “Materia Medica Renew”: “Cures eye pain.”

⑾ “Huiyan of Materia Medica”: The ear is real, the top is the top, the medicine for rheumatism. It can benefit blood, bitterness can dry dampness, and temperature can be smooth, so rheumatism is indispensable for upper, middle and lower body.

⑿ “Materia Medica Justice”: Xanthium, gentle and open, fluent joints, open and clear the veins, spread across the pores and skins without being too dry, it is the most powerful and docile person who mainly treats the wind, cold and dampness of the three qi. It can also reach the summit alone, dredging the wind and cold of the brain, which is the essential medicine for the head wind disease. And no spicy fragrance, excessive rise and release, dissipate the worry of righteousness. Taking asarum, Qianghuo and other flavors, similar functions, but different attitudes; for example, in the case of Chuanxiong, Angelica dahurica and other things with Qi as the winner, it is still difficult to talk about the same day, but it is more than gentle, I am afraid that it will not be easy to overcome the day.

1. Avoid taking headache and arthralgia due to blood deficiency.

2. “Tang Materia Medica”: Avoid pork, horse meat, rice swill.

3. “Materia Medica Congxin”: Dissipate qi and consume blood, do not take it if you are weak.

[Note]

Xanthium: disperse wind and dehumidify, clear nose orifices. It is used for wind-cold headache, rhinorrhea, rubella itching, dampness and contracture.

Xanthium: uterine bleeding, deep abscess, leprosy, skin eczema.

The whole cocklebur is also used for medicinal purposes to treat acute and chronic gastroenteritis and bacillary dysentery.

Dosage: 3-9g of Xanthium edulis; 1-2 taels of Xanthium (30-60g).

 

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Cang Er Zi (xanthium fruit)

The fruit contains 1.2% cocklebur glycosides, 3.3% resin, fatty oils, alkaloids, vitamin C and pigments. The dried fruit contains 9.2% fatty oil. Among the fatty acids, linoleic acid accounts for 64.20%, oleic acid 26.8%, palmitic acid 5.32%, and stearic acid 3.63%. The unsaponifiable matter contains wax alcohol, β-, γ-, and ε-sitosterol. The acetone-insoluble lecithin accounts for 33.2% and the cephalin accounts for 66.8%.

Seed kernels contain 6-7% water content, 40% fatty oil, and their fatty acid composition is 64.8% linoleic acid, 26.7% oleic acid, 7.0-7.5% stearic acid, 1.5-2.0% palmitic acid, and contains β-sitosterol and Stigmasterol. The seed shell contains 15.86% pentosan, which can be used as a raw material for furfural.

1. Pharmacological effects
①Reduce blood sugar: The white crystalline glycoside (C31H-48O24S2) 1mg/kg can lower the blood sugar of normal rabbits.

②The effect on the respiratory system: 0.3ml of 100% Xanthium decoction per mouse is gavage, which has antitussive effect on mice; 15ml/kg has no expectorant effect on rabbits. Tincture injection has an excitatory effect on the frog’s breathing, while large doses have an inhibitory effect.

③ Cardiovascular effect: Xanthium injection intravenously, has a short-term antihypertensive effect on rabbits and dogs.

④ Anti-inflammatory effect: The diterpene hydroxy acid atractylodes in this product has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effect after rat carrageenan edema test. The LD50 of intraperitoneal injection, subcutaneous injection and oral administration were 2.9, 5.3 and 350 mg/kg, respectively.

⑤ Xanthium decoction has certain inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus in vitro

04: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger),
Cōng Bái (green onion),
Bo He (wild mint),
Sang Ye (mulberry leaf))

Sheng Jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens), gentle in nature, is used more frequently for milder cases of wind-cold invasion. With its excellent influence of harmonizing the middle jiao, Sheng Jiang increases the appetite, and relieves abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. It counteracts the toxicity of herbs such as Ban Xia (Rhizoma Pinelliae) and Tian Nan Xing (Rhizoma Arisaematis).

Cong Bai (Bulbus Allii Fistulosi) is relatively weak, and relieves mild cases of exterior wind-cold. It also warms the body to treat yang deficiency. Applied topically, Cong Bai alleviates carbuncles.

Bo He (Herba Menthae), cool and acrid, induces perspiration. It clears wind-heat from the head, vents rashes and treats initial stages of warm febrile disorders in the absence of perspiration; it relieves headache, red eyes and sore throat, alleviates canker sores, and addresses itching of the skin with rashes that have not erupted. It is slightly aromatic and relieves chest and hypochondriac fullness and distention caused by Liver qi stagnation. This herb should be added at the end of cooking, and cooked only briefly, as the active constituents evaporate or become deactivated by prolonged exposure to heat.

Sang Ye (Folium Mori) clears the head, dispels wind-heat, sedates the Liver and brightens the eyes. It treats wind-heat disorders involving dizziness, or Liver yang rising that causes red eyes, dizziness and vertigo. Sang Ye is cooler, and functions more strongly to disperse exterior wind-heat. Thus, it is used more to relieve cough, moisten the Lung, cool blood and stop bleeding.

Episode 04: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger) Guide
Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)

Zingiberis Rhizoma recens shēng jiāng ginger
Perennial herb. The rhizome is fleshy, plump, flat, aromatic and spicy. The rows of leaves, thorium-shaped to strip-lanceolate, 15-30 cm long and 2 cm wide, apex acuminate and attenuate at base, smooth and hairless, with stalked leaf sheaths; sessile. The flower stems are erect, covered with shingled scales; the spikes are ovate to elliptic, about 5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide; bracts are ovate, light green; the flowers are dense, about 2.5 cm long, with sharp apex. Pointed; calyx short tube; corolla 3-lobed, lobes lanceolate, yellow, short lip, oblong obovate, lavender, with yellow-white spots, small lobes on both sides of the lower part; 1 stamen, protruding, Ovary inferior; style filiform, lavender, stigma radial. The capsule has an oblong shape and swells about 2.5 cm. Flowering from June to August.

Actions and Indications: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)
Divergent wind chill
Ginger has a very strong sweating power. The Compendium of Materia Medica says: “It is used to diverge, and it is used to harmonize” [19]. It is used to express symptoms of cold, wind and cold. It is often used with other antiseptic drugs to enhance sweating, such as Jingfangbaidusan et al. [20]. If you have a mild cold, you can take it with ginger decoction and brown sugar alone, which can often be relieved by sweating. Ginger can also be used to prevent colds.

Warm to stop vomiting
“Theory of Medicine Properties” says that ginger “relieves vomiting without eating” [21]. Ginger can warm the stomach, reduce the adverse effect and relieve vomiting. It is used for wind-cold vomiting. It is often used with Pinellia decoction, such as Xiaobanxia Decoction [22]. Because ginger has a strong anti-vomiting power, it can also be used with Zhuru and Coptis for fever and vomiting, or it can be used alone.

Warming lungs and relieving cough
“Medicine Huayi” said that ginger “tongs the orifice to benefit the lungs, and relieves coughing.” Ginger is pungent and enters the lung meridian, so it can warm the lungs and dispel cold and relieve coughs. The spicy flavor can promote water vapor and reduce phlegm. It is used for coughs with cold and cold phlegm. But ginger is less effective than dry ginger in treating lung cold and cough [3].

Other effects
Ginger warms and protects yang, and when used together with the jujube that nourishes yin, it can reconcile ying and yin, and treat yin and yin disharmony, and symptoms of spontaneous sweating, such as Guizhi Decoction.

Ginger can detoxify fish and crabs. It can be used alone or with perilla. You can add ginger to cook fish and crab seafood, which has the effect of dispelling cold air and deodorizing.

In addition, ginger can relieve the poison of Pinellia ternata and southern star. It can be used for swelling and numbness of the throat and tongue caused by the poison of Pinellia ternata and southern star. Therefore, when preparing Pinellia and Southern Star, ginger is often used in the same preparation to reduce their toxicity, and it can be solved by taking ginger juice [13].

Jiangpi promotes water to reduce swelling, cures urination and edema.

Indications:
Jie Guyun: Ginger, warm in nature, pungent and sweet in taste, strong in smell, floating and rising, yang also. There are four uses: one for making Magnolia officinalis and Pinellia toxin, two for dispersing wind evil, three for warming the middle to remove dampness, and four for supplementing spleen and stomach medicine. Dong Yuan Yun: Ginger is the holy medicine of the vomiting family. Xin is used to disperse it, and vomiting is the qi not dissipating, this thing can act yang and disperse the qi. Another cloud: Ginger relieves phlegm and lowers qi, benefits the spleen and stomach, and relieves wind and cold. Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, extremities and joints, opening the internal organs. Another cloud: Ginger and jujube are used together to reconcile the spleen and stomach; Xinwen and peony are used together to warm the meridian and dispel cold.

1. Don’t peel it. Some people like to peel ginger, which can’t bring out the overall effect of ginger. After washing the fresh ginger, cut into shreds.

2. Those who are suffering from yin deficiency and fire, red eyes and internal heat, or who suffer from carbuncle sores, pneumonia, lung abscess, tuberculosis, gastric ulcer, cholecystitis, pyelonephritis, diabetes, and hemorrhoids, should not consume ginger for a long time.

3. From the perspective of treatment, ginger brown sugar water is only suitable for patients with cold or cold stomach or fever after being exposed to the rain. It cannot be used for patients with cold or wind-heat cold, nor can it be used to treat heatstroke. Taking fresh ginger juice can cure vomiting caused by cold. It is not suitable for other types of vomiting.

4. Don’t eat rotten ginger. Rotting ginger will produce a very toxic substance, which can cause degeneration and necrosis of liver cells and induce liver cancer and esophageal cancer.

5. Eating ginger is not the better. The summer weather is hot, people are prone to dry mouth, polydipsia, sore throat, and sweating. Ginger is pungent and warm. It is a hot food. According to the principle of “hot and cold”, it is not advisable to eat more.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)
Ginger Xiexin Decoction “Treatise on Febrile Diseases”; Guizhi Decoction, “Treatise on Febrile Diseases”; Ginger and Gancao Decoction, “Essential Prescriptions for Emergency Treatment”; Angelica Ginger and Mutton Soup “Golden Chambers Synopsis”; Ginger Banxia Soup “Golden Chambers Synopsis”
1. Cold ginger: 30~60g ginger, cut into thin strips, add vinegar and salt to mix with food; you can also add appropriate amount of sugar and sesame oil.

This product is mixed with vinegar, salt, etc. It has a good appetizing, neutralizing and anti-vomiting effect; the taste is slightly spicy and sour, but not very warm. It is used for vomiting and eating less when the stomach is not harmonious and cold. In “The Mirror of Food and Medicine”, fine ginger is used, decocted with vinegar, and chewed with dregs. It is used for “vomiting, the medicine is not bad”, and the meaning is the same.

2. Ginger Pinellia Soup: Pinellia 12g, decoct the juice, add appropriate amount of ginger juice, and boil together. Take 4 divided doses.

Originated from “The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber”. Both pinellia and ginger juice are good at relieving vomiting, and they are good when used together; they are also good for appetizing and Chinese. Used for upset stomach, vomiting and restlessness.

3. Ginger caramel soup: 30~60g ginger, 30g caramel. Add water and fry to make a thick soup, drink it slowly while it is warm.

Originated from “Materia Medica Huiyan”. This recipe uses ginger to warm the lungs, relieve phlegm, relieve cough, and moisturize the lungs with caramel. Used for cough and expectoration due to deficiency and cold.

4. Perilla ginger soup: Perilla leaves 30g, ginger 9g. Decoction drink.

Originated from “Materia Medica Huiyan”. This recipe takes perilla leaves for sweating, relieves the surface and dispels cold, and uses ginger to enhance its effect. Not only easy to take, but also beneficial to stomach qi and help sweating

Precautions and contraindications: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger) 
Yin deficiency internal heat and excessive heat syndrome are contraindicated. “Compendium of Materia Medica” said: “Eating ginger for a long time will cause heat accumulation. People who have hemorrhoids eat more and drink, and quickly develop. People with carbuncle eat more and produce bad meat.” Li Shizhen said that long-term consumption of ginger can damage eyesight. , And will induce complicated sores [23]. “Materia Medica Shu” also said: “Long-term service damages the yin and damages the eyes, yin deficiency and internal heat, yin deficiency coughing and vomiting blood, superficial deficiency with heat and sweating, spontaneous sweating, night sweats, blood from dirty toxins, nausea due to heat, abdominal pain due to heat, law Chive avoid it.” It has been repeatedly stated that long-term use of ginger can cause damage to the eyes.

In addition, “internal heat and yin deficiency, red eyes and throat, blood syndrome, sore, vomiting and diarrhea with fire, heat syndrome, heat asthma, asthma, fetal swelling, swollen fetus, after illness, and acne” are not suitable for taking ginger.

Kontra: Hitze-Fülle oder Feuer, Yin-Leere-Feuer

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)
Famous Doctors”: Weixin, lukewarm. Indications of typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, cough and upper gas, and relieve vomiting. Also, ginger, lukewarm, pungent, go to Wuzang. To lighten up, lower the breath, stop vomiting, and remove wind, cold and heat. Jiufu Xiaozhi Shaozhi, sad.

“Materia Medica Supplements”: In addition to the original power, juice detoxification, free blood to break, adjust the middle, remove cold, remove phlegm, and appetite. Peel when it is hot, leave the skin when it is cold.

“Medicinal Properties”: Make. The main phlegm is full of qi, and the qi is lowered. Both health and dryness can cure cough, treat ailments, stop vomiting and stop eating. Health and Pinellia, the main heart is anxious, if it is too hot to eat, mix it with juice and honey. The juice and almonds are fried again, and everything becomes gas, and the solid chest embraces the cold and heat, and it has a magical effect.

“Kaibao Materia Medica”: spicy, lukewarm. Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing and breathing, and vomiting.

“The Sketch Book”: Cut ginger into fine pieces, make one or two bowls of tea, and sip it at will. It is a great cure for dysentery! Keep ginger skin for hot dysentery, peel off cold dysentery.

“Materia Medica Yanyi”: Control violent and rebellious qi. Chew three or two soaps big, swallow it, and take it repeatedly. The first cold and heat, phlegm cough, burn a piece, and the cough heals spontaneously during the day after biting. For those with red eyes and no sores, scrape off the ginger with a bronze coin to get the juice, click on the lips of the money, and tears will come out. But the children are very scared, so there is no doubt that they have tried well.

“Medicinal Fu”: pungent in taste, warm in nature, non-toxic. Sheng Ye, Yang Ye. There are four uses: the production of Pinellia has detoxification, and the jujube has thick intestines. Wenjing San expresses the wind of evil, replenishing qi to stop the stomach turning.

“Soup Liquid Materia Medica”: temperature, pungent taste. It is pungent and sweet, lukewarm, light odor, yang, non-toxic.

“Xiang” says: typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing and breathing, relieving vomiting, treating phlegm and cough. Health and dryness are at the same time. Divide it equally with Pinellia to treat acute pain in the heart, and use it carefully.

“Heart” says: It can control the poison of Pinellia and Magnolia, radiate wind and cold, benefit vitality, and use jujube together. Xin Wen, used with peony, warms meridians and dispels cold, is also the holy medicine of vomiting family. Xin is dispelling it, and vomiting is not dissipating. This medicine can act yang and disperse qi.

“Zhen” says: To benefit the spleen and stomach, dispel the wind and cold, take a long time to remove the odor, and to understand the spirit.

Sun Zhenren said: It is the holy medicine of the vomiting family.

Or ask Dongyuan: How does ginger get into the lungs when it enters the lungs? Said: The vulgar always regards his heart as his appetite, no. Under the pharyngeal door, the tangible thing is attached to the stomach, and it is the appetite. It is in the same place with the lungs, so it enters the lungs and appetizes the appetite. Then he asked: People say that you should not eat ginger at night, because eating it will make you breathless, why not? Said: Ginger is hot and warm, the main development, the night will converge the qi, and the development of its qi by anti-eating is against the way of nature, so it is not suitable for eating. This can be done in a fair way. Not if you are sick. Ginger crumbs are not hotter than dried ginger, and less moisturizing than ginger. If dried ginger is used instead of dried ginger, it is not arrogant.

“Materia Medica” says: Qin Jiao made it. Kill pinellia and scopoletoxin. Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Coptis chinensis.

“Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: Xin Wen, both light, and Yang. It is a holy medicine for typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing, and vomiting. For those who use it to treat cough, sputum and saliva, this medicine can promote yang and disperse qi. Dongyuan also said: How does ginger get into the lungs when it enters the lungs? Said: The vulgar always regards his heart as his appetite, no. The tangible thing under the pharyngeal gate is called the tie, and it is the appetite, and it is in the same place with the lungs, so it enters the lungs and appetizes the appetite. Then he asked: People say that you should not eat ginger at night, because eating it will make you breathless, why not? Said: Ginger Xin Wen is the main development, night will converge the qi, and the development of its qi by anti-eating is against the way of heaven, so it is not suitable. If you are sick, otherwise, if you break the blood, adjust the middle, remove the cold, remove phlegm, and appetite. Peel if it is hot, leave the skin if it is cold.

“Materia Medica Play”: Chengchao Sheyun: ginger and jujube are pungent and sweet. It can diverge, but it is not specially used for divergence. Regard the spleen as the stomach for its body fluid, ginger and jujube are used for the spleen’s body fluid, and those who harmonize with Rongwei also.

Jie Guyun: Ginger, warm in nature, pungent and sweet in taste, strong in smell, floating and rising, yang also. There are four uses: one for making Magnolia officinalis and Pinellia toxin, two for dispersing wind evil, three for warming the middle to remove dampness, and four for supplementing spleen and stomach medicine. Dong Yuan Yun: Ginger is the holy medicine of the vomiting family. Xin is used to disperse it, and vomiting is the qi not dissipating, this thing can act yang and disperse the qi. Another cloud: Ginger relieves phlegm and lowers qi, benefits the spleen and stomach, and relieves wind and cold. Mainly typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, extremities and joints, opening the internal organs. Another cloud: Ginger and jujube are used together to reconcile the spleen and stomach; Xinwen and peony are used together to warm the meridian and dispel cold.

“Compendium of Materia Medica”: divergent for raw use, and moderate for familiar use.

If you travel early in the mountains, you should include a piece of it to avoid the mist and dampness and the miasma of the mountains. If you eat for a long time, you will suffer from heat accumulation. People with hemorrhoids and carbuncle should not eat more.

Jiangpixiao swelling, abdominal distension and fullness, to remove pansies.

Return meridian: lung; stomach; spleen meridian

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Shēng Jiāng (fresh ginger)
1. Effect on the digestive system: For dogs equipped with isolated small stomach and esophageal fistula, 50% decoction can be placed in the oral cavity, which can have a biphasic effect on the secretion of gastric acid and gastric juice. It was followed by a longer period of excitement. Infusion of 200ml of 25% decoction into the stomach showed excitatory effect. Isolate the small stomach dog and try to take 0.1-1.0g ginger, the secretion of gastric juice increases and stimulates the secretion of free hydrochloric acid, but the digestion effect of pepsin on protein is reduced, and the effect of lipase is enhanced. The extract can inhibit the vomiting of dogs caused by copper sulfate, and taking 10-50% 30ml of ginger juice is also effective, but 5% 30ml is not effective. The mixture of gingerone and gingerenone isolated from ginger also has an antiemetic effect. The minimum effective dose is 3mg, which is not effective for dog vomiting caused by apomorphine and pigeon vomiting caused by digitalis. Ginger ketone given to rabbits through the digestive tract can relax the intestinal tract and decrease peristalsis. Ginger is a kind of anti-wind agent, it has a mild stimulating effect on the digestive tract, can increase intestinal tension, rhythm and peristalsis, sometimes followed by a decrease, and can be used for intestinal colic caused by flatulence or other reasons.

2. Effect on circulation and respiration: Chewing 1g of ginger (without swallowing) in a normal population can increase systolic blood pressure by 11.2mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure by 14mm Hg, but has no significant effect on pulse rate. The alcohol extract has an excitatory effect on the vascular movement center and respiratory center of anesthetized cats, and also has a direct excitatory effect on the heart.

3. Antibacterial and antiprotozoal effects: In vitro test water extracts have inhibitory effects on Trichophyton vulgaris and kill Trichomonas vaginalis.

4. Other effects: subcutaneous injection of frog and intravenous injection of large amounts of gingerone in rabbits can cause central motor paralysis, and sometimes blood pressure can drop in rabbits.

Chemical components of traditional Chinese medicine

Ginger contains volatile components: α-zingiberene, β-santalol, β-phellandrene, β-bisabolene ), α-curcumene, zingiberol, perillaldehyde, neral, geranial, 2-caraneol, 3 -Carol, camphene, β-ocimene, α-bergamotene, β-farnesene, myrcene, β-pinene, 2-borneol, citral, 7-menthene, isofenchyl alcohol, α-farnesene , 1,3,3-trimethyltricyclo[2.2.1.02,6]-heptane [1,3,3-trimethyltricyclo[2.2.1.02,6]heptane], 2,6-dimethyl-6- (4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo[3.1.1]-2-heptane[2,6-dimethyl-6-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo[3.1.1] -2-heptene], 1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane[1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane], 1 -(1,5-Dimethyl-4-hexenyl)-4-methylbenzene [1-(1,5-eimethyl-4-hexenyl)-4-methylbenzene] and galanolactone Dozens of others; spicy ingredients: 6-gingerol, 3-gingerol, 4-gingerol, 5-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 10-gingerol, 12 -Gingerol, 6-gingediol, 4-gingediol, 8-gingediol, 10-gingediol, 6-gingediol ), 4-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 10-gingerol, 6-methylgingediol (6-methylgingediol), 4-gingerol

Episode 04: Cōng Bái (green onion) Guide
Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Cōng Bái (green onion)

Allii fistulosi Bulbus cōng bái
Green onion, the name of Chinese medicine. It is the bulb near the root of the onion in the lily family. It is planted all over our country and can be harvested at any time. After digging, cut off the fibrous roots and leaves, peel off the outer membrane, and use it fresh. It is pungent in taste and warm in nature. It has the effect of sweating and relieving the surface and reaching Yang Qi. It is mainly used for exogenous wind-cold, yin-cold internal prosperity, external yang, weak pulse, Jueni, diarrhea, and external application to treat sore carbuncle and furuncle.

Origin:[Verification] From “Famous Doctors”.

Actions and Indications: Cōng Bái (green onion)
Sweat relieves the surface, dispels cold and relieves yang. Publish; Tongyang; Detoxification; Insecticidal

Used for colds. Cong Bai Xin San Wen Tong, its sex moves, can reach the surface into the inside, sweating to relieve the surface and dispel cold, because the drug is weak, it is suitable for people with mild cold and cold symptoms, often used with ginger and light tempeh , In order to enhance sweating and relieving superficial power, such as lianxu scallion soup, scallion soup.
Used for yin and prosperity, yang and yang, have weak veins, yin and cold abdominal pain. Congbaixin dispels warmth, promotes yang qi, and dispels coldness. This product is often used together with aconite and dried ginger to Tongyang Huijue, such as Baitong Decoction. It also smashed with scallion white, applied externally to the umbilicus, and then applied warm ironing to treat yin-cold abdominal pain and cold condensing air resistance, bladder gasification failure of urinary swelling and obstruction, and also took the power of promoting yang and dispelling cold.
In addition, the external application of scallion white has the function of dispelling congestion, dredging the collaterals and lowering the breast, can cure stagnation of breast milk, breast tenderness and other symptoms; treat sore carbuncle and furuncle, and also have the effect of detoxification and dissipating congestion.

Indications:
It is used for exogenous wind-cold, yin-cold internal prosperity, external yang, weak pulse, Jueni, diarrhea, external application to treat sore carbuncle and furuncle.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Cōng Bái (green onion)
1. It can be used the same as aconite and dried ginger. It can be used for symptoms such as yin and yang, jueni veins, red face, lower relief, and abdominal pain.
2. It is equivalent to ephedra, cassia twig, and Qianghuo, and can be used for people with severe cold and cold.

Pattern combinations:
【Prescription】

①Treat typhoid fever for the first time, headache, fleshy fever, pulse flooding for one or two days: One or two days of scallion white, one liter of soy. Take three liters of water, boil one liter, take a day to get sweat. (“Buying the Back of the Elbow” Congling Soup)

② Patients with headache and fever during treatment: Twenty green onions with roots. Cook porridge with rice and add a little vinegar. (“The Secret View of Jisheng”)

③ Treats pregnancy in July, typhoid fever, red spots become dark spots, drowning; a handful of green onions, three liters of water, boil and take the heat, take sweat, eat green onions to exhaust. (“Typhoid fever”)

④Treatment of yang, or after vomiting and diarrhea, the limbs are cold, the vitality is lost, unconscious, or the typhoid fever is new, the woman has sex with a woman by mistake, lower abdomen pain, external kidney twitching , Black face, panting, cold sweats spontaneously, can’t save it for a while: several stems are cooked to make it hot, ironed under the navel, and then scalloped with white stalks, finely filed, grind in a clay basin, use 5 liters of wine, cook until 2 Rise. Divide into three servings, irrigate them. (“Hua Tuo Critical Disease Prescription”)

⑤ Cure stomach pain, hyperacidity, and indigestion: 4 scallions and 4 taels of brown sugar. Mash the shallots, mix with brown sugar, and steam them in a pan. Three times a day, each time. (Inner Mongolia “Selected Materials of New Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

⑥ Treatment of worms, distress, distress, tight teeth: old green onion and five stems. Peel the skin and pound the ointment, put it into the throat with a spoon, pour four or two sesame oil, and the insects will turn into yellow water. (“Ruizhutang Experience Prescriptions”)

⑦ Cure cholera, irritability, restlessness: Twenty green stems, twenty jujubes. Three liters of water, boil two liters and serve. (“Fix the lack of elbow behind”)

⑧ Treatment of children with no urination at birth: human milk quadrangular, light and white one inch. The two flavor phases and fried, divided into four servings. (“Waitai Secret Recipe”)

⑨ Difficulty in urination, small intestine swelling: three kilograms of green onion. File finely, stir-fry to make the heat, wrap it with a veil, divide it into two places, and press the bottom of the navel. (“Present”)

⑩ Treatment of children’s asthenia: three green and white roots. Decoction, adjust raw honey, donkey-hide gelatin powder. Still dyed honey with shallots and inserted into the anus. (“Quanyou Xinjian”)

(11) Benefits for treating Shaoyin disease: four white stalks, one or two dried ginger, one aconite (raw, peeled, broken eight pieces). Serve the three flavors with three liters of water, boil one liter, and share the temperature with the husband before serving. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Baitong Decoction)

(12) Treating white diarrhea: a grasp of green onions. Cut finely, cook porridge with rice, and eat hollow. (“Food Medicine Heart Mirror”)

(13) Treating abdomen paralysis and inhumane: cook more onion and white food. (“World Medicine Effective Recipe”)

(14) Treatment of carbuncle and furuncle swollen, headless, and discoloration: 4 taels of rice noodles, 1 tael of scallions (finely cut). The same stir-fried black, the pestle is fine. Whenever you use it, see how much it is, spread the vinegar on the paper, stick it to the diseased place, and change it once a volt to eliminate it. (“Surgery Essence” Wujin Powder)

(15) Treatment of carbuncle swelling and pain: Appropriate amount of whole green onion, smashed, stir-frying heat with vinegar, and apply to the affected area. (Jiangxi “Handbook of Herbal Medicine”)

(16) Treatment of boils and malignant swelling: puncture, (with) old green onion and raw honey pestle for two hours, and then wash it with vinegar soup. (“San Franciscans General Record”)

(17) Treatment of scrotal swelling and pain: 1. White onion, frankincense pounded and smeared. Second, simmer green onions into salt, pestle as mud, and smear it. (“Compendium”)

(18) Treatment of alopecia in children: Wash the cold swill, pound the mud with croissants and green onions, add honey and smear it. (“Compendium”)

(19) Treatment of hemorrhoid pain: Scallion and beard, thick decoction, sit in a basin and soak it. (Meng Xu’s “Comprehensive Recipe”)

(20) Treatment of injuries from knocks, broken bones in the brain, broken hands and feet, or broken fingers, unstoppable blood flow: smashed scallions, and heat-sealed the wounds. (“Daily Use Materia Medica”)

Precautions and contraindications: Cōng Bái (green onion) 
Vorsicht: Exterior Cold Deficiency patterns with strong sweating, Qi-Leere mit Schwitzen, Yin-Leere with Yang Excess

Don’t eat too much, and don’t cook for too long. Those who suffer from body weakness or body odor are not suitable. Use with caution if there is heat.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Cōng Bái (green onion)
1. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Onion, the diseases treated are mostly Taiyin and Yangming, all of which are derived from the power of divergent ventilation. Ventilation can detoxify and regulate blood diseases. The person who is qi is also handsome in blood, and if qi is used, the blood is active. For those with golden sores, bruises, bleeding, and more pain, Wang An’s “One Hundred One Party” uses light white and sugar to seal it. The pain will stop and there will be no scars. Onion leaves can also be used. Also green onions Blowing salt into the jade stalk can treat those who are unable to urinate and who are in critical condition. It is often used for more than a few people.” [1] 2. “The Classic”: “Mainly typhoid, cold and heat, sweating and stroke, swollen face.”

“The Classic”: “Mainly typhoid fever, cold and heat, sweating, stroke, and swollen face.”
“Materia Medica Congxin”: “Sweat and relieve muscles, pass up and down Yang Qi, Zhongjing Baitong Decoction, Tongmai Sini Decoction and add to Tongmai Sini Decoction. If the face of Chigeyang is above, it is especially necessary.”

1. “Tang Materia Medica”: There are two kinds of green onions that are eaten in the world: there are frozen green onions, which will not die through the winter, and they will be planted with stems and without seeds; there are also Chinese onions, which will die in winter and be eaten. Frozen green onions used as medicine are the best and have a good smell.

2. “Shu Materia Medica”: “Book of Pictures” says that there are four types of spring onions: winter spring onion, Han spring onion, spring onion, and spring onion: winter spring onion declines in summer and flourishes in winter, and the stems and leaves are soft and beautiful. Withered in winter, the stems are hard and thin; the stems and leaves of shallots are thick and short, and the roots are golden, which can cure swollen poison. Onions are born in valleys and are not used for medicinal purposes.

3. “The Sketch Book”: There are several kinds of green onions, which are used as medicinal scallions and shallots, and frozen green onions and scallions for food. There is another kind of onion, also winter onion. People from Jiangnan call Longjiao onion, saying that its seedlings are octagonal, so Yuner, Huai and Chu. The stems of Chinese onion are hard and thin, and the leaves die in winter. All green onions can kill fish and meat poisons, and food is indispensable.

4. “Compendium”: Winter green onion is Ci green onion, or Taiguan green onion. It is said that its stems are soft and fragrant, and can survive the winter. Hanonion is a wood onion, its stem is thick and hard, so it has a wooden name. Winter scallions have no seeds, and Han scallions bloom into clusters in late spring, blue and white, and their seeds are Chen Xin, black in color, wrinkled, and made into three petals.

1. Tao Hongjing: Green onions also have cold and hot, white cold and green hot, and typhoid soup must not make them green.

2. Zhang element: Onion stem white master diverges to promote upper and lower Yang Qi, so “Living Human Book” treats typhoid fever and headache if it breaks, and uses Lianxu Onion White Decoction as the master; Zhang Zhongjing treats Shaoyin disease under clearing the valley, cold outside Hot, Jueni Decoction with weak veins, Baitong Tang is the main one, the internal use is scallion white, if the complexion is red, Sini Decoction is added with scallion white, for those with abdominal pain, remove the scallion white. It becomes the cloud of selfless solution, the kidney is dry, instant pungent to moisturize, green onion and white pungent warm, to promote yang.

3. “Compendium”: Onion, the diseases treated are mostly Taiyin and Yangming, all of which are used for divergent ventilation. Ventilation can detoxify and regulate blood diseases. The qi is the commander of blood, and the qi is the blood. For those who suffer from bruises, bruises, bleeding, and more pain, Wang An’s “Hundred” will be sealed with scallion white and sugar, and the pain will stop, and there will be no scars. Green onion leaves can also be used. Blow salt into the jade stalk with a shallot tube to treat those who are unable to urinate and who are in critical condition. More often than not, the treatment of the number of people is successful.

4. “Materia Medica Sutra”: Green onion, Xin can diverge, can relieve muscle, can pass the upper and lower Yang Qi, so all the syndromes of foreign depression are the main ones. Typhoid fever, cold and heat, there is no evil; the face of apoplexy is swollen and the wind and heat are stagnant; Hou Bi is unreasonable, Jun Xiang Er Huo is superior to the lungs, Xin Liang radiates, sweat will cause the fire to dissipate, and Hou Bi will pass. The liver resuscitates the eyes and dissipates the evil heat in the liver, so the clouds return to the eyes. In addition to liver evil, Xieqi San is to promote righteous qi, and blood self-harmonization has the effect of anti-fetus, invigorating the five internal organs. It is said that to benefit the eyes, to kill the poison of a hundred drugs, it is the power of Xinrun to benefit the body and dissolve the ventilation.

5. “Medical Lin Zhuan Yao”: Green onions, Dow said that it is cold and green, but this is not the case. However, if you use it all, you can pass the body, the root and white line the skin, the blue and the tip line up the muscle surface, and the upper head. If you use it raw, you will be a layman.

6. Zhang Shouyi: Fresh scallions and white, use two or three lightly, and weigh to five. It is better to be soft and thin. Wu Wu said it is cotton onion. The sturdy ones are called scallions, and the turbidity is weak, not as good as soft and thin. To remove the green and white, whichever is lighter to clear; or use it with the beard, if you want it to pass through the veins: If you use the green onion stem alone, it will clear the suffocation of the liver, which is different from the divergence of the green onion master.

7. “The Classic”: Mainly typhoid, cold and heat, sweating and stroke, swollen face.

8. “Don’t Record”: Treat typhoid fever, bone and flesh pain, throat blockage, and fetus.

9. Meng Xu: Pass joints; stop bleeding and facilitate bowel movements.

10. “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: cures diseases of the sky, craze for headaches, clears the intestines, cholera turns tendons and dolphin, beriberi, abdominal pain, dizziness, and relieves depression of the heart.

11. “Medicinal Heart Method”: To promote Yang Qi and disperse wind evil.

12. Li Gao: Treats Yangming dysentery and blood.

13. “Daily Use Materia Medica”: It can reach the surface and the inside, and the fetus can stop bleeding.

14. “Materia Medica Mengyun”: snake wounds, earthworm wounds, and the Salt Bureau will be solved immediately.

15. “Compendium”: In addition to rheumatism, body pain and paralysis, worms and heartache, relieving yang deprivation in adults, insidious abdominal pain, intestinal fishing in children, drowning in pregnant women, clearing milk, loosening breast carbuncle, promoting tinnitus, applying canine poison .

【Harvesting and Storage】Excavate in summer and autumn, remove the fibrous roots, leaves and outer film, and use it fresh.

[Resource distribution] It is planted all over the country.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Cōng Bái (green onion)
Green onion contains volatile oil, diallyl sulfide, malic acid, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, niacin, fat, mucus juice, calcium, phosphorus, iron, salt, etc. The main ingredient in its volatile oil is allicin. The volatile oil of green onion has antibacterial effect, it has inhibitory effect on diphtheria bacillus, tuberculosis bacillus, dysentery bacillus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, and has an inhibitory effect on skin fungi. In addition, it also has antipyretic, diuretic, stomach-invigorating and expectorant effects by sweating.

Onion root (scallion beard): sweating to relieve the surface, can kill botulinum and a hundred drugs poison; decoction to wash and treat frostbite.

Green onion (green onion): Warming the kidney and treating impotence, replenishing deficiency and improving eyesight.

1. Antibacterial: Green onion has an inhibitory effect on Shigella dysentery in vitro.

2. Antifungal: The water infusion is diluted in a test tube, and 1:10 has an inhibitory effect on Trichophyton vulgaris, Microsporum odum and others.

3. Anti-trichomoniasis: The ground filtrate 1:4 can kill Trichomonas vaginalis in the test tube for 30 minutes.

[Chemical components of traditional Chinese medicine] The bulb contains macilage, crude fat, crude protein, crude fiber, Nfree exteact, pentosan, and more Sugars (polysaccharides), the main component of mucus is polysaccharides, followed by cellulose, hemicellulose, protopectin and water-soluble pectin, as well as sugar and vitamins (Vitamin) C, carotene, vitamin B1, B2, A, PP, oxalic acid, lipids, linolenic acid, linoleic acid, Palmitic acid, oleic acid, arachidic acid, ubiquinone-9 and ubiquinone-10 (ubiquinone-9, -10). In addition, the bulbs also contain volatile oil, the main components of which are allicin and allyl sulfide. The root contains aluminum.

Episode 04: Bo He (wild mint) Guide
Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Bo He (wild mint)

Herba Menthae Haplocalycis bò hе mint
Mint, whose soil name is “Silver Dancao”, is a plant of the Lamiaceae family “Mentha”, which belongs to other dry whole plants. It is mostly found in mountainous wetlands and rivers, with rhizomes growing underground. The whole plant is green and aromatic. The leaves are opposite, the flowers are small lavender, lip-shaped, and the small dark purple-brown fruits are formed after the flowers. Peppermint is one of the commonly used Chinese medicines in China. It is a pungent sweating and antipyretic medicine to treat influenza, headache, red eyes, body heat, throat, gum swelling and pain. The topical application can cure neuralgia, skin itching, rash and eczema. The mint picked in the Guangpeng Greenhouse is another fresh dish on the Spring Festival table. Refreshing and delicious. Usually use mint instead of tea to clear the heart and improve eyesight

Peppermint.

Actions and Indications: Bo He (wild mint)
Disperse wind, dissipate heat, remove dirt, and detoxify.
Evacuate wind-heat, clear throat and rash.

Cure exogenous wind-heat, headache, red eyes, sore throat, gas stagnation, bloating, mouth sores, toothache, scabies, addiction rash.

Indications:
Used for Fengreganmao, the first onset of febrile disease. This product is commonly used for evacuation of wind and heat, so it can be used to treat wind-heat cold or the first onset of febrile disease. The evil is in Weifen, headache, fever, and mild aversion to cold. It can be used with silver flower, forsythia, burdock seed, nepeta, such as Yinqiao San.

2. Used for headache, red eyes, sore throat. This product lifts lightly, scents and clears the orifice, relieves the upper coke wind and heat, clears the boss, and relieves the throat. It is used to treat wind-heat upside, headache and red eyes. It is often used with mulberry leaves, chrysanthemums and vine seeds; it is used to treat wind-heat congestion, sore throat, often with platycodon, raw licorice, silkworm, nepeta, and parsnip. .

3. Used for measles impenetrable, rubella itching. This quality is lightly Xuan San, has the function of evacuation of wind-heat, detoxifying rash, it is used to treat wind-heat, measles is impervious, often with cicada slough, nepeta, burdock seed, comfrey, etc., such as rash soup; treatment of rubella itching , Can be used with Sophora flavescens, white fresh peel, and windproof, whichever has the effect of dispelling wind, clearing rash and relieving itching.

4. Used for stagnation of liver qi, chest tightness and hypochondriac pain. This product also enters the liver meridian, can relieve the liver and relieve depression. It is often combined with Bupleurum, White Peony, Angelica and other products for soothing the liver and regulating qi and regulating menstruation to treat stagnation of liver qi, chest and hypochondriac pain, and irregular menstruation, such as Xiaoyao San.

5. In addition, this product is fragrant and refreshing. It can also be used to treat summer dampness and turbidity, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal distension, pain, vomiting and diarrhea. It is often used with Huoxiang, Peilan, and white lentils.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Bo He (wild mint)
① To clear the phlegm, relieve the throat and the diaphragm, and treat wind-heat: mint mint refined honey pill, such as the big gorgon, one pill for each pill. White sand sugar and other can also be used. (“Simple and Unilateral”)

② Treatment of red and broken eyes: mint, soak in ginger juice for one night, dry for the end, and wash in boiling soup for each dollar. (“Eye-sighted Experience Formula”)

③ Treatment of scrofula in lumps, pain, puncture, and endless pus, regardless of distance: a bunch of peppermint is as big as a bowl (dry in the shade), ten acacia (one foot and two inches long without moth, black skin, vinegar, Sunburn makes burnt yellow). Crush the dendrobium with wine, soak it for three places, take it out and dry it, and then soak it for three places, so as to take the wine as much as possible, roast it, and smash it to loosen it, to cook rice and pills, like sycamore seeds. Every time before eating, take 20 pills of Huangqi Decoction, halved for children. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Mint Pills)

④ Treatment of pruritus in the wind: Big peppermint, cicada slough, etc. are divided into the end, and each warm wine is adjusted for one dollar. (“Eternal Class Sealing Party”)

⑤ Treatment of blood dysentery: a single serving of mint leaf decoction. (“Pujifang”)

⑥ Treatment of non-stop bleeding: mint juice drops. Or boil it in dry water and stuff the nose with cotton wrap. (“The Party”)

⑦Treatment of bee stings: press mint to paste it. (Meng Xu’s “The Prescription to Be Followed”)

⑧ Treatment of fire parasitic sores such as moxibustion, fire poisonous gas inside, two sores, dripping juice: frequent application of mint decoction. (“Doctors”)

⑨ Treatment of earache: drip in fresh mint juice. (“Mindong Materia Medica”)

Precautions and contraindications: Bo He (wild mint)
Caution: qi-emptiness-spontaneous sweating, yin-emptiness, hypertension; Long-term use of Menthae haplocalycis Herba bò hé can increase blood pressure.

This product is fragrant and pungent, sweating and gas is consumed, so people who are weak and sweaty should not use it.
Those with yin deficiency and blood dryness, liver-yang hyperactivity, and excessive sweating should not be taken.

① “Medicinal Nature Theory”: People with new illnesses should not eat, it will make people sweat more.

② “Qianjin. Food Treatment”: moving and diminishing thirst disease.

③ “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: Take more and long time, it will make you feel cold; if you have fever due to yin deficiency, and cough and spontaneous sweating, don’t do it.

④ “Materia Medica Congxin”: Spicy fragrance cuts the qi, more service damages the lungs and hurts the heart, and the weak one is far away.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Bo He (wild mint)
⑴ “Drug Nature Theory”: to remove anger, to sweat, to stop bleeding and stop dysentery, to improve joints.

⑵ “Qianjin. Shizhi”: but the kidney qi, makes the breath fragrant and clean. Mainly ward off evil poisons and eliminate abuses.

⑶ Sun Si invited: Decoction to wash paint sores.

⑷ “Tang Materia Medica”: the main thief wind, sweating. (Treatment) Abdominal distension with malaise. cholera. Staying overnight, get out of breath.

⑸ “Diet Therapy Materia Medica”: pestle juice service, to remove the heart and wind heat.

⑹ “Food Nature Materia Medica”: can introduce various medicines into the camp and health. Treat yin and yang poison, typhoid fever and headache.

⑺ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: treat stroke, aphonia, spitting. In addition to thieves. Heal heart bloating. Get out of breath, eat meals and head wind, etc.

⑻ “The Sketch Book”: treat colds, brains, customs clearance, children’s wind salivation.

⑼ “Materia Medica Yanyi”: children are convulsive, strong heat, need to introduce medicine; treat bone steaming and heat, use its juice and other medicines as ointment.

⑽Li Gao: The chief clear leader.

⑾Wang Haogu: Can search liver qi. The main lungs are more than enough, shoulder and back pain, cold and sweaty.

⑿ “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: Cure all typhoid fever, headache, cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, carbuncle, gangrene, scabies, epilepsy. Also: wild mint super clear head wind, relieve headache, dizziness, fever,

Eliminate wind and phlegm, treat colds, coughs, brain leaks, runny nose, and relieve TB fever.

⒀ “Compendium”: to benefit the throat, mouth and teeth diseases. Cure scrofula, sore scabies, wind and pruritus addiction rash. ⒁ “Materia Medica Shu”: treat stroke, epilepsy, injury of dryness and heat depression.

⒂ “Yi Lin Zhuan Yao”: Healing toothache, hot cough, relieving depression and summer heat, relieving polydipsia, stopping bleeding and dysentery, and urinating.

⒃”Materia Medica is new again”: Eliminate eyesight.

⒄ “New Compilation of Materia Medica”: Mint, pungent, bitter, temperature, floating and rising, Yang also. Non-toxic. Enter the lung and envelop the two meridians, and enter the liver and gallbladder. Under the cold and fullness, it can relieve the stagnation of wind and evil, good at introducing medicine into the camp and guard, and it can reduce fever, but it can dissipate evil and consume qi, and it has the magic of resolving disputes with Chai Hutong. However, the world only knows to use Bupleurum, but people who don’t know how to use mint, use it in the cakes, it is not necessary for medicine.

① “Compendium”: Mint, Xinneng divergence, cooling energy and clear benefits, specializing in dissipating wind and heat. Therefore, headache, head wind, diseases of the eyes, throat, mouth and teeth, fever in children, and scrofula and scabies are essential medicines.

② “Materia Medica Sutra”: Mint is more pungent than bitter and non-toxic. Xin unites the lungs, the lungs unite the fur, bitterness unites the heart, but from cremation, the blood is the main body, the heat is the main body, and the yang. The evil of thieves and typhoid fever is on the surface, so sweating will relieve it. The wind and medicine properties are increased, and both are pungent and warm, so it can disperse evil and ward off evil. The spicy fragrance helps relieve the orifice, so it cures fullness of the abdomen and cholera. “Diet Therapy” is cited to be able to go to the heart’s home heat, so it is a medicine for children’s convulsions and wind-heat homes. The spicy fragrance goes away to pass the joints, so those who chase wind and sweat will relieve the wind from sweat. It’s not a home medicine for the spleen and stomach. Ascending, it is also difficult to control the breath; fatigue is empty, not dissipated and resolvable, and the three cures are not available. Also: Do ​​not take the patient’s Xinhu, because it is sweating and weak as a sign of Qi. If the cough is due to lung deficiency and cold, people who have no fever should not take it. Use it as a supplement to heal. People with yin deficiency should not take it with fever, sweating will exhaust their body fluids. Do not take beriberi typhoid fever, because the disease is the cause of the spleen. Blood deficiency and headache, other blood tonics are not available. Children with body heat are unavailable due to food injury, and children with body heat due to malnutrition are unavailable. Children with acne diagnosed with qi deficiency, although the body heats up at the beginning, it is also unavailable.

③ “Medicine Huayi”: Peppermint, Weixinneng San, cool and clear in nature, to benefit the six yang of the first, to get rid of all heat and wind evil. Take it to be sharp and light to clear, be good at head and face, use to treat aphonia, heal speech, and clear the throat. Same as Chuanxiong to reach the top to guide the stagnant heat. Take the qi fragrance to benefit the orifice, walk the muscle surface well, use to reduce edema, dissipate muscle heat, remove back pain, and introduce surface medicine into the Yingwei to relieve stagnant qi.

④ “New Edition of Materia Medica”: Mint, not particularly good at relieving wind and evil? Especially good at relieving depression, using incense to relieve depression, not better than using mint to relieve depression. The passage of peppermint into the liver and gallbladder can solve the evils of half the surface and half the inside, which is more light and clear than Bupleurum.

⑤”Materia Medica Seeking Truth”: Mint, with a pungent and cool smell, enters the liver and lungs. Therefore, the book contains Xin can disperse, but it is suitable for headache, head wind, fever and cold. Xin can ventilate, and treat nausea and phlegm in the stomach: cooling can clear heat, but in the throat, mouth and teeth, eyes, ears, and addictive rash , Sore scabies, shocking heat, steaming of bones, and blood in blemishes are wonderful. It is because the ancient prescription is used as a way to relieve depression and dissipate qi; children with epilepsy, use this as the ability to guide the wind; intestinal wind and blood dysentery, use this as a method for clearing qi and clearing benefits, but I dare not use it much, but I can’t use it. Two or three points, for fear of venting the true essence.

⑥ “Ben Jing Su Shu”: If you vomit, the fullness should be reduced, and if you breathe, the food should be enough, that is, it will not be reduced. It is also appropriate to treat the qi by leniently regulating the qi to eliminate the flow. Why is mint? Cool, there seems to be a generation of cardamom, who could have been able to regulate the qi in a lenient way, and also dissipate Gu Jiang. It is especially strong outward, unlike cardamom, which is hidden in its generation, so it focuses on spreading, but not focusing on the ear. Supposing that the evil food has been internally disturbed, but it is still rooted in the surface, then it is not a mint to untie its knots, but to play its roots outside, how can the surface and the inside be eliminated?

⑦ “Medical Integrity in Chinese and Western Records”: Mint flavor is pungent, qi is refreshing and fragrant, and nature is calm. Its power can penetrate the muscles and bones inside, reach out to the muscle surface, open up the viscera, run through the meridians, and take it for cold sweat. It is an essential medicine for those with febrile disease and sweating. If used sparingly, it is also good at reconciling internal injuries, treating liver-qi, gallbladder, fire, stagnation and pain, or liver-wind internal movement, sudden epilepsy, convulsions, headaches, eye pain, nasal obstruction, nasal congestion, pain, throat swelling and pain, limb spasm and pain , All the diseases of wind, fire and heat can be cured. It is also suitable for those who have exogenous dysentery at the beginning. Dispelling the evil of exogenous feeling is to clear the heat in the intestines, and the dysentery is easy to heal. It is also good at disinfecting bacteria to eliminate bad air. All cholera Sha syndromes are also needed for medicine. It tastes pungent and cool, and is good at expressing addictive rash, healing skin itching, and it is commonly used in pediatrics. Mint is used for sweating in febrile disease, and ephedra is used for sweating in typhoid fever. Neither “Benjing” nor “Bielu” were included in medicines until the Tang Dynasty, so the prescriptions of “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” did not use mint. However, a careful examination of the prescription of “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” found that mint was used in the prescription, because it was still not listed as a medicine at the time, that is, the prescription of mint was used and had to switch to another medicine. Try to take the prescriptions of “Shanghan”, such as ephedra in Maxing Ganshi Decoction, it is better to use mint instead. Gai Ma Xing Gan Shi Decoction, the original treatment of sweating without severe fever, no severe fever, there is still heat known, if there is heat, but still use ephedra, whichever is used to relieve the lungs and relieve asthma; but ephedra can To relieve the lungs and relieve asthma, peppermint can also relieve the lungs and relieve asthma (the pungent of peppermint can suppress the lung qi, and is good at searching for lung wind). Use ephedra to treat heat. How to use peppermint to cool and treat heat? And like where there is kudzu root Pueraria lobata root in various soups can also be replaced by mint; Ge pueraria root originally expresses the heat of Yangming in the classics. Pueraria lobata root is not as cool as mint, and its expressive power is far less than mint. How can Pueraria lobata root be like mint? Gu Xun also said that when the ancients did not prepare medicines, the prescriptions they made were not perfect. There is no other way, and the time limit is limited.

⑧ “Materia Medica Justice”: Sun Xingyan’s compilation of “Materia Medica Jing”, which is called Mint Su class, is indeed credible. “Tang Materia Medica” is said to be Xin Wen, and it also takes Su class as an example. However, cold qi can dissipate wind and heat, and it is by no means a warm medicine, so Jie Gu called it Xinliang. Its main treatment is “Tang Ben”, which says that typhoid fever, nausea, full stomach, cholera, lack of food and breath, and all are similar to perilla, but the pungent and cold drop, slightly different from the warm and loose ears. Externally treat wind-heat sores: boil the juice and apply the swelling-reducing powder, cool it into the skin, and immediately relieve the pain. Peppermint is rich in nutrients and can be eaten with its tender stems in spring and summer. It is fragrant and delicious when fried or boiled in cold water. Especially in summer, use its tender leaves and other fruits and vegetables to squeeze and drink. It is a good vegetable to reduce heat and turbidity. You can also stir-fry shredded pork with cold sauce, spoon juice, make fillings, etc., eat like other vegetables. Summer mint tea also has a unique flavor. First make tea with boiling water, then pour the tea leaves, add fresh mint leaves in hot water, then add boiling water, soak for a few minutes, add sugar, it tastes pungent and cool. It can also cure internal heat, external sensations, headaches and dizziness. The ancients have long said that “eat for a long time, nourish kidney qi, ward off evil poisons, remove filth, and make your breath fragrant.” In some residential communities in Nanjing, the front building of the house Patches of mint are often planted later. Residents often take its leaves or tender shoots, or stir-fry or make soup, to clear the heat and turn muddy, and it is both good to eat and watch. Mint can be used for low-humidity ground cover and flower border ornamental cultivation in gardens. It can quickly cover the ground and has few diseases and insect pests. It is worthy of popularization and application.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Bo He (wild mint)
Fresh leaves contain 0.8-1% volatile oil, and dry stems and leaves contain 1.3-2%. The main component of the oil is menthol (Menthol), the content is about 77~78%, followed by Menthone (Menthone), the content is 8~12%, and it also contains Menthyl acetate, Camphene, and Limonene (Limonene), isomenthone (Isomenthone), pinene (Menthenone), resin and a small amount of tannin, rosmarinic acid (Rosmarinic acid). Fresh stems and leaves contain about 1% volatile oil, and dry stems and leaves contain 1.3%-2% oil. The oil mainly contains l-menthol (l-menthol) about 77%-87%, followed by l-menthone (l-menthone) about 10%. It also contains isomenthone, pulegone, decylacetate, menthyl acetate, menthyl benzoate, α-pinene, pentanol-3, β-pinene , Β-thujene (β-thujene), hexanol-2, d-myrcene (d-nyrcene), Ningene, octanol-3, cineole and α-terpineol (α- terpineol) and so on. In addition, the leaves still contain a variety of free amino acids such as threonine, alanine, glutamic acid, and aspartame. It is said to contain resin and a small amount of tannins and rosmarinic acid. There are also a variety of flavonoids.

Oral use of peppermint oil stimulates the central nervous system, dilates skin capillaries, promotes sweat gland secretion, increases heat dissipation, and plays a role of sweating and antipyretic; peppermint oil can inhibit the contraction of gastrointestinal smooth muscles, and can resist choline acetate and present an antispasmodic effect; peppermint oil It can promote the secretion of respiratory tract glands and has a therapeutic effect on respiratory tract inflammation; in vitro test mint decoction has inhibitory effect on herpes simplex virus, forest virus, mumps virus, and has an inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus albicans, and type A Streptococcus, beta-streptococcus, catarrhalis, enterococcus, Shigella flexneri, Bacillus anthracis, diphtheria, typhoid, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, etc. have antibacterial effects; peppermint oil for external use can stimulate nerve endings Cold sensory and produce cold sensation,

Episode 04: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf) Guide
Podcast | Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)

Folium Mori Sang Ye
Small trees or shrubs, up to 15m. The bark is gray-yellow or yellow-brown; the young branches are hairy. The leaves are alternate, ovate to broad ovate, 6-15cm long and 4-12cm wide. The apex is pointed or blunt, the base is round or nearly heart-shaped, with thick teeth on the edge, hairless and shiny on the top, and green on the bottom, with sparse hair on the veins and hair on the vein axillary; petiole length 1 ~ 2.5cm. Dioecious, bony inflorescence axillary; male inflorescence fall prematurely; female inflorescence is 1~2cm long, style is inconspicuous or absent, stigma 2. Juhuaguo (mulberry) is purple-black or white when ripe. Flowering period is from April to May, fruiting period is from June to July.

Born in the mountains and forests, by the roadside. Cultivated throughout the country.

collect and process

Mulberry Leaf
Harvest after the first frost, remove impurities first, and then dry.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”.

Actions and Indications: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
Evacuate wind-heat, clear lungs and moisturize dryness, suppress liver yang, clear liver and improve eyesight.

1. Mulberry leaves can disperse wind and heat, relieve heat, nourish yin and produce fluid; mulberry can nourish yin and blood, nourish deficiency and moisturize dryness; mulberry root and white bark can relieve lung and asthma, relieve swelling; The ash from burning mulberry tree is called mulberry ash, which can also be used to treat red eyes, swelling and pain, blue blindness, body and face edema, inability to sit or lie down, vitiligo, white dandruff, leprosy and other diseases. (Yu Zhimin: “The wonders of the efficacy of a hundred medicines for diabetes-Talking about mulberry leaves”)

2. “Materia Medica”: “Replacement of tea to quench thirst.” Modern research shows that ecdysterone contained in mulberry leaves has the effect of lowering blood sugar. Actually, I don’t really like the pharmacological effects of this ingredient. Because the hypoglycemic effect of mulberry leaves is very limited. I choose mulberry leaves as a food training material because I like the eyesight improving effect of mulberry leaves. (Nie Wentao: “Food Training and Diabetes Rehabilitation”)

Indications:
(1) Evacuate wind-heat: It is used for wind-heat colds and red eyes, swelling and pain, often with chrysanthemum.

(2) Clearing the liver and improving eyesight: used for wind, fire and eye diseases (such as acute conjunctivitis). With black sesame sangma pill, it is used for dizziness and dizziness caused by insufficient liver yin and hyperactivity of liver yang.

(3) To clear the lungs and moisten dryness: Used for lung heat and dry cough: this product is bitter cold to clear away lung heat, sweet cold to benefit yin, cooling and moistening lung dryness, so it can be used for dry heat injures the lungs, dry cough and less phlegm. It can be matched with almonds and sand ginseng in mild cases. , Fritillaria are equivalent, such as Sangxing Decoction; for heavy ones, it can be used with gypsum, Ophiopogon japonicus and donkey-hide gelatin.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
Sang Juyin “Differentiation of Febrile Diseases”: Mulberry leaf, chrysanthemum, forsythia, mint, licorice, almond, platycodon, reed root. Treatment of wind temperature, low body heat, headache, nasal congestion, cough, and poor sputum expectoration.

Pattern combinations:
1) Treating Taiyin wind temperature, but coughing, not very hot, and slightly thirsty: two coins for almonds, five cents for forsythia, eight cents for mint, two cents for mulberry leaves, one cent for chrysanthemums, two cents for bitter stalks, licorice Eight points (sheng), two dollars for reed roots. Take two cups of water, boil one cup, and take two a day. (“Differentiation of Febrile Diseases” Sang Juyin)

2) Control wind and tears: mulberry leaves will not fall in the twelfth lunar month, decoction is warmed every day, or mirabilite. (“Simplified Prescription of the Lakeside Collection”)

3) When washing the sky, the eyes are swollen and painful due to wind and heat, and the eyes are astringent and dizzy: Two iron fans, half a cup with boiling water, cover, and wait for the soup to warm. Its color is yellow and green like strong tea. Then wash the eyes and wipe them dry; every one or two o’clock, use a concoction bowl to warm the water, and then wash them three or five times a day. (“Yangsu Garden Transmission Party”)

4) Treatment of insufficient liver yin, dim eyes, unhealed cough, wrong skin nails, numbness: tender mulberry leaves (remove the pedicle, wash, dry, for the end) one catty, black flax seeds (taojing) four taels . The flax is crushed, the thick juice is boiled, and the white honey is a pound, and it is refined until dripping water becomes pearls, and the mulberry leaves are poured into the mulberry leaves to become the size of the pill. Three dollars per serving, salt soup when on an empty stomach, and warm wine when lying down. (“Medical Grade” Sang Ma Wan)

5) Treating hematemesis: Late mulberry leaves, micro-roasting, not counting, pounding is fine and loose. Each serving of three money daggers, cold wax tea tunes like an ointment, a little bit of fragrance in the human figure, and the night lying contains the pharyngeal fluid. Only take it once, and then use the lung medicine. (“The General Record of St. Francis” Alone Saint Sans)

6) After the treatment of cholera, polydipsia continues: Hold the mulberry leaf, cut it, take a large cup of water, fry it to five minutes, remove it, and take it warm regardless of time. (“Holy Benefit”)

7) Treatment of thirst in children: Regardless of how many mulberry leaves are, apply raw honey on each leaf, stretch the thread pedicles, dry in the shade, cut finely, and take it with decoction in water. (“Winning the Golden Fang”)

8) Treatment of rectal prolapse: Three liters of yellow mulberry leaves, decocted in water, and warmed up. (“Renzhai Zhifang”)

9) Treatment of piercing and swelling of palms: The new mulberry leaf researches the rotten child. (“Tongxuan Theory”)

10) Treatment of carbuncle and mouth failure: The frosted yellow mulberry leaf is the last application. (“Renzhai Zhifang”)

11) Treatment of fire and soup sore: frosted mulberry leaves, dried, burned, fine powder, sesame oil blended or dry compress. (“Medical Biography”)

12) Treatment of throat swelling and toothache: Three to five dollars of mulberry leaves, decoction. (“Commonly Used Chinese Herbal Medicine in Shanghai”)

13) Treatment of dizziness: three coins for mulberry leaves, three coins for chrysanthemums, three coins for medlars, two coins for cassia seeds. Decoction instead of tea. (“Shandong Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

14) Treatment of head shaking (the tongue sticks out, water flows, and the head is shaken continuously): Take one or two mulberry leaves and decoct them in water. (Jiangxi “Handbook of Herbal Medicine”)

Precautions and contraindications: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
Caution: cough with phl

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: The smell is bitter, sweet and cold, with a small poison, and the main body is sweating due to cold and heat.

“Materia Medica Supplements”: Mulberry leaves, juice, main cholera abdominal pain, vomiting, researching white juice, alloy sores. In addition, the child’s kiss sores are filed in a large kettle and decocted like brown sugar to remove the old wind and blood. Fu, benefit the five concealed joints, ventilate the blood.

“Rihuazi Materia Medica”: warm, non-toxic. Li Wu Zang, pass the joints, lower the breath, and decoct. In addition to wind pain, sweating, and damaging blood stasis. When the spring leaves are not in the sky, the branches can be used for decoction and wine to cure all winds.

“Kaibao Materia Medica”: After the frost, boil the soup, drench the hands and feet, and remove the wind and numbness.

“Ben Cao Jing Shu”: “Ben Cao Jing Shu” is odorless. In detail, it should be sweet in taste and cold in nature and non-toxic. The sweetness benefits the blood, the coldness cools the blood, and the sweetness and coldness are in harmony, so the qi is relieved and the yin is benefited. Therefore, it can control yin deficiency, cold and heat, and sweating due to internal heat. Its nature is dry, so it can eliminate beriberi and edema, and benefit the small and small intestines. Originally golden, so it can eliminate wind. Jingshuang has the cleanness of the world and the earth, so it can improve eyesight and quench thirst. Hair, there is room for blood, nourishing blood so it can grow hair, cooling blood so it stops vomiting blood. Combining the mouth with carbuncle, piercing the palm with suffocation, healing soup and fire, are all the power of cooling and nourishing blood.

“Compendium of Materia Medica”: Mulberry leaf is a medicine for hand and foot Yangming. It cures fatigue and cough, improves eyesight and long hair, and relieves thirst.

“Materia Medica Mengjun”: Those who pick the Scripture Cream cook soup and wash their eyes to remove the wind and tears. Salt pound compresses snakes, insects and centipedes to bite poison, steaming and pounding the stasis to dampen blood and congeal. Decoction of tea, reduce edema, foot floats, lower qi to make joints better; research into powder, soup tune. Stops cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, sweating and removing wind and arthralgia. Sunburn and mulberry decoction thick, treat all the wounds of dysentery and stop bleeding.

“Materia Medica”: Gan Han, a medicine for Yangming in hands and feet. Large intestine, stomach. The wounded by the cold blood knife and axe are the last ones, the dry paste is the best. Dry dampness, remove wind and improve eyesight. Those who take menstrual frost decoction to wash eyes, remove wind and tears; wash hands and feet, remove wind numbness. Mulberry leaves, black sesame seeds are divided into equal parts, honey pill, name Fusang pill, dehumidification and wind, black beard improves eyesight. At the end of the service to stop night sweats, there are monks in Yanzhou. Every time I sleep on my bed, I sweat all over my body. I can’t treat my clothes for 20 years. Jiansi teaches picking and drying mulberry leaves, drying them for the end, drinking two cents of hollow rice, and healing in a few days. Use tea to quench thirst.

“Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: Mulberry leaves clear the lungs and stomach, remove wind and improve eyesight. Those who take the menstrual cream will decoct the soup, wash the wind and shed tears. Same as the black sesame honey pill for a long time. “Ben Sutra” said that sweating in addition to cold and heat, that is, “Daming” steamed and smashed wind pain and sweating. Decoction is beneficial to the five internal organs and relieves the joints of the breath. Decoction with wine, cure all winds. The mulberry root is burned with ashes and drenched with juice, and the lime is applied to the surface to eliminate moles and remove evil flesh.

“Materia Medica Chongyuan”: “Yi Jian Zhi” says: There is a monk in Yanzhou Mountain Temple, who is thin and thin, eats very little, sleeps every night, sweats all over his body, and his clothes are soaked. Medicine can cure, look forward to the ears. The monk at the Jiansi said: I have a drug to cure it. It is for you to cure the disease. The prescription will be cured after three days. The prescription is only mulberry leaves, picked in dew, roasted and crushed, and used two dollars for each two dollars. When the mulberry leaves, the dry ones can be used, but they are not as powerful as the new ones. Mulberry leaves are anti-night sweat medicines, not sweat medicines. “This Sutra” stated that mulberry leaves can cure cold and heat, and also sweat. For fear of misinterpretation as sweating. So it is obvious.

“Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica”: clearing the lungs and purging the stomach, cooling blood and drying dampness, removing wind and improving eyesight, “Shengjilu” treats vomiting and bleeding, roasting mulberry leaves in late, herbal tea for three dollars, only one serving, and then using to nourish the liver and lungs medicine. “A Thousand Gold Recipe” treats the hair not to grow, and uses mulberry leaves and hemp leaves to boil the swill to bathe it. It can grow several feet in seven times. “Jijian” to treat tears in the eyes, use the twelfth lunar month not falling mulberry leaf decoction, wash it every day, or add Glauber’s salt. Fusang pills are used to remove rheumatism and improve eyesight with black sesame seeds and mulberry leaves. Zhenheng said: After frosting mulberry leaves to grind the powder, take rice drink to stop night sweats.

“De Pei Materia Medica”: sweet, cold. Start with Foot Yangming Sutra. To clear the dryness of the West and reduce the reality of the East. Eliminate wind-heat, improve joints, soothe the liver, and deodorize perspiration. Get birthplace, Ophiopogon japonicus, cure the heat. Formulated with rehmannia and donkey-hide gelatin to treat coughing blood. It is forbidden for people with liver dryness.

“Materia Medica Jie”: Mulberry leaves have a cold air, and the bladder meridian is full of sun and cold water. It tastes bitter and sweet and has a small poison, and it has the smell of fire and soil in the middle and southern parts of the country, but it has the nature of drying and dampness. Yin Heart Meridian, Foot Taiyin Spleen Meridian. The smell drops more than it rises, and the yin is also.

The sun is the surface of the body, and the vassal of the whole body is also cold. The sun is cold and hot, so if the sun is sick, it will be cold and hot. When the mulberry leaves enter the sun, the bitterness can clear, and the sweetness can harmonize, so the cold and heat are reduced. Juice, the heart’s fluid, the bladder gasification and out, mulberry leaves into the bladder and have the nature of dampness, so sweating. ”

“Materia Medica”: The work of mulberry leaf is better than mulberry skin, it is the best for replenishing the marrow of bones, adding the essence of kidneys, stopping sweat in the body, filling the brain and improving eyesight, invigorating blood and promoting fluids, seeds for fetus, reconciling blood vessels, To improve joints, stop cholera, vomiting and diarrhea, remove rheumatism, cold numbness, and reduce edema and foot floats. Old men can help the aging but grow old, and old women can give birth to young children. …The mulberry leaf picking leaves is like tea, the bigger one comes first, the bigger one comes second, and the smaller one comes second. Rather than being small, there is nothing big. If it is too large, it can only be used as medicine by decoction, and it can be used as a pill to disperse it. For washing the eyes, old mulberry leaves should be taken.

“Materia Medica”: bitter and sweet but cool. Nourishes dryness and cools blood, stops bleeding and removes wind, and clears away the heat of Shaoyang.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Sang Ye (mulberry leaf)
1. Mulberry leaves have antispasmodic effects.

2. Mulberry leaves have anti-pathogenic microorganisms. The mulberry leaf decoction has a certain inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, beta-hemolytic streptococcus, diphtheria bacillus and Escherichia coli in vitro. In addition, it can also kill Leptospira.

3. Mulberry leaves have anti-inflammatory effects.

4. Mulberry leaves have the effect of lowering blood sugar. The ecdysterone contained in it has a hypoglycemic effect on the increase of blood sugar induced by various methods, and can promote the conversion of glucose into glycogen, but does not change the blood sugar of normal animals.

5. Mulberry leaves have the effect of lowering blood pressure. After the mulberry leaf extract was injected into the femoral vein of the dog after anesthesia, there was a temporary decrease in blood pressure, but it did not affect breathing.

6. Mulberry leaves have an effect on smooth muscle. It has an excitatory effect on the estrous uterus of animals and an inhibitory effect on the intestinal muscles of rats.

7. Mulberry leaves also have the effects of lowering blood lipids and diuresis.

II. Exterior-Releasing Herbs: Wind Heat

05: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum),
Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit),
Ge Gen (pueraria root),
Chai Hu (bupleurum)

Ju Hua (Flos Chrysanthemi) clears the head, dispels wind-heat, sedates the Liver and brightens the eyes. It treats wind-heat disorders involving dizziness, or Liver yang rising that causes red eyes, dizziness and vertigo. ]u Hua more strongly sedates rising Liver yang. It also eliminates toxins to treat sores and carbuncles.

Niu Bang Zi (Fructus Arctii), acrid, bitter and cold, disperses wind-heat, clears the Lung, dispels phlegm, vents rashes, eliminates toxins, and reduces swelling. It is used when wind-heat has begun turning into Lung heat, with yellow sputum, incomplete eruption of rashes, sore throat, carbuncles and other toxic sores.

Ge Gen (Radix Puerariae), light and ascending in nature, relieves muscle tightness and pain in the upper body. It also relieves fever, facilitates the eruption of rashes, generates body fluids and relieves thirst.

Chai Hu (Radix Bupleuri) raises yang qi, relieves exterior conditions, treats shaoyang disorders and spreads Liver qi. It treats pathogenic factors trapped between the taiyang and yangming stages, manifesting in alternating chills and fever. Other indications for use of Chai Hu are: organ prolapse (such as the rectum and uterus), Liver qi stagnation with chest and hypochondriac distention, fullness and pain, irregular menstruation and pre-menstrual syndrome.

These herbs treat wind-heat, a condition characterized by sore throat, aversion to wind and cold, fever, dry throat, thirst, thin white or thin yellow tongue coating, and superficial, rapid pulse. They also address headache, red eyes, cough, rashes, and Liver qi stagnation.

Episode 05: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)

FLOS CHRYSANTHEMI Ju Hua
Hangbai chrysanthemum contains chrysanthemum glycosides, amino acids, flavonoids, multiple vitamins and trace elements. Traditional medicine believes that Hangbai chrysanthemum has the functions of nourishing the liver and eyesight, clearing the heart, invigorating the kidney, invigorating the spleen and stomach, moisturizing the throat, promoting body fluid, and regulating blood lipids. Drinking chrysanthemum tea often can dehumidify in spring, quench thirst in summer, relieve dryness in autumn, and clear fire in winter. However, chrysanthemum tea is not suitable for everyone. Chrysanthemum tea is most suitable for people with dizziness, red eyes, swelling and pain, sore throat, irritability and high blood pressure. It is best not to drink the bitter wild chrysanthemum. People with weak body, spleen deficiency, cold stomach and diarrhea should not drink it. People with diabetes or high blood sugar should drink chrysanthemum alone without adding sugar or honey. People with allergies should try to soak one or two first. If there is no problem, make more soaks. Do not drink too much. People who are not sure about their physique should drink chrysanthemum tea without rock sugar.

This product is effective in treating high blood pressure.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum) 
Dispel wind and heat, calm the liver and improve eyesight

Ventilation and heat dissipation
Clear liver and improve eyesight

Indications:
Wind-heat and cold, headache, dizziness, red eyes, swelling and pain, and dizzy eyes.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)
1 Chrysanthemum and hawthorn tea: Take 10 grams of chrysanthemum, add 10 grams each of hawthorn and honeysuckle, and drink it on behalf of the tea, which can reduce blood stasis and reduce fat, cool and reduce blood pressure, lose weight, and reduce weight. It is suitable for obesity, hyperlipidemia and high blood pressure. patient.

2 Three-flower tea: a little chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, and jasmine. Soak in water for tea to clear away heat and detoxify. It is suitable for preventing wind-heat and cold, throat swelling and sore carbuncle, etc. It can reduce fire and calm the mind when taken regularly. utility.

3 Chrysanthemum honey drink: 50 grams of chrysanthemum, add 20 ml of water, boil for a while, keep it warm for 30 minutes, filter, add appropriate amount of honey, stir well and drink. It has the functions of nourishing the liver, improving eyesight, promoting body fluid and quenching thirst, clearing the heart and strengthening the brain, and moistening the intestines. Chrysanthemum tea made from white chrysanthemum tea and high-quality oolong tea is a must-have tea for office workers who are exposed to electronic pollution every day. Because this tea has a detoxification effect, it has the effect of resisting and eliminating harmful chemical and radioactive substances accumulated in the body.

4 Take 10 grams of chrysanthemum and 3 grams of tea, and brew them together to prevent and treat early hypertension.

5 Take 10 grams of chrysanthemum, 5 grams of mulberry leaves and 5 grams of loquat leaves, and grind them into coarse powder. Use boiling water to brew tea to replace the autumn bath. It is suitable for fever, dry throat and cough caused by autumn dryness and lung injury. Take after illness. This prescription still has the effect of preventing influenza, meningitis, Japanese encephalitis, mumps, chickenpox and so on.

6 Chamomile, its taste is sweet, especially the white chrysanthemum or small white chrysanthemum grown in Suzhou and Hangzhou area is the best, each time use about 3 grams of tea to drink. It can also be drunk with chrysanthemum plus honeysuckle and decoction instead of tea.

7 After the meal, use five or six chrysanthemum flowers to make a drink, which can quench thirst and produce body fluid.

8 Eight-treasure chrysanthemum tea: 10 grams of honeysuckle, 5 grams of tangerine peel, one stubby sea (but not because it can cause loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea), a little rock sugar, a little hawthorn, 5 grams of organic green tea, two red dates, use Soak in boiling water for 5 minutes, it can be eaten. It can calm the liver and improve eyesight, clear away heat and detoxify (available in supermarkets)

Herb combinations: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)
1. Sangju mint tea: 6g of chrysanthemum, 9g of mint, 10g of honeysuckle and mulberry leaves, soaked in boiling water, instead of tea.

This recipe uses chrysanthemum, mulberry leaves, and mint to evacuate wind-heat, clear the boss, and honeysuckle to clear away heat and detoxify. Used for colds, fever, dizziness, red eyes, and bad throat.

2. Chrysanthemum cassia tea: 10g of chrysanthemum, 12g of fried cassia. Soak in boiling water.

The combination of chrysanthemum and cassia seed has better effects of clearing liver, improving eyesight and peace of liver yang. Used for liver heat, red eyes, shame, tears, dizziness; or hyperactivity of liver yang, dizziness.

3. Jujingwan: 120g chamomile flowers, 90g medlar, 60g Cistanche, 30g Morinda officinalis. Grind into fines, refine honey into pills, g each time, send it down with warm water.

Originated from “Heji Bureau”. Lycium barbarum is an important medicine for replenishing the liver and improving eyesight. Cistanche and Morinda officinalis can replenish the liver and kidney essence and blood. The essence and blood can be seen by focusing on the eyes, so it helps to improve eyesight; chamomile and medlar are equivalent to nourish the liver and improve the liver. The effect of the eye. Used for liver and kidney deficiency and dim eyes.

4. Sangju and hawthorn tea: 5g each of chrysanthemum, honeysuckle and hawthorn, and 10g mulberry leaves. Divide it into 3 to 4 times, soak in boiling water each time to replace tea.

This recipe uses mulberry leaf, chrysanthemum, honeysuckle to clear away heat and liver, hawthorn to promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis; mulberry leaf, chrysanthemum, and hawthorn can lower blood pressure, chrysanthemum and hawthorn can dilate coronary arteries and increase blood flow, and hawthorn and honeysuckle can lower serum cholesterol. . For patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension and arteriosclerosis and liver fever.

5. Chrysanthemum licorice soup: chrysanthemum 120g, licorice 12g. Add water and decoction, divided into 4 servings.

Originated from the “Ten Methods of Surgery.” This prescription uses chrysanthemum and licorice to clear away heat and detoxify, for fear of insufficient drug power, so the dosage is larger. Used for boils, swelling and pain.

Precautions and contraindications: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)
Chrysanthemum is cold in nature, qi deficiency and stomach cold, and diarrhea due to low food intake should be taken with caution.

Caution: emptiness of the spleen, decreased appetite, diarrhea

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)
“Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: Chrysanthemum, can nourish yin, those who must be sweet in taste, if the mountain is bitter, do not use it, it will hurt the stomach.

2. “Compendium”: Chrysanthemum, it was said in the past that it can eliminate wind-heat, nourish the liver and nourish yin. I don’t know that it can benefit gold and water. It can make fire because of hydration. When the fire falls, the heat is removed, and it is used to control the leaders of the wind, and its purpose is profound.

3. “Materia Medica Sutra”: Chrysanthemum autocratic Fengmu, so it is the essential medicine to eliminate the wind. Bitterness can release heat, sweetness can nourish blood, sweetness can detoxify, and it is both pungent, so it also disperses lumps, bitter heart, small intestine, sweet spleen and stomach, calm pungent, remove liver and gallbladder, and combine into pei and large intestine. Its main symptoms include dizziness, swelling and pain, loss of eyesight, tearing, skin dead muscle, bad wind, dampness, all wind dizziness, all belong to liver tree, wind medicine ancestors liver, liver resuscitation in the eyes, wind is yang Evil is bound to go, blood deficiency leads to heat, heat generates wind, and fire and wind fight each other. Those who come to Taotao with low back pain are the time of blood deficiency and qi stagnation. Excluding irritated heat in the chest, the heart governs blood. Deficiency results in an annoying illness, while yin deficiency causes heat to be collected in the chest. Therefore, heat is in the chest, blood benefits yin produces, and yin produces an annoyance. And solve. To calm the intestines and stomach, benefit the five channels, regulate the limbs, and promote blood qi, that is, to remove heat, dispel wind, nourish blood, enter the heart, enter the spleen, and enter the liver. Sheng Dao is the most effective treatment for sores, especially blood-line boils.

4. “Pharmaceuticalization”: Chamomile, the white one, is light in body, slightly bitter in taste, peaceful in nature and pure in nature. The “Jing” says, to treat warmth to clear. When the fever subsides and the qi is still warm, it treats the headache with mulberry and eliminates the remaining evil. Zuo Huang Mizhi fainted and removed the barriers. Help Adenophora red intestines and stop bleeding. Collar Shixie, lentils, improve eyesight and ears, adjust to the limbs. Because of the deficiency of lung qi, white chamomile must be used. For example, the yellow one has a bitter taste and a clear fragrance, which mainly clears the lungs and fire. Anyone with headwind, dizziness, nasal congestion and heat, skin numbness, wind in the extremities, shoulder and back pain, and lung qi are all irritated, so as to clear the lung gold, and clear gold can control the liver. It also cures violent red eyes and swelling, eyes pain and tears. Therefore, chamomile must be used to clear lung heat.

5. “New Edition of Materia Medica”: Camomile flowers, the smell is light and clear, and the work is very slow. It must be taken for a long time to start the effect. It is not to be blamed for the short-term work, but the eye pain is sudden and the success is very fast. . There are many kinds of chrysanthemum in recent people, and they don’t know the nourishing method and ask the useful ones. It is also used for tea and tea, and it is thought to improve eyesight. However, chamomile is not only for improving eyesight, but also for the great use of it, all in the stomach fire of Tuiyangming. To cover the internal heat of Yangming, it must be relieved by yin and cold medicines, such as gypsum and anemarrhena. However, the stone is too severe and the cold will damage the stomach. If you use chamomile to one or two, the same yuan ginseng The combination of Ophiopogon japonicus can calm the fire in the stomach without hurting the gas in the stomach.

6. “Hundred Kinds of Materia Medica”: All aromatic things can cure the disease of the head, eye and muscle surface. But the fragrance is all pungent and dry, but the chrysanthemum is not very dry and strong, so it is especially suitable for the boss of the wind and fire.

7. “Materia Medica Reading”: The use of chamomile can be summed up in a word, just drowning the wind. Although it is a product for dispelling wind, it has a sweet and cold nature and is different from dryness such as Qiang and hemp, so the liver and kidney medicine can be used as needed.

8. “Materia Medica Justice”: All flowers are the main propaganda of catharsis, while the chrysanthemum alone will reduce the intake, can calm the anger, extinguish the internal wind, and suppress the inverse of the wood. “This Sutra” is mainly for people who are dizzy, with yin deficiency and yang floating, qi and fire rising, and dizziness caused by disturbance of the liver and phoenix. It is not an external wind evil, which can make people dizzy. Swelling and pain, read the three words even if you are in the limelight. Liver fire goes straight up to the top, and it is dizziness, swelling, and pain. The pain of the head phoenix is ​​nothing more than the internal fire and the internal wind shaking constantly, and the chrysanthemum can cure it, and it is difficult to have this power if the chrysanthemum can cure it. If you want to get off your eyes, it is especially the worst of the wind in the liver yang. It is said that the head and phoenix are very painful. As for the mourning, those who are aware and have protruding eyes, shaped like a bird’s egg. The tears are also yin deficiency, the liver fire rises, and the true yin has no right to receive, while the wind yang is used for dredging, and the wind will tear down. This is the deficiency of the liver and kidney yin, and the floating yang is the abuse, but the chrysanthemum It clears the bitterness and relieves the descent, can absorb the deficiency of the yang and be included in the next, so it is the main medicine for the eye department. It also cures dead skin muscles and those who suffer from rheumatic arthralgia, the blood is hot and the collaterals are unclean, and gradually become rot with dirt. The chrysanthemum has painstaking efforts to propagate the collaterals, and can treat the heat toxins in the blood. Shi Wan said that he was clear and beneficial to the blood, but he was able to vent the damp evil, and he was very positive. However, this is a pure product of Chonghe. The turbid blood accumulated in the Qingjing tunnels is definitely not quick and ineffective, and there is no doubt that the “Jing” is not credible. “Bielu” said that Qia came to Taotao with low back pain, and it was said that it was a long-lasting state, that it was also due to insufficient kidney yin, and dampness and pathogenic arthralgia, so the pain continued. Chrysanthemum nourishes kidney yin and clears dampness and heat, so it is the master. It also cures the irritated heat in the chest and calms the stomach and intestines. Zhen Quan said that if the head winds down to the ground and the brain bones are painful, the liver-yang internal wind will have a headache, and the head will go straight up to the top, and the brain bones will be cracked. . It is also said to treat all the wind on the body, make it dissipate, and benefit the blood. Daming said that a pillow improves eyesight, and Ye also improves eyesight. Jie Gu said to nourish the eye blood and remove the haze. Hai Zang said that the master’s liver qi is insufficient. Gai also means nourishing liver yin and nourishing liver and blood. Although its smell is clear and fragrant, it is not a liver gas medicine. Zhongol is said to be the most effective treatment for boils, and blood line therapy is especially important. According to the boil, it is a fire poison, and it is not a large-scale solution. The external application of various medicines such as honeysuckle vine, portulaca, dandelion, grass, hibiscus leaves, green chrysanthemum leaves, etc., but it is not the responsibility of the master to clear away heat and reduce swelling. The bloodline boil called by Ying, the cover is red silk boil, with a trace of blush, running up from the sore, straight past the knee. The main treatment is to take internal medicine to clear solution. But knowing external governance is absolutely not to be relied upon.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Ju Hua (chrysanthemum)[Reference] Contains chrysanthemum glycosides, adenine, amino acids, stachyline, choline, flavonoids, vitamin A-like substances, vitamin B1; contains volatile oil, the oil is mainly chrysanthemum ketone, borneol, and borneol acetic acid Ester etc.

It has a calming and antipyretic effect. It has inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus b, Shigella, Typhoid, Paratyphoid, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, human tuberculosis and influenza virus. Can significantly expand the coronary arteries and increase blood flow. Can enhance the resistance of capillaries. Chrysanthemum glycosides have the effect of lowering blood pressure.

Thermoregulierende bzw. Fieber senkende Wirkung

Episode 05: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)

Fructus Arctii Niu Bang Zi
Burdock, the name of Chinese medicine. It is the dry mature fruit of the biannual herbaceous plant Burdock (scientific name: Arctium lappa L.) of the Compositae family. Also known as strong man, mouse sticky child, evil reality and so on. The fruit sequence is harvested when the fruits are ripe in autumn, dried in the sun, lay down the fruit, remove impurities, and then sun-dried. Use raw or stir fry, mash when used. It has the effects of evacuation of wind-heat, spreading lungs and rashes, relieving pharynx, detoxification and swelling. It belongs to the medicine that dissipates wind-heat in the anti-epidemic medicine. In modern research, burdock seeds can also be used to prevent and treat diabetic nephropathy; burdock fruit contains arctiin, which is hydrolyzed to produce arctiin, which has anti-cancer activity.

Origin:
“The Sketch Book”

Actions and Indications: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
Evacuate wind-heat, spread lung and rash, reduce swelling and detoxification

Evacuate wind-heat; spread lung and rash; relieve pharyngeal masses; detoxify and reduce swelling.

Ventilation and heat dissipation
Detoxification

Indications:
Wind-heat cough, sore throat, impervious macula, itchy rubella,

1. Used for Fengreganmao, swelling and sore throat. The product is pungent to relieve bitter venting, cold can clear away heat, so it has the effect of dispersing wind and heat, clearing the lungs and relieving the throat. It can be used to treat wind-heat and cold, sore throat, and it is often used with Yinhua, Forsythia, Nepeta, Platycodon grandiflorum, such as Yinqiao Powder; if the wind-heat is congested, the throat is swollen and painful, and the heat toxin is more severe, it can be used with rhubarb, peppermint, nepeta, and fangfeng, such as burdock soup; Campanulaceae, Peucedanum, Licorice.

2. Used for measles imperviousness. This product can disperse wind-heat, vent heat toxins and promote rashes. It can be used to treat measles with imperviousness or reappearance. It is often used with peppermint, nepeta, cicada slough, and comfrey, such as rash soup.

3. It is used for carbuncle, swelling and sore poison, suffocating cheek and throat numbness. This product has a hard-working cold nature, and has the property of clearing and descending during the rise and rise. It can disperse wind and heat from the outside, discharge its toxins from the inside, clear away heat and detoxify, reduce swelling and relieve the throat, and is slippery in nature. Second, it can be used to treat wind-heat external attack, internal knot of fire poison, painful swelling and sore poison, and constipation. It is often used with rhubarb, mirabilite, gardenia, forsythia, peppermint; this product is matched with melon, forsythia, Trichosanthes powder and green peel can be used for the same purpose, and it can also be used to treat liver-stagnation to transform fire and stomach heat to block the collaterals of milk carbuncle syndrome, such as Gualou burdock decoction; , Burned cheek throat numbness and other heat toxins, such as Puji disinfection drink.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
1. With duckweed, it plays the magical effect of dispelling wind-heat, expelling rash, dispelling wind and relieving itching, used to treat exogenous wind-heat, sore throat and other symptoms, poor transmission of measles, wind-heat rash and itching Etc.

2. Preparing yam, one invigorating and one clearing, clearing and invigorating is legal, so it promotes lung qi, clears lung heat, invigorates the spleen and stomach, enhances the power of expectorant and cough, and cures the insufficiency of the spleen and stomach, weak lung qi, endogenous phlegm and dampness, and arrest Airway, so that the chest and diaphragm are full of tightness, cough, shortness of breath, sound of water in the throat, fatigue and fatigue, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, etc. can be used for those who are weak.

3. Preparing forsythia, and walking on it, clearing away heat and detoxifying, anti-inflammatory and relieving pain, expelling wind and relieving itching, and enhancing the power of declaring toxic rash, and treating heat to focus on coke, resulting in sore mouth and tongue, gum swelling and pain, sore throat, etc. , Carbuncle, swelling and sore diseases, wind-heat prurigo, macula and other diseases.

4. With Scrophulariaceae, it can be used for the purpose of detoxification and relieving the pharynx. It can be used to treat the swelling and pain of the throat caused by exogenous fever, such as acute tonsillitis, pharyngitis and so on.

5. With licorice, it can be used to treat lung meridian wind-heat or lung meridian stagnation of fire, throat swelling and pain, such as acute pharyngitis and tonsillitis.

6. With mint, it plays the function of dispelling wind and clearing heat, relieving the pharynx, and curing exogenous wind-heat.

7. With Platycodon grandiflorum, the power of dispelling wind and lungs is greatly increased, and it can be used to treat exogenous wind-heat, unfavorable cough and expectoration, and swelling and sore throat.

Pattern combinations: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
1. Burdock Decoction (“Treatment Guidelines. Childhood”), used to treat children’s colds, fever, irritability, nasal congestion, asthma, phlegm cough and convulsions, and various sores, erysipelas, sore throat.

2. Niu Di Ganju Decoction (“Surgery Zheng Zong”), used to treat poisonous toxins to show evil, swollen ears, mild heat and not redness and pain.

3. Zhizi Qinggan Decoction (“Medical Department Complete Records. Toumen”), used to treat Shaoyang Meridian deficiency, gangrene caused by liver fire and wind-heat upswing, pain and neck breast milk temples, etc., or cold and hot , Chest full of bitter tongue and dry tongue.

4. Qiguan San (“Puji Recipe”), used to treat wind-heat and swelling and pain.

5. Niudi Jieji Decoction (“Ulcers Experience Collection”), used to treat wind-heat on the head and face, or phlegm toxin on the neck, wind-heat toothache.

6. Recipe for treating headaches (“Fangmai Zhengzong”), used to treat headaches and even eyes, and eyes dizzy and unclear.

7. Recipe for treating wind-heat addiction (“Prescription for Health Prescription”).

8. Zhihou Bi Fang (“Guangji Fang”).

9. Unfavorable prescription for treating pharyngeal Ge (“Materia Medica Yanyi”).

Precautions and contraindications: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
Arctiin can cause tonic convulsions in frogs, mice, and rabbits. He breathed weakly, his voluntary movement disappeared, and finally turned into a paralyzed state, at which time the heart has not stopped beating.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
1. “Do not record”: eyesight to supplement the middle, in addition to wind injuries.

2. “Medicinal Properties”: In addition to wind, remove erysipelas, focus on improving eyesight, benefit waist and feet, and scattered nodules, muscles, bones, and heat toxins.

3. “Diet Therapy Materia Medica”: Improve eyes and ears, improve waist and knees, and urinate.

4. “Materia Medica Supplements”: Mainly wind poisonous swelling, all dysfunction.

5. “Pearl Sac”: moisturize the lungs and disperse qi, advocate wind toxins and swelling, and benefit the throat and diaphragm.

6. Li Dongyuan: Treat rheumatism addiction rash, throat wind-heat, disperse the poison of swelling and sores, and promote stagnation of Qi in the waist and knees.

7. “Compendium”: Elimination of macula toxin.

8. “Ben Cao Jing Shu”: evil reality, essential medicine for dispelling wind, removing heat and detoxification. Xin can dissipate knots, bitterness will release heat, and heat build up will clear the visceral qi, so eyesight can be improved. Injured by the wind, the qi will suffocate, while the staleness will lead to heat, and the dissolution of Xinliang will show the harmony of qi, and the wind will leave nothing. Tibetan vessels are responsible for wind, poison, swelling, and swelling; the elements are responsible for moisturizing the lungs, dissipating qi, relieving the throat and diaphragm, removing the skin wind, and opening the twelve meridians, and they understand this meaning. Therefore, it is used to treat addictive rash and acne, and it has been particularly successful.

9. “Medicine Chemistry”: burdock seeds can increase and decrease, and detoxify fever. The bitter taste can clear the fire, bring the pungent to relieve the wind, mainly treat upper wind phlegm, face swelling, bad throat, various toxins and heat, saber scrofula, neck sputum nucleus, blood heat acne, seasonal rash, skin addiction rash, common lung meridian Yuhuo, lung meridian wind-heat, you should use this.

10. “Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica”: Burdock seeds, today people stop talking and detoxify. Anyone who encounters sores, carbuncle, acne, etc., does not need to be treated with this, but it has not yet interpreted its meaning. The knot of poisonous qi in a mortal is often caused by the external feeling of wind and cold. Burdock tastes pungent and bitter. It can not only lower the qi, but also dispel wind and heat. It can experience swelling, coughing and phlegm, swelling and pain between the pharynx, sores and rashes, and all smells and rashes. Closure, acne, purple black, constipation and other symptoms, all use this expression to clear up the inside. However, the sex is cold and slippery, and if you take it more often, it will hurt your qi, and it will also make your performance unhealthy. As for diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, it is especially forbidden.

11. “Materia Medica Justice”: the use of burdock,

Burdock seed-original plant (Figure 3)
It can evacuate wind-heat and cause acne rashes, but those who are good at bowel movements, do not have heat, or have a weak temper. If they have diarrhea, they will suffer from hard venting, and the downward force will be more. Jiegu is warm, and Jingyue said that it rises while falling, which is not the true meaning. “Bielu” said it had better eyesight, but it was self-explanatory and self-explanatory. Those who make up for middle school will be self-satisfied with the heat away. In addition to wind injury, it is also called wind and heat. Its rhizomes are called bitter cold in the “Compendium” of the lake, and “Bielu” is mainly used to eliminate heat and benefit. To cover its skill, the original is similar to the child, but the heat-clearing and venting is the treatment for the sexual excesses of cold, cool and ventilating. Those who are suitable for the passage of lung evil, but not for suppression, such as measles at the beginning, still not venting, early surrender, there will always be the suppression of the Qi machine, and the risk of invagination. However, burdock can clear the vent, and it can be self-transmitting, and the disease of warm heat can pass the stool automatically, and it can also kill its force less. Therefore, burdock is the most special medicine for measles.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Niu Bang Zi (burdock fruit)
The fruit contains arctiin, which is hydrolyzed to produce arctigenin and glucose. It also contains matairesinol, trachelogenin, sesquiligenan AL-D and AL-F. The seeds contain arctiin, lap-paol A, B, C, D, E, F, H. It also contains fatty oils, among which fatty acids are: arachic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid and linoleic acid.

Pharmacological action
Antibacterial and antiviral effect
The water extract of burdock seed (1:2) in the test tube against the cocoon-colored Trichophyton, Concentric Trichophyton, Xulan Flavus, Oduon Microsporum, Microsporum wool-like, and Epidermophyton inguinal Nine kinds of pathogenic fungi, including E. vulgaris, Epidermophyton rubrum, Nocardia stellate, and Sporphyton rust-colored, have antibacterial effects. There are data showing that burdock seed extract has anti-AIDS virus (HIv) activity.

Hypoglycemic effect
Burdock extract can significantly reduce blood sugar and improve carbohydrate tolerance in rats for a long time. Normal mice with 0.25% burdock

Chinese herbal medicine-burdock seed (Picture 5)
Diet or its decoction instead of drinking water for 28 days did not affect the glucose balance parameters in the mice, and for the streptococcal diabetic mice, burdock could aggravate the symptoms of diabetes.

Calcium antagonism
The guinea pig colon belt test proves. Trachelatin aglycone has obvious calcium antagonistic effect. It has an inhibitory effect on the contraction caused by high potassium. The PA2 value is 6.60, which is one-sixth of the commonly used calcium antagonist verapamil. It has a significant and long-lasting antihypertensive effect on spontaneously hypertensive rats by intravenous injection of 10mg/kg.

Effect on kidney disease
Intraperitoneal injection of aminonucleosides in rats causes nephropathy. Intraperitoneal injection of arctigenin can inhibit the increase in urine protein excretion and improve serum biochemical indicators, suggesting anti-nephrotic effects. Intraperitoneal injection of arctiin has almost no effect on the increase of protein excretion, but oral administration is effective. It may be hydrolyzed into arctigenin in the digestive tract to produce anti-nephrotic effects.

Anti-tumor and anti-mutagenic effect
An anti-mutagenic factor was isolated from burdock. The relative molecular mass is more than 300,000. Heat-resistant, protease-resistant, and sensitive to manganese chloride treatment.

Other effects
Arctiin can dilate blood vessels in the lower limbs of frogs and rabbit ears, temporarily lower blood pressure, and inhibit or paralyze the isolated rabbit uterus, intestines, motor nerves and collateral muscles. It has mild diuretic and diarrhea effects.

Treat diabetic nephropathy
The researchers used streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats as an animal model. The treatment of traditional Chinese medicine is mainly to give them the feed of burdock seed powder, the extract of burdock seed water, and the alcohol extract for 6 weeks. In the experiment, the general condition of rats and the changes in urine protein, urine microalbumin and renal function were observed, and it was found that the extract of burdock seed can significantly improve the symptoms of polydipsia, polyphagia and weight loss in STZ rats.

The study found that: MCP-1 is the most important cytokine that chemoattracts the infiltration of monocytes in tissues, and it is the main chemotactic factor that chemoattracts and activates macrophages. Studies believe that the infiltration of monocytes in the glomerulus is associated with the accumulation of extracellular matrix and the development of glomerulosclerosis. Research by Rovin et al. showed that the kidney can synthesize MCP-1 locally during DN, and MCP-1 is associated with renal small Ball injury related.

Experimental and clinical studies have shown that the expression and protein content of TGFp1mRNA in biopsy tissues of diabetic rats and patients with diabetic nephropathy are significantly increased, accompanied by kidney hypertrophy and extracellular matrix hyperplasia.

The results of the experiment show that each medication group can reduce the expression of TGF-plmRNA, and there are significant differences compared with the model group; the burdock seed alcohol-extracted treatment group and the burdock seed water-extracted group have no other comparisons with the normal group. The significant difference of burdock powder group is relatively large compared with the burdock powder group. Experiments have shown that it can prevent and treat diabetic nephropathy.

Stool effect

Burdock seed-original plant (Figure 7)
From the analysis of burdock seed’s taste and efficacy, its laxative mechanism mainly involves the following three aspects. One is to moisturize the intestines. Burdock seeds are the seeds of burdock, which are rich in oil and smooth in nature. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the main components of burdock are arctiin and fatty oil, which have the effect of moisturizing the intestines and laxatives. According to clinical experience, burdock seeds are hard and cold, and have a strong effect of smoothing the intestines. Therefore, for patients with constipation, they will not use rhubarb, mirabilite, and hemp seed, and reuse burdock 24g alone, which shows this meaning. Second, lowering lung qi. The lung governs the qi of the whole body, and the large intestine is the outer and inner sides. The passage of intestines and intestines depends on the promulgation of lung qi. If the lungs are unsuccessful, the large intestine will be unable to push forward, leading to the inability to pass the qi. Therefore, the lungs must be treated first for laxatives. Burdock seeds enter the lung meridian and can lower lung qi. For example, Zhang Xichun said: “Arctium burdock can reduce lung qi’s adverse effects”, “Suzi and burdock can also clear phlegm and reduce adverse qi, so that the adverse qi can go down” (“Medical Chinese and Western Records”). Using it to lax, there is a wonderful way of “lifting the pot and uncovering the lid”. The third is to reduce stomach qi. When the stomach qi goes down, the food residue is transferred to the large intestine, and then it becomes stool and is excreted from the body. The burdock seed enters the stomach meridian, “the pain and bitterness are reduced, and the downward force is more” (“Materia Medica”), which can reduce stomach qi and has the effect of gastric motility medicine. For example, Zhang Xichun said: “…so it is supplemented with stomach-reducing medicine, and the ocher, tangerine peel, and burdock in the prescription are also” (“Medical Chinese and Western Records”). In short, burdock seeds are cold in nature and taste hard. Cold can clear away heat, bitterness can relieve, Xin can disperse, it is suitable for all kinds of constipation caused by heat toxin and body fluid. For example, “Medicine Chemistry” says: “Burdock seeds can increase energy and decrease energy, relieve heat and toxins, bitter tastes can clear fire, bring pungent energy to relieve wind, and treat… all kinds of toxins and heat…”

Treat synovitis
Niu Lunzi Decoction for the treatment of knee joint synovitis of spleen deficiency and phlegm-dampness: knee osteoarthritis is mostly caused by non-inflammatory degeneration of articular cartilage in the elderly or due to other reasons, and osteophytes are formed on the edges of the joints. Symptoms such as joint pain, limited mobility, and joint deformities can occur clinically. From May 2006 to May 2007 in a hospital, 50 cases of synovitis caused by knee osteoarthritis with spleen deficiency and phlegm dampness were treated by oral and external application of burdock zi decoction, and achieved satisfactory results. .

The main recipe of burdock seed soup: 9g of burdock seed, 9g of stiff silkworm, 9g of white tribulus, 6g of sibiricus, 5g of Gentiana, 5g of Angelica dahurica, 6g of Pinellia 6g, and 9g of mulberry branch.

Usage: Decoction with medicinal water will be processed by the decoction room. The medicine is soaked for half an hour, and then decocted in a decoction machine under high temperature and high pressure for 30 minutes, and the medicine liquid is filled into a bag, each bag is 150ml. Take orally twice a day, 1 sachet in the morning and evening. Every 7 pieces of Chinese medicine dregs are brought back by the patient, and the dregs are divided into 3 parts. When using it, warm it in the microwave oven and then put it in a special cloth bag (length 28cm, width 16cm) and tie it on the knees. The temperature should not be too high to avoid burning the skin. After cooling down, remove the medicine bag and reheat it next time. . 1 serving of dregs can be used for 2 days, 3 servings can be used for 1 week. Take 1 month as a course of treatment, usually 1 to 2 courses of treatment.

Prevent scarlet fever
Fry burdock seeds into powder, sieve and store for later use. 2 to 5 years old 1 g each time, 5 to 9 years old 1.5 g each time, 10 to 15 years old 2 g each time, adults 3 g each time, 3 times a day, after meals with warm water for a total of 2 days. During the epidemic, in addition to taking medicine for prevention, attention should still be paid to controlling the source of infection and cutting off the route of transmission. There were 344 cases of clinical observation, 7 of them were affected; there were 327 cases of no disease within 12 days after taking the medicine, accounting for 98%. Generally, the preventive effect is better when taken within 3 days after exposure, and after 6 days later is not good. If you contact again, you need to take it again.

Episode 05: Ge Gen (pueraria root) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Ge Gen (pueraria root)

Radix Puerariae Ge Gen
Pueraria lobata, a leguminous plant, is a commonly eaten vegetable in some provinces in southern China. It has a sweet, cool and delicious taste and is often used in soups. Its main component is starch, and it contains about 12% of flavonoids, including more than 10 kinds of soy (daidzein, daidzein, puerarin, etc.); it also contains carotene, amino acids, coumarins, etc. Can be used as medicine. As early as the Yao, Shun, and Yu periods, people had begun to use Pueraria lobata to make hemp cloth. In 1972, Caoxie Mountain in Wuxian County, Jiangsu Province unearthed three Gebu fragments that were made in the Neolithic Age and are still skilled today. These three Gebu fragments are a reliable testimony that our country has begun to use Pueraria lobata since more than 6000 years ago.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Ge Gen (pueraria root)
Release the muscles and lift the breath
It promotes yang and relieves muscles, clears rash and relieves diarrhea, relieves troubles and relieves temperature. Cure typhoid fever, warm and hot headache items, displease heat and reduce thirst, diarrhea, dysentery, rash, hypertension, angina pectoris, deafness.

1. Nutrient myocardium, expand blood vessels, Pueraria flavonoids and puerarin can improve myocardial oxygen metabolism and have a beneficial effect on myocardial metabolism. At the same time, it can expand blood vessels, improve microcirculation, reduce vascular resistance, and increase blood flow. Therefore, it can be used to prevent and treat myocardial ischemia. Myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, hypertension, arteriosclerosis and other diseases.

2. Jieji published   Pueraria lobata acetone extract has the effect of normalizing body temperature and is effective for many kinds of fever. Therefore, it is often used for fever, thirst, upset and other diseases.

3. Lowering blood sugar and lowering lipids. Puerarin has a significant effect of lowering blood sugar. The flavonoids contained in Pueraria lobata have the effect of lowering blood lipids, lowering serum cholesterol and lowering oil triesters. It is used to treat hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. It has a significant effect.

4. Nootropic effect   Some studies have shown that Pueraria lobata root has a clear-range therapeutic effect on learning and memory disorders. Pueraria lobata alcohol extract can significantly combat the memory disorder caused by benzalkonium. It can be used to treat senile dementia, mental retardation, poor memory and other diseases.

5. Raise Yang Qi, quench thirst and stop diarrhea, Pueraria lobata root Qing Qing Sheng San, the medicinal properties of hair rise, Liu raises Yang Qi, encourages the body’s righteous Qi to rise, body fluid distribution. It promotes the spleen and stomach to clear the air to quench thirst and relieve diarrhea and dysentery. Therefore, it is often used to treat internal heat and thirst, measles, diarrhea, dysentery and other diseases.

Pattern combinations: Ge Gen (pueraria root)
Select prescription (01) to treat big Yang disease, how strong the back is, no sweat and bad wind: Pueraria lobata 4 taels, ephedra 3 taels (removed knots), Guizhi 2 taels (peeled), ginger 3 taels (cut) , Licorice two liang (sunburn), peony two liang, twelve jujube (bo). Top the seven flavors, use a bucket of water, first cook ephedra and kudzu root, subtract two liters, remove the white foam, add various medicines, cook three liters, remove the residue, take one liter warm, and take a little sweat. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Gegen Decoction)

(02) Treatment of sun disease, cinnamon twig syndrome, reversal of the treatment, more benefits, short pulse (unexplained), panting and sweating: half a catty of kudzu root, licorice two or two (sunburn), scutellaria three or two, coptis Three and two. Top the four flavors, use 8 liters of water, cook Pueraria lobata first, subtract 2 liters, add all the medicines, cook 2 liters, remove the water, and take it after dividing the temperature. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Gegen Huangqin Huanglian Decoction

(03) Treatment of typhoid fever, typhoid fever, strong heat, headache, limb pain, and sore that has not occurred: cohosh, dried kudzu (fine file), peony, licorice (file, burn) are divided into equal parts. The same is rough, each serving is four dollars, one and a half cups of water, and one and a half cups of water. (“Yan’s Prescription for Children” Shengma Pueraria Decoction)

(04) Treatment of rash at the beginning, strong heat, and incomplete spotting: Pueraria lobata, cohosh, platycodon, cephalopectin, parsnip each one dollar, licorice five cents. Decoction in water. (“All Children’s Heart Lesson”)

(05) Treating heat and poisoning blood, or caused by eating hot food: produce two kilograms of puerariae root, pound to get one liter of juice, and one liter of lotus root juice, and take the same kimono. (“Mei Master’s Collection of Prescriptions”)

(06) Treating heart fever and vomiting blood more than stop: raw Pueraria lobata juice is half a big rise, take it at once. (“Guang Li Fang”)

(07) Treatment of epistaxis, all day long, upset: produce Pueraria lobata root, pound to make juice, take a small cup each time. (“Holy Benefit”)

(08) Treating depression of pregnancy fever: Two liters of Pueraria lobata juice, divided into three servings. (“Typhoid fever”)

(09) Governance of retching and vomiting: pound Pueraria lobata root, squeeze the juice, take one liter difference. (“Fix the Back of the Elbow”)

(10) Treatment of drunkenness: Pueraria lobata juice in one bucket and two liters, drink it, wake up, stop. (“A Thousand Gold Recipes”)

(11) Cure food poisoning, madness and boredom; vomiting to death: boil kudzu root and drink juice. (“Fix the Back of the Elbow”)

(12) To cure the inadequacy of taking the medicine, and the annoyance in the heart: Drinking Pueraria lobata Juice and Daliang. For those who are inanimate, dry pueraria is the end, and the water can be taken five times, or it can be boiled and taken. (“Fix the Back of the Elbow”)

(13) Treatment of acute intestinal obstruction: Pueraria lobata and saponins are each 1 catty, add 4000 ml of water, decoct for 40 minutes, remove the slag, put the concoction pot on the stove to maintain a proper temperature (to prevent burns). In addition, 4 pieces of 10 gauze pads with 1 square meter square, soaked in the liquid medicine, slightly removed the water, alternately placed on the abdomen for continuous hot compresses, every hour, 2 to 3 times a day. (“Journal of Henan Medical University” 9(4): 203, 1965)

(14) Treating gold sore, stroke, convulsions: pound a pound of kudzu root, finely chop, take a bucket of water, boil five liters, decontaminate, take one liter, a few, pound the powder, warm the wine and adjust the three-finger pinch If you can’t open your mouth, you should take more bamboo leeks and take more pueraria lobata root to heal itself. (“Behind the Elbow”)

(15) Typhoid fever (headache at first, flood of internal heat pulse). Use four taels of kudzu root, add two liters of water and one liter of black soy, and boil them together to make half a liter. It is better to add ginger juice.

(16) Irritability and thirst. Use four taels of arrowroot powder, stir in the water soaked in corn overnight, cook, and serve with rice soup.

(17) Boils first started. Burn the ashes with Pueraria lobata, and apply water adjustment.

Precautions and contraindications: Ge Gen (pueraria root)[Troubleshooting] ① Zhang element: “Don’t take too much, as it may damage the stomach.”
② “Materia Medica”: “It is cold in nature, prone to vomiting, and should be used with caution in those with a cold stomach.”
“Materia Medica renewing”: “Sweat and sweat in summer are especially taboo.

Overdose: flushed face; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Drug interactions:
gé gēn Puerariae Radix and anticoagulants (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
gé gēn Puerariae Radix could increase the effects of anticoagulants; it can theoretically increase the concentration of the drug in the blood and thus increase the bleeding tendency.
(probably with long-term use!)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Ge Gen (pueraria root)
“The Classic”: “The main body is to quench thirst, body is too hot, vomiting, all paralysis, yin qi, detoxification.”

[02] “Don’t Record”: “Cure typhoid fever, stroke, headache, relieve muscle, release, sweating, physiotherapy. Treat golden sores, relieve pain, hypochondriac wind pain.” “Rooting juice, cure thirst, typhoid fever and strengthen heat.”

[03] “Annotation to the Collection of Materia Medica”: “Kill Ye Pueraria lobata, Croton, Hundred Medicine Poison.”

[04] Tao Hongjing: “The survivor pounds it to drink it, and relieves fever and fever. Pueraria lobata is used as crumbs to treat gold sores and blood, and it also treats malaria and sores.”

[05] “Medicinal Properties”: “Treats the heavens and promotes qi, vomiting, appetizing and eating, the main function is to relieve alcohol and toxins, and relieve polydipsia. Boiling crumbs to cure golden sores, and cure time diseases and fever.”

[06] “Tang Materia Medica”: “At the end of the service, the dog will bite the dog and drink its juice.”

[07] “Materia Medica Supplements”: “The living person has broken blood, combined sores, abortion, anti-drinking poison, red body heat, yellow wine, red urine and astringent urine.”

[08] “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: “Cure chest and diaphragm fever, upset and madness, stop bleeding and dysentery, clear the small intestine, drain pus and break blood, apply snakes and insects.”

[09] “Kaibao Materia Medica”: “Children’s hot skin, use Pueraria lobata root soaked in pounded juice.”

[10] “Medical Qiyuan”: “In addition to spleen and stomach deficiency and heat and thirst.”

[11] Element: “Divergence expresses evil, divergent sore rashes are difficult to develop in children.”

[12] “Compendium”: “Disperse Yuhuo.”

Experts discuss ⑴Zhang element: “Using this (pueraria root) to break the road to Yangming, it is not a sun medicine, so Zhongjing treats the sun-yangming syndrome, Guizhi decoction adds ephedra and kudzu root. There is also Pueraria scutellaria and Huanglian solution. Muscle Decoction is a medicine that knows that Pueraria lobata root is not a sun medicine, that is, a medicine for Yangming.” “Patients who are first sick in the sun, have not yet entered Yangming and have a headache, should not take Pueraria lobata root casually. .”

⑵Li Gao: “Dried Pueraria lobata, its qi is light, invigorate the uplift of stomach qi, produce body fluid, relieve muscle heat, and cure spleen and stomach weakness and diarrhea.”

⑶ “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Materia Medica Ten Jiyun, light to remove the solid, belong to Ephedra and Pueraria lobata. Ephedra is the sun meridian medicine, which also enters the lung meridian, and the lung governs the fur; Pueraria lobata root is the Yangming meridian medicine and also enters the spleen The meridian, the spleen governs the muscles. So the two medicines are all light and divergent, and the entry is quite different.”

⑷”Materia Medica Sutra”: “Pueraria lobata, the main medicine to dissolve Yangming febrile disease and heat evil, so it is the main medicine to quench thirst, heat the body, heat the chest and diaphragm and vomit. It diverges and rises, the nature of the wind medicine is also, so it is the main body “”Typhoid, headache and strong lumbar and spinal pain, as well as bone pains throughout the body, are full of sun, and the evil has not yet entered Yangming, so there is no thirst syndrome and should not be taken.”

⑸ “Materia Medica Huiyan”: “Pueraria lobata, clear wind and cold, clean the appearance of evil, relieve muscle heat, relieve polydipsia. It is also a medicine for reducing stomach fire. Taste and publish medicine for dispelling evil, and its products are also many, such as ephedra to pull the sun Ying divides the cold, Guizhi relieves the sun and guards the wind, wind-proof, perilla disperses the wind and cold on the surface, and Gaoben and Qianghuo disperse the cold and dampness of the sun on the surface, both are called divergent medicines, and the divergence of Pueraria lobata also enters the sun. To dispel wind and cold, it is different. It is not Ruoma, Gui, Su, Fang, the spicy fragrance is warm and dry, and it diverges but also damages the mistake of Zhongqi. The “Shen Nong Scripture” says that the yin qi, in addition to diminishing thirst, the body is too hot, it belongs to the three yang to express the heat and the evil of cold, and the meaning of clearing it is also like cold and typhoid, febrile disease and fever, cold evil has gone. Biaoyang is already blazing, and the evil heat lies between the muscles. It is neither the outer surface nor the inner side, nor the half-surface and half-inside. If you have dry mouth and polydipsia, and still have headache and fever, you must use the sweet and cold of Pueraria lobata root to clear the muscles and reduce fever. Otherwise, Pueraria lobata roots and using Xin Wen (such as Ma, Gui, Su, Fang, etc.) not only sparse excessive expression, but also due to deficiency of vitality, will cause excessive sweating and death of yang. However, the nature of Pueraria lobata roots is dedicated to relieving muscles. Retreat, thirst, sweat by itself. And the books of Materia Medica say that those who can sweat are not sweating on the surface of the three-yang and cold evil, nor are they sweating by the wind and warmth, but they are actually suffering from the three-yang and cold depression. Incomprehensible, depression can become hot sweat. It is also like the sun’s sweating and depression of yang, the person’s complexion is red, irritable, not knowing where the pain is, shortness of breath, sweating to heal, it is better to treat with Gegen Decoction Therefore, Yu Jijie eliminates heat, sweats and evils retreat, so this is also the case for those who sweat.”

⑹ “Materia Medica”: “Pueraria lobata, if you use this, use it to cool and disperse, although it is good at reaching the Yang Jing, but Yangming is the best, because of its lightness, so it is good to relieve sweating. Any medicine that dissolves is more pungent and hot, this alone It is cool and sweet, so when the disease is relieved when the heat is warm, this is the best for those who are both hot and thirsty. Think of it as the king, and supplement it with firewood, defense, sweetness, and orange.”

⑺ “Medicine Huayi”: “Pueraria lobata, the root governs the rise, the Gan governs the scattered form, if you use two or three dollars more, it can treat the evil of the muscles, develop the law of the body and sweat, it belongs to the foot Yangming stomach meridian medicine, and treats typhoid fever. Dry nose and dry mouth, eye pain and sleeplessness, malaria fever. Ephedra and perilla can specialize in surface treatment, while Pueraria lobata can only relieve muscles and ears. Because of its sweet and cool nature, it can invigorate the stomach. If you use less than five or six points , Cures stomach deficiency, heat and thirst, alcohol poisoning, vomiting, stagnation of fire in the stomach, toothache and bad breath. Or supplemented with spleen medicine, which has the power to wake up the spleen. And the spleen controls the muscles and the limbs, like Yang Qi is contained in the spleen and stomach. Symptoms are not symptoms, eating as usual, but the skin and limbs are hot like fire, this is the same as cohosh, Bupleurum, Fangfeng, Qianghuo, raising the sun and dispersing fire, clearing the muscles and reducing fever, Xue Lizhai also commonly used drugs. If the convulsions cause a silence of the mouth, pound the juice of Pueraria lobata root and irrigate it with bamboo lees to wake up. If it is dry, you can mix it with wine. It is difficult to get acne, so it will be quicker.”

⑻ “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: “Pueraria lobata root is frivolous, when it is used for health, it will raise yang and produce fluid, and when used well, it will invigorate stomach qi, so it can cure stomach deficiency and make thirst, and Qiwei Baizhu powder is used. Heat injury Yangming, the forehead and skull will swell, otherwise it can’t be developed.”

⑼ “Shuzheng”: “The use of Pueraria lobata root is not just like lily but yinjin, nor is it like cohosh but rising yang, but can both be good at both. It is used salty for those with the benefit of the sun (the syndrome of Pueraria lobata decoction), the sun is under, and the benefits will not stop, and those with the pulse and sweating (the syndrome of Pueraria lobata Qinlian decoction) are salty. Yin is not solid and slips downwards. It raises its yin qi to make the yang yang, and it is necessary to drag it upwards, not only to stop the benefit, but also to restrain the yang from the outside, and then disperse with the yang drum of the stomach.”

⑽ “Medicine and Medicine Series”: “Pueraria lobata, macula is a must-have medicine, and it is not the unavailable point of view. The main purpose of rash is to reach the point. What is feared is the sinking. Is there any reason for the point of view to be unavailable? However, regardless of Sha, the tongue is crimson and dry, it is hot to enter the camp, and it is not for rhino horn or rehmannia. Misuse of Pueraria lobata, that is, there are many signs of change. Pueraria lobata is good. The sun is gone, pure Yangming meridian syndrome, Pueraria lobata root is also good. However, febrile disease is not applicable to those with damp temperature, summer heat, and autumn evil. This should be used for syndrome differentiation and attention. If you get this evil, if you see white scrofula, you can use it improperly to cause harm.”

⑾ “Materia Medica Zhengyi”: “Pueraria lobata, the smell is thin, the most can promote the spleen and stomach to clear the qi, “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” considers the main medicine of Yangming, but it expresses coldness and depression, and the stomach cannot spread yang. The medicine for raising and promoting lightly, swiftly clears the sun, defends against the external cold, prevents evil and relieves the stomach yang, so there is still ephedra in Gegen Decoction, which is the main medicine of Yangming and cold, not the special medicine of Yangming and Lire. If it has been spread internally and it is Yangming fever, Zhongjing has its own white tiger methods, which are not suitable for Pueraria lobata decoction. Its Pueraria lobata and Huangqin Huanglian decoction is the main source of Yangming Xiere heat and benefit. It is set for actual heat, so if the bitter cold of Qin and Lian are used, the root of Pueraria lobata seems to be the product of Qingli; this article is a change from the sun’s disease and Guizhi syndrome. Yiqing, but the benefits are not limited. That is to say, when the spleen and stomach Qingyang sinks, Pueraria lobata only uses the air to rise and sink, not for the Qingli. This is the true purpose of the Zhongshi chooses Pueraria lobata. The main diminishing thirst of the “Ben Sutra” also uses dryness to make too much, lowering the breath quickly, so although the thirst is unsolved after drinking too much, this medicine cures it, not specifically moisturizing the dryness, but also to promote clearness. Also the main vomiting, also Stomach qi can’t compress, causing inability to eat, and it can be a general cure for vomiting caused by stomach fire. However, common medicines that are only known to clear the stomach, promote fluids, moisturize and reduce fever, seem to be true and false. It’s really absurd.”

According to authoritative materials such as Compendium of Materia Medica, Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Functional Food, Pueraria lobata root and its products have clearing fire, detoxification, lowering blood fat, lowering blood pressure, lowering cholesterol, lowering blood sugar, weight loss, laxative, and prevention. Alzheimer’s disease is effective in preventing arteriosclerosis and preventing cerebral thrombosis and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Ge Gen (pueraria root)
Pueraria lobata root contains isoflavone components puerarin, puerarin xyloside, daidzein, daidzein, β-sitosterol, arachidic acid, and a lot of starch (the content in fresh pueraria is 19-20%).

The dried roots of Pueraria lobata contain 37% starch.

The roots of Pueraria trilobata contain 15-20% starch.

Puerarin, daidzein, daidzein, β-sitosterol, 4′,6″-diethylpuerarin and stigmasterol were isolated from the roots of plants of the same genus in India.

Pueraria lobata mainly contains carbohydrates, vegetable protein, multiple vitamins and minerals, and also contains flavonoids: daidzein, daidzein, daidzein-4,7-diglucoside, puerarin, puerarin-7-wood Glycosides, Puerarin, Pueraria lobata and isoflavone glycosides, etc.

“Compendium of Materia Medica” contains: Pueraria lobata, which is cool in nature, calm in air, sweet in taste, and has the functions of clearing heat, reducing fire and detoxification. Modern medical research shows that the isoflavone compound puerarin in Pueraria lobata root has a certain effect on hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Effects on the circulatory system The flavonoids proposed in Pueraria lobata can increase the blood flow of the brain and coronary blood vessels. After injection of Pueraria flavonoids into the internal carotid artery of anesthetized dogs, the cerebral blood flow increases, and the vascular resistance decreases accordingly. The effect is maintained for 2-20 minutes. If intravenously, the cerebral blood flow increases slightly, and the epinephrine and norepinephrine contractions cannot be relieved. The role of cerebrovascular, but it can improve cerebral circulation in patients with hypertension and arteriosclerosis, and its effect is mild. Pueraria lobata flavone and pueraria lobata wine extract injected into the coronary arteries and veins of dogs can increase coronary blood flow and reduce vascular resistance. The intraperitoneal and subcutaneous injection of pueraria lobata wine extract and the intraperitoneal injection of its water decoction and the crystals proposed in pueraria lobata have a protective effect on the cardiac ischemic response caused by pituitary gland. The oral administration of pueraria lobata decoction is effective in hypertensive dogs. No obvious antihypertensive effect. The decoction of Pueraria lobata root (made in Japan) is reported to contain both excitatory and cardiac inhibitory components.

Antispasmodic effect Chinese Pueraria lobata root (variety not specified) and Japanese commercially available Pueraria lobata root both contain stigma flavone, which has a papaverine-like antispasmodic effect on isolated intestinal tubes of mice and guinea pigs. However, Chinese Pueraria lobata root has stronger antispasmodic effects than Japanese ones , May be related to the large content and more flavonoids. This antispasmodic component can resist the effects of histamine and acetylcholine; other isoflavone derivatives isolated from Japanese Pueraria lobata root have no obvious acetylcholine expansion Alkali effect. In addition, the elbow and bowel tube has a contraction effect. MTF-101 proposed in the Japanese Pueraria lobata root has a muscarinic effect.

Blood glucose lowering effect Pueraria lobata (species not specified) decoction is taken orally to rabbits. The blood sugar rises in the first 2 hours, then drops, and the decrease is the lowest in the 3rd and 4th hours. Not only does it have no antagonistic effect on rabbits adrenergic hyperglycemia, but it increases it. But it can promote the early return of blood sugar to normal. Pueraria lobata water extract can also make rabbits’ blood sugar decrease after the initial rise, and has a more significant effect on raising blood sugar in hungry rabbits. The ether extract has no obvious effect on sugar metabolism.

Antipyretic and estrogen-like effect. Japanese Pueraria lobata extract has obvious antipyretic effect on artificial fever rabbits, which lasts for 4 to 5 hours. Pueraria lobata can increase the weight of the uterus of immature mice and have an estrogen-like effect. The active ingredient for this effect is daidzein.

Pueraria lobata contains 12% of flavonoids, such as puerarin, daidzein, peanut, and other nutrients, as well as protein, amino acid, sugar, and essential minerals such as iron, calcium, copper, and selenium. A valuable tonic for all ages, it has the reputation of “Millennium Ginseng”. As early as the Han Dynasty Zhang Zhongjing’s “Treatise on Febrile Diseases”, there was a famous prescription “Gegen Decoction”, and it is still an important explanatory formula. “Materia Medica Zhengyi” stated that Pueraria lobata “can best develop the qi of clearing the spleen and stomach.”

Pueraria lobata root is sweet and slightly pungent, has a refreshing scent, cool in nature, and mainly enters the spleen and stomach meridian. It has the effects of relieving muscles, promoting yang, clearing rash, relieving fever and promoting body fluid. It is used to treat spleen deficiency, diarrhea, fever and thirst, attending to exogenous fever, strong head pain, poor transmission of measles, thirst due to febrile disease, thirst, alcohol toxin, chest pain and other diseases.

Regular consumption of Pueraria lobata powder can regulate human body functions, enhance physical fitness, improve the body’s ability to resist diseases, resist aging, and maintain youthful vitality forever.

Modern medical research shows that Pueraria lobata flavonoids have anti-cancer, anti-cancer and estrogen-like effects, and can promote women’s beauty, especially for middle-aged women and menopausal women.

Episode 05: Chai Hu (bupleurum) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Chai Hu (bupleurum)

Radix Bupleuri Chai Hu
Reconciliation, soothing the liver, and promoting Yang. It is used for cold and fever, cold and heat exchanges, chest and hypochondriac pain, irregular menstruation, prolapse of the uterus, and rectal prolapse.

Root of Chnese Thorowax, Root of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root,Red Thorowax Root

This product is the dried root of Bupleurum chinense DC. or Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” and “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” said: Bupleurum “mainly controls the stomach and intestines, the accumulation of diet, cold and heat evil, promote the old to bring about the new.” In modern times, it is used to evacuate fever, soothe the liver and relieve depression, and raise the sun.

Actions and Indications: Chai Hu (bupleurum)
Dispelling evils and relieving the surface, soothing the liver and clearing away heat, and raising the sun
Reconciliation, soothing the liver, and promoting Yang. Used for colds and fever, cold and heat exchanges, chest pain, irregular menstruation, uterine prolapse, and rectal prolapse.

It relieves the surface and reduces fever, soothes the liver and relieves depression, and promotes Yang Qi.

Indications:
1. Used for cold and heat exchanges, colds and fevers. It is used to treat evils in Shaoyang, cold and heat exchanges, and is often used the same as Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Pinellia ternata; for colds and fever, it is compatible with Pueraria lobata root, gypsum and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.

2. Used for stagnation of liver qi, flank pain, irregular menstruation, etc. Use with Chinese angelica, white peony root, Cyperus rotundus, turmeric and other medicines.

3. It is used for symptoms such as qi deficiency depression, chronic diarrhea and prolapse of the anus, and uterine prolapse. With Codonopsis, Astragalus, Cohosh, etc.

Pattern combinations:
① Treating typhoid fever on the 5th or 6th day, stroke, hot and cold, full chest and thighs, hehe, no desire to eat, upset and nausea, or irritability in the chest but not vomiting, or thirsty, or pain in the abdomen, or lumps under the flanks, or heart Palpitation, difficulty in urination, or not thirsty, slightly hot body, or cough: Bupleurum half a catty, Scutellaria baicalensis three-two, ginseng three-two, Pinellia half-liter (wash), licorice (sunburn), ginger each three-two (cut) , Twelve jujubes (Ban). For the seven flavors, use a bucket of water and two liters, boil 6 liters, decontaminate, and then decoct 3 liters, take 1 liter warmly, and take 3 liters a day. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Xiao Chai Hu Decoction)

② Treatment of evil into the meridian, body thin muscle fever, promoting the old to bring forth the new; relieving typhoid fever, chronic disease, drinking, summer heat: Bupleurum quadruplicum (washing, removing seedlings), licorice one or two (burning). On the details. Each serving is two yuan, one lamb in water, fry together until eighth, and take it warm after eating. (“My Party” Chaihu San)

③ Treatment of exogenous cold, fever, cold, headache and body pain; TB malaria at the beginning: one to three coins for Bupleurum, one dollar for windbreak, one dollar for tangerine peel, two dollar for peony, one dollar for licorice, three or five slices of ginger. Water for one and a half minutes, fry for seven or eight minutes, and serve hot. (“Jing Yue Quan Shu” Zheng Chai Hu Drink)

④ Treatment of liver qi, left hypochondriac pain: Bupleurum and tangerine peel each-money for two points, red peony root, citrus aurantium, vinegar fried incense with each-money, burning grass for five points. (“Medical Puppet Record” Chaihu Shugan Decoction)

⑤ Treatment of stagnant fire in the liver channel, internal injury and hypochondriac pain: Bupleurum, Scutellaria, Shanzhi, Qingpi, White peony, Citrus aurantium. (“Symptoms and Pulses Treatment” Chaihu Qinggan Decoction)

⑥ Treatment of blood deficiency and fatigue, five upset and heat, limb pain, faint head, irritated cheeks, dry mouth, dry throat, fever and night sweats, reduced appetite, sleepiness, blood and heat, irregular moon water, umbilical abdominal distension and pain, Cold and heat like malaria; also treat the virgin blood weakness, yin deficiency, Rongwei discord, phlegm cough, hot flashes, lean body, and bone formation. ), Poria (peeled, white), Paeonia lactiflora, Atractylodes macrocephala, Bupleurum (removing seedlings), one or two each. The top is rough. Each serving is two yuan, a large cup of water, a piece of simmering ginger, cut into pieces, a little mint, and fry together until 70%, remove the slag and serve, whatever the time. (“The Bureau” Xiaoyao San)

⑦ Treatment of night sweats, cold and heat: Bupleurum (to the seedlings) and Hu Huanglian are divided into equal parts, the end is the end, the honey is refined and the ointment, the pill is big. Dissolve each or two pills with a little wine, add five minutes of water, re-boil the soup for 20 to 30, and take it with warmth, all the time. (“Pediatric Hygiene General Prescriptions” Chaihu Huanglian Ointment)

⑧ The treatment of Rongwei is not smooth, body heat, night sweats, muscle pain, more sleepiness and less energy, diet advancing and retreating: two pairs of Bupleurum, two pairs of turtles, one or two each of licorice and anemarrhena, one and two and a half of Gentiana. The five flavor pestle is the last. Each serving is two dollars, eight points of water, two jujubes, six points for decoction, and hot serving. (“Boji Fang” Chaihu San)

⑨ Treatment of jaundice: one or two Bupleurum (to remove seedlings) and one point for licorice. Use fine files to make a dose, take a bowl of water, hold the roots of Imperata cylindrica, fry together to seven minutes, wring off the slag, take it at any time, and take it all in one day. (“Heirloom Secret Recipe”)

⑩ Treatment of liver yellow: one or two Bupleurum (removing seedlings), half of licorice (zhiweiyi, file), half and two each of cassia seed, plantago seed, and antelope horn crumbs. The medicine is smashed and sieved for powder. Take three coins for each serving, take one medium cup of water, fry to five minutes, remove the water, and take it warm regardless of time. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Chaihu San)

⑾ Treatment of fever and diarrhea: Bupleurum and Scutellaria are divided into equal parts. Half wine and half water, decoct for seven minutes, soak cold, take it empty. (“Quick Xianfang”)

Precautions and contraindications: Chai Hu (bupleurum)
Avoid or use it with caution in cases of hyperactivity of liver-yang, internal movement of liver wind, yin-deficiency and hyperactive fire, and upregulation of qi machine.

Forbidden to use yin deficiency, hot flashes and rising liver fire
Those who lose true yin and rise in liver yang should not take it.

1. “Materia Medica Collection Notes”: Pinellia for it. Evil honey locust. Fear of women, hellebore.

2. “Introduction to Medicine”: The vitality is low, and those who sweat and sweat will die if they take it by mistake.

3. “Materia Medica Shu”: Avoid patients with deficiency and rising qi, and avoid vomiting and inflammation of Yin deficiency and fire. Do not eat if malaria is not Shaoyang.

Caution: Ascending Liver-Yang or Liver-Yin Void

Overdose: nausea and vomiting, scanty urine and leg edema (more than 50g daily)

Drug interactions:
chái hú Bupleuri Radix and anti-hypercholesterol-lowering drugs (strengthening effect) (theoretical)
chái hú Bupleuri Radix may increase the effects of anti-hypercholesterol-lowering drugs.

chái hú Bupleuri Radix and Interferon
chái hú Bupleuri Radix is incompatible with interferon and can cause side effects (even death).

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Chai Hu (bupleurum)
Bupleurum has a bitter taste, flat air, slightly cold. The smell is light, rising but not falling, and the yang and the yin are also. Non-toxic. Start with the four meridians of Shaoyang and Jueyin. Eliminates liver and gallbladder evils, removes irritation in the heart, relieves phlegm, relieves irritated heat, especially treats sores, disperses menstrual blood to condense qi, relieves head wind, chest and thigh tingling, understands external and internal evils, and relieves tides hot. The essential medicine for typhoid fever is not only the essential medicine for malaria and depression. It is also suitable for women before and after childbirth. It is also good for eye diseases, but it can be used as an envoy, not a monarch or minister. Gai Chaihu enters between the outside and the inside, since

Being able to reach the meridians, it can be used as an assistant, and the sex is light and cold, and the spring breeze is gentle wherever you go, and it is good at resolving disputes, so there is nothing wrong with using it. However, the world is just because of its use, whether it is available or not, it is ready to use.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Chai Hu (bupleurum)
Its ingredients mainly contain saikosapoins (saikosapoins a, b, c, d), sterols, volatile oils (bupleurol, eugenol, etc.), fatty oils (oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, etc.) ) And polysaccharides. In addition, it also contains alkaloids, flavonoids, kaempferin, glucose, amino acids, etc.

Antipyretic

① Active ingredients   volatile oil (eugenol, caproic acid, r-undecanoic acid lactone and p-methoxybenzenedione), saikosaponin (sapogenin A).

② Effect   has obvious antipyretic effect on fever caused by typhoid fever, paratyphoid vaccine, E. coli liquid, fermented milk, yeast, etc.; and can reduce the normal body temperature of animals.

Sedation, analgesia, antitussive

① Active ingredients  total saponins, sapogenin

② Function

Sedation   reduces voluntary activities, inhibits conditioned reflexes, has a synergistic effect with barbiturates, and has an antagonistic effect on central stimulants.

Analgesia, tail pressure stimulation method, hot plate method, and warm body method have all been confirmed.

Antitussive is slightly lower than codeine.

③ Mechanism: Central inhibition, raising pain threshold, and analgesic effects can be antagonized by naloxone.

Antibacterial and antiviral

① Antibacterial   Haemolytic Streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholerae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Leptospira.

② Anti-virus: influenza virus, hepatitis virus, vaccinia virus, type I polio virus, herpes virus.

Anti-inflammatory

① Active ingredient   saponins

② Effect   has inhibitory effect on ankle joint swelling and connective tissue proliferative inflammation caused by a variety of inflammatory agents.

③ Mechanism

Activate the pituitary-adrenal cortex system.

Acts on many links in the inflammatory process-exudation, capillary permeability, inflammatory mediator release, leukocyte migration, connective tissue hyperplasia, etc.

Promote immune function

① The active ingredient   Bupleurum polysaccharide.

② Function

The phagocytic function is enhanced, and the natural killer cell function is enhanced.

Increase virus-specific antibody titer.

Improve the rate of lymphocyte transfer.

Improve delayed skin allergic reactions.

Effects on lipid metabolism, liver and gallbladder

① Active ingredients: Sapogenin a and d, Bupleurum alcohol, and α-spinach sterol.

② Function

Lower blood lipids Lower cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids (in experimental hyperlipidemia animals).

Liver protection It has a protective effect on liver dysfunction caused by CCl4, alcohol, typhoid vaccine, egg yolk, mildew rice, D-galactosamine, etc. Manifestations: reduction of transaminase, recovery of liver function and reduction of liver damage.

③ Mechanism

The direct protective effect of saponins on biofilms.

Saponins can increase ACTH in plasma → increase glucocorticoid secretion.

Choleretic Bile excretion ↑, bile acid, bile pigment, cholesterol concentration ↓.

Cholesterol lowering effect
Analgesic effect
Anti-inflammatory effect
Thermoregulatory or fever lowering effect
Liver function protective and liver enzyme reducing effect

06: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga),
Chan Tui (cicada moulting),
Man Jing Zi (vitex),
Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)

Sheng Ma (Rhizoma Cimicifugae) lifts yang qi and relieves exterior conditions. It clears heat, eliminates toxins, and promotes the eruption of rashes. Clinical indications include incomplete expression of rashes, sore throat, canker sores, and toxic sores and carbuncles.

Chan Tui (Periostracum Cicadae) is sweet and cold. In addition to dispersing wind-heat to promote the eruption of measles and relieve itching, Chan Tui benefits the throat, restores normal voice, and benefits the eyes to remove superficial visual obstructions.

Man Jing Zi (Fructus Viticis) disperses wind-heat in the head, relieving headache, clearing red eyes, and soothing painful, swollen gums. Man ]ing Zi is also useful in treatment of bi zheng (painful obstruction syndrome).

Dan Dou Chi (Semen Sojae Praeparatum) releases the exterior, induces perspiration and counters both wind-heat and wind-cold invasions. It also disperses heat in the body created by stagnation, to relieve irritability, insomnia or chest discomfort.

These herbs treat wind-heat, a condition characterized by sore throat, aversion to wind and cold, fever, dry throat, thirst, thin white or thin yellow tongue coating, and superficial, rapid pulse. They also address headache, red eyes, cough, rashes, and Liver qi stagnation.

Episode 06: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Rhizoma Cimicifugae shēng má

Origin:
“This Sutra” Zhou Shengma (“This Sutra”), Zhou Ma (“Do Not Record”), Chicken Bone Cohosh (Tao Hongjing), Ghost Face Cohosh (“Compendium”), Green Cohosh (“Medical Guang Notes”) .

Actions and Indications: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
Published to clear the rash, clear away heat and detoxify, and lift up the sun.

(1) This product is weak in publication, and is rarely used for general symptoms. Because of its hair-transmitting effect, it is mostly used for measles poorly transmitted. It is often used in conjunction with Pueraria lobata. This product can clear away heat and detoxify to treat swollen gums, sore mouth and tongue, and throat swelling and pain caused by hyperactive stomach. It is often clinically compatible with gypsum, coptis, etc.; for fever, high fever, body rash, sore swelling and pain, cohosh It can be used with Yinhua, Lianqiao, Red Peony Root and Angelica. The role of cohosh in raising Yang Qi is similar to that of Bupleurum, so the two drugs are often used in conjunction with each other, and the Qi medicines Codonopsis and Huangqi are used to raise the sun. (

2) Cimicifuga, a medicine, mainly has the effects of lifting and clearing hair, clearing away heat and detoxification. Its function of lifting hair-lifting is similar to that of Bupleurum and Pueraria lobata, but it is more powerful. Combination of Bupleurum is used for lifting, and Pueraria lobata is used for rash. As for its good heat-clearing and detoxifying effect, this is its characteristic. It can be used with Coptis and Gypsum to treat stomach fire and toothache, and with Scutellaria, Forsythia, Burdock, Radix Isatidis, etc., it can treat erysipelas on the head and face.

Indications:
Chronic gas disease, headache, cold and heat, sore throat, mouth sores, impermeable macula; depression of the breath, chronic diarrhea, prolapse of the anus, women’s collapse, belt, uterine drop; carbuncle, swelling and sore poison.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
1. Shengma Gegen Decoction (“Yan’s Children’s Prescriptions”), relieve muscle and rash, treat typhoid fever, febrile disease, wind-heat and strong heat, headache, limb pain, sore rash has not occurred.

2. Xuan Du published decoction (“Acne rash Ren Duan Lu”), which relieves muscle and rash, treats measles at the beginning, can’t get out, body is hot and has no sweat, cough and sore throat.

3. Shengma Biejia Decoction Recipe (“Golden Chamber Synopsis”), treats yang toxin as a disease, red spots on the face such as brocade lines, sore throat, vomiting blood and pus.

4. Buzhong Yiqi Decoction (“Spleen and Stomach Theory”), nourishes the middle and nourishes qi, raises yang and raises depression, treats qi deficiency and depression, less qi and lazy speech, fever, spontaneous sweating, thirsty and warm drinking, chronic diarrhea, chronic dysentery, uterus Prolapse, prolapse of the anus, depression of Qingyang, etc.

5. Shengma Decoction (“Medical Inheritance in the Western Records”), to invigorate qi upsurge, treat depression of atmosphere in the chest, shortness of breath, dyspnea, delayed and weak pulse.

6. Juyuanjian (“Jingyue Quanshu”), replenishing qi and lifting up, treating qi deficiency and subsidence, bleeding and bleeding, severe risk of death and yang.

7. Shengma Pill (“Sheng Hui Fang”), cures throat and pharynx occlusion, and body fluid is blocked.

8. Shengma Decoction (“Shengji General Record”), cures the heart with wind-heat, sore sores all over.

9. Shengma Decoction (“Shengji General Record”), the treatment of carbuncle begins with hard, purplish skin, aversion to cold and strong heat, and one or two days without pus.

① Treat typhoid fever, febrile disease, wind-heat and strong heat, headache, limb pain, and sore that has not occurred: dried Pueraria lobata (file fine), cohosh, peony, licorice (file, burn) are divided into equal parts. The same as above is the rough end. Each serving is four dollars, one and a half cups of water, and one and a half cups of water. The amount is the same, and it is warm and timeless. Unknown, fever, headache, cold, cough, cheek moth: 5 points for cohosh, 8 points for Peucedanum, 5 points for Gan Pu, 5 points for Scutellaria baicalensis, 8 points for gardenia, 1 point for fried burdock, 3 points for licorice, 5 points for platycodon , Mint five cents, chuanxiong a money. Quoting Dengxin Decoction. (“Southern Yunnan Materia Medica” Chowma Decoction)

③Choice of the sky, the head, face and body beard around the circle, like a fire sore, all wear white pulp, follow the decision to live (not instant, the dramatist will die in a few days, heal After getting bad, the scar will be dark and purple, and the poisonous gas will disappear after ageing.): Boil the cohosh in thick water, and wash it with cotton. Bitter wine pickles boiled Mijia, but the dryness and pain are unbearable. (“Back of the elbow”)

④ Treat thunder head wind, swelling and pain of head and lumps, hate cold and strong heat, like typhoid fever: five coins each for cohosh and atractylodes, and one lotus leaf. Decoction. (“Medical Prescriptions” Qingzhen Decoction, which is “Suwen Pathogen Baoming Ji” Shengma Decoction)

⑤Treatment of throat occlusion, body fluid is blocked: half of Sichuan cohosh, one point for horse thistle, one point for alum, horse tooth Eliminate one point, Scrophulariaceae one point. The medicine is applied, and the pounding is the last, and the honey and pills are as big as neem. Wrapped in thin cotton, often contains a pill of pharyngeal fluid. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Shengma Pills)

⑥ Treatment of throat numbness and pain: Shengma tablets contain the pharynx, or take a half-two decoction to take vomiting. (“Renzhai Zhizhi Fang”)

⑦Treats Yang poison for disease, facial red spots such as brocade, sore throat, saliva pus and blood (curable in 5 days, incurable in 7 days): two or two cohosh, one or two angelica, Shujiao (fried to sweat) one or two, licorice two or two, turtle shell finger (sunburn), realgar half and two (yan). For six flavors, use four liters of water, boil one liter, and take it. The young and old take the sweat again. (“Synopsis of the Golden Chamber” Cohosh and Turtle Jia Decoction)

⑧ Treatment of mouth fever and sores: 30 baht for cohosh and 18 baht for coptis. The top two flavors are in the end, wrapped in cotton, and throat juice. (“A Thousand Gold Recipes”)

⑨ Treatment of gum flesh, swollen and painful gums, swollen and painful teeth, shaky teeth, short teeth, yellow teeth and bad breath: Qianghuo one or two, grass gentian (washed with wine) one or two five dollars, sheep shin bone Two-two ash, four-two cohosh. The top is fine powder, and the ashes of leno ziluo are used as fine dust powder for harmony. Stick to the gums when lying down. (“Lanshi Secret Store” Laoyasan)

⑩Treatment of stomach fever and toothache: decoction of cohosh, hot swallowing it. (“Renzhai Zhifang”)

⑾Treatment of dysentery: green cohosh (stir-fried in vinegar) one dollar, 30 lotus meat (heart-free, fried brown), and three coins ginseng. Water for one hour, fry for half a minute and drink, honey and pill are better, take every four dollars, and swallow with white soup. (“Medical General Notes”)

⑿ Treatment of blood collapse: 5 cents for cohosh, 5 cents for Bupleurum, 1 cent for Chuanxiong, 1 cent for Angelica dahurica, 6 cents for Nepeta ears, 6 cents for Angelica sinensis. Two bowls of water, one bowl of decoction, take the food from afar, just stop, no more than five or six servings. (“Mobaozhai Collection and Prescriptions”)

⒀ Treats inexhaustible ninjutsu after childbirth, or menstrual period-month, half year old, one year old: cohosh in three or two. Take five liters of sake, boil two liters, remove the drunk, and serve again. When vomiting evil things, don’t blame it. (“Qianjin Recipe”)

⒁Treats the heart with wind-heat, sore sores all over the body: cohosh, rhubarb (file, micro-fried), scutellaria (removing black heart), Citrus aurantium (removing the flesh, stir-fried with bran to make yellow), peony Twelve each, licorice (scorched) and angelica (cut, roasted) in half each. Roughly pound and sieve, take five-coin dagger each time, take one and a half cups of water, hold it in the heart of the lamp, fry until one cup, remove it, and take it before dinner. (“Choice of St. Francis” Cohosh Decoction)

⒂ Treatment of apoplexy, swelling, acute pain: Cohosh bitter wine rubbing Shangliang. (“Filling the back of the elbow”)

⒃Starting to cure carbuncle, hard, purple skin color, aversion to cold and strong heat, one or two days without pus: cohosh, forsythia, rhubarb (file, stir-fry), raw rehmannia (cut , Baking), Muxiang each one or two, Baigu, Scrophulariaceae each three points. Serve with seven flavors, mash and sieve coarsely. Take five money daggers, two water daggers, and fry until one, add half glauber salt and half money daggers for each serving. (“Choice of St. Francis” Cohosh Soup)

⒄ Treat lung carbuncle, vomit pus and blood, make odor, and pain between breasts and breasts: Sichuan cohosh, platycodon (stir-fried), coix seed, Diyu, Ziqin (scraped and peeled) ), Moutan bark, and white peony root, two and a half each, licorice three points, file the coarse powder, take one or two, water one and a half liters, decoct to five times, remove the water, take two or three times a day. (“Prescription” Chowder Decoction)

⒅ Treat heat and pruritus: Decoction of cohosh decoction and wash it. (“A Thousand Gold Prescriptions”)

Precautions and contraindications: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
Use with caution in those with deficiency of the spleen and stomach.

People experience headache, tremor, rigid limb contraction, and priapism after applying large doses; Cimicifine has no special pharmacological effects and can cause skin congestion and even form ulcers; oral administration can cause gastroenteritis, and in severe cases, breathing difficulties may occur. Delirium and so on. In mice and rats, the LD50 of isoferulic acid was 8.1 g/kg and 7.9 g/kg, respectively.

Caution: during pregnancy

Cons: dyspnoea; late-stage measles and yin void; Bleeding in the upper body

Drug interactions:
shēng má Cimicifugae Rhizoma and anticoagulants (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
shēng má Cimicifugae Rhizoma could potentiate the effect of anticoagulants; it can theoretically increase the concentration of the drug in the blood and thus increase the bleeding tendency.
(probably with long-term use!)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
1. “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: “It is the master to solve all kinds of poisons, to prevent temperature diseases and obstacles (a miasma and evil spirits).”
2. “Don’t Record”: “The main body is malignant abdominal pain, poisonous gas, headache, cold and heat, rheumatism, sore throat, and mouth sores.”
3. “Medicinal Properties”: “Cure children’s wind, epilepsy, and heat disease. It can treat rheumatism and pain, tooth roots swelling and foul smell, heat toxin pus. In addition to cardiopulmonary wind toxin and heat obstruction, aphthous, irritability. Treat carbuncle and pea sores; decocted with water and swab the sores.”
4. “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: “Quiet the soul and calms the soul, swims with wind, swelling and poison, and tantrums.”
5. “Decoction of Materia Medica”: “”The Secret of Indications”, the main lung atrophy coughs up saliva, pus and blood, and can sweat.”
6. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: “In children with acne, detoxification, throat (swelling); dumb cough and wheezing, lung heat, relieving tooth pain.”
7. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Relieve spot rash, promote blood stasis, treat yang and dizziness, chest and xenophobia, pain in the chest and hypothermia, heavy dysentery after prolonged ejaculation, turbidity, bleeding, collapsing, bloody, bloody, yin dysfunction Foot cold.” [1]

1. “This Sutra”: The main solution is to cure hundreds of poisons, prevent warm diseases, and prevent evil (one for the’Miasma Evil’).

2. “Don’t Record”: Mainly malignant abdominal pain, qi toxin, headache, cold and heat, wind and swelling and various poisons, sore throat, and aphthous sores.

3. “Drug Properties”: Treat children’s wind, epilepsy, and qi and heat disease. It can cure the swelling and pain of oral rheumatism, NI swelling, tooth roots swelling and foul smell, heat poisoning pus and blood. In addition to heart, lung, wind, toxin, heat, obstruction, mouth sores, and irritation. Treat carbuncle and pea sores; decocting with water and swab the sores.

4. “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: calm the soul and calm the soul, swim wind and swelling toxin, breath tantrum NI.

5. “Decoction of Materia Medica”: “Secrets of Indications”, the main lung fistula coughs up saliva, pus and blood, can sweat.

6. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: surface children’s acne, detoxification, throat (swelling); dumb cough and asthma, lung heat, relieving toothache, milk moths, and cheeks.

7. “Compendium”: Elimination of rash, blood stasis, treatment of yang and dizziness, chest and hypochondriac deficiency pain, chronic diarrhea, heavy dysentery, turbidity, bleeding, collapsing, bloody, bloody, yin Fetus foot cold.

8. “Medical Qiyuan”: cohosh, if it replenishes the spleen and stomach, it cannot be replenished if it is not used. If you get scallion white, Xiangzhi, etc., you can also use Yangming and Sun to relieve muscle heat. This medicine is also for Yangming colds of hands and feet. “Indications Secret Yao” states that there are four users: Yangming Yinjing on the hands and feet, two also; Yangming is under the supreme yin, and two are; . Spleen palsy can not be removed without cohosh.

9. Li Gao: Cohosh, which radiates Yangming and wind evils, raises the clear qi in the stomach, and induces the medicine of sweetness and warming to rise, so as to replenish the body of the qi, so it is used for those with insufficient vitality. Yang is rising from the yin. Slowly with the urgency of the pulse. If the stomach is weak and cold, and the Yang Qi is suppressed in the spleen soil, cohosh and Pueraria lobata should be promoted to disperse the fire depression. Introduce green onion, Sanshou Yangming and wind evil; Introduce plaster, relieve foot Yangming toothache; Ginseng, Astragalus, can not go up unless it is introduced.

10. “Tangye Materia Medica”: Dongyuanyun, cohosh enters the foot Yangming. If you have the sun syndrome of the first disease, take cohosh and pueraria lobata root in casual clothes, and cause sweating in the Yangming Jingjing, or you have lost the fault. . Zhu (brachial) cloud, blood stasis into the inside, if there is blood, vomiting blood, rhinoceros dihuang decoction, is also the holy medicine of Yangming Jing, if there is no rhino horn, it is replaced by cohosh. Cohosh and rhino horn are far different in nature and taste, why should they be used instead? Covering with cohosh is to induce rehmannia and the remaining medicine to enter Yangming ears at the same time. Zhong Jingyun, sun sickness, if you sweat, if you urinate, you will die of body fluid, and the stomach is dry. Because of the change to Yangming, the harm is beyond words.

11. “Compendium”: Cimicifuga induces Yangming and Qingqi up, Bupleurum induces Shaoyang Qingqi up. This is the most important medicine for the spleen and stomach to induce menstruation. and also. Shengma Gegen Decoction is also a medicine for dispersing Yangming wind and cold. Shizhen uses it to treat depression of yang, depression of vitality, and red eyes, and each has special effects. After the 50th year of the People’s Republic of China, there are more people whose qi has disappeared, fewer elderly people, more descendants, fewer ascenders, more orders in autumn and winter, but less orders in spring and summer. If you are weak and have previous evidence, it is appropriate to do this The law governs it by medicine. “Su Wen” says that the life of yin essence is given to his life, and the yang essence is to give his life. Throughout the ages, Zhang Jiegu and Li Dongyuan are just two of those who peek into the mystery and explain the subtleties. And cohosh can detoxify acne, but it can be used to detoxify at first fever. After the acne is out, people with weak breath or diarrhea can also use it sparingly. Its cohosh and pueraria decoction must not be used after spots are seen, so it can be dissolved. and also.

12. “Huiyan of Materia Medica”: cohosh, an agent for promoting yang. Cure typhoid fever and relieve the evil of Yangming on the surface (fever, forehead pain, orbital pain, dry nose, insomnia), acne XI occurs when it is secret, and when it is lingering. But the taste is bitter and cold, so the evil of wind-cold, fever without sweat; the evil of wind-heat, head wind attack and pain, and eye disease, swelling of the moth and throat, cohosh can be cured. Another example is internal injury of vitality, spleen and stomach failure, sinking to the point of Yin; or drunk and full housework, which damages Yang Qi and sinks into Yin; or chronic illness and diarrhea, sinking of Yang Qi, and then severe distress; or chronic illness and collapse In the middle, the yin collaterals are injured, and the leaching is not stopped; or the fetus transfers to the cell and falls, and the water is blocked; or the man bets with damp and heat, and the waist and knees are heavy; or the sore is inverted, purple and black; Close, cohosh can cure it. This medicine can disperse wind, dispel cold, clear heat, resolve sores, lift sags, support internal depression, and remove all poisons. And if the medicines cannot rise, only cohosh can rise. It can be seen to treat toothache with plaster and licorice, to make up for lack of coke with ginseng and astragalus, and to treat lung carbuncle pus and blood with platycodon and coltsfoot.

13. “Materia Medica”: cohosh, where carbuncle acne rash, yang deficiency can not start and dysentery and collapse, dream loss of the anus, yang deficiency depression, etc., use adjuvants, all suitable. If you are really angry, all flames and sun signs are not suitable for use. And its taste is bitter and the qi is scattered, if the blood qi is too weak, andThose who have no roots are not available.

14. “Medicine Huayi”: cohosh, good to promote clearing qi, less use of Zuo Shen and Qi Sheng to invigorate qi. Bupleurum induces liver qi from left to top, cohosh induces stomach qi from right to top, and the decoction of invigorating qi to invigorate the spleen has the effect of invigorating the vitality of the spleen, increasing the Qi of Qingyang and decreasing the Qi of cloudy Yin. Its taste is bitter and pungent. It can also be used to relieve muscles. It is also good at introducing ginseng, Qi Yiqi is smart, and Chaihu is used to treat fire and five upset heat. If you work hard and have a fire in your lungs, you may raise Yang Qi, help the fire and produce phlegm, avoid it.

15. “New Edition of Materia Medica”: Cohosh must be shared with Qi and blood medicine. It can be used as an adjuvant but not a monarch. The world considers its qi to disperse and dare not use it more. However, there are many uses, such as “Compendium of Materia Medica” and “Jingshu” have not been mentioned. Husband cohosh can be used for many purposes, and it is also the disease of spotting. Where the heat is not too much, there will be no spots, but the internal heat is so great that it will be emitted outside, and the fur is strong and cannot escape, so it can not be scattered when it sees spots. Cimicifuga is not a spot-reducing medicine. If you want to retreat spots, you must relieve its internal heat. The antipyretic medicine must not go out Yuanshen, Ophiopogon japonicus and Qin, Lian, Gardenia, etc., but Yuanshen, Ophiopogon japonicus and Qin, Lian, Gardenia can go down, but cannot go outside. Cohosh must be used to attract the medicines from the fur, and the spots will disappear. If the cohosh is used less and cannot be taken out, it will inevitably heat the inside and move towards the large and small intestines. . On the husband’s fire inflammation, those who cause it to rise are easy to disperse, and those who let it go down are difficult to solve, so it must be used more, and the fiery poison is digested with Yuanshen, Ophiopogon and Qin, Lian, Gardenia and the like. Approximately Yuanshen and Ophiopogon can be used for one and two. The cohosh can be used as much as five dollars, as little as four or three dollars. It is not known why Zhongjing used cohosh to stop the blood. The husband vomits blood from the stomach, and the blood from the lungs. Rehmannia glutinosa must be used to stop bleeding. Non-cohosh can be used to stop the blood. Those who use cohosh, but use it to introduce rehmannia glutinosa into the lungs and stomach ears. For this kind of disease, avoid using more cohosh. If you use less, you can succeed with each other. You must not spend more than a dollar.

16. “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: Cohosh and Pueraria lobata can cause acne, but it can be used at the first fever. Do not take it after seeing the spot, for its qi rises, initiates heat toxins, and the harm is unpredictable, and measles is especially forbidden , A missed shot, Pan Man Lizhi. According to cohosh, which belongs to yang and sex rise, it can help yang to defend against yin evil, so it is used in the prescriptions for leaching, diarrhea, and prolapse. The ancient prescription cures mouth dysentery, stirs up cohosh with vinegar, introduces ginseng and lotus meat, and supports the stomach to eat, which has great magical effect.

17. “Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica”: Cohosh, similar to Pueraria lobata, but the sweetness and bitterness, can induce white onion into the lungs, disperse wind and cold and sweat, and inducing gypsum can cure headaches and toothaches at the top of Yangming , Yin Shen and Qi can enter the spleen and stomach to nourish the spleen, and with Bupleurum, Qi, Atractylodes macrocephala can be used for warming medicine to replenish Wei Qi. It’s not like Pueraria lobata specializes in entering the stomach, raising body fluids and relieving muscles without introducing various medicines to consolidate qi. But when cohosh is supplemented with Pueraria lobata root, it is effective when it enters Yangming to promote body fluid and relieve muscle. Same as Bupleurum sylvestris raises qi, then Bupleurum can raise Yang of Shaoyang liver meridian, and cohosh can raise yang of Stomach meridian. become.

18. “Materia Medica Justice”: Cimicifuga, its nature is quite similar to Bupleurum. Since the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, it has also been constantly supplemented with Bupleurum, but Bupleurum has a half-surface and half-internal shaoyang to relieve the suppression of the liver and gallbladder; Ma Xuan produces the Yang Ming of the muscles and promotes the stagnation of the spleen and stomach, its use is very close, and its main is different, it is best to pay attention to it. Therefore, various syndromes of spleen and stomach deficiency and depression, such as chronic dysentery, turbidity and collapse, intestinal wind and drenching, chronic hemorrhoids, prolapse of the anus, etc. , And Chaihu is still the assistant of cohosh, and Dongyuan replenishes Qi and raises Yang. As for the deficiency of the liver and kidney, the yin is thin at the bottom and the yang is floating at the top. Cohosh can radiate the wind evil of Yangming muscle and sweat through the surface, and its power is quite strong, but it is suitable for those who show the depression of evil. The nature of rising again, can in addition to the headache of wind and cold at the top, but it is also suitable for the evil of wind and cold, and the headache of the liver-yang tomb is also a big taboo. , The liver yang is the most, the so-called yang depression is very unsolvable, I am afraid that it is not suitable for the medicine. Dongyuan is said to stop Yangming toothache, and the cover is used to induce stomach clearing medicine. It enters Yangming meridian ears. Non-cohosh can also relieve toothache.

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Sheng Ma (cimicifuga)
The rhizome of Xingan cohosh contains ferulic acid, isoferulic acid, caffeic acid, [E]-3-(3′-methyl-2′-butenylene)- 2-indolinone〔[E]-3-(3′-methyl-2′-butenylidene)-2-indokinone],[Z]-3-(3′-methyl-2′-butenylidene)- 2-indolinone, cimifugin, visnagin, norvisnagin, visamminol, cimicilen, 12-hydroxy 12-hydroxycimigenol arabinoside (12-hydroxycimigenol arabinoside) and β-sitosterol (β-sitosterol), cimigenol (cimigenol), cimigenyl xyloside, Xing’ansheng Dahurinol is a glycoside of aglycone, and also contains cimigenyl xyloside, dahurinol is a glycoside of aglycon, and also contains cimicifugoside and cimigenyl xyloside. Glycoside (shengmanol xyloside), acetylhydroshengmanol xyloside, 24-acetylhydroshengmanol xyloside (24-acetylhydroshengmanol xyloside), and it is believed that the fresh rhizome of Xing’an cohosh does not contain cohomic epoxide alcohol Xyloside, 25-O-acetyl and 25-O-methylchodiol xyloside are artificial artifacts produced in the process of separating components.

This product contains cohoshine, salicylic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, tannins, etc.; Xing’an cohosh contains cohosh bitter, cohosh alcohol, cohosh xyloside, north cohosh alcohol, and isoferulide Acid, dentate, dentate, cimicifuga, saponins.

Cohosh has a moderate antibacterial effect on Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus albicans and Catalococcus.
North cohosh extract has antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
Cohosh has an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system. The extracts of cohosh and single ear cohosh can reduce the activity of animals, reduce the normal body temperature of rats, have antipyretic effect on rats’ fever caused by mixed vaccine of typhoid and paratyphoid, and have analgesic effect on mice. Cohosh extract can combat convulsions caused by camphor or strychnine.
Cimicifuga has a certain inhibitory effect on intestinal spasm caused by acetylcholine chloride, histamine and barium chloride. It also has the effects of inhibiting the heart, slowing down the heart rate and lowering blood pressure.
Cimicifuga can protect the liver. The methanol extract of cohosh and xyloside of cohosh can inhibit the liver injury caused by carbon tetrachloride, and can reduce the degeneration, necrosis of liver cells and the increase of alanine aminotransferase.
Cohosh has the dual effects of anticoagulation and hemostasis. Cohosh extract can prolong the time for bovine thrombin to condense human fibrinogen in vitro, showing a strong anticoagulant effect. Cohosh can shorten the bleeding time before and after charcoal frying, and can also shorten the clotting time to a certain extent, and has obvious hemostatic effect.

[Function] 1. Antibacterial effect: Cimicifuga can inhibit the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the test tube. The water infusion (1:4) of its variant CimicifugafoetidaL.Var.SimplexHuth. in the test tube has varying degrees of inhibition on dermatophytes such as Flavus vulgaris.

2. Anti-inflammatory effect: Cohosh has anti-inflammatory effect on the foot swelling caused by rat carrageenan or dextran, and has a tendency to reduce the area of ​​hepatic hilar ulcers caused by lactic acid or acetic acid.

3. Effect on the circulatory system: injection of cohosh extract in animals has the effects of lowering blood pressure, inhibiting myocardium, and slowing down heart rate.

4. Xing’an cohosh has a sedative effect on the central nervous system of animals; it can lower blood pressure, strengthen the heartbeat amplitude without affecting its rhythm; relax the smooth muscle of the small intestine; it can be used for patients with mild hypertension, which can reduce blood pressure and improve symptoms. It can also enhance the secretion of glands in the bronchi and digestive tract. It has a contraction effect on the uterus and is sometimes used for irregular menstruation.

5. Antipyretic effect: gavage with 1-2g/kg of cohosh extract can reduce the normal body temperature of rats and has antipyretic effect on fever caused by typhoid and paratyphoid mixed vaccine.

6. Analgesic effect: Gavage of 1g/kg or 5g/kg of cohosh extract to mice can significantly inhibit the writhing response caused by acetic acid, but does not show analgesic effect on the tail pressure stimulation method.

7. Effect on smooth muscle: Animal experiments show that cohosh can inhibit isolated intestines and pregnant uterus, but it has an excitatory effect on non-pregnant uterus and bladder. Dentamidol has a certain effect on intestinal spasm caused by acetylcholine chloride, histamine hydrochloride or barium chloride. Dentamisole’s effect is weaker than that of dentamidol.

8. Other effects: The alcohol extract of cohosh can inhibit mouse convulsions caused by camphor or strychnine, and has antibacterial and inhibitory effects on human cervical cancer cell line JTC-26. It also has the function of raising white blood cells and inhibiting the aggregation and release of platelets.

Episode 06: Chan Tui (cicada moulting) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)

PERIOSTRACUM CICADAE chán tuì
Cicada slough, the name of Chinese medicine. It looks like a cicada but is hollow and slightly curved. It is about 100px long and 50px wide. The surface is yellowish brown, translucent and shiny. The head has 1 pair of filamentous antennae, most of which have been broken off, the compound eyes are prominent, the apex of the neck is prominent, the muzzle is developed, the upper lip is wide and short, and the lower lip is elongated into a tube. The back of the chest has cross-shaped lobes, the slits are curled inward, and there are 2 pairs of small wings on both sides of the back; there are 3 pairs of feet on the ventral surface, covered with yellow-brown fine hairs. The abdomen is blunt and round, with 9 sections in total. Light, hollow and fragile. Odorless, light taste. Functions: dissipate wind-heat, clear eruption and relieve throat, relieve iris and improve eyesight, dispel wind and stop spasm.

It is the molting of the black grasshopper after the emergence of the cicada family insect.

Actions and Indications: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
Evacuate wind-heat, relieve the throat, clear the rash, improve eyesight and reduce haze, relieve wind and stop spasm.

Dispel wind and heat, relieve pharynx, clear rash, reduce pannus, and relieve spasm.

Indications:
It is used for wind-heat and cold, early onset of febrile disease, sore throat, dumb sound, measles impermeable, rubella and itching, red eyes and obscurity, rapid convulsion, tetanus syndrome, and children’s night crying.

It is used for wind-heat and cold, sore throat, dumb voice, impervious measles, rubella itching, red eyes and convulsions, convulsions, and tetanus.

(1) It is used for exogenous wind-heat, fever and cold, cough, rubella, skin pruritus and other symptoms. Cicada slough has the effect of dispersing wind and heat, and is often used with mint when used for wind-heat symptoms. It also has the function of dispelling wind and relieving itching for rubella and itching.

(2) Used for poor measles transmission. Cicada sheds its hair through and has a heat-clearing effect. Because it is mainly used to relieve wind and heat, it is mostly used for measles with poor transmission at the beginning. It is often used with burdock and peppermint; but if heat rash is not smooth, it can be combined Lithospermum, Forsythia and other applications.

(3) It is used for sore throat and dull voice. Swelling and sore throat treated by cicada slough is generally suitable for those who are caused by external wind-heat, because it has the effect of soothing wind-heat and throat-relieving, it is often used in combination with peppermint, burdock seed, forsythia, platycodon, and licorice. As for the treatment of sound dumbness, it is appropriate to use those caused by wind-evil stagnation of the lung and loss of lung qi, and the power of activating the lungs to activate the sound is often used in combination with Platycodon grandiflorum, Jade Butterfly, and Fatty Dahai.

(4) It is used for red and swollen eyes and pansies to cover eyes. This product has the effect of improving eyesight and relieving haze caused by wind-heat and haze, and measles.

①Treatment of tetanus

Take the cicadas off their heads and feet, dry them and grind them. Adults take 3 times a day, each time ~ 5 yuan, with 2 taels of rice wine. Decrease in children. At the same time, with acupuncture, sedatives, antibiotics, etc., tracheotomy is performed when necessary. 24 to 48 hours after taking the medicine, the whole body often sweats, flushing on the face, and then a small scattered rash appears all over the body, and the body temperature rises. If the total number of white blood cells is not high, no special treatment is needed, but attention must be paid to water supply. After the paroxysmal convulsions stop, the dosage can be reduced as appropriate, and the drug can be stopped when the patient can open his mouth freely and the persistent spasm of the back and abdominal muscles disappears. Twenty-nine cases were treated clinically, and only one died.

②Treatment of chronic urticaria

Take the cicada slough, wash, dry, fry, grind, sieving, and refine the honey into pills, each weighing 3 yuan; or take 2 cicada sloughs, 1 tribulus terrestris, and appropriate amount of honey to make pills, each weighing 3 For money, take 2 to 3 times a day, each time the pill, take it with warm water. Treated 30 cases of chronic urticaria, 7 cases were cured, 15 cases were markedly effective, and 5 cases improved. In effective cases, symptoms improved after taking the medicine for 2 to 3 days; the skin lesions gradually subsided; the symptoms and skin lesions can be completely disappeared or basically disappeared after taking the medicine for 5 to 7 days; continuing to take the medicine for 15 to 20 days can consolidate the effect and prevent recurrence.

③Treatment of purulent otitis

Take 1 cicada to dry and grind finely, add borneol for 1 minute and light powder for 8 minutes, mix thoroughly and set aside. First wash the affected ear with hydrogen peroxide, then blow in an appropriate amount of cicada to remove the powder, once a day, if you find dizziness, nausea and other symptoms, Should be deactivated immediately. 19 cases were treated, 6 cases were cured, and the other 13 cases were discontinued due to treatment, and the effect is unknown.

Cicada slough for treatment of angioedema

This disease is also called giant urticaria. It is a localized edema caused by the expansion of small blood vessels in the skin and mucous membranes and increased permeability.Most of them are caused by allergies. Edema caused by allergies after mosquito bites is also one of the types. The loose parts of the skin junction, such as the eyelids, lips, scrotal foreskin, etc. The skin is tight, shiny, unclear, and the foreskin is pale red or pale. Due to the edema, there is discomfort such as swelling, numbness, and itching. The main oral agent is often more effective than antihistamine preparations, and the combination of oral and external washing can take effect more quickly.It cannot be taken orally with a single-flavored decoction and wet compress.

Attached: 15 grams of cicada slough, 10 grams of Bupleurum, 10 grams of Psyllium, 6 grams of Phellodendron, 10 grams of Liu Yi San 10 grams of water.

Cicada sloughs can relieve cough

Cicada slough can relieve coughs, especially cough with itchy throat. It can quickly relieve cough and itching and heal the cough. It can be used regardless of wind, cold, wind and heat. When coughing, the throat is itchy. Take 10 grams of cicada slough and take a single decoction. effect.

Cicada sloughs for cough and asthma

This quality is light and tastes thin and returns to the lung meridian, can clear heat and disperse wind, open lung qi, and lung qi can be released, then the airway will be unobstructed, phlegm dampness will be reduced, adverse qi will be reduced, so as to achieve the purpose of relieving asthma, relieving cough and resolving phlegm. It can be used in the prescription for relieving asthma, relieving cough and resolving phlegm, which can improve the curative effect.

Cicada slough used for tinnitus and deafness

Attached prescription: 15 grams of cicada slough, 15 grams of chrysanthemum, 15 grams of white tribulus, 10 grams of kudzu root, 10 grams of red spoon, 10 grams of peonies, 15 grams of adenophora, 10 grams of branches, and decoction in water

Fang Zhong cicada moults the liver meridian to clear wind and heat, tonic ear orifices, cong ears to calm the ears, chrysanthemum and terrestris branches help cicadas to shed heat and disperse wind, Pueraria lobata promotes clearing yang, red spoon Danpi cools blood to relieve blood and clears collaterals, and sand ginseng nourishes yin Clear heat. Clinical addition and subtraction with symptoms, all have good effects.

Cicada decidual hydrocele

The symptoms are stagnation of the liver meridian, stagnation of water and dampness, and water hernia. The medicinal cicada sloughs 30 grams of water and decocted with local hot compresses, 3-4 times a day, healed halfway the next day, and disappeared again. Swelling

Cicada sloughs children’s night cry

Babies cry at night. For those who are annoying and have no organic or infectious diseases, use 15-20 grams of cicadas, decoct them with sugar, and feed them before going to bed to sleep peacefully.

(5) Used for tetanus, pediatric convulsion, night cry and other diseases. Cicada slough can dispel external wind and internal wind, depending on convulsions and convulsions. For tetanus, it can be used with whole scorpion; it can be used with Uncaria for convulsions and epilepsy caused by night crying in children. .

Herb combinations and Formulas: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
1. It can be used with peppermint, burdock seed, honeysuckle and forsythia. It can be used for symptoms such as throat swelling and pain, hoarseness and so on.
2. It can be used with nepeta, parsnips and sophora flavescens. It can be used for rheumatism soaking the skin blood vessels, skin pruritus and other symptoms.
3. It can be used with chrysanthemum, Tribulus terrestris, Cassia seed, and Plantago seed. It can be used for symptoms such as wind-heat upset or liver-fire upset, red eyes, swelling and pain, and shadow covering eyes.
4. It can be used with gastrodia elata, silkworm, scorpion, araceae, and can be used for tetanus syndrome such as closed teeth, twitching of hands and feet, and reflexes.

Pattern combinations:
① Treatment of wind and temperature at the beginning, new sense of wind-heat, winter temperature invades the lungs, cough: mint is five cents, cicadas are refunded one cent (with feet and wings removed), front hu is five cents, light tempeh four cents, melons The shell is two dollars, and the burdock is five cents a dollar. Decoction. (“Sickness in Time” Xin Liang Relieving Table Method)

② Treatment of cough, lung qi stagnation is disadvantageous: cicada shell (remove soil, stir-fry), ginseng (return to lu), schisandra each one or two, tangerine peel and licorice (sunburn) each half two. A total of details. Half a coin per serving, under ginger soup, all the time. (“General Prescriptions on Pediatric Hygiene” Cicada Shell Soup)

③Cure colds, coughs and aphonia: one dollar for cicada clothes, three dollars for burdock seeds, one dollar for licorice, and five cents for platycodon. Decoction served. (“Modern Practical Chinese Medicine”)

④ Treatment of unpleasant acne: comfrey, cicada slough, mutong, peony, licorice (sunburn) are divided into equal parts. Take two yuan per serving, decoction in water. (“Pediatric Acne Prescriptions” Kuaitosan)

⑤ Treatment of wind-chicken skin itching endless: cicada slough, mint leaves equal parts. For the end. One money dagger for wine, three days a day. (“Yao Sengtan’s Prescriptions”)

⑥ Fever, itching and scratching after treatment of acne: the cicada retreats, and the skin of the earth is one or two each. For the end. Take two or three spoons per serving, and take two or three times of liquor. (“Chishui Profound Pearl” Cicada Flower Scattered)

⑦Treatment of epileptic fever and convulsion: half two cicada shells (remove soil, stir-fry), half two ginseng (removal), one point scutellaria, one point for Fushen, one point for cohosh, the above fines; one point for bezoar ( Another research), Tianzhuhuang is one coin (Research), and oyster is one cent (Research). The same as the above, every half of the money, fry the nepeta and mint soup and take it all the time. (“General Prescriptions for Pediatric Hygiene” Cicada Shell Powder)

⑧ Treatment of children’s sky hanging, the boss looking up, phlegm fever: Taurus, boiled in water for a day, dried in the sun, each serving one word, adjust it with cold water. (“Hygiene Easy Prescription”)

⑨ To treat children with silenced wind and no breasts at birth: 27 cicadas shed and 27 scorpions. For the end, add a little light powder and adjust the milk. (“All Children’s Heart Lesson”)

⑩To treat children crying at night: Two or seven cicadas are retreated, and a little cinnabar. In the end, refine the honey pill to make the child suck. (“Chishui Profound Pearl” cicada retreat ointment) Or use forty-nine cicadas to slough off, cut the front part, and then cut and grind to the end. Take four times and adjust the Uncaria Decoction.

⑾Treatment of tetanus: the cicada sheds (removes the soil) not much. For the details. Mixed on the sore, the poisonous gas dissipates. (“The Yang Family Tibetan Prescription” Zhuifeng San)

⑿ Treatment of sores in the eyes or pandemic after illness: Cicada slough (wash, remove soil), and white chrysanthemums are divided into equal parts. Each serving is two dollars, one cup of water, a little bit of honey and decoction, after milking, measure the size. (“Prescriptions for Pediatric Acne” Chanju San)

⒀Treatment of cataracts: dragon retreat (namely snake skin), cicada retreat, phoenix retreat (bird flower chicken egg shell), human retreat, Buddha shed (namely silkworm paper). Divide them into equal parts, not by much, and burn them in one place for ashes, and grind them into fines. Take one dollar for each serving, eat hot pig liver, and take three servings a day regardless of the time. (“Longmu Lun of Ophthalmology” Five Retreats)

⒁ Treatment of boils: the cicada retreats the shell and the white silkworm is divided into equal parts. The top is the last, the vinegar is adjusted and spread around, leaving the sore, until the root emerges a little longer, then the root is pulled out, and then the sore is coated with medicine. One side does not use vinegar, but uses oil to blend the coating. (“Sheng Hui Fang” cicadas shed) Or use cicadas to fry them at the end, take a coin with honey water, and use saliva to adjust the end and apply to the affected area.

⒂Treatment of scrofula: Open the walnut, take out half of the flesh, fill it with cicadas, seal it with loess mud, tie it tightly, set it to dry on a slow fire, the mud will fall off, and then grind the walnuts into fine noodles and use yellow wine as a guide. Take it with boiling water, take one in the morning and take it for 100 days. (“Hebei Traditional Chinese Medicine Collection”)

⒃Treatment of pus in ears: half of cicadas slough off (burning), half of musk (fried). The last is the last, wrap it up, chase out evil things. (“Above the Sea”)

⒄ Treatment of swelling in children: half of the cicadas slough off, decoct and wash; still take Wulingsan, that is, swelling and pain relief. (“World Medicine’s Effective Recipe”) (mostly due to sitting on the ground or being injured by insects and ants)

⒅ Newborn children, mouth-watering and not breast-feeding. Use more than ten cicadas and scorpions (detox) to shed more than ten pieces. The final study will be done. Add a little powder and mix thoroughly with milk.

⒆Tetanus (fever). Stir-fried with cicadas, research is the last, and the wine is served with a coin, which is extremely effective. Another prescription: If you are proud to shed the research to the end, add green onion and mix thoroughly, smear the broken area, and the bad water will flow out, and the effect will be established. The name of this party is “Zuifeng San”.

⒇Stomach fever and vomiting, use 50 cicadas (to remove the mud), and one or two talc. The final study is two dollars per serving, a bowl of water, and honey. The name is “Qing Ge San”

Precautions and contraindications: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
Pregnant women should use it with caution.

Toxicity: Cicada slough injection 1mg/tail vein injection, observation for 24h, no mice died.

Cicada slough injection (coarse powder is extracted with 95% ethanol to obtain a white solid, the injection contains 0.4% alcohol extract, equivalent to 0.16g/ml of crude drug), mouse ip maximum dose is 3.7ml/10g, equivalent to alcohol extract 1480mg/kg , The minimum dose is 0.68ml/10g, which is equivalent to 272mg/kg of alcohol extract. Observe the number of deaths within 24h after administration. The results are shown in Table 18. The LD50 is 809±41.8mg/kg calculated by modified Kou’s method. No death was found in mice with a dose of 8000 mg/kg of ecdysal extract of po cicada. For example, if the mice are continuously ip cicada sloughing injection for 10 days, the daily dose must be less than 1/20 of the LD50 to avoid death; if the daily dose reaches 1/6 of the LD50, continuous medication for 7 days can cause all mice to die. In the acute toxicology experiment of each part of cicada slough, 39 mice were selected and randomly divided into 6 groups. The test solution containing 100% and 200% of each part was made by decoction and alcohol precipitation of each part, and the tail vein of each mouse was pushed slowly Note that after 24 hours of observation, no mice died. If the dose was doubled again, there were still no deaths, indicating a large safety margin.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
1. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “The main treatment of cicadas is all wind-heat syndromes. The ancients used the body and later generations used it to shed. It is probably used to treat the internal organs and meridians. [1] 2. “Theory of Drug Properties”: “Cure children’s body full of heat and epilepsy, and can also quench thirst.”
3. “Materia Medica Yanyi”: “Cures eyes faint. Decoction of shell juice with water can cure unpleasant sores in children.”

① “Compendium”: “Cicada, the main treatment is all wind-heat syndrome, ancient people use the body, later generations use slough, probably to treat the internal organs and meridians, should use the cicada body; to treat skin sores and wind-heat, should use the cicada slough.”

②Zhang Shouyi: “Cicadas slough off, predominantly epilepsy in children, epilepsy in children, and more internal heat, which is the so-called combination of blood and qi in “Su Wen”. Qi and fire can’t make it rush, so the true meaning of it can cure epilepsy. Zhen Quan said that cicadas can cure children’s strong heat, and the meaning is the same. Eye mask, children’s acne, actual heat is more, cold can overcome Heat is the main reason. The lake is also called to treat acne rash as itching, but it is suitable for those with more than the actual heat. If the qi is insufficient, it is not mixed.”

Pharmacology and Contemporary Research: Chan Tui (cicada moulting)
①Anticonvulsant effect

Cicada Xie San, Wuhu Zhuifeng Powder (Cicada Xie, Tomorrow Ma, Southern Star, Cinnabar, Stiff Silkworm, Whole Scorpion) treat tetanus caused by tetanus toxin in rabbits, whether given at the same time as tetanus toxin injection, or in systemic Giving after the onset of tetanus symptoms can prolong the average survival time of the affected animals, but it cannot prevent them from death. The cicada slug extract and bee slug decoction have a slightly delayed effect on the death time of mice injected with tetanus toxin. The decoction of cicada slough and Wuhu Zhuifeng powder can resist the death of mice caused by convulsion caused by strychnine, cocaine and nicotine, and partly eliminate the muscle tremor caused by nicotine. Wuhu Zhuifeng powder can still resist the convulsion caused by cardiazo. die.

②Sedation

Cicada slough and Wuhu Zhuifeng powder can inhibit the free movement of mice and have a synergistic effect with cyclohexylbarbital sodium; at the same time, it can cause systemic reactions such as reduced activity, quietness, reduced striated muscle tone, and retarded righting reflex in rabbits.

③Cicada decoction can block the conduction of the upper sympathetic ganglion of the cat’s neck, but has no effect on the antihypertensive response of adrenergic receptors and acetylcholine.

Episode 06: Man Jing Zi (vitex) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Man Jing Zi(vitex)

Fructus Vititcis màn j ī ng z ĭ Vitex seed
Vitex seed, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. Alias: Vitex seed, Vitex seed, Vitex seed, Vitex seed, Vitex seed, white backed agaric, small knife bean vine, white backed wind, white backed grass. The source is the dry and mature fruit of single leaf Vitex or Vitex Vitex of Verbenaceae. It is mainly produced in Shandong, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian and other provinces. The taste is pungent and bitter, and the nature is slightly cold. Return to lung, bladder and liver meridian. Its main effect is to evacuate wind heat, clear the head and dehumidify the joints. It is often used for external headache, partial positive headwind, dizziness, dark eyes, red eyes with tears, eye pain, gingival swelling and pain, damp arthralgia and contracture.

Origin:
Collection notes of Materia Medica classic

Actions and Indications: Man Jing Zi (vitex)
Evacuate the wind heat, clear the head and dehumidify the joints.
Indications:
External headache, partial positive headwind, dizziness, dark eyes, red eyes with tears, eye pain, gingival swelling and pain, dampness arthralgia and contracture.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Man Jing Zi (vitex)
(1) It is used to feel headache caused by wind heat. It is often used in combination with Fangfeng, chrysanthemum, plaster, etc; For head wind headache, this product can be used in combination with Ligusticum, Ligusticum chuanxiong, etc. It is often used in combination with chrysanthemum, Ligusticum chuanxiong, cassia seed, etc.
Pattern combinations:
① Cure the head wind: two liters of vine and wattle (at the end) and a bucket of wine. In a silk bag, soak for seven nights, warm clothes for three, three days a day. (Qianjin recipe)
② Treat wind and cold invading eyes, swelling and tears, astringency and Shyness: three coins for Vitex, two coins for Schizonepeta and Tribulus terrestris, one coin for Bupleurum and Fangfeng, and five cents for licorice. Fried in water. (summary of Materia Medica)
③ Treat labor, improper diet, cataract and eye diseases: one or two Astragalus membranaceus and ginseng, eight cents for roasted licorice, two and a half cents for manjingzi, three cents for Cortex Phellodendri (fried four times with wine), three cents for white peony. Chew on the mouth and fry in water for three or five yuan each. (secret collection of orchid room manjingzi soup)

Precautions and contraindications: Man Jing Zi (vitex)
Those with blood deficiency and fire headache, dizziness and stomach deficiency should take it carefully.

① Notes to materia medica classic: Aconitum, gypsum.
② Medical Qiyuan: people with stomach deficiency should not take it. They are afraid of phlegm.
③ Herbal classic: the leader’s pain is not due to wind evil, but due to blood deficiency and fire.
④ Summary of materia medica: flaccidity, arthralgia and contracture are not caused by the evil of rheumatism, but not for those with dry blood and muscle failure due to Yang deficiency; Cold hernia beriberi is not affected by Yin and dampness, and should not be used for those who lose their liver and spleen.
Caution: emptiness of the spleen
Drug interactions:
màn j ī ng z ĭ Viticis Fructus and anticoagulants (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
màn j ī ng z ĭ Viticis Fructus could increase the effect of anticoagulants; it can theoretically increase the concentration of the drug in the blood and thus increase the bleeding tendency.
(probably with long-term use!)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Man Jing Zi (vitex)
① Compendium of materia medica: “the vine and wattle are solid, the Qi is light, the taste is pungent, the body is light and floating, and the upward movement is scattered. Therefore, all the masters are sick of wind deficiency on the head and face.” [1] ② According to the book of materia medica: “the vine and wattle are solid, Shennong tastes bitter, slightly cold and non-toxic; the book bielu adds Xin and pingwen.” according to its function, it should be the nature of bitter, warm and pungent powder, but there is little cold. Qi is clear, taste is thin, float and rise, and Yang is also. Cold and heat between the main muscles and bones, dampness arthralgia and contracture, wind headache, tinnitus and tears in the eyes are covered with the evil of six Yin. Wind hurts tendons and cold hurts bones, which is cold and heat, or even dampness arthralgia or contracture; It is also sufficient for the pulse of the sun, sandwiching the spine and collaterals in the brain along the neck. The eye is the position of opening the orifices of Jueyin. When evil hurts the two meridians, there will be headache, tinnitus and tears in the eyes. This medicine tastes pungent and warm. If it enters the two Zang organs and dissipates the evil of wind and cold, all the syndromes will be eliminated. The nine orifices are unblocked when evil is removed, and the glossy fat is caused by Bi powder. Although the teeth belong to the kidney, the bed belongs to Yangming. If Yangming is away from wind heat, attack the teeth. In order to shake the swelling and pain and disperse the wind heat of Yangming, the teeth will strengthen themselves. Those who remove white insects and long insects fake their bitter and pungent taste.
③ Summary of materia medica: “Manjingzi is also the medicine for various wind diseases on the head. In the ancient times, it was used to dredge the nine orifices, invigorate the joints, brighten the eyes and firm the teeth, and eliminate the evil of wind cold and wind heat. Its pungent and mild dispersion floats upward, so it was used to control various syndromes of deficiency of wind on the head. In terms of promoting the nine orifices and benefiting the joints, it was used to treat dampness, arthralgia and contracture, cold hernia and beriberiberi in later generations. It was used repeatedly and worked well, and it was not limited to the upper part of the head.”
④ “New edition of Materia Medica”: “manjingzi, supplemented with traditional Chinese medicine, is the most effective in treating headache. Because it is light and weak, it is easy to rise. If you rely on it alone and want to win over Russia, you can’t.”
Shennong materia medica classic: it tastes bitter and slightly cold. It mainly cures cold and heat between muscles and bones, dampness, contracture, eyesight and firmness
Vitex seed
Teeth, benefit nine orifices, remove white insects.
Other records of famous doctors: remove long worms, treat wind, headache, brain ringing, tears and Qi. Long service makes people shiny, fat and long hair.
On medicinal properties: Minister. He can cure thieves and grow moustaches and hair.
Rihuazi materia medica: benefit joints, treat red eyes and epilepsy.
“Kaibao Materia Medica”: it tastes bitter, pungent, mild, warm and non-toxic. It’s mainly windy, headache, tinnitus and tears. It’s shiny, fat and long hair.
“Medicine Dharma image”: it can cure headache and dizziness in taiyangjing, except dizziness and dark eyes. It is also a medicine for dispersing wind evil. If people with stomach qi deficiency can’t take it, they may suffer from phlegm disease.
Tang Ye materia medica: elephant says: it can cure headache, dizziness and depression in the sun meridian, and remove dark eyes. It is a medicine for dispersing wind and evil. People with stomach deficiency should not take it, for fear of phlegm disease.
“Zhen” says: cool the meridians and blood, stop headache, and focus on the pain in the eyes.
“Materia Medica” says: Evil Aconitum, gypsum.
Herbal play: Jiegu cloud: clear Qi, pungent and warm taste. It is also a medicine to treat the headache of the sun, dull head, dark eyes and dispel wind evil. It can’t be taken by people for stomach qi, which may hurt phlegm diseases. The main treatment secret says: bitter, sweet, Yin in Yang. Cool the blood heat of various meridians, stop headache and dark eyes.
“Herbal classic”: the vine and wattle are made of Yang Qi and gold. Shennong tastes bitter, slightly cold and non-toxic. Another record
Vitex seed
》 Jiaxin calms the temperature. Its function should be bitter, warm and pungent, but there is little cold. The Qi is clear and the taste is thin, floating and rising, and the Yang is also. It enters the foot sun, the foot Jueyin, and the Foot Yangming Meridian. It mainly covers the cold and heat between muscles and bones, dampness arthralgia and contracture, wind headache pain, tinnitus, eyes and tears. It is covered with the evil of six evils. The wind hurts the tendons, cold hurts the bones, and it is cold and heat, or even dampness arthralgia, or contracture and foot sun The pulse is sandwiched between the spine and collaterals in the brain along the neck. The eyes are in the position of opening the orifices of Jueyin. If the evil injures the two meridians, the headache and brain sound will come out from the tears. This medicine tastes pungent and warm. If it enters the two Zang organs and dissipates the evil of wind, cold and dampness, all the evidence will be eliminated. If the evil goes away, the nine orifices will be unblocked. Bi powder is caused by luster and fat. Although the teeth are the kidney, the bed belongs to Yangming, and the wind heat of Yangming guest attacks the teeth. In order to shake the swelling and pain and dissipate the wind heat of Yangming, it is The teeth are strong. Those who remove white insects and long insects fake their bitter and bitter taste. It is impossible for wind medicine to replenish qi, lighten the body and resist aging.
Simple mistake: the leader’s pain is not due to wind evil, but should be avoided if there is fire due to blood deficiency. Element cloud: people with stomach deficiency should not take it, for fear of phlegm disease.
Materia medica Mengjia: it tastes bitter, pungent and sweet, and the air temperature is slightly cold. It is Yin in Yang. It is non-toxic. It is the medicine of the sun Sutra and hates Aconitum plaster. It is mainly cold and hot in muscles and bones, dampness, arthralgia and contracture; it can regulate the Sutra, headache, dull head, benefit joints, grow hair and moustache. It can clear the nine orifices, remove insects, disperse wind and brighten the eyes. The brain ringing is the only stop, and the teeth move especially hard. It is shiny and fat, causing sound pheasants. It is forbidden for those with stomach deficiency, for fear of causing phlegm.
Materia medica Chengya: the cloth is like a vine, so it is called a vine; the soft branch is resistant to cold, so it is called Jingjing. The main muscles and bones are cold and hot, dampness and contracture, soft tendons and firm teeth, and can bear aging and light body. It is the light agent and dredging agent among the agents. Considering the entity is light, but the heat is bitter, so it benefits the nine orifices. Those who remove white insects use wind and wood to publicize peace. It has the image of shutting down muscles and bones. It is resistant to deep meaning and has great capacity.
Medicinal solution: Vitex seed is bitter, sweet and pungent in taste, slightly cold in nature and non-toxic. It enters the liver meridian. It mainly dispels wind cold, cures head wind, eliminates eye pain, removes pannus membrane, strengthens teeth, benefits nine orifices, and kills white insects. It hates gypsum and Aconitum.
According to: the Sutra says that the Oriental Green color can penetrate into the liver and open the eyes. It also says that wind generates wood, wood generates acid, and acid generates liver. Jingshi enters the liver, so it is specially used to disperse wind to treat eye diseases. The secret of main treatment says that it tastes bitter and sweet, is the Yin in the Yang, and can cool the blood heat of various sutras.
Jing Yue Quan Shu: it tastes bitter and pungent, has clear Qi, is warm in nature, and also raises the Yang. It enters the sun, Yangming and Jueyin meridians. It mainly dispels the wind evil, benefits the seven orifices, dredges the joints, eliminates the wind, headache, tinnitus, heavy head, searches the liver wind, stops the pain and tears in the eyes, brightens the eyes and teeth, cures the cold, heat, dampness and contracture between the muscles and bones, and also eliminates the white insects.
Essentials of materia medica: gently publicize and dispel the wind heat on the upper part.
It’s hard and slightly cold. It’s frivolous and scattered. It enters the foot Taiyang, Yangming and Jueyin meridians. Bladder, stomach and liver. Search for wind and cool blood
Vitex photos
, dredge the nine orifices. Treat dampness, arthralgia and contracture, headache and tinnitus, and the sun’s vein is in the brain. The eyes are red and the teeth are painful. Although the teeth belong to the kidney, they are more than bones, while the upper gingiva belongs to the Foot Yangming, and the lower gingiva belongs to the hand Yangming. When the Yang Ming wind heat attacks upward, it shakes and swells. It is the syndrome of wind deficiency on the head and face. It can brighten the eyes, firm the teeth, grow the hair and brighten the muscles. It is bad plaster and Aconitum.
Ben Jing Fengyuan: Manjing son enters the sun and is light and floating. Therefore, it can cure the cold and heat between muscles and bones, arrest the dampness and disperse when going up. Therefore, it can brighten the eyes and teeth, benefit the nine orifices, remove white insects, wind cold, eye pain and wind deficiency on the head and face. However, people with deficiency of stomach can’t take it. They are afraid to help phlegm and dampness. It is forbidden for those who have headache and eye pain not due to wind evil, but have fire due to blood deficiency. It is especially forbidden to have large pupil dispersion.
“Materia medica Chongyuan” : Manjing produces many water guests. Its son is black and has a bitter cold smell. It shows the gasification of the cold water of the sun. It covers the cold and heat of the sun, and the heat of the less Yin indicates the cold. It is mainly used to treat the cold and heat between muscles and bones. The sun governs the tendon disease, and the less Yin governs the bone disease. It also cures the cold and heat of the sun and less Yin. Dampness is binding and contracture, and dampness hurts muscles and bones. It is the essence of tonifying water, so it can brighten the eyes. Besides tonifying bones, it can strengthen teeth. The nine orifices are the Qi of water injection, and the water essence is sufficient, Therefore, it benefits the nine orifices. Insects are yin. The sun has the Qi of marking Yang, so white insects are gone.
“Seeking truth from the grass”: [batch] disperse the cold and dampness between the muscles and bones, except for the wind and cold on the head and face.
Manjingzi specially enters the bladder, stomach and liver. It is hard and mild. The book says that it mainly cures the bladder of the sun and regulates the stomach of the foot Yang and the liver of the foot Jueyin. The edge of the sun belongs to the channel of cold water. Due to the evil internal guest of the wind, it causes headache and tinnitus at the top of the head; the sun’s vein is in the brain. The liver belongs to the wind viscera. Since the wind invades internally, the wind will invade the liver wood and cause more tears. The eye is the liver orifice. The tendons are nourished by blood, and the blood will also be invaded by the wind, And the tendons are not proud, and the teeth are not strong
Wattle pillow
In addition to the bones, the upper gingiva belongs to the Foot Yangming stomach, and the lower gingiva belongs to the hand Yangming large intestine. When wind heat attacks upward, it will be painful. When there is wind, there will be dampness. Dampness and wind beat, the stomach will also be tired of dampness, resulting in meat arthralgia and muscle contracture. By the combination of three Qi, cold and dampness, there will be nine orifices, mouth, nose, ears, eyes and two Yin. The disease is serious. The body of Ramulus is light and floating, so it can not only cure the cold and heat between muscles and bones, but also make the dampness arthralgia arrest and rush away. The Qi rises and dissipates, and can dispel the wind In addition to the cold, it can cure the deficiency of wind on the head and face. It can benefit all nine orifices and kill white insects. It is also one of the ear tests to eliminate both wind, cold, dampness and heat. However, the disease of qi deficiency and blood deficiency will be followed by this disaster.
“Matching Materia Medica”: Aconitum, gypsum.
It is pungent, bitter and lukewarm. It enters the foot, the sun and Jueyin meridians and Qi points. It searches the liver wind, dispels cold and dampness, eliminates headache, stops eye pain, benefits the nine orifices, kills white insects, cures dampness arthralgia and contracture, and cures tinnitus and toothache.
It is matched with iris to treat throat arthralgia and mouth silence; it is matched with Tribulus terrestris to treat skin arthralgia and inhumanity.
Stomach deficiency, fear of taking it will cause phlegm disease. Blood deficiency headache, both are forbidden.
Materia medica classic solution: the smell is bitter, slightly cold and non-toxic. It is mainly used to treat cold, heat and dampness arthralgia and contracture between muscles and bones, brighten eyes and teeth, benefit nine orifices and remove white insects.
Ye Tianshi said: the vine wattle is slightly cold. It grasps the water vapor of the cold weather in winter and enters the kidney meridian of foot Shaoyin and the bladder meridian of foot Taiyang cold water. It tastes bitter and non-toxic. It gets the fire smell of the South and starts with the heart meridian of Shaoyin. The smell drops and the Yin is also.
The sun is cold and water, which is the disease of the main tendons, and the bone is the combination of the kidney. The vine and Jing cold can clear away heat, the bitter can dry and wet, and the damp and heat are bustling, then the cold and heat subside and the contracture is healed.
Qi is cold, water is strong, taste is bitter, fire is clear, fire is clear, water is strong, teeth are not only kidney.
The nine orifices have two ears, two eyes and two noses, one mouth and one defecation. They taste bitter and clear fire, so all the nine orifices are beneficial.
White insects are transformed by damp heat. Bitter cold enters the bladder to relieve damp heat, so it is also necessary to remove white insects.
Ben Jing Shu Zheng : the cold and heat between the muscles and bones leads to dampness, arthralgia and contracture, and the evil is concentrated in the joints. When the cold, heat and humidity between the joints are removed, they should be used as exercise and scattered as well as covered with thorns and fruits. The soft strip is like a vine, and the old hair will be new. The birth must be on the nodes, like the meridians. It goes around intermittently in case of nodes, which is called walking; it blooms in clusters, its petals are light red, Zhi yellow, white and green calyx, which is like the popularity of joints. It is called stretching and flexing the muscles and bones, which is called scattering; both The reason for this is that the taste is bitter and the Qi is slightly cold, the pain is the main hair, and the cold is the main ear. For the eyes, the spirit is clustered in one place; for the teeth, the form and quality are clustered in one place. When the spirit is mixed with evil Qi, it will be dark, and when the form and quality are mixed with evil Qi, it will be shaken. When the evil is done, the evil will be dispersed, and the spiritual form and quality will return to its normal. Therefore, it is called clear in the eyes and firm in the teeth
Vitex seed
The eyes and teeth are the three of the nine orifices, which benefit the rest of the husband, and then combined with the wind, headache and brain ringing of bielu, and the reason for benefiting the nine orifices can be recognized. Although the symptoms treated by Manjing are all disease forms and not disease Qi, the function of Manjing’s temperament is all in blood rather than Qi, and bielu boasted that it is beneficial to Qi. What’s the meaning? Liu Qianjiang said that when Yin is empty, the weather is unique, and Manjing is actually cool, so it can Cool the blood of various meridians to gather the location of Yang, so that Yang can be transformed into Yin, and the Yang path can travel. The so-called reaching Yang with Yin and penetrating Yin from Yang. Therefore, those who lack Qi want to supplement it, and this can clear their Qi to reach it; those who are hostile to Qi want to disperse, and this can clear their Qi to melt it. Since there is creation in Qi, it is called supplementing qi, but also, headache in nuclear test will make your brain chirp, and your eyes will cry out. It is not fluid that does not condense in Qi? Fluid condenses in Qi , Qi is stronger than action. Clouds and Qi have nothing to do with it.
New edition of Materia Medica : Vitex mandshurica has bitter, pungent and sweet taste. The temperature is slightly cold, and the Yin in the Yang is non-toxic. It enters the sun meridian. It is cold and hot in the main muscles and bones, dampness, arthralgia and contracture. This meridian has headache, heavy head, dizziness, good joints, long hair, unblocking the nine orifices, removing insects, dispersing wind and lust, brightening the eyes, stopping tinnitus, and strong tooth movement. If it is scattered but not replenished, how can it lighten the body and resist aging. It can not be used frequently because of stomach deficiency and weak Qi and blood 。
Or ask Manjing Zi, the holy medicine for relieving headache. Anyone with wind evil in his head can use it. But my son thinks it can’t be used frequently, so he says it can attack but not supplement. But if the medicine can eliminate the disease, why should it be used frequently or not? I don’t know that Manjing Zi is light and floating. Although it doesn’t dissipate the Qi too much, it seems that anyone with evil can use it. However, the weak person has little damage, so he is afraid of Qi and weak spirit, and is invincible It’s embarrassing. Those who can’t use their words frequently are also empty words. If they are shaped, Qi and solid, evil is stuffed in the upper coke, and they are safe in the forbidden area.
Among the tonics of Vitex seed, it is especially effective to treat headache. Because it is light and weak, it is easy to rise. If you rely on it alone and want to win more than an instant, you can’t.
Or ask the man Jingzi that entering the sun Sutra can dispel the wind evil. He Zhongjing, Zhang Gong doesn’t use it to show the wind evil of the sun. Is it not the medicine of the sun? I don’t know that the man Jingzi entering the sun’s camp and defense can’t be as good as the Cinnamon Twig alone but not scattered, and the Ephedra alone but not scattered. Each has his own special skills. At the beginning of typhoid fever
Vitex seed
At the time of entering, evil is not deep. You can’t introduce the guards into the camp, and you can’t still scatter the guards in the camp. The guards of the manjingzi camp are scattered together, so it’s not suitable.
Materia medica classic: bitter, bitter, calm.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Man Jing Zi (vitex)

1. Vitex has analgesic effect.

2. Vitex has antibacterial and antiviral effects. 100% manjingzi decoction is effective against Streptococcus A and Neisseria

Vitex seed

It has strong bacteriostatic effect on hepatitis cocci. Vitexin has obvious inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus. The 1:10 water decoction of Vitex trifolia had an antagonistic effect on orphan virus echo11 strain.

3. Vitex has antihypertensive effect and is also effective for headache caused by hypertension.

4. Effect of Vitex seed on cardiovascular system: the volatile distillation of Vitex seed or leaf can accelerate the blood flow velocity of rabbits and rats with high molecular dextran blood stasis, increase the intersection number of microcirculatory vessels and improve the blood flow state.

5. Vitex has obvious sedative and antiasthmatic effects and expectorant effects.

6. Vitex can inhibit the formation of melanin, as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti bradykinin and anti lipoxygenase.

Episode 06: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)

Fermented Soybean/Sojae Semen praeparata Dan dòu ch ĭ Light black bean sauce
Light Douchi, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. It is a fermented product of mature seeds of leguminous plant soybean. It tastes bitter and cold. It has the effects of relieving exterior, removing annoyance, promoting depression and detoxification. For typhoid fever, cold and heat, headache, irritability, chest tightness.
Origin:
Summary of Materia Medica

Actions: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)
Relieve exterior, remove annoyance, promote depression and detoxify.
1. Diaphoresis table:
Light Douchi is pungent, dispersing bitter and discharging cold. It enters the lung meridian and has the property of evacuating and dispersing. It can not only disperse external evils, but also disperse stagnant heat. The power of sweating is quite stable. It is said that sweating does not hurt Yin. According to the separate records of famous doctors, “the main treatment is typhoid fever, headache, cold and heat, and miasma is vicious.” it is often used to treat external diseases. From the beginning, symptoms include cold, fever, no sweat, headache, stuffy nose and so on.
2. Xuanyu Chufan
Light Douchi can not only disperse external evils, but also disperse the stagnant heat of lung and stomach. “Pearl sac” says: “go to heart chagrin, typhoid fever, headache, irritability.” so it has the effect of promoting depression and eliminating annoyance. For example, in Zhang Zhongjing’s treatise on febrile diseases, gardenia black bean soup is used to treat fever, lack of sleep, chest tightness, or heart chagrin, red tongue, yellow moss and a few pulse. This is caused by the mistreatment of exogenous fever, which is left in the chest and diaphragm and disturbs the stomach. If you use light Douchi to clear away the stagnant fire, the Qi mechanism will be naturally unobstructed and its symptoms will be solved.
3. And stomach digestion
Light Douchi is pungent and bitter. Cold can clear away heat. When it enters the stomach meridian, it can eat with the stomach. If the symptoms include abdominal fullness, sour heating, inability to eat, irregular stool, even jaundice, ruffian mass, swelling, slippery and tight pulse. This is caused by unfavorable Qi and stagnant food. Can choose this, Xuanyu Liqi, and stomach digestion. If Qi Qi is activated and diet is eliminated, all syndromes will be eliminated.
4. Clearing heat and stopping dysentery
This product is cold and can clear away heat. “Drug theory” contains: “treatment of blood dysentery and abdominal pain”. The “fan Wang Fang” soy sauce and Xiebao Decoction uses Benjing to treat typhoid fever and dysentery and abdominal pain. Therefore, this product has the effect of clearing heat and stopping dysentery. If the disease sees increased stool frequency and less stool volume, abdominal pain, internal and external urgency, lower mucus and purulent blood like stool. This is caused by dampness, heat and pestilence, internal injury, cold diet and stagnation in the intestine. This product can be used to clear away heat and stop dysentery.
5. Tocolysis
“Meeting about medical mirror” says: light Douchi “calms pregnancy”. This product is cold and sweet, cold can clear away heat, and sweet cold can benefit Yin. For body Yang excess, or seven emotions stagnation and heat, or exogenous evil heat, or yin deficiency and heat generation, heat disturbance and Chong Ren, damage fetal Qi, resulting in fetal restlessness. Symptoms include lower blood during pregnancy, bright red color, or waist and abdomen swelling and pain, upset, hot hands, dry mouth, dry throat, red tongue, yellow and dry fur, and slippery pulse. This product can be used to nourish yin, clear away heat, cool blood and ease pregnancy.
6. Detoxification
Light Douchi tastes sweet and can detoxify. “Another record of famous doctors” says: “the main miasma is vicious.” rihuazi Materia Medica “says:” Chinese medicine poison “. The scripture meets the original says: “cure bird and animal liver poisoning by mistake.” therefore, this product can detoxify. It can be used to treat mountain haze, miasma, malice, food poisoning, erysipelas, upper sores, pain and rot, etc. For example, Yao and Zhong choose this product to “treat children’s erysipelas and sores, and yellow water comes out.” the theory of medicinal properties uses this product to “treat sores and sores.”
Indications:
For typhoid fever, cold and heat, headache, irritability, chest tightness.
Point combinations:
1. With Scallion white, it can be used for cold, fever, no sweat, headache, nasal congestion, etc.
2. With gardenia, it can be used for exogenous fever, evil heat, depression in the chest, chagrin in the heart, restlessness with heat, etc.
1. With Scallion white
The combination of the two drugs is the famous recipe of “behind the elbow” green onion and black bean soup, which can cure external diseases, such as cold, fever, headache, body pain, stuffy nose, clear snot, and wheezing without sweat. It has the power of warming the skin, clearing the Yang and sweating: the item of “behind the elbow” is: “typhoid fever” „ I feel headache, body heat and pulse flood at the beginning of one or two days, so I add and subtract green onion and black bean soup, which is green and white, one tiger’s mouth, one liter of black bean, cotton wrapped and three liters of water, Boil one liter, take clothes and sweat. If you don’t sweat more, add three liang of Pueraria, „ don’t sweat more, add three liang of Ephedra and go to the festival. All famous doctors use it, and there are many addition and subtraction methods. ”
2. With Ophiopogon japonicus
Nourish yin and relieve external symptoms, treat Yin deficiency after treatment, adjust carelessly, and feel external evil. Or after hematemesis, hematochezia, hemoptysis and bleeding, you will feel wind cold, headache, body heat, slight cold and no sweat. Those who have no sweat on the surface of these external evils should sweat on the surface. However, sweat and blood are of the same origin. The chapter of lingshuying Health Association has the ring of “those who seize blood have no sweat, and those who seize sweat have no blood”. The patient has blood deficiency, yin deficiency and exterior syndrome. If he doesn’t sweat, he will end up puzzled. Sweat and fear of no sweat or sweat and serious injury to Yin blood. Change into other syndrome, so use Ophiopogon japonicus to nourish yin to nourish sweat source. Douchi is published to solve external evils. With the cooperation of the two and the consideration of the specimen, it can be expressed by sweating, and the disadvantages of “emptiness, emptiness and reality” can be avoided.
3. With Gardenia
Gardenia bitter cold, clear the heart and remove annoyance, clear the stomach heat; Douchi Shengsan can relieve depression and heat from the chest and outside. The two drugs are required. One is clear and one is transparent. It has the effect of clearing heat and removing annoyance. “Treatise on Febrile Diseases” is named gardenia and black bean soup, which is the two flavors. It cures “those who have trouble in their hearts and can’t sleep.” this classic Shu syndrome says: “If you are annoyed, you will have Yang excess; if you are impatient, you will have Yin inversion; if you have Yang excess, you will not be able to surrender; if you have Yin inversion, you will not be able to give relief. This is because your mind is not at ease with the inside and your form is not at ease with the outside. „ if you do not take other medicine, you can stop using Douchi and gardenia to make soup. If you use Gardenia to relieve heat and go down, you can know that Douchi can dispel Yin inversion.” “seeking truth from Materia Medica” also says: “Those who see irritability, headache, chest tightness, restlessness, spot vomiting, combined with gardenia, can induce evil to vomit up and not fall into the disease of internal knot.”
4. Almond
It is said in the herbal medicine that “the almond is used to relieve the diaphragm Qi.” the almond is bitter, and the Douchi rises and disperses. The two drugs are the same, one rises and one falls, which can relieve the diaphragm Qi. If the knee Qi is stagnant, the chest is smothered, and the heating hiccup is endless, it will take effect.
5. With Allium macrostemon
Warming Yang and invigorating the spleen can stop the blood in the stool. The spleen governs the blood, and Qi can absorb the blood. If the spleen yin is insufficient, the temper is also weak, and the right to control the blood is lost, the blood overflows from the lower part of the stool. It is accompanied by dull blood color, tepid limbs, yellow complexion, pale tongue, thin and weak pulse. The treatment should be warming yang and hemostasis, white Allium macrostemon to warm yang, Douchi to strengthen the spleen, and the combination of the two drugs can restore the middle Yang and strengthen the spleen, and Qi can absorb blood and stop the blood in the stool, Therefore, the herbal classic solution says: “with Allium macrostemon, it can cure blood and benefit.”

Herb combinations and Formulas: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)
① After sweating and vomiting, you will feel tired and restless. You will feel regretful: 14 gardenias (broken) and four combinations of fragrant black bean (cotton wrapped). Add two flavors, four liters of water, fry Gardenia first, get two liters and a half, take black bean, boil one liter and a half, and remove the dross. It is divided into two servings, warm into one, and those who have to vomit can only take it later. (on febrile diseases, gardenia black bean soup)
② Cure the temperature and poison spots, and it is difficult to cure the epidemic: black paste produces half a kilo of Rehmannia glutinosa (chopped), one liter of good black bean and two kilos of pig fat. Fry it for five or six times, reduce it to one-third, twist away the dross, put realgar and musk like soybeans in the end, mix it, take it, and the poison comes out of the skin. (behind the missing elbow)
③ Cure typhoid fever, diarrhea and abdominal pain: one liter of black bean and one handful of Allium macrostemon (inch cut). The upper two things, three liters of water, boil Allium macrostemon until it is cooked, remove the dross, divide it into two parts, take it again, and don’t make it again. (fan Wang Fang drum Allium macrostemon Decoction)
④ It has been used for many years to cure acute lung asthma, cough and sleeplessness in the morning and evening: one and a half yuan of arsenic (grind it into powder), one and two halves of Douchi (the good one) (when the water is slightly moistened, dry it with paper and grind it into paste). The plaster and arsenic are evenly pestled with a pestle, and the pill is as big as pockmarked seeds. Each time you take 15 pills, the amount of children is the same, and you can swallow it with extremely cold preserved tea on the bed to know. (skill recipe Zijin pill)
⑤ Cure breast swelling after weaning: half a catty of Douchi, decoct in water, take a small bowl, and wash the rest of the breast. (Guangxi new medical treatment prescription collection of Chinese herbal medicine)
⑥ Cure children’s erysipelas, break and make sores, and yellow water comes out: stir fry black bean with coke, so that the smoke is the end, and apply it with oil. (Yao Hezhong)
⑦ Cure sore and rotten penis: one point of black bean, two points of earthworm wet mud, water grinding and coating, easy to dry, no hot eating leek and garlic. (on medicinal properties)

Precautions and contraindications: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)
① Theory of medicinal properties: deltamethrin.
② Herbal Classics: it is not suitable for those who have typhoid fever introduced into Yin meridian and husband Zhizhong three yin.
Classics:
1. “Bielu”: “the Lord has typhoid fever, headache, cold and hot, miasma, malice, irritability, fatigue, asthma and cold feet. He also kills six animal fetuses and children.”
2. “The theory of medicinal properties”: “those who have blood dysentery under the Lord, such as thorns, sweat during the treatment of disease and fever, cold and hot wind, and sore in the chest.”
3. Compendium of materia medica: “lower Qi, regulate the middle. Cure typhoid fever, warm poison, acne and nausea.” [1] ① “Bielu”: “bitter, cold and non-toxic.”
② “Qianjin · Shizhi”: “it tastes bitter and sweet, cold, astringent and non-toxic.”
③ “Pearl sac”: “bitter and salty.”
Return to the lung and stomach meridians.
① “Lei Gong’s processing of medicinal herbs”: “entering the lung meridian.”
② “Herbal classic solution”: “enter the foot sun bladder, hand sun small intestine, hand Shaoyin heart and hand Shaoyang triple energizer Sutra.”
③ “Yao Yao Fen Ji”: “entering the lung and stomach.”
Main functions: relieving symptoms, removing annoyance, promoting depression and detoxification. It can treat typhoid fever, cold and heat, headache, irritability and chest tightness.
① “Bielu”; “the Lord has typhoid headache, cold and hot, miasma is vicious, irritable and stuffy, empty labor, asthma and cold feet.”
② “Theory of medicinal properties”: “when curing fever, sweating; at the end of boiling, it can stop night sweating and remove annoyance; when it is mashed into pills, it can cure cold and hot wind, sore in the chest; when it is boiled, it can cure blood dysentery and abdominal pain.”
③ “Japanese Huazi Materia Medica”: “treat Chinese poison, malaria, bone steaming; and treat dog bite.”
④ “Pearl sac”: “go to heart chagrin, typhoid headache, irritability.”
⑤ “Compendium”: “lower Qi, regulate the middle. Cure typhoid fever, warm and toxic hair, diarrhea and nausea.”
⑥ According to the book of scriptures: “soak the twisted juice in water to cure poisoning caused by eating bird and animal liver by mistake.”
⑦ “Meeting about medical mirror”: “tocolysis and pregnancy.”
① Compendium: “black beans are flat in nature and warm when they are made into black beans. They can rise and disperse after steaming; they can sweat when they get onions, spit when they get salt, treat wind when they get wine, treat dysentery when they get Allium, and stop bleeding when they get garlic; when they are cooked, they can stop sweating, which is also the meaning of Ephedra root Festival.”
② According to the book of Materia Medica Classics: “black bean is the only medicine that can cure diseases if the river is light.” The cloud is bitter and cold, non-toxic, but its use is detailed, and the Qi should be slightly warm. Covering the cold nature of black beans, the Qi that can be steamed and dried must be warm. If it is not bitter and warm, it can not sweat, open reason, cure typhoid headache, cold and heat, and the malice of miasma. Bitter spits out, so it can cure irritability and depression, depression in the chest with heat, and there is no way to eliminate it without propaganda. If typhoid fever is short-lived, irritable, depressed in the chest, hungry and sleepless, use gardenia Black bean soup spits. It can regulate qi and ward off cold in the middle, so the Lord is tired, panting and sucking, and his feet ache and cold“
③ Summary of materia medica: ” Light black bean sauce is also a medicine for curing diseases in the course of heaven, epidemics, pestilence and miasma. Wang Shaolong said: this medicine is also a medicine for promoting depression. All diseases are tangible and intangible, full and stuffy, do not stop knot, and can not cause disease. Therefore, it rules the combination of yin and Yang, cold and heat invade repeatedly, heat and dampness sympathize, and it is not good for eating and drinking, resulting in typhoid, cold and heat headache, or lack of sleep after sweating and vomiting, or even repeated inversion of the heart Moderate chagrin, plague and malaria in all times, malaria dysentery, spot poison, latent Sha and evil Qi, phlegm and drink in miscellaneous diseases department, cold and heat, headache, nausea, chest knot, abdominal distension, inverse Qi, asthma and suction, beriberi, jaundice, yellow sweat, all stagnation and turbid Qi, pulse gathering in the chest and stomach, can be cured by salt. If the miasma is not related to gasification, cold and heat, but turns to form, store and heat, resulting in ruffians, dryness and firmness, this should be thanked“
④ Ben Jing Shu Zheng:“ Douchi can cure irritability and fullness, not only for typhoid fever and headache, but also for those with cold and heat, that is, for those with miasma and malice, electricity can also be used. Those who cover annoyance have Yang Sheng, those who are impatient have closed inverse, Yang Sheng but can not be handed down, and those who block inverse can not help. It is because God is uneasy inside and form is uneasy outside, which is the best described by Zhongjing. It is said that repeated inversion leads to chagrin in the heart. However, repeated inversion leads to chagrin in the heart, which can be seen as heat Sheng above If you don’t suffer from the nourishing of Yin, the lower part is due to the inverse of Yin, and the lower part is not subject to the descending of Yang, you can’t treat it with other drugs. Stop with Douchi Gardenia into soup, and gardenia can relieve heat and go down. You can know that Douchi can disperse the inverse of Yin“

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Dan Dou Chi (fermented soybean)
The product contains fat, protein and enzymes. The sweating power of light Douchi is very weak, which can strengthen the stomach and help digestion.

III. Heat Clearing Herbs: Fire-Purging

07: Fu Ping (duckweed, spirodela),
Shi Gao (gypsum),
Zhi Mu (anemarrhena),
Zhi Zi (gardenia)

Wind Heat Releasing Herb
Fu Ping
(Herba Spirodela) has acrid and cold properties. It helps to promote perspiration and urination, and reduces itching and swelling. It relieves exterior conditions, and promotes water circulation. Clinical applications include edema, dysuria, incomplete eruption of rashes, itching of the skin, and wind-heat accompanied by fever and the absence of sweating.


Heat Clearing, Fire-Purging Herbs

Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum) and Zhi Mu (Radix Anemarrhenae) are the most commonly used herbs to clear heat, sedate fire, dispel irritability and relieve thirst, and are often used together for synergistic effect. They are used for excess heat in the qi level with symptoms of high fever, irritability and thirst. They also clear Lung heat to relieve cough and dyspnea.

Zhi Mu clears heat and moistens the Lung simultaneously, and clears heat and purges fire in both excess and deficiency conditions.

Shi Gao is stronger in clearing heat and descending fire. It should only be used in cases of excess heat. It has sweet, pungent and cold properties. Its main actions are to clear excess heat, particularly heat in the lungs and stomach.

Zhi Zi (Fructus Gardeniae)  effectively clears heat from the Liver and Gallbladder. Zhi Zi exerts a broader effect as it clears heat from all three jiaos.

These herbs are mainly used to sedate excess heat in the qi (energy) level or excess heat in the Lung or Stomach. Excess conditions include excess heat, excess fire, or Lung or Stomach heat.

Episode 07: Fú Píng, (Spirodela, duckweed) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Herba Spirodelae, fú Píng, duckweed
Duckweed (scientific name: Lemna minor L.), also known as green duckweed, Tianping, duckweed grass, water duckweed and duckweed grass, is a surface floating plant of Tiannan star, duckweed family and duckweed genus. The thallus is symmetrical, the surface is green, the back is light yellow or green white or often purple, entire, with 3 inconspicuous veins; 1 white filamentous root hanging on the back; The back of the thallus has a capsule, and the new thallus forms and floats in the capsule, connects with the mother with a short stalk, and then falls off; Female flower with 1 ovule; Fruit nearly gyroscopic; Seeds with projecting endosperm and longitudinal ribs.
Duckweed is also a general term for Lemnaceae plants. Like warm climate and humid environment, avoid severe cold. The whole grass can be used as feed for livestock and poultry. The whole herb with roots is used as medicine. It is cold in nature and pungent in taste. It has the functions of sweating and rash penetration, clearing heat and promoting water. It is mainly used to treat exterior evil fever, measles, edema and other diseases.
Origin:
From Tang materia medica
Actions: Fú Píng (Spirodela, duckweed)
Enter lung meridian. Sweating, dispelling wind, hydrating, clearing heat and detoxifying. [3] Heat carbuncle, impenetrable rash, wind heat sore rash, skin pruritus, edema, amenorrhea, sore ringworm, erysipelas and scald
Functions: sweating and rash, clearing heat and promoting water, mainly treating exterior evil fever, measles, edema and other diseases.
Heat carbuncle, impenetrable rash, wind heat pain rash, skin pruritus, edema, amenorrhea, sore ringworm, erysipelas and scald.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Fú Píng (Spirodela, duckweed)
1) It is used for exogenous wind heat and poor penetration of measles. It is often used in combination with West willow, burdock, mint and so on. It can also be taken orally or externally for wind heat addiction rash. Duckweed can relieve heat and water, so it is used for those with edema and surface heat.

Formulas:
① Treat fever and sweating: one or two duckweeds, half and two Ephedra (to remove Festival and newspaper), Guixin and aconite (to remove navel and skin). Four things are rammed and sifted. Every time you take two coins, take one medium cup of water, half a cent of ginger, fry it until six minutes, and heat it with me regardless of time. (materia medica painting Classic)
② Treat skin wind heat and produce addictive rash all over the body: Burdock seed, duckweed, etc. Take Mint Soup for two dollars a day. (essential prescription for health preservation)
③ Cure the virtual itch on the body: a penny for duckweed and a penny for yellow apple. Mix with Siwu Decoction. (compilation of Danxi)
4. The fever is more than thirsty. The spirit is irritable: the water is washed, the dry is dried up, the middle milk and pills are Wutong. Regardless of the time, eat porridge quickly. (St. Huifang)
⑤ Cure thirst: dry duckweed, including withered roots. The top two flavors are the end, with human milk and pills like dried WUS. Drink and take 20 pills on an empty stomach, three days a day. (Qianjin recipe. Duckweed pill)
⑥ Cure heat poison: mash duckweed juice and apply it all over. (secret records of children and mothers)
⑦ Treatment of wind disease phlegm: first, duckweed, picked in March, washed three or five times, baked in the cellar on the third and fifth day, and can not be seen. Every three dollars, warm the wine before eating. 2、 In July, take the duckweed with purple back. At the end of the day, half a liter, enter the good, dissipate the wind and disperse five Liang. Five yuan per serving, fried with water; Still take a bath in fried soup. (ten convenient prescriptions)
⑧ Treatment of carbuncle: appropriate amount of purple duckweed, juice, red fungus fragrance (mountain crab) root skin powder, a spoonful of food. Apply the medicine evenly, apply it externally, medium thin and thick, and leave a hole in the middle. (selected materials of unilateral and empirical investigation)
⑨ Cure the obstruction of urination, clean and swollen bladder, and swelling of water and air flow: Duckweed on the water, dry violently, at the end, take square inch, three times a day. (Qianjin recipe)
⑩ Treat acute nephritis: two liang of duckweed and one or two black beans. Fried in water. (selected materials of new Chinese herbal medicine therapy in Inner Mongolia)
11. Treat sores and rashes into the eyes. If you can’t bear the pain, you may hurt your eyes: duckweed, dry in the shade for the end. Each time you take one or two coins, use half a kilo of sheep liver, put it into the basin, and stab it with a bamboo stick. Pour water and half together, strangle liver juice, adjust the medicine after eating. (Fuping powder, general micro formula for children’s health)
12. Treatment of sweat spots and carbuncle: Purple back duckweed, dried in the sun. Take four liang of fried water bath and wipe it with Ping. Or a man can defend himself. (Pocket recipe)
13. Treat powder waste and face Guizhou: ditch and duckweed is the end of the day. (St. Huifang)
14. Relieve snake cough poison into the abdomen: mash and twist duckweed juice to drink. (Essentials of pinhui)
15. Nose treatment: dry duckweed powder and blow it into the nose. (St. Huifang)
16. Treatment of pterygium and eye climbing: grind a little green duckweed, put a little into the brain, and stick it on the eye. (effective prescription of Shiyi)

Precautions and contraindications: Fú Píng (Spirodela, duckweed)
Vorsicht: Qi-Leere-spontanes Schwitzen, Yin-Leere-Trockenheit, Yang-Leere-Ödeme
Interaktionen mit Medikamenten:
fú píng Spirodelae Herba und Diuretika (verstärkende Wirkung) (theoretisch)
fú píng Spirodelae Herba verstärkt die Wirkung von Diuretika

① According to the classic of materia medica: “it’s urgent to use it because it shows Qi deficiency and perspires.” ② the famous materia medica Congxin: “it’s not too solid and hot, so you can’t try it lightly.” ③ it’s necessary to match materia medica: “blood deficiency, skin dryness, Qi deficiency and wind pain are forbidden.”
Bk0um.jpg

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Fú Píng (Spirodela, duckweed)
From Tang materia medica
① “Tang Materia Medica”: “there are three kinds of duckweed: the big one is called Apple; there are Jiang vegetables in the water, which are also similar and round leaves; the small duckweed on the water is the main fire sore.”
② “Collection of Materia Medica”: “the duckweed is the one in the ditch… The Shennong materia medica classic says that the duckweed should be the one in the ditch.”
③ Compendium: the duckweed used in the materia medica is a small duckweed, not a big apple. Tao suju made a mistake by using a big apple. Ping Zhi and Ping have similar sounds, but different characters and different shapes. Duckweeds are everywhere, there are many pools and Waterstops, and they begin to grow in spring. After a leaf is persistent, it has several leaves, and there are micro whiskers under the leaves, that is, its roots. A green back. A kind of purple duckweed whose face is green and back is purple and red as blood. It is good when used as medicine. Picked in July. Po purple backed duckweed, picked in July, picked up, spread and dried with bamboo screen, and reflected in a basin of water, that is, it is easy to dry. ”
④ “Seeking truth from grass”: “duckweed is also good for burning smoke and preventing mosquitoes. But don’t get close to Qi deficiency.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Fú Píng (Spirodela, duckweed)
① Tang materia medica: “there are three kinds of watercress: the big one is called Apple; There are Jiang vegetables in the water, which are also similar and have round leaves; Water duckweed is the main fire sore. ”
② “A collection of Materia Medica”: “duckweed is the one in the ditch According to Shen Nong’s materia medica classic, the duckweed is supposed to be the youngest. ”
③ Compendium : the duckweed used in the materia medica is a small duckweed, not a big one. Tao suju mistakenly notes it with a big one. Although the sound of the duckweed is similar to that of the apple, the words are different, and the shapes are different. Duckweed is everywhere in the pool. There are many water stops, and it begins to grow in spring. A leaf that passes through the night has several leaves, and there are tiny whiskers under the leaves, that is, its roots. One that is green on the back. One that is green on the back and purple as red as blood is called the duckweed. It is good medicine The duckweed is picked in July. Po the duckweed is picked in July. It is easy to dry after being spread out in a bamboo sieve and reflected in a basin of water“
④ “Seeking truth from grass”: “duckweed is also good for burning smoke and mosquito. But don’t get close to Qiba with Qi deficiency.”
Duckweed with purple back contains potassium acetate and potassium chloride, iodine, Macao and other substances. Green duckweed contains a large amount of water-soluble vitamins such as vitamins B1, B2 and C “, oleander draft-7-oral-glucose II, 8-jingji oleander draft-8- β- The polysaccharide is a rich source of d-apiose. It also contains resin, wax, graphics, nj6 green, sugar, protein, mucilage, Ju, etc. the whole grass mainly contains orientin, luteolin-7-glucoside, Vitex in and daphnetin (apigenin-7 – monoglycoside, cosmosin) and other tannins and lipid compounds, including linolenic acid, palmitic acid, linoleic acid, etc β- Carotene( β- Carotene), lutein, potassium acetate, potassium chloride.
Chemical identification of traditional Chinese Medicine
Take the acetic acid extract of this product, evaporate it to dryness, add distilled water to dissolve it, add a small amount of magnesium powder and 2 drops of concentrated hydrochloric acid, heat it until it boils and turns orange. (check flavonoids)

Episode 07: Shi Gao (gypsum) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum)
Gypsum is a monoclinic mineral, and its main chemical component is calcium sulfate (CaSO4). Gypsum is a widely used industrial and building material. It can be used for cement retarder, gypsum building products, model making, medical food additives, sulfuric acid production, paper filler, paint filler, etc.
Gypsum (dihydrate gypsum, raw gypsum) (gypsum)
Aqueous calcium sulfate (CaSO4 · 2H2O).[CaSO4]•2(H2O)

Actions and Indications: Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum)
It can relieve muscle and heat, eliminate annoyance and thirst, clear away heat and detoxify.
Health use: clearing heat and purging fire, eliminating annoyance and thirst; Calcination: astringe sore, regenerate muscle, collect dampness and stop bleeding.

Indications: 
Treat fever, strengthen heat, get upset, faint, delirium, thirst and dry throat, acute lung heat and asthma, heatstroke and spontaneous sweating, stomach fire, headache, toothache, excessive heat toxin, spots and rashes, and sore tongue. Calcined compress can produce muscle and heal sore. External treatment of carbuncle, gangrene, sore, ulceration without closing the mouth, soup fire scald

For exogenous fever, high fever and thirst, lung heat, asthma and cough, hyperactivity of stomach fire, headache and toothache
Treating burn wounds with gypsum powder can quickly scab, reduce exudation, prevent infection and promote wound healing; At the same time, it can avoid the pain of dressing change of burn patients. Usage: first clean the wound, wipe off the dirt, cut off the blisters, remove the rotten skin, then coat the wound with 2 ~ 4 density procaine solution, and then put the fried gypsum powder into a gauze bag and evenly spread it on the wound (it can be thicker). After 1 ~ 2 hours, the gypsum powder is dry and solid; If there are many wound secretions, continue to spread.

Generally, gypsum scabs can be formed after 12 ~ 24 hours. After the scab is dried and fixed, it should not be peeled off too early to avoid severe pain, bleeding and infection. Generally, the second degree burn can fall off after 3 ~ 7 days. If the skin is too hard and itchy, apply 2% procaine oil or penicillin ointment (allergy test in advance). In case of infection under the scab, remove the scab, clean it, sprinkle gypsum powder or apply penicillin ointment at the same time. 36 cases were observed by the above methods, including 26 cases of ⅰ ° scald and 11 cases of ⅱ and ⅲ ° mixed scald; There were 17 cases with burn area less than 10%, 12 cases with 11 ~ 20%, 4 cases with 21 ~ 30%, 2 cases with 31 ~ 40% and 1 case with 90%. Results except one child died of measles and pneumonia, one child died of severe poisoning when he was hospitalized because of the burn area of about 90%. However, the following problems still exist in this treatment method: it is often difficult to implement in winter or cold days; Second, patients often have unbearable pain and itching after dryness and fixation of plaster crazy skin; For III ° scald, gypsum scab can only be used as artificial scab to temporarily protect the wound, but can not replace early skin grafting. In addition, if gypsum powder is prepared into paste with tung oil or peanut oil and applied externally to the affected area, it also has a good effect on promoting wound healing.

② For filling bone defect cavity
14 cases of bone defects caused by osteomyelitis and bone tuberculosis were treated with plaster filling, of which 12 cases were cured after 2 ~ 17 months of observation. None of the 7 cases observed for more than 5 months recurred. X-ray examination showed that the bone defects healed, and some had formed new bone marrow cavities. There were 2 cases of suppuration, including 1 case of acute osteomyelitis and 1 case of calcaneal tuberculosis. The local focus was large, the infiltration was obvious, there was mixed infection of sinus tract, and the soft tissue suture was difficult. As a result, the gypsum completely flowed out and failed. Treatment: preoperative infection with antibiotics, thorough removal of inflammatory or tuberculosis lesions, chisel into fresh bone surface, preservation of periosteum and soft tissue as far as possible, with starch and gypsum mixed with penicillin and streptomycin, and dense suture. The affected limb was fixed with plaster and antibiotics were injected at the same time. All cases had no adverse reactions. Experimental and clinical data show that after plaster filling, most of the blood calcium increases in the early stage, the callus is abundant, and the ossification process is rapid. Therefore, it is considered that gypsum filling may have two functions: one is to supply abundant calcium salt; Second, it plays a pillar role and has biological stimulation at the same time. These are the main factors to promote bone healing. Experience has proved that the clinical indications for filling bone defects with gypsum should be carefully selected. Chronic osteomyelitis or bone tuberculosis, where the focus is small and the skin and subcutaneous tissue are rich, can receive good results by filling plaster after antibiotic treatment and complete removal of the focus; It is not applicable to the cases of acute osteomyelitis with abscess formation, too large focus, incomplete skin, less subcutaneous tissue and no dense suture after operation.
Excerpt from the dictionary of traditional Chinese Medicine

Herb combinations and Formulas: Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum)
① Notes to the collection of Materia Medica classic: “chicken is the envoy. He hates mangcao and horse eyes. He is poisonous.” ② on medicinal properties: “he hates Croton and is afraid of iron.” it is matched with mulberry leaves to clear lung heat; With cinnamon twigs, both inside and outside solution; With Angelica dahurica, it can clear away heat and fire, reduce swelling and relieve pain; With Anemarrhena, clear away heat and annoyance; With Pinellia ternata, clear both lung and stomach, reduce inversion and reduce phlegm; With licorice, clearing lung and relieving cough; With bamboo leaves, it can clear away heat and annoyance.

1. Treatment of surface heat, lung heat and cough: four liang of ephedra, removing knots, 50 almonds, peeling, pointed, two liang of licorice, roasting, half a kilo of gypsum, broken and wrapped in cotton. Take seven liters of water, boil ephedra, remove the foam, boil two liters of all the herbs in it, remove the dross, and take a liter of warm clothes. (on Febrile Diseases ephedra almond licorice gypsum soup)

2. Governing Yang, Ming, Qi and heat: Anemarrhena 62, gypsum 1 kg, licorice 22, japonica rice Liuhe. On the four flavors, take a bucket of water, cook rice hot, make soup, remove waste, warm one liter, three times a day. (white tiger soup in Treatise on Febrile Diseases)
Pattern combinations:

① For the treatment of Sanyang disease, the abdomen is heavy, it is difficult to turn the side, the mouth is unkind, the face is dirty, delirium is sent to urinate, sweating is delirium, sweat is generated on the lower forehead, and the hands and feet are silent and cold. If self sweating: Anemarrhena 62, gypsum 1 kg (broken), licorice 22, japonica rice 6. On the four flavors, take a bucket of water, cook rice hot, remove the dregs in soup, warm one liter, three times a day. (white tiger soup in Treatise on Febrile Diseases)

② For the first time to treat febrile diseases, the pulse is floating and powerful, the body is strong and hot, and for the first time to treat colds, the body is not averse to cold but the heart is hot: raw gypsum 22 (rolled fine), raw japonica rice 22 and a half. On the second flavor, use three bowls of water and fry until the rice is rotten and hot. You can get about two bowls of clear juice. Drink it as much as possible by taking the heat to make the whole body sweat. If the heat in the Yangming viscera is solid, you don’t have to take the heat to drink it. Drink it slowly and gently to eliminate the heat. (gypsum japonica rice soup in medical records of Zhongshen and Xilu)

③ Treat damp, warm and sweaty, talk nonsense and thirst: gypsum, roasted licorice and so on. It’s the end. Every time you take two money daggers, adjust the slurry. (on general diseases of typhoid fever)

④ For the treatment of Taiyin febrile disease, do not sweat. Those who sweat but do not sweat will have rashes. Those who sweat too much will have delirium. Those who have spots: one or two plaster, four coins of Anemarrhena asphodeloides, three coins of licorice, three coins of ginseng, two coins of rhinoceros turtle and one combination of white japonica rice. Eight cups of water, three cups of water, three servings a day, one hour of dregs, and one serving at night. (identification of epidemic febrile diseases huaban Decoction)

⑤ After the treatment of sweating, it is not feasible to use Cinnamon Twig soup. There is no severe fever: four liang of Ephedra (section removed), fifty almonds (peeled and pointed), one or two licorice (roasted), and half a catty of gypsum (broken and wrapped with cotton). On the four flavors, boil ephedra with seven liters of water, reduce two liters, remove the foam and all the drugs, boil three liters, remove the dross and warm one liter. (on Febrile Diseases ephedra almond licorice gypsum soup)

⑥ Treatment of phlegm heat and asthma, phlegm gushing like spring: cold water stone and gypsum are equally divided. The top is fine powder. Fry ginseng soup, adjust three coins, and take it after eating. (Shuangyu powder in the collection of Su Wen’s pathogenesis to protect life)

⑦ Cure heat, cough and asthma for a long time: two liang of gypsum and half liang of licorice (roasted). The top is the end. For each three yuan, draw fresh water and adjust the residual ginger juice and honey. (PU Ji Fang gypsum powder)

⑧ Cure bone steaming, dry lips and mouth, and want to drink water to quench thirst: Six liang of gypsum (broken, cotton wrapped), 20 big black plums. Take seven liters of water, boil four liters, remove the dross, triple it with honey, and drink it a little. (outer stage)

⑨ Treatment of wind evil epilepsy, dry mouth and tongue, upset headache, violent heat, stuffy disorder: half a kilo of gypsum, one (three) combination of Japonica rice. On the top of it, boil five large lamps of water, boil gypsum, take two large lamps, remove gypsum, cook porridge with rice, add two stems of scallion and black bean juice, and cook it together. It is hot and hollow. Gypsum can be used three times. (Shenghui recipe gypsum porridge)

⑩ Treat partial headache and even eye pain: plaster and rat sticky son (fried) are equally divided. The top is fine powder. Every time you take two yuan, you can take it with warm wine or tea after eating. (miraculous prescription gypsum rat sticky son powder)

(11) treatment of upper diaphragm dampness, sore mouth and tongue, swelling and pain of pharynx: three liang of cold water stone (calcined), three and a half coins of cinnabar (don’t grind), half a word of brain. The upper part is the end. Mix a little with the affected part, swallow saliva, and use it several times day and night. (San Yin Fang Long Shi San)

(12) treatment of throat wind: one or two plaster, three money for Anemarrhena, one money for licorice, five money for Yuanshen and three money for trichosanthin. Fried in water. (secret of laryngology gypsum soup)

⒀ treatment of stomach fire and toothache: one or two soft gypsum and fire calcination. After being quenched with light wine, it is powder. Add five parts of Fangfeng, jingmustard, asarum and Angelica dahurica. It is powder. Wipe your teeth for daily use. (experience recipe of Baoshou Hall)

(14) it is ineffective to cure the night sickness of birds’ eyes: for each money of gypsum powder, one piece of pig liver, thin batch, mixed with medicine, wrapped, cooked in sand bottle, cut and eat, one share a day. (Mingmu recipe)

⒂ treatment of infantile typhoid fever, vomiting and diarrhea, yellow and thin: half of cold water stone and gypsum, and one money of licorice . Both above are fine ends. Every time you take a word, or half a money, one money, after eating, adjust it with warm soup. (straight formula for children’s medicine syndrome: Yulu powder)

(16) treatment of muscle and bone pain due to wind heat: three coins for plaster and seven coins for flying Luo noodles. For the end, ShuiHe, calcined red, lengding, roll wine, take sweat from the quilt, and take it for three days. (Miscellaneous Health)

⒄The upper part is fine powder. With how much it is mixed with the sore, the blood will be fixed, and then it may as well enter the water. (general micro formula for children’s health)

(18) treatment of fire rotten sores in soup: smash the end of gypsum to apply it. (behind the elbow)

(19) treatment of breast carbuncle: not much gypsum, calcine the red, take it on the ground, cover the bowl with fire poison, and study it carefully. Every time you take three dollars, warm the wine, get drunk, and go to bed. (Renzhai Zhizhi Fang yizui ointment)

⒇ cure sore stains and damage, and can search pus, clear away heat and generate muscle: Nine coins for plaster (calcination) and one coin for huanglingyao. A total of very fine powder was studied, and the porcelain bottles were collected and stored. Sprinkle a little on the affected area. (Jiu Yi Dan in the golden Manual of medical school)

(21) treatment of hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids: one kilogram of calcined gypsum and five grams of borneol, a total of fine powder, applied externally to the affected area. (selected materials of new Chinese herbal medicine therapy in Inner Mongolia)

Precautions and contraindications: Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum)
Caution: stomach-qi-emptiness, yang-emptiness, yin-emptiness-fire
Drug interactions:
shí g ā o Gypsum fibrosum and antibiotics (weakening effect) (theoretical)
shí g ā o Gypsum fibrosum could weaken the effect of antibiotics (contains calcium, which can hinder the absorption of antibiotics in the intestine).

Those with spleen stomach deficiency cold, blood deficiency and yin deficiency fever should not take it. “Medical Qiyuan”: “the secret of indications” says that it can cold the stomach and make people not eat. It can’t be used lightly if there is extreme fever in the abdomen. ”

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum)
From Shennong’s book of Materia Medica; “Compendium”: “it is called fine marble because of its fine art and fine science. Its nature is as cold as water, so it is called cold water stone, which has the same name as condensate stone.” “There are two kinds of gypsum: soft and hard: soft gypsum is a large piece, which is made into layers in stone, such as flattened rice cake. Each layer is several inches thick. It has two colors: red and white. The red can not be taken, and the white is clean. The fine text is as short and dense as a bundle of needles. It is as soft and fragile as solidified into white wax. It is white and rotten as powder when burned. It is bright and clean, and the color is slightly green. And the text is as thin as white silk, which is also known as marble. It is the same thing as soft gypsum, broken The shape and color of anhydrite are the same and cannot be distinguished. Anhydrite is made into blocks and straight. Its edges are as white as horse teeth. When it is hit, it will disintegrate horizontally, and it is as bright as mica. White quartz has walls, and it is easy to disperse when burned, but it is still hard and does not make powder. It is like anhydrite into blocks. When it is hit, the blocks will disintegrate, and the wall is bright, it is called calcite. When burned, it will be surprised and scattered, but it will not rot. it is the same as anhydrite, and it is two kinds of anhydrite. When broken, it has the shape and color One is indistinguishable. Since Tao Hongjing, Su Gong, Daming, Lei Xuan and Yan Xiaozhong all used the hard one as gypsum and the soft one as cold water stone, Zhu Zhenheng categorically used the soft one as gypsum, and later generations have followed it with experience, and it has been known for thousands of years. The so-called cold water stone of gaixi people is soft gypsum, and the so-called anhydrite is feldspar. Gypsum, marble, feldspar and calcite all live in Qi Cold can remove heat and accumulate Qi, but gypsum can also relieve muscle sweating. Marble is gypsum, and feldspar is calcite, which can be used instead, each according to its type. People today use gypsum to collect tofu, which was unknown to people in the past. ” “According to the ancient prescription, the cold water stone is condensate stone. The cold water stone used by various parties since the Tang and Song Dynasties is now gypsum. People in recent times take feldspar and calcite as cold water stone, which can not be indistinguishable.”
1. On the spleen and stomach: if you eat less, you can’t use plaster. Plaster can remove the pulse number, and the disease will subside. If the pulse number does not subside, it can’t be cured.
2. Supplement to the derivation of materia medica: gypsum is the medicine of Yangming classic. Yangming is the main muscle. It is also sweet. It can slow the spleen and replenish qi, quench thirst and eliminate fire. It is also pungent. It can relieve muscle sweating, go up to the head, and start with Taiyin and Shaoyang. It can be the Lord of the three classics. Research is the end. Vinegar research pill is as big as mung bean to relieve stomach fire, phlegm fire and food accumulation.
3. Compendium: Li Shiyun of Dongyuan said that people who take Baihu Decoction before the beginning of summer can’t help urinating. This is too much of a descending order. Yangming’s body fluid can’t be transmitted to the lungs, and the clear Qi of the lungs also drops again. According to the ancient and modern records of experimental prescriptions of the early Yu Dynasty, there are five steaming Decoction for the treatment of steaming diseases, which is also Baihu plus ginseng, Poria cocos, Rehmannia glutinosa and pueraria root, which are increased and reduced due to illness. Wang Tao’s Secret essentials of outer Taiwan It is used to cure bone steaming, labor heat and cough for a long time. It is written in plaster like a bunch of needles, one kilogram or two of powdered licorice. It is carefully grinded like noodles, and it is taken three or four times a day with water. It is said that it is non-toxic and beneficial. It is a medicine for nourishing life. Don’t ignore its cheapness and doubt its cold. Records of famous doctors It is said that Yang Shicheng, the daughter of muzhou, has a bone disease, internal heat and external cold. Many doctors do not suffer from the disease. She is treated with this prescription in the state of Wu, and her body is cold. She is stupid to say that she is young, has a large lung and stomach fire, and can eat. If she is old, weak in Qi, blood and stomach, I’m afraid it’s not appropriate. Guangjilin’s training is 50 years old. She has phlegm, cough and fever, or takes plaster medicine alone to about one kilogram, so she can’t eat it. She coughs frequently and gets sick, so she can’t afford it, This cover is also the name of the drug user. What is the gypsum.
4. Herbal Classics: gypsum can relieve muscle pain, and sweet can slow heat. If it is cold and sweet, it can eliminate great heat. Therefore, the book focuses on wind cold and heat, and heat generates wind. If the evil fire rushes upward, there will be counter Qi and panic asthma under the heart; If the evil heat of Yangming is very hot, the mouth will be dry and the tongue will not rest. If the evil heat is accumulated in the abdomen, it will cause firm pain in the abdomen; If the evil heat does not dissipate, the spirit will faint and delirium; When muscles relieve heat and sweat, all syndromes will retreat. But milk production and golden sores are not their use. In bielu, in addition to Qi, headache, body heat, triple energizer fever, skin heat, diaphragmatic Qi in the intestines and stomach, relieving muscle sweating, stopping thirst and upset, abdominal distention and gas explosion, wheezing and swallowing heat, all diseases are caused by the hot evil heat of the stomach meridian of Foot Yangming, but wheezing and swallowing heat is slightly combined with hand Taiyin disease. This medicine can dissipate the evil heat of Yangming and reduce the phlegm heat of hand Taiyin, so we know the Lord. Zhen Quan is also used to treat typhoid fever, headache like crack and heat like fire. “Rihuazi” is used to cure the fever of heaven, spin the head wind and wipe the teeth. Dongyuan is used to remove stomach heat, lung heat, disperse Yang evil, slow the spleen and replenish qi. When the evil heat goes away, the spleen will be slow and the vitality will return. Jiegu also said that those who stop headache, fever and cold in the Yangming Meridian, feed hot flashes every day, drink with great thirst, heatstroke and toothache are all evil in the Yangming Meridian. It is useless to manage Yangming. Foot Yangming is the main muscle, hand Taiyin is the main fur, so it is also an important product for spots and rashes. If it is used little, it is difficult to blame its work, which is incomprehensible to world doctors. I write it here. Gypsum is an important medicine to relieve excess heat, dispel summer heat, disperse evil heat, quench thirst and get rid of trouble. The two diseases of warmth and heat are mostly accompanied by Yangming. If you have a headache and bone pain all over the body without thirst and drinking, the evil lies in the sun, and Yangming is not transmitted, so it should not be used. 7、 In the past eight days, evil has been settled, there is dry dung, cold and hot. Do not use it if it is appropriate to go down. Heat and dampness are used as catharsis. Do not use it for those with weak spleen and stomach. Malaria pathogen is not in Yangming, it is not thirsty and should not be used. Postpartum cold and heat due to blood deficiency or incomplete lochia; Bone steaming fatigue heat is due to the lack of Yin essence, not due to external causes; Golden sores and lower breasts are not his duty; It should be carefully inspected and not misused.
5. Medicine sign: the famous doctor’s special record says that the gypsum is cold. Since the later doctors were afraid of it, they didn’t use it. Zhongjing cited the evidence of Baihu Decoction as saying that there is no great heat, and the evidence of yuemaiden decoction is the same. The two parties mainly use gypsum, but Zhongjing’s medication can be seen without its cold and heat. I also believe in ancient times. Therefore, those who are thirsty for home but have no heat will be given plaster, and the disease has not seen its harm; When Fang Yan heatstroke, those who suffer from great thirst and drink more than thirst will be made to take plaster powder and stop their thirst, and their harm will no longer be seen; Plaster can cure thirst but not fear, so we can know our friends.
6. Essays of Chongqing Hall: Yu Shiyu thought plaster was the main medicine for curing epidemic diseases, while Wu could use rhubarb, saying plaster was not available. Why? Gai Shiyu said that summer heat is the disease and summer heat is the weather, that is, Zhong Sheng said that the disease in clearing evil is also the disease. It can also be said that dampness and temperature are diseases and dampness is earth Qi, that is, the disease in the cloud and turbid evil of Zhongsheng. Clearing evil is an invisible dry fire, so it is better to be clear than to go down; Turbid evil is tangible dampness and filth, so it is better to go down than clear. Both men are wise and can be used as two methods to cure epidemic diseases.
7. Reference to western medicine: plaster, cool and dispersible, has the power to penetrate the surface and relieve muscles. If you feel really hot, you can use it boldly, which is better than the golden elixir. Shennong Ben Jing says that it is slightly cold, so its nature is not very cold. It is said that it is suitable for milk production, and its nature is especially pure and good. Doctors often mistakenly believe that the cold and calcine it, then the nature of Xuansan becomes convergence (those who point tofu must calcine it, so it can converge). In order to treat those with external heat, they actually restrain their phlegm and fire, condense and do not disperse, and use it for one or two is enough to hurt people, which is to turn golden elixir into poison. When it comes to the misuse of calcined gypsum, the popular view is that it is not the calcination that is to blame. Instead, it is said that the calcination of gypsum is fierce enough to hurt people, and it is even more obvious for those who do not calcine. So he advocated all kinds of harmony, so he regarded the use of plaster as a daunting way, that is, those who had the courage to use it were only seven or eight dollars. The quality of husband’s plaster is the heaviest. Seven or eight dollars is only a handful of ears. If you want to use a handful of cold medicine to put out the heat of cold, warm and prairie fire, how can it be effective. It is the foolish use of raw plaster to treat exogenous excess heat, and mild diseases must be up to two; If it is really hot, and it is always reused to four, five or seven or eight Liang, or used alone or with other drugs, it is necessary to decoct three or four tea cups of soup and drink it slowly five times. The heat does not need to be used up. Those who take so many fried Xu clothes want to avoid the fear of the sick family, and want their medicine to be often in the upper coke and the middle coke, and the cold will not invade and cause slippery diarrhea. This sutra says that plaster is used to cure golden sores, which is used externally to stop its blood. Foolish taste with calcined gypsum fine powder, apply gold sore bleeding is very effective. Lime on the wall for many years is good at stopping gold sore bleeding. The calcined gypsum is similar to lime. It is beneficial to see that the calcined gypsum can not be taken orally.
8. Ben Jing: the wind is cold and hot in the main body, the heart is against Qi, the breath is startled, the mouth is dry and the tongue is scorched, unable to rest, abdominal pain, milk production and golden sores.
9. Bielu: in addition to Qi, headache, body heat, triple energizer fever, skin heat, midgut diaphragm heat, relieving muscle sweating, relieving thirst, dyspepsia, abdominal distention, wheezing and swallowing heat. It can also be used as bath soup.
10. On medicinal properties: treat typhoid fever, headache like crack, strengthen heat, skin like fire, thirst, relieve muscle, produce toxic sweat, mainly dredge the knot in the stomach, be bored, be anxious under the heart, be irritable, and treat dry lips and mouth. Fried tea with scallions to get a headache.
11. Rihuazi materia medica: cure the fever of heaven, lower the milk, turn the head wind, be agitated, wipe the teeth and benefit the teeth.
12. Pearl sac: stop Yangming (headache), thirst, heatstroke and hot flashes.
13. Heart method of medication: cold medicine for stomach meridian can moisten lung and remove heat, spread Yin and evil, slow spleen and replenish qi.
14. Yang tuying: calcination is the best way to recover sores and dizziness, not to rot muscles.
15. Materia medica Mengjia: epigastric pain is very serious, swallowing.
16. Changsha Yaojie: clearing the heart and lungs, treating irritability, relieving depression and heat, stopping dryness and thirst, treating fever mania, coughing with fire, collecting hot sweat, eliminating hot phlegm, staying in the nose, regulating mouth sores, managing sore throat, dredging milk, calming breast carbuncle, relieving fire and burning, and treating golden sores.
17. Re innovation of materia medica: it can cure headache, fever, dizziness and pannus, toothache, kill insects and facilitate urination.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Shi Gao (gypsum) 
Gypsum, its chemical name is: calcium sulfate dihydrate. Calcium sulfate is slightly soluble in water, but it enters the stomach after oral administration. Under the action of gastric acid, part of it is transformed into calcium chloride and soluble calcium salt. In Inorganic Chemistry and organic chemistry, only calcium chloride and calcium nitrate dissolved in water can be transported to all parts of the body and participate in the physiological function of the body with the flow of blood. When calcium ions in the body encounter organic acids produced by body metabolism or pathogenic microorganisms in the body, they will become insoluble calcium salts and lose toxicity.
Especially in patients with high fever, metabolic acidosis occurs, and its gypsum preparation has excellent performance: it not only neutralizes the organic acids causing poisoning, but also acts with the amino acids in pathogenic microorganisms to lose nutrition and be inhibited. Although gypsum is not an antibiotic, it plays a role in inhibiting the reproduction and development of pathogenic microorganisms – not antibiotics are better than antibiotics, and it has a wide range of functions. It is effective for all pathogenic microorganisms. Once again, it has no drug resistance and no side effects; Although gypsum is not an antipyretic, it neutralizes the toxin and reduces the fever of the body, which plays a role in understanding the hot medicine;
Why can calcium preparation resist allergy? Not only can calcium ions maintain the normal function of nerves, but also calcium ions can interact with histamine produced by allergy, making it inactive and anti allergic.
Calcium preparation also has the functions of hemostasis, preventing fluid exudation and eliminating inflammation. It has magical effects in the treatment of burns. (what is the action mechanism needs to be studied together).
Many traditional Chinese medicines, such as cold water stone, keel, oyster, Fulong liver, gelatin, aged lime, white clay, and the carbonization of many traditional Chinese medicines, are calcium preparations. He has made indelible achievements in clearing heat and detoxification, treating high fever diseases, treating burns, hemostasis, anti allergy and so on. Under the action of gastric acid, its solubility, and adsorption make the pharmacology of calcium preparations somewhat similar.
immunstimulierende Wirkung
Thermoregulierende bzw. Fieber senkende Wirkung
Speichel- und Tränendrüsensekrete fördernde bzw. Mund- und Augen befeuchtende Wirkung
Immunosuppressive (z.B. bei zerebrale Komplikationen, inkl. Kopfschmerzen, Schwindel oder Konvulsionen infolge von Autoimmunerkrankung)
Infekt behandelnde, antipathogener Faktor unterstützende und verletztes Gewebe heilende Wirkungen (gleichzeitig)

Episode 07: Zhi Mu (anemarrhena) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Zhi Mu (anemarrhena)

Rhizoma Anemarrhenae Zhi Mu Anemarrhenae
Anemarrhena, the name of traditional Chinese medicine. It is a perennial herb, with rhizome, leaves clustered from the base, slender lanceolate, and flower stems growing from the leaves, cylindrical and upright, racemose gags, clustered, growing at the top into spikes; Pollen red, lavender to white; The fruit is long and oval, with most black seeds. The flowering and fruiting period is from June to September. It is cultivated all over China and has strong drought and cold resistance. It can grow in barren mountains, deserts and wastelands with drought and little rain. It is the first choice for greening mountainous areas and wastelands.

Origin:
Source: Shennong herbal classic

Actions and Indications: Zhi Mu (anemarrhena)
Clearing heat and purging fire, nourishing yin and moistening dryness.
Anemarrhena: Gypsum
Plaster
Both Anemarrhena asphodeloides and gypsum can clear away heat and reduce fire, and can be used to treat warm and hot diseases, such as excessive Qi, excessive heat and cough due to lung heat. But Anemarrhena is good at clearing and moistening the fire, lung heat and dry cough, internal heat and bone steaming, and eliminating thirst; Gypsum is good at clearing and purging fire, focusing on clearing and purging lung and stomach excess fire, lung heat, asthma and cough, stomach fire headache and toothache.

Indications:
Fever and thirst, lung heat and dry cough, bone steaming and hot flashes, internal heat and thirst, intestinal dryness and constipation
1. For fever and thirst. This product is sweet, cold and moist, good at clearing lung and stomach qi, dividing solid heat, eliminating annoyance and quenching thirst. It is used for hyperthermia, heat hyperactivity, heat strengthening and annoyance
Baihu Decoction
Lung stomach excess heat syndrome such as thirst and large pulse. It is often used with gypsum, such as white tiger soup.
fritillaria thunbergii
2. It is used for lung heat cough and yin deficiency dry cough. This product has the functions of clearing and purging lung fire, nourishing yin and moistening lung. It is used for lung heat cough, yellow and viscous phlegm. It is often used with Trichosanthes, Fritillaria and dannanxing; Or yin deficiency dry cough, dry cough and less phlegm, mostly used with Fritillaria, such as Er Mu San.
3. For bone steaming and hot flashes. This product can nourish kidney yin, moisten kidney dryness and retreat bone steaming, so it has the function of nourishing yin and reducing fire. It is often used with Cortex Phellodendri together with Yin nourishing drugs to strengthen the effect of nourishing yin and reducing fire, such as Zhibai Dihuang pill.
Zhibai Dihuang Pill
4. It is used to eliminate thirst due to yin deficiency, intestinal dryness and constipation. This product has the effect of Nourishing Yin, moistening dryness, generating saliva and relieving thirst. It is often used with Trichosanthin and pueraria, such as Yuye Decoction. It is used for intestinal dryness and constipation. It is often used with Radix Polygoni Multiflori, Angelica sinensis and hemp kernel. It also has the effect of moistening intestines and defecating.
Usage and dosage: decoction, 6 ~ 12g; Or into the pill, powder.

Herb combinations and Formulas: : Zhi Mu (anemarrhena)
Zhibai Dihuang Pill
4. It is used to eliminate thirst due to yin deficiency, intestinal dryness and constipation. This product has the effect of Nourishing Yin, moistening dryness, generating saliva and relieving thirst. It is often used with Trichosanthin and pueraria, such as Yuye Decoction. It is used for intestinal dryness and constipation. It is often used with Radix Polygoni Multiflori, Angelica sinensis and hemp kernel. It also has the effect of moistening intestines and defecating.

Precautions and contraindications: Zhi Mu (anemarrhena)
This product is cold, moist and has the effect of smoothing the intestines. Therefore, those with deficiency of cold in the spleen and stomach and loose stool should not take it.
Vorsicht: Milz- und Magen-Yang-Leere (Diarrhoe)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Zhi Mu (anemarrhena)
1. “Shennong’s herbal classic”: “the Lord dispels thirst and heat, eliminates evil Qi, swelling limbs, goes into the water, makes up for deficiencies and replenishes Qi.”
2. “Another record of famous doctors”: “curing cold, long-term malaria and fever, evil Qi under the threat, evil in the diaphragm and jaundice in wind sweat.”
3. “Medical Qiyuan”: “Anemarrhena asphodeloides, as the assistant agent for urination, this medicine is used in the kidney. Both the upper part and the meridians are fried with wine. It is better to shave off the hair and whiten the inside.”
4. Compendium of materia medica: “the kidney is bitter and dry, so it is better to eat Xin to moisten it; the lung is bitter and inverse, so it is better to eat bitter and diarrhea. The work of Anemarrhena is cold and cold, the lower part moistens the kidney and nourishes Yin, the upper part clears the lung and reduces fire, which is the division of two meridians and Qi; the Cortex Phellodendri is the division of kidney and blood, so the two drugs must be used together. In the past, for example, shrimp and jellyfish must be attached to each other.” [1] 5. The scripture meets the original: “Zhimu, the Scripture says that in addition to evil Qi, limb edema refers to damp and hot water. Therefore, it is said that water can supplement deficiency and replenish qi. It is a time when damp and heat are more than fire, shining and burning essence. Therefore, it is used to clear heat and nourish yin. When the evil heat is removed, the healthy qi will be restored.”
6. Materia medica Justice: “Anemarrhena asphodeloides is cold and moist. It can stop the solid fire, drain the lung to relieve the blocked heat. It is suitable for the dry cough of lung carbuncle, but it is taboo to cough with deficiency heat. It is appropriate to clear the stomach to save the body fluid, eliminate the heat in the middle, and avoid the bad temper. It can dredge the bladder waterway, cure the heat at the beginning of turbidity, cut down the evil of phase fire, and it is the standard agent for strengthening yang without impotence. The heat disease lies in Yangming, thirst and sweating, the pulse is hot, and plaster is used to eliminate inflammation; the malaria syndrome lies in the Taiyin , moist and turbid fumigation, sweating and hot, with grass and fruit to relieve spleen heat. See the main treatment for details, but there are more than four words of real heat. ”[discussion by various schools] 1. Shennong materia medica classic: in the heat of eliminating thirst, eliminate evil Qi, swelling limbs, go into the water, make up for deficiencies and replenish qi.
2. Other records of famous doctors: curing cold, malaria, fever, evil Qi under the threat, evil in the diaphragm, wind sweat and internal jaundice.
3. Tao Hongjing: it can cure heat knot, but also malaria and fever.
4. On medicinal properties: it is mainly used to treat irritability, bone heat and labor, labor after production, kidney qi labor, hatred of cold and deficiency damage, deficiency and dry mouth.
5. Rihuazi materia medica: dredge the small intestine, eliminate phlegm and stop coughing, moisten the heart and lungs, replenish deficiency, ease heart and stop palpitation.
6. Zhang element: cool the heart and remove heat, treat Yang Ming fire and heat, diarrhea of bladder and kidney meridian fire, fever, headache, dysentery, low back pain and foul smell in the throat.
7. Wang Haogu: purging lung fire, nourishing kidney water and curing life gate phase fire.
8. Compendium of materia medica: soothe the fetus, stop the child’s annoyance, and eliminate the poison of shooting Gongxi.
Compendium of Materia Medica
9. Seeking the source of materia medica: treating coughing blood, asthma, gonorrhea, mouth disease, urinary blood, stress, night sweats, spermatorrhea, arthralgia, impotence and Cistanche.
10. Medical Qiyuan: Anemarrhena asphodeloides, as the assistant to urinate, is the medicine in the kidney. Both the upper part and the meridians are fried with wine. It is better to shave off the hair and whiten the inside.
11. Li Gao: Anemarrhena has four functions: purging the kidney fire without roots, curing the bone steaming with sweat, stopping the heat of asthenia and fatigue, and nourishing the Yin of the source. Zhong Jing uses this into Baihu Decoction to treat those who can’t sleep. Annoyance comes from the lung and irritability comes from the kidney. You use gypsum, supplemented by the bitter cold of Anemarrhena, to clear the source of the kidney, and slow down the descent with licorice and japonica rice. Also, for those who are sick and thirsty due to blocked urination, the heat is divided in the upper Jiao Qi , there is heat in the lung, which can not generate water, and the bladder has no source of hydration. It is advisable to use drugs with thin Qi, weak taste and permeability to reduce lung fire, clear lung gold and nourish the source of hydration. If the heat is scorched at the bottom, and the blood is not thirsty, the real water is insufficient, the bladder is dry, and there is no Yin, then there is no Yang. The method should use drugs with great bitterness and cold of Cortex Phellodendri and Anemarrhena to replenish the kidney and bladder, so that Yin Qi can flow, Yang can change and urinate.
12. Compendium of materia medica: the kidney is bitter and dry, so it is better to eat Xin to moisten it; the lung is bitter and inverse, so it is better to eat bitter and diarrhea. The work of Anemarrhena is cold and cold, the lower part moistens the kidney and nourishes Yin, the upper part clears the lung and reduces fire, which is the division of two meridians and Qi; the Cortex Phellodendri is the division of kidney and blood, so the two drugs must be used together. In the past, for example, shrimp and jellyfish must be attached to each other.
13. Materia medica tongxuan : Anemarrhena asphodeloides is bitter and cold. It has a thick smell. It is heavy and drops. It is the kidney meridian medicine. Those who can also clear the lung should eliminate the Dragon thunder. If they don’t use it, there will be no danger that the Taiyin of their hands will disappear. There is more than enough fire to reduce thirst. It can be used to clear the fire. Taking more medicine can make people diarrhea and reduce food. Only those who burn with solid fire can be used temporarily. If it is applied to those who lose money, it will benefit like water It’s deep. Covering the taste of bitterness and cold and carrying out the order of killing heaven and earth is not the same as raising all things.
14. Draft : the ancient book says that Anemarrhena asphodeloides, together with Cortex Phellodendri, can nourish yin and reduce fire, which means that gold and water coexist. It is said that Cortex Phellodendri can control the fire in the Yin of bladder and life gate, that Anemarrhena asphodeloides can eliminate lung gold, and make the fire of kidney hydration source, and that removing fire can protect Yin. Therefore, Jiegu and Dongyuan both think that they are important drugs for nourishing yin and reducing fire. Since Danxi, they have been used to replenish Yin, which is a great fallacy. My husband and mother have the nature of sinking cold, and there is no such medicine Anger can be used to clear fire and to replenish Yin. How can it be replenished?.
15. Meaning of Medicine: Anemarrhena asphodeloides and Cortex Phellodendri are used together, not to reduce fire, but to help water; walking with Fritillaria is not to clear phlegm, but to nourish yin.
16. New edition of Materia Medica : Anemarrhena asphodeloides tastes bitter and pungent, and its Qi is cold. It sinks and falls, and its Yin is also non-toxic. It enters Shaoyin and Yangming, and starts with the Taiyin. It is best to relieve the fire of the stomach and kidney channels, quench thirst and heat, and cure long-term malaria. It can only be used temporarily, not for a long time. Danxi is added to Liuwei pill, which also teaches people to take it temporarily to relieve the floating fire in the kidney, not for a long time. Phellodendron arborescens does not get into Qi, but Anemarrhena has not It does not enter the blood. Huang Baiqing can clear the fire in the kidney and the fire in the lung. Anemarrhena asphodeloides can drain the heat in the kidney and also the heat in the stomach. The stomach is an organ with more Qi and more blood. It does not enter the blood but not the Qi. It is two drugs and does not need to be used at the same time.
17. The scripture meets the original: Anemarrhena, the Scripture says that removing evil Qi and swelling limbs refers to damp and hot water. Therefore, it is said that water can supplement deficiency and replenish qi. It is a time when damp and heat are more than fire, and the essence is bright and burning. Therefore, use this to clear heat and nourish yin. When the evil heat is removed, the healthy qi will be restored.
18. Chongqing Tang essays : Anemarrhena asphodeloides, clearing lung and stomach qi and dividing heat, the body fluid will not be consumed, but Yin will grow secretly. However, Zhong Shengyun, stomach qi generates heat, and its Yang will be unique. If the stomach heat is too high, Yin will not be enough to mix with Yang, and the body fluid will gradually dry, resulting in a disease that is boring and can not kill the grain. If its Yang is unique, that is, if the body fluid dries up, clearing its heat and keeping the Yang constant, it will be the medicine to save the body fluid. Although it is called tonifying yang, it is considered cold and cool by later generations , it’s not the favorite of the stomach family. Don’t use it lightly. What’s wrong with those who often engage in fragrant, dry, warm and tonic medicine!.
19. Ben Jing Shu Zheng: it is well known that Anemarrhena can benefit Yin, clear heat and quench thirst. It can enter the water. It is rare for the ancients to use it, and the later scholars do not know its reason. Qianjin and waitai use Anemarrhena to treat water and Qi. Qianjin It is said that some people suffer from edema with large abdomen, firm as a stone, thin limbs, less hard work, swollen shins, and shortness of breath after eating less. For this lifelong disease, it is advisable to take this medicine to relieve rheumatism, relieve urination, eliminate water and valley. Taking it for a long time can be effective and can be taken often after suffering. The medicine used is added to Wuling powder to increase ghost arrow feathers, Salvia miltiorrhiza, angelica, Gentiana macrophylla and seaweed. According to waitai, Zeqi Decoction in the ancient and modern records can cure cold and heat when the wind blows, and the body is like blowing, and the pulse floats. The medicine used is Alisma orientalis, Anemarrhena, seaweed, Poria cocos, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Gentiana macrophylla, Fangji, Polyporus umbellata, rhubarb, Tongcao and wood fragrance. It can eliminate rheumatism and facilitate urination. It can cure cold and heat when the wind blows, and drink more and more swelling. You can see this classic The effect of getting into the water can be seen in addition to the swelling of the limbs. The swelling of the limbs treated by Anemarrhena asphodeloides is evil Qi limb swelling, which is more than common limb swelling. It is the accumulation of cold and heat outside, the evil fire inside, and the thirst leads to drinking. The fire can’t melt the water, so the water overflows everywhere. The treatment of Anemarrhena asphodeloides is to vent its fire, so that it can’t be used for thirst to drink, the water can’t continue, and the storage can be turned away. In this sense, it is still to cure thirst, not water Here, I see that those who are swollen in one place and lose weight in other places are mostly trapped by evil Qi and blocked by water and fire. It is not especially edema in Qianjin recipe, with large abdomen and thin limbs, that is, Guizhi Shaoyao Zhimu Decoction in Synopsis of the golden chamber, with swollen feet and one of them. In Jinkui recipe, evil Qi, water and fire are blocked at the bottom, and Qianjin recipe The evil Qi, water and fire are mutually obstructed in the middle, and the person who is obstructed in the lower is not a work unless it is divergent. The person who is obstructed in the middle is not the source of seepage and profit. Therefore, Wuling powder is used in Qianjin recipe, and ephedra, aconite and Fangfeng are used in Jinkui recipe. However, their essence is the mutual obstruction of water and fire, so GUI, Shu and Anemarrhena are the same. GUI and Shu are used to treat water
Poria cocos
It can be seen from this that the resistance of Zhimu to control fire.
20. Records of Chinese medicine and Western Medicine : Anemarrhena asphodeloides is neither very cold nor very bitter. If it is used in combination with Astragalus membranaceus, it will not feel cold and hot. Its nature is not very cold. It is also known that Anemarrhena asphodeloides is boiled with one or two coins of licorice, that is, sweetness is better than bitterness, and its taste is not very bitter. Cold and bitterness are not very big, and there are many liquids, so it can nourish yin. It is said that Anemarrhena asphodeloides, but those who can reduce fever but can not nourish Yin are still shallow. It depends on Anemarrhena. It is a cure for foolishness For the syndrome of heat excess pulse number, Anemarrhena must be used. If Astragalus is used to replenish qi, those who fear that they will not suffer from heat will also be supplemented by Anemarrhena.
Astragalus membranaceus
21. Materia medica justice : Anemarrhena asphodeloides is cold and moist. It can stop the excess fire, relieve the lung to relieve the blocking heat. It is suitable for the dry cough of lung carbuncle, and avoid the cough of deficiency heat. It is appropriate to clear the stomach to save the body fluid, eliminate the heat in the middle, and avoid the bad temper. It can dredge the bladder waterway, treat the heat at the beginning of turbidity, cut down the evil of phase fire, and it is the standard agent for strengthening yang without impotence. The heat disease is in Yangming, thirsty and sweating, and the pulse is hot. It is supplemented with gypsum to eliminate inflammation; the malaria syndrome is in the Taiyin , moist and turbid fumigation, sweating and hot, with grass and fruit to relieve spleen heat. See the main treatment for details, but there are more than four words of real heat.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Zhi Mu (anemarrhena)
① Antibacterial effect
Anemarrhena asphodeloides decoction has strong inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus and typhoid bacilli on agar plate, dysentery bacilli, paratyphoid bacilli, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Vibrio cholerae. On Saber’s medium, it also has some antibacterial effects on some common pathogenic dermatophytes. Ether extract and the crude crystals treated with acetone in this extract H37Rv human Mycobacterium tuberculosis subspecies on Bayer’s medium had strong inhibitory effect. The minimum effective concentration of the former was 1:64000 (serum-free) or 1:16000 (serum-added) The latter is 1:16000 to 1:8000, and the saponins produced by the predecessors have no such effect. In the treatment of experimental tuberculosis in mice, feeding with 2.5% Anemarrhena powder has inhibitory effect on pulmonary tuberculosis, but the mortality of mice is not significantly different from that of the control group; if the increase is to 5%, the pulmonary tuberculosis index (reflecting the general lesion of the lung) is not significant. In the treatment of experimental tuberculosis in guinea pigs, Anemarrhena asphodeloides showed a therapeutic effect, and the lung lesions were reduced by about 1 / 2 compared with the control group.
② Antipyretic action
2 ml / kg of extract (1 ml is equivalent to 2 g of crude medicine) and 2.3 ml of E. coli (0.03%) were injected subcutaneously into rabbits at the same time, or E. coli was injected first, and then the extract was injected every 15 minutes. The body temperature did not rise, so it was considered to have antipyretic effect.
③ Other functions
When the extract is injected intravenously into rabbits, it has no effect on respiration and blood pressure at a small dose (0.5ml neutral stock solution of the extract). The medium dose (1 ~ 3ml) can inhibit respiration and slightly reduce blood pressure. A large amount (7ml) will stop breathing and reduce blood pressure, resulting in death. The extract (0.001 ~ 1%) Low concentration had no significant effect on the heart of in situ toads, medium dose inhibited, a large amount paralyzed the heart, and had no significant effect on the isolated uterus of pregnant rabbits.
Anemarrhena dry extract (6g / kg) After injection to normal rabbits, no effect on blood sugar was found. Alcohol extract can cause temporary blood sugar rise. It was reported that water extract can give 200 mg / kg of oral blood to rabbits, which can cause blood sugar to drop, especially for four alloxan diabetic rabbits. The amount of glycogen in diaphragm increased slightly, but the content of glycogen in liver decreased. In the experimental diabetic mice, intravenous injection of 100~150 mg / kg of Anemarrhena rhizome aqueous extract decreased blood glucose and decreased ketone body in urine, and the mortality rate was lighter than that in group four.
Antidiabetische Wirkung
Thermoregulierende bzw. Fieber senkende Wirkung
Speichel- und Tränendrüsensekrete fördernde bzw. Mund- und Augen befeuchtende Wirkung
Speicheldrüsensekrete fördernde Wirkung

Episode 07: Zhi Zi (gardenia) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Zhi Zi (gardenia)

FRUCTUS GARDENIAE
Gardenia: also known as Yellow Gardenia, mountain gardenia and white toad, it is the fruit of Gardenia in Rubiaceae. At present, Fructus Gardeniae is a traditional Chinese medicine. It is the first batch of medicine and food dual-use L issued by the Ministry of health. It has the functions of liver protection, choledocholy, blood pressure reduction, sedation, hemostasis and detumescence. It is commonly used in the treatment of icteric hepatitis, sprain, hypertension, diabetes and so on.
Origin:
“Materia medica painting classic”

Actions and Indications: Zhi Zi (gardenia)
Fruit: purging fire and removing annoyance, clearing heat and diuresis, cooling blood and detoxifying. It is used for fever, upset, jaundice, red urine, blood drenching, astringent pain, blood heat vomiting, red eyes, swelling and pain, fire poison and sores; External treatment of sprain, contusion and pain.
Root: purging fire and detoxification, clearing heat and dampness, cooling blood and dispersing blood stasis. For infectious hepatitis, traumatic injury, wind fire, toothache.

Indications:
(1) Used for fever, restlessness and other diseases. Gardenia is good at purging fire, heat and annoyance. In the early stage of Qi syndrome of exogenous febrile disease, there are fever, chest tightness, upset and other symptoms. Gardenia can be used with Douchi to penetrate evil, release heat, remove annoyance and relieve depression. In case of all excess heat syndrome and high fever, irritability, dizziness, delirium, etc., this product can be used with Coptis chinensis to reduce fire and clear away evil heat.
(2) It is used for hematemesis, epistaxis, hematuria, red eye swelling and pain, sores, swelling and toxin caused by heat and fire. Gardenia jasminoides also has the functions of cooling blood, hemostasis, clearing away heat and detoxification. It is often used to treat blood heat. It is often compatible with Shengdi, Platycladus orientalis leaves, Danpi, etc; It can be compatible with chrysanthemum, cassia, etc; It can be used as Coptis chinensis, honeysuckle and Forsythia suspensa.
(3) This product can also relieve heat and dampness. It can be used for jaundice, yellowing of face and skin, fatigue, reduced diet and other diseases caused by damp heat depression. It is often used in the same way as Cortex Phellodendri and Artemisia capillaris. It is also made of raw gardenia and mixed with flour and yellow rice wine. It has the effect of reducing swelling and activating collaterals. It can be used for falling injury, sprain and contusion, skin swelling and pain. It is a commonly used “tendon medicine” among the people, especially for muscle and tendon injuries near limb joints.
(4) Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, a famous Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, can relieve lung fire and muscle surface heat. It can play a role of double solution when there is exogenous fever and heat on the outside and inside; This product can not only relieve the bitter cold, but also relieve the three jiao fire, cool the blood and clear the heart heat. It can be used for fever and upset; Blood fever and fever gonorrhea. Therefore, gardenia can not only clear Qi and heat, but also clear blood and heat. As for relieving heat and dampness, it can be used to treat jaundice, which is also its specialty. This product, together with Scutellaria baicalensis, can relieve lung fire; Add light Douchi, which can double relieve the heat inside and outside. With Scutellaria baicalensis, it can reduce the three jiao fire and clear the heart heat; With Shengdi and Danpi, it can cool blood and stop bleeding, treat blood fever, vomit blood and urinate blood; With Cortex Phellodendri and Herba Artemisiae, it can clear away heat and dampness, and treat damp heat jaundice. In the past, in terms of clinical application, there were the methods of removing muscle surface heat with gardenia skin and clearing heart heat with gardenia kernel. Now it has been simplified in Shanghai. The whole gardenia is used instead of Gardenia skin and gardenia kernel.
① Treatment of acute icteric hepatitis
Take Gardenia jasminoides Ellis and make 10% and 50% decoctions. Take them three times a day after meals. Some patients used 10% decoction, 10ml each time, and then gradually increased to 50ml; Another part of patients used 50% decoction, 10 ~ 15ml each time. A total of 19 cases were treated, 7 cases were cured and 10 cases were nearly cured. Hospitalization ranged from 9 to 63 days, with an average of 30.3 days.
② Treatment of sprain and contusion
Crush Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, grind it into coarse powder, mix it into a paste with warm water, add a little alcohol, and wrap the wound. Generally, it shall be replaced once every 3 ~ 5 days. If the swelling is obvious, it can be replaced once every other day. Fracture should not be used, and dislocation should be restored before reuse. If there is limb paralysis, it should be treated with physiotherapy and acupuncture. 407 cases were treated, 328 cases of pain disappeared within 24 hours; 66 cases disappeared within 48 hours; 13 cases disappeared within 72 hours. The average disappearance time of pain was 30 hours. The average time of swelling regression was 2.5 days; The average absorption time of hematoma was 7.8 days; The average functional recovery time was 5.1 days. Or use Yellow Gardenia, bright frankincense and an appropriate amount of yellow rice wine. After stirring, steam it into a paste in the pot. Apply it to the affected part when it is slightly warm. The thickness should be 1 ~ 1.5cm. When using, first apply a layer of Vaseline on the part, then apply the medicine, cover it with oil paper and bandage. Change dressing every 2 ~ 3 days. 56 cases were treated. Except 2 cases with poor curative effect, 54 cases were cured. You can also use 2 liang of Yellow Gardenia powder, 1 liang of flour and 1 egg, cook an appropriate amount of wine, transfer it into a paste and apply it to the local area, and replace the new drug after the medicine is dry. Generally, the effect can be seen after 2 times of application.
③ For hemostasis
Take 100g of Yellow Gardenia powder, mix it into paste with 20% open limb liquid, dry and grind it into No. 100 fine powder, add an appropriate amount of benzoic acid, and disinfect it under high pressure for standby. For general upper gastrointestinal bleeding, take 3 ~ 6G each time, 3 times a day. It can also be used as a local hemostatic agent.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Zhi Zi (gardenia)
① Treat typhoid sweating and vomiting. After going down, I was so tired that I couldn’t sleep. I regretted that there were 14 Gardenia (sectioned) and four combinations of fragrant black bean (cotton wrapped). On the second flavor, take four liters of water, cook the cabinet first to get two and a half liters, take one and a half liters of black bean, remove the waste, and divide it into two services. Warm into a service, those who have to vomit should stop taking it later. (on Febrile Diseases Gardenia black bean soup)
② Those who recover from fatigue after treating typhoid fever: three Fructus aurantii (roasted), fourteen Gardenia (dissected), and one liter of black bean (wrapped in cotton). The top three flavors are boiled with seven liters of clear water, four liters in the air, two liters of Fructus aurantii and gardenia, and black beans. They are boiled for five or six times. Remove the dregs and serve them at a warm temperature. The covering is slightly like sweat. If there are diners, there are five or six pieces of rhubarb. (treatise on Febrile Diseases Zhishi Zhizi black bean soup)
③ Cure typhoid fever: Fifteen fat Gardenia (cut), one or two licorice (roasted), two or two yellow cypresses. Take four liters of water, boil one and a half liters, remove the dross, divide the temperature, and then serve. (on Febrile Diseases Zhizi Baipi Decoction)
④ Treatment of damp heat jaundice: Gardenia four coins, chicken bone grass and Tianjihuang one or two each. Fried in water, served three times a day. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ Cure urine drenching and blood drenching: two liang of fresh gardenia and one or two of rock sugar. Fried clothes. (Eastern Fujian materia medica)
⑥ Treatment of urinary obstruction: 27 Gardenia kernels, a little salt flower and a single garlic. Mash it on the, stick the navel on the spread paper flower, or apply it on the scrotum, which will pass after a long time. (Puji Fang)
⑦ Treat acute gastroenteritis, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea: three coins of mountain gardenia, five flavors of Pan Zhu Nan (zijinpi), five coins of root, and two coins of green wood fragrance. Stir fry black deposit with medicine and add five cents of honey. Decoct in water and serve twice. (selected materials of unilateral and empirical investigation)
⑧ Treat sore mouth and sore throat. Don’t eat: four liang of big green, one or two of Gardenia and phellodendron, half a kilo of white honey. Cut it up, fry it with three liters of water, take one liter, remove the dross, fry it with honey, and bring it to a boil or two. (PU Ji Fang Zhi Zi Tang)
⑨ Treatment of red eyes: take seven gardenia, drill through, put them into the pot, simmer them over ash fire, fry them with one and a half liters of water until they are eight fold, remove the dross, use the three coin dagger at the end of the yellow people’s Congress, mix well, spin and warm them after eating. (general records of Shengji Gardenia soup)
⑩ To cure epigastric fire pain, stir fry seven or nine gardenia, one in water, fry for seven minutes, and drink it with ginger juice. (compilation of Danxi)
(11) cure bleeding in the nose: burn and blow it with gardenia. (on simple prescriptions)
(12) treatment of lung wind and nose red wine: Laoshan gardenia is the end, and yellow wax is equally soluble. As big as a bullet. Chew tea and wine. Avoid wine and roast rice. (principal)
⒀ treatment of red and white dysentery and blood dysentery: 47 Gardenia seeds. File with a liter and a half of slurry, fry until five fold, and remove the dross. Hollow pre food sub temperature two clothes. (general records of Shengji Gardenia kernel soup)
(14) treatment of heat and edema: five yuan for gardenia, one and a half yuan for wood fragrance and two and a half yuan for Atractylodes macrocephala. Finely cut and fried. (Danxi mental skill)
⒂ treat women and children with swelling and dampness: stir fry Gardenia in one. For the end, rice drink, swallow, or take pills. (Danxi mental skill)
(16) treatment of broken swelling and pain: tamp gardenia and white flour together and apply it. (simplified prescriptions of collection near the lake)
⒄ fire erysipelas: Gardenia, tamped with water. (Mei Shiji prescription)
(18) treatment of fire sore: Gardenia kernel ash, sesame oil and seal, but thick is better. (Qianjin recipe)
(19) treatment of sore swelling and pain: four cents each for gardenia, dandelion and honeysuckle. Fried in water, served three times a day. In addition, take an appropriate amount of raw honeysuckle vine, mash it and apply it to the affected area. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⒇ burn treatment: clear and thick Gardenia powder and chicken seeds. (emergency prescription)
(21) blood drenching, astringent and painful. Use raw Gardenia powder, talc and other parts, and send onion soup to take.
(22) diarrhea and blood. Burn the ash with gardenia kernel and take a spoonful of water.
(23) fever blood dysentery. Use 14 gardenias, peel them, mash them into powder, and add honey to make balls as big as Wuzi. Take three pills each time, three times a day, and the curative effect is remarkable. It can also be fried with water.
(24) give birth. Burned with gardenia. At the end of the research, rice soup is given three money for service. If the coke is hot, use the shell.
(25) cholera turns tendons, fullness of heart and abdomen, and vomiting and diarrhea are not allowed. Use more than ten gardenias, burn them, grind them into powder, and deliver cooked wine to serve.
(26) fever and food fatigue (press: refers to the recurrence of the old disease due to careless diet or sexual carelessness after the fever). Use 30 gardenia, add three liters of water, fry one liter and take it. It’s better to sweat a little.
(27) children’s mania (heat is stored in the lower body, body heat is manic, coma and do not eat). Use seven Gardenia kernels, five yuan of Douchi, add a bowl of water, fry until 70% take it, or spit or not.
(28) the eyes are secretive. Use seven gardenia, drill holes and simmer until cooked, add water, fry until half a liter, remove the residue, add rhubarb for no three money, and take warm clothes.
(29) wind phlegm headache. Apply Gardenia powder and honey on the tongue to relieve pain immediately after vomiting.
(30) flame erysipelas. Mash with gardenia and rub with water.
(31) ringworm in eyebrow. Burn it with gardenia, grind it into powder, adjust oil and apply it.

Precautions and contraindications: Zhi Zi (gardenia)
Those with spleen deficiency and loose stool should not take it.
Caution: emptiness of the spleen and stomach yang (diarrhea)

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Zhi Zi (gardenia)
Shennong materia medica classic: it tastes bitter and cold. It mainly cures five internal evil Qi, hot Qi in the stomach, red face, wine, nose, white scab, red scab, sores and sores.
Other records of famous doctors: cold, non-toxic. It is mainly used to treat red pain caused by heat in the eyes, large chest and heart, large heat in the small intestine, depression in the heart and hot gas in the stomach.
On medicinal properties: insecticidal drugs. Remove heat, poison, wind, benefit the five drenches, the Lord is evil, pass urine, relieve five kinds of yellow diseases, brighten the eyes, cure time diseases, eliminate heat and thirst, dry mouth and red eyes.
Kaibao materia medica: it tastes bitter, cold and non-toxic. Treatment of eye heat and red pain, large chest center, large small intestine, depressed heart and hot gas in stomach.
Materia medica illustrated classic: Zhongjing and famous ancient and modern doctors treat yellowing with gardenia, Herba Artemisiae, licorice and fermented bean as soup. After curing a serious illness, Lao Fu uses gardenia and mouse arrows to facilitate urination and healing. There are countless ways.
“Materia medica Yanyi”: after Zhong Jingzhi sweated and vomited, he couldn’t sleep. If you play, you will turn upside down again and again. You will be annoyed and treated with gardenia black bean soup. Deficiency, so no rhubarb, cold poison. Although gardenia is cold and non-toxic, it can cure the hot Qi in the stomach. It can not only kill blood and body fluid, but also moisten and nourish the internal organs. It is necessary to use it. Zhang Zhongjing’s treatise on febrile diseases has been written. It also cures the heat in the heart meridian and makes the urine red and astringent. It can be divided into Pishan gardenia, artillery rhubarb, Forsythia suspensa and licorice. At the end, it can be fried with 32 money daggers in water, which is effective.
Medicine method image: it can cure upset, annoyed, restless, reversed mind, desire, blood belt and adverse urination.
“Drug Fu”: bitter taste, cold nature, non-toxic. Shen also, Yin also. It can be used in two ways: to cure the heart’s chagrin and turn upside down without sleep, and to treat the blood stagnation under the umbilicus and urination without benefit. Yi laoyun: light and like lung, red and like fire, and can reduce the fire in swelling.
Tang Ye materia medica: cold in air, slightly bitter in taste, cold in nature, thin in taste, Yin in Yang, non-toxic.
“Elephant” says: treat upset, regret but can’t sleep, mind and spirit are reversed, desire is absolute, blood stagnation, urination is unfavorable. Use the pestle carefully.
“Heart” says: to get rid of the heat in the heart, in addition to irritability, it can be used with black bean sauce.
Jane says: quench your thirst, remove your chagrin and irritability.
The materia medica says: the Lord has evil Qi in the five internal organs, hot Qi in the stomach, red face, wine blister, nose, white scab, red scab and sores. It can treat red pain in eyes, big chest and heart, big heat in small intestine, boredom in heart and hot gas in stomach.
Zhongjing uses Gardenia to treat trouble, and his chest is the highest. Therefore, Yi laoyun said: frivolous and like the lung, red and like fire, so it can drain the fire in the lung. The materia medica doesn’t spit. Zhong Jing uses it as medicine for spitting. Gardenia is not supposed to vomit medicine. It is evil Qi on the body. It refuses to accept it, so it makes the body vomit and the evil cause can come out. According to the Sutra, the higher one is, the better it is. Or use Gardenia to urinate, which is not beneficial to urinate and clear the lung. The lung qi is clear and melted, and the bladder is the house of body fluid. Urination can be gasified out. This sutra says that it can cure large and small intestinal heat, combine Xin with Geng, combine with C, and release Wu. It entered Zhongzhou first. Start the Taiyin. Gardenia black bean soup can cure irritability, which means that those who are annoyed have Qi and those who are dry have blood. Blood governs the lung and blood governs the kidney. Therefore, gardenia is used to treat lung annoyance and Xiangchi is used to treat kidney irritability. An impatient man can’t sleep. Add licorice to those with less Qi deficiency and full body. If you vomit, add ginger and orange peel. The lower abdomen is full and annoying, gardenia Houpu Zhishi decoction. The lower back is slightly hot, gardenia, licorice and dried ginger soup. Gardenia is big and dyed by the elderly. It can’t be used as medicine. The skin is thin and round. Those with seven edges to nine edges are famous mountain gardenia. The so-called peach is also.
Yan Yi said: Zhong Jingzhi was cured of typhoid fever. After sweating and vomiting, he was tired and couldn’t sleep. If the dramatist will turn upside down repeatedly, he will be chagrined in his heart and treat virtual annoyance with gardenia black bean soup. Therefore, rhubarb is not used, so it has cold poison. Although gardenia is cold and non-toxic, it can cure the heat in the stomach. Not only the blood and body fluid die, but also the viscera are not moistened and nourished, and the internal deficiency heat is generated, which must be eliminated. It also cures the heat in the heart meridian and makes the urine red and astringent. Peel gardenia, simmer over fire, roast rhubarb, forsythia, licorice, etc., and fry three money dagger in water. Those who take it will have no effect.
Zhongjing’s treatise on Febrile Diseases and famous doctors of ancient and modern times all use gardenia, Herba Artemisiae, fragrant black bean and licorice as soup to treat hair yellow. Also treat serious diseases, Lao Fu, all use gardenia, mouse arrow and other soup, and facilitate urination and healing. There are too many ways to know. Use benevolence to remove the heat in the heart and chest, and skin to remove the heat on the muscle surface.
Supplement to the derivation of materia medica: bending down can reduce fire and cure fire in the block. The materia medica says: remove the heat and poison wind, benefit the five drenches and urinate. You Yun: Although gardenia is cold and non-toxic, it can cure the heat in the stomach. That is, dead blood and semen. There is no moistening and nourishing of the viscera. Wind generates virtual heat. It must be removed.
The play of materia medica: there is no self in success. It is said that pain can pass through it. The pain of gardenia is filled with empty annoyance.
Jiegu cloud: cold in nature, bitter in taste, thin in Qi and thick in taste, light and clear in the upward direction, floating in air and falling in taste, and Yang and Yin. There are four uses: to remove the heat of the heart meridian guest, in addition to irritability, to remove the deficiency heat of Shangjiao, and to treat wind heat. Another cloud: Gardenia is cold and tastes slightly bitter. Treat upset, chagrin, restlessness, mind reversal, desire, blood stagnation, adverse urination. Another cloud: bitter, pure Yang, quench thirst.
Compendium of materia medica: it can cure hematemesis, bleeding, dysentery, bleeding, blood drenching, injury and blood stasis, typhoid fever and fatigue, febrile syncope, headache, hernia and soup fire injury.
New edition of materia medica: Gardenia tastes bitter and cold. It can rise and fall. It is also Yin and Yang. It is non-toxic. It can enter the liver, lung and heart. There is a medicine that can be used as an assistant, which can be entered by all meridians. It is specially used to relieve the fire in the liver. For the rest, it must use other drugs to induce menstruation and then relieve it. It can stop hypochondriac pain, diarrhea of Jiao fire evil, dispel heat in dampness, eliminate five arthralgia and yellow disease, and stop cholera from turning into tendons and dysentery. Spit when you use it, and benefit when you use it. It can be a medicine for ministers, not for kings. Although mountain gardenia is not necessarily a king. When the two flanks are in great pain, after the heart gentleman brushes the chaos, if you don’t use the mountain Gardenia as the king, it will be in urgent need. It will become unspeakable. Use the mountain Gardenia three or five coins, attached with licorice, white mustard, white peony, Atractylodes, Guanzhong and so on, stop the pain in the throat, and the chaos will be settled. Its speed effect is unimaginable. However, mountain gardenia is like an assistant to a monarch, a minister and an envoy. If it is not appropriate, it should be used well by people, not rigidly.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Zhi Zi (gardenia)
① Cholagogic effect
Oral administration of Gardenia water extract and alcohol extract to rabbits had no effect on the amount of bile and solid components derived from the bile duct, but some people injected the same preparation into rabbits, the bile secretion began to increase in 15 ~ 30 minutes and lasted for more than 1 hour. After intravenous injection of saffron and sodium saffron, bile secretion increased. The gallbladder was photographed after oral administration of Gardenia decoction or granule, which proved that the gallbladder had obvious contractile effect 20 and 40 minutes after taking the medicine. After ligation of the rabbit’s main bile duct, oral administration of Gardenia water extract reduces bilirubin in blood. The more drugs are used, the more significant the reduction is (for example, oral administration once every 24 hours after ligation, the result is very obvious). Especially after continuous administration of an appropriate amount of drugs, the effect is the best. Alcohol extract also has the same effect, but its effect is slightly weaker than that of water extract. When the mast alcohol extract was injected into rabbits, the blood bilirubin in 2 hours was slightly higher than that in the control group, lower than that in the control group after 6 hours, and significantly decreased after 24 ~ 48 hours. Saffron and sodium saffron also had the same effect. In rabbits with common bile duct ligation, injection of alcohol extract reduced bilirubin in peripheral lymph for 24 hours, and saffron and sodium saffron also had the same effect. Gardenia can be used for jaundice caused by biliary inflammation.
② Sedative and hypotensive effects
Subcutaneous injection of Gardenia flow extract in mice reduced spontaneous activity, closed eyes, lowered head and muscle relaxation, and could resist pentylenetetrazol convulsion, but could not resist strychnine convulsion, but could reduce its mortality. Compared with the ash content of flow extract, the above effects were not seen. It is also useful to eliminate insomnia and excessive fatigue. Gardenia Decoction and alcohol extract have a lasting hypotensive effect on anesthetized or non anesthetized cats, rats and rabbits, whether orally or intraperitoneally. The hypotensive effect is rapid and maintained for a short time. The hypotensive site seems to be in the parasympathetic center of the medulla oblongata.
③ Antimicrobial effect
Gardenia water diffuse solution has inhibitory effect on many fungi such as tinea chrysalis, tinea inguinalis and tinea rubrum in the test arm. Its water decoction of 15mg / ml can kill Leptospira. In vitro, gardenia decoction can stop the activity of Schistosoma japonicum, and the decoction has no inhibitory effect on the growth of bacteria.
④ Other functions
Gardenia alcohol extract can stimulate the isolated intestinal smooth muscle of rabbits and rats at low concentration and inhibit it at high concentration. Geniposide has a purgative effect on mice. Its extract is made into ointment, which can accelerate the healing of soft tissue.

08: Tian Hua Fen (trichosanthe),
Dan Zhu Ye (lophatherum),
Lu Gen (reed rhizome),
Huang Qin (scutellaria)

Heat Clearing, Fire-Purging Herbs

These herbs are mainly used to sedate excess heat in the qi (energy) level or excess heat in the Lung or Stomach. Excess conditions include excess heat, excess fire, or Lung or Stomach heat.

Tian Hua Fen (Radix Trichosanthis) is commonly used to clear heat in individuals with underlying deficiencies. Tian Hua Fen clears heat, generates body fluids, relieves thirst and alleviates consumption of body fluids by febrile disorders.

Dan Zhu Ye (Herba Lophatheri) clears heat and promotes diuresis. Dan Zhu Ye more effectively clears heat and promotes diuresis.

Lu Gen (Rhizoma Phragmitis) clears interior and exterior heat and reduces irritability. Lu Gen generates body fluids, relieves thirst, clears Stomach heat to stop vomiting, and dispels Lung heat to eliminate phlegm and abscess.

Heat Clearing, Damp-Drying Herbs

Huang Qin (Radix Scutellariae), effectively clears heat from the upper jiao. It clears Lung heat, stops bleeding, promotes diuresis, and stabilizes the fetus.

Episode 08: Tian Hua Fen (trichosanthe) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Tian Hua Fen (trichosanthe)

Radix Trichosanthis tiān huā fĕn
Trichosanthes, the name of Chinese medicine. “Materia Medica Zhengyi”: The so-called trichosanthes of the medicine shop is used in slices of wilted roots. It has the name of powder but has no powder. Trichosanthes is the root of the cucurbitaceous plant Trichosanthes. It is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine. Indications: Cure fever, thirst, diminished thirst, jaundice, dryness of the lungs, hemoptysis, carbuncle, hemorrhoids. For the treatment of diabetes, it is often used in conjunction with yin nourishing drugs to achieve the effect of treating both the symptoms and the root causes.

Origin:
“Thunder King’s Cannon Burning Theory”

Actions and Indications: Tian Hua Fen (trichosanthe)
To clear away heat and purify fire, promote body fluid to quench thirst, reduce swelling and drain pus.

Trichosanthes is the root of the cucurbitaceous plant Trichosanthes. It is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine. Indications: Cure fever, thirst, diminished thirst, jaundice, dryness of the lungs, hemoptysis, carbuncle, hemorrhoids. For the treatment of diabetes, it is often used in conjunction with yin nourishing drugs to achieve the effect of treating both the symptoms and the root causes.

Indications:
Fever, polydipsia, lung heat, dry cough, internal heat diminishes thirst, sores, swelling and poison.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Tian Hua Fen (trichosanthe)
Trichosanthes powder with Zhimu, nourishes yin and relieves fire, promotes body fluid and quenches thirst, treats polydipsia caused by fever and injures the body fluid and diabetic thirst caused by heat in the lungs and stomach.

1. With reed root, clearing heat and promoting fluid, clearing lungs and resolving phlegm, used for heat evil invades the lungs, coughing thick phlegm, not easy to spit out;

2. With Fritillaria, it can reduce phlegm and relieve cough, and can be used for coughs such as dry heat and lungs or lack of lung yin, and phlegm stickiness;

3. With oysters, treat phlegm fire stagnation, gallbladder sputum nucleus and lily disease who are not badly thirsty;

4. With Asparagus, cure lung heat, dryness and cough, or even hemoptysis; with honeysuckle, cure sore, swelling and poison.

Pattern combinations:
1. Fever and polydipsia. This product is sweet and cold, not only can clear the actual heat of the lungs and stomach, but also produce fluids and quench thirst. Therefore, it is commonly used to treat fever and polydipsia. It can be used with reed root, Ophiopogon japonicus, etc. or with rehmannia, schisandra, such as smallpox (“Renzhai Zhizhifang”); take this product to produce body fluid and quench thirst, and mix with Adenophora, Ophiopogon japonicus, Polygonatum odoratum, etc., can cure dryness, lung and stomach, dry throat and thirst, such as Adenophora Ophiopogon soup (“Discrimination of Febrile Diseases”).
2. Lung heat and dry cough. This product can not only relieve the fire to clear the lung heat, but also produce body fluid to moisturize the lung dryness. It can be used to treat dryness and heat injury to the lung, dry cough and less phlegm, blood in the sputum, etc. Huang and other medicinal uses, such as Zizao Decoction (“Miscellaneous Disease Origin Rhinoceros”); take this product to produce body fluid and moisturize dryness, with ginseng to treat dryness, heat, lung injury, qi and yin injury, cough and hemoptysis, such as ginseng flower powder ( “Rejuvenation from All Diseases”).
3. Internal heat diminishes thirst. This product is good at clearing lung and stomach heat, producing body fluid and quenching thirst. It can be used to treat internal heat accumulation and relieve thirst syndrome of dryness and injure body fluid. It is often used for medicinal purposes such as Ophiopogon japonicus, reed root, and Imperata cylindrica root (“Qianjin Prescription”); Ginseng cures internal heat, quenches thirst, and hurts both qi and yin, such as Yuhuwan (“Renzhai Zhifang”).
4. Sore, swollen and poisonous. This product can not only clear away heat and purify fire and detoxify, but also reduce swelling and pus to treat sores. It can be used to treat sores at the beginning, and heat toxins are flaming. Those who have not become pus can dissipate. Honeysuckle, Angelica dahurica, and pangolin can be used equally, such as Xianfang Huoxing Drink (“Women’s Complete Recipe”); take this product to clear away heat and reduce swelling, and divide it with mint. Watermelon juice can be taken to treat wind-heat upside. , Throat swelling and pain, such as a silver key (“Surgery Hundred Effects Book”).

①Zizao Decoction (“Shen’s Zunshengshu”: Trichosanthes, Asparagus, Ophiopogon, Shengdi, Paeoniae Alba, Gentiana, treats lung dryness, cough, and thirst;

②Yuye Decoction (“Medical Integrity of Chinese and Western References”: raw yam, anemarrhena, pueraria lobata, schisandra, yam, astragalus, Gallus gallus domesticus, to cure thirst;

③Qingshu Decoction (“Surgery Collection”: Trichosanthes, Forsythia, Honeysuckle, Red Peony, Light Bamboo Leaf, Alisma, Talc, Plantago, Licorice, to treat pemphigus and prickly heat.

There is also trichosanthes in the surgical prescription Xianfang Huomingyin and the topical medicine Golden Ointment to treat sores and boils.

Precautions and contraindications: Tian Hua Fen (trichosanthe)
It should not be used together with aconitum.

During pregnancy; Spleen yang void diarrhea; Radix et Rhizoma Veratri lí lŭ is not compatible (xiang fan) or compatible with Radix Aconiti wu tou and Aconiti Radix lateralis fù zĭ / zhì fù zĭ / zhì

Overdose: possibly with prolonged use, liver or kidney damage; no long-term use recommended!

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Tian Hua Fen (trichosanthe)
1. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “The roots of Trichophylla sinensis are sweet and slightly bitter, and acid can produce body fluid, so it can quench thirst and moisturize dryness, slightly bitterness and reduce fire, and sweetness does not hurt the stomach. .” [1] 2. “Materia Medica Huiyan”: “Trichosanthes can relieve five internal organs and stagnation of heat, such as heart fire and dry tongue, lung fire and swollen throat, spleen fire and tongue and teeth swelling, phlegm fire and restless cough. If the threat of liver fire is swollen and injected, the bones of kidney fire are steaming and irritating, or the carbuncle has been ulcerated, but the heat toxin does not dissipate, or the body becomes yellow, and if the water is drenched and astringent, it is the place of all fiery stagnation. However, this agent can relieve stagnation, reduce phlegm and fire, and can cure it. It also has a sweet and cold nature, goodness can cure thirst, cure deficiency and thirst from tonic, cure fire and thirst from cold medicine, and cure depression and thirst from Qi medicine , To cure polydipsia from blood medicine, it is also the medicine to cure thirst.”
3. “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: “Thorn wilt roots, reduce hot phlegm on the diaphragm, moisturize polydipsia in the heart, eliminate irritation, remove alcohol and damp yellow, treat carbuncle ulcers, detoxify and drain pus.”
4. “Materia Medica Seeking Truth”: “Compared with Jiaolou, Tianhuafen is slightly flat in nature. It does not seem to be atrophic and urgent, but has the ability to push walls and collapse walls. To the “Jing”, there is a saying that it is safe to continue, and it seems to be wrong. Said, but Yunqi’s heat does not mean self-sufficiency.”
5. “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: “Mainly diminishes thirst, heats up the body, is full of irritability, severe fever, replenishes the vacuity and calms down, continues the injury.”
6. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: “Cure carbuncle swelling and poison, and relieve cough and blood.”
7. “Materia Medica Mengjun”: “Treats partial hernia.”

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology:  Tian Hua Fen (trichosanthe)

1. Abortion and anti-early pregnancy effect
1.1. The effect of Trichosanthes for injection on uterine contraction in early pregnancy rabbits:

Mature female rabbits were used in the experiment. The mating day is regarded as the first day of pregnancy. On the 10th day of pregnancy, under pentobarbital sodium anesthesia, a latex water sac (about 1 ml in volume) connected to a thin plastic tube was placed into one side of the uterine cavity through an abdominal incision. Thin plastic tubes are led out from the neck through the abdomen and back under the skin. The abdominal wound was sutured. From the next day, the intrauterine pressure changes of the operated rabbits were recorded in a awake state. When tracing the uterine activity, fill the thin plastic tube and milk capsule with water, connect the plastic tube to the pressure transducer, and trace the uterine contraction activity curve through the recorder. All experimental rabbits recorded spontaneous uterine activity before administration, and performed an oxytocin test, that is, after 0.1 unit of synthetic oxytocin (product of Shanghai No. 10 Pharmaceutical Factory) was injected intravenously from the rabbit’s ear border, the uterine reaction was observed. The spontaneous uterine activity and oxytocin test were repeated 24, 48, and 72 hours after administration. The experiment was divided into groups, with 4-5 rabbits in each group. Control group: no drugs, only intramuscular injection of normal saline 0.5ml/rabbit; trichosanthes group: on the 11th day of pregnancy, intramuscular injection of trichosanthes (product of Shanghai Biochemical Pharmaceutical Factory, aseptic freezing of crude extract of trichosanthes) Dry preparation, each ampoule contains 2mg), 2mg/kg; Megestrol 10 days trichosanthin group: 1 hour before trichosanthin injection, intramuscular injection of megestrol suspension (provided by Shanghai No. 12 Pharmaceutical Factory) 10mg/ kg; Indomethacin plus trichosanthin group: In addition to intramuscular injection of trichosanthin (2mg/kg), at the same time, intramuscular injection of indomethacin (prepared with sesame oil) on the 11th, 12th, and 13th days of pregnancy, twice a day, each dose 5mg/kg. The experimental results show that the uterus of the early-pregnancy rabbits is in a completely resting state and lacks response to the stimulation of oxytocin substances. However, 24 or 48 hours after injection of sufficient amount of trichosanthes, the spontaneous uterine activity is gradually strengthened, and the uterus is responsive to oxytocin substances. Also significantly improved.

In addition, the above-mentioned experiments also proved that Trichosanthes can also have a significant anti-early pregnancy effect in a certain dose. It can necrosis and liquefy the blastocyst, and finally absorb it completely. Although the activating effect of trichosanthes on the uterine muscle of rabbits can be prevented by the supplement of exogenous progesterone or the application of prostaglandin synthesis inhibition, the anti-early pregnancy effect of trichosanthes cannot be resisted. This result suggests that the effect of Trichosanthes in terminating pregnancy is not secondary to the suppression of hormone secretion, or the synthesis and release of prostaglandins, which supports the direct effect of Trichosanthes on placental trophoblast cells to terminate pregnancy.

According to another report, the rabbit’s uterine horn is about 1.5cm hung on the ventilation hook, and placed in a Mars bath, which contains 50ml of nutrient solution, passes through a mixture of 95% O2 and 5% CO2, a water bath at 37°C, and a lever for uterine movement. Described on the Jiwen Drum. First trace the spontaneous uterine activity for 30 minutes, and then add 15-methyl prostaglandin F2a (15-A-PGF2a) to determine the minimum threshold concentration of 15-A-PGF2d that increases the frequency and amplitude of uterine tension or contraction. A total of 6 isolated uterus experiments were performed in the control group of animals. Except for one uterus with spontaneous rhythmic contraction, the other 5 uterus had no spontaneous contraction. The minimum threshold concentration of increased tension caused by the addition of 15-methyl-PGF2a was 10-1000mg/ml. Among the 6 uteruses in the Trichosanthes group, 5 uteruses had obvious spontaneous rhythmic contractions, and only one uterus had no spontaneous contractions. The minimum threshold concentration of excitement caused by the addition of 15-methyl-PGF2a was 1-10mg/ml. Experiments show that Trichosanthes can increase the spontaneous contraction activity of the pseudopregnant rabbit uterus 24 hours after the medication.

1.2. The effect of Trichosanthes for injection on uterine progesterone receptor (PR) and estrogen receptor (ER) in pseudopregnant rabbits: Take healthy mature female rabbits weighing more than 2.5kg and inject human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) intravenously 500 units to produce false pregnancy, the day of injection is regarded as false pregnancy for 1 day, and then the animals are divided into 2 groups with 7-8 animals in each group. On the 6th and 7th days of pseudopregnancy, the trichosanthes group was given intramuscular injections of trichosanthes injection (produced by Shanghai Biochemical Pharmaceutical Factory, dissolved to 5mg/2ml with normal saline before use) 2 mg/kg once a day. The control group was injected with normal saline 0.8ml/kg once a day. On the 8th day, 2 ml of blood was taken from the ear vein and placed in a centrifuge tube containing heparin (about 0.5 mg), and centrifuged to obtain plasma for the measurement of progesterone. Then the rabbits were bloodletted and sacrificed. The uterus was immediately removed by laparotomy. A section of the uterus was cut and placed in the nutrient solution for the in vitro uterine experiment. The remaining part was washed 3 times with ice normal saline, and then cut into pieces and pressed 1:3 with the buffer solution ( W/V) Mix at a ratio, place in a homogenization tube, and make a homogenate under low temperature conditions for receptor determination. The determination of P-R and E-R and the determination of KA value adopt the radioreceptor measurement method, refer to the method of Rayard et al. and Andersan et al. and slightly modify the experimental conditions. The protein content of uterine cytoplasmic fluid was measured by Loury method, and the DNA content of uterine cell nucleus was measured by diphenylamine method. The cytoplasmic fluid receptor was expressed as fmol/mg protein, and the nuclear receptor was expressed as fmol/mgDNA. Make a Scatchardplot to obtain the KA values ​​of progesterone and P-R and estradiol and E-R. The plasma progesterone concentration was determined according to the method reported by horneycroft, using 11a hydroxyprogesterone succinic anhydride bovine serum albumin as the antigen to immunize rabbits, and the antiserum titer was more than 1:2000.

The experimental results showed that the P-R content of uterine cytoplasm and nucleus on the eighth day of pseudopregnancy was significantly different between the two groups after t test, indicating that the P-R content of pseudopregnant rabbit uterus can be reduced after injection of trichosanthes. Use Scatchardplot to obtain the KA value of progesterone and cytosolic PR: KA=1.08×10(9)M-1 in the control group, KA=0.28×10(9)M in the trichosanthin group, indicating that trichosanthin significantly reduces the affinity of progesterone and PR . The E-R content of uterine cytoplasm and nucleus on the eighth day of pseudopregnancy showed no significant difference between the two groups by t test. The KA value of estradiol and ER: control value KA=1.01×10(9)M-1, trichosanthes Group KA=1.1×10(9)M-1, there was no significant difference between the two groups, indicating that the trichosanthes group had no significant effect on the ER of the pseudopregnant rabbit uterus. There was no significant difference in the plasma progesterone concentration of pseudopregnant rabbits on the 8th day between the control group and the trichosanthin group.

It is generally believed that uterine activity is regulated by hormones. Csapo et al. reported that the pregnancy uterus is in a resting state, which is related to the higher plasma progesterone concentration in the body. The uterine activity of pregnant rabbits can be inhibited by progesterone, and make it affect oxytocin and prostate. Vegetarians are not sensitive. Shu Huaide et al. It has been reported that Trichosanthes can increase the spontaneous contraction activity of the uterus of pregnant rabbits. It is believed that this effect may be related to the damage of the embryos of Trichosanthes, which reduces the level of progesterone in the body and promotes the release of prostaglandins from the decidua. The experiment uses pseudo pregnant rabbits to measure the plasma progesterone concentration on the 8th day, which is similar to the plasma progesterone concentration of pregnant rabbits reported in the same period by Balduin et al. The progesterone concentration does not decrease after injection of trichosanthes, similar to the control blood, but it can make the uterus The spontaneous contraction increased significantly, indicating that the damage of trichosanthes to the embryo and decidua and the secondary decrease of progesterone may not be the main mechanism of the increase of spontaneous contraction of the uterus caused by trichosanthes. Hai et al. reported that the content of P-R in the nucleus of the uterus decreased in preclinical pregnant rats, and believed that the increase in clinical uterine activity was due to the decrease in the content of P-R in the uterus. Experiments have observed that 15-methyl-PGF2a has a luteinizing effect on pseudopregnant rabbits. The plasma progesterone concentration drops to a very low level 24 hours after injection of 15-methyl-PGF2a. At this time, the PR receptor content of the uterus increases, but the uterus has no effect. Obviously spontaneous contraction is still at rest. Trichosanthes does not change the plasma progesterone concentration of pseudo-pregnant rabbits, but reduces the P-R content of the uterus and decreases the affinity of progesterone and P-R, while at the same time the spontaneous contraction of the uterus increases significantly. So imagine that trichosanthes

Decreasing the content of P-R in the uterus and reducing the affinity of progesterone and P-R may be an important mechanism for the increase of spontaneous uterine contraction activity caused by trichosanthes, and uterine P-R may be related to the regulation of uterine activity.

1.3. The effect of Trichosanthes on the anti-early pregnancy of mice:

Take mature female and male mice in a 2:1 cage, and check the vagina every morning to find the vaginal plug day as the first day of pregnancy. On the 4th and 5th day of pregnancy, 1 subcutaneous injection of trichosanthes per 10g body weight was injected once a day, and the animals were dissected on the 8th day of pregnancy, and the number of pregnant animals was recorded. When the dosage of trichosanthes is 10, 5, 2.5, 1.25, 0.625mg/kg, the pregnancy inhibition rate is 100%, 81.17%, 47.16%, 47.16% and 12.69%, respectively. Using the simplified probability unit method to calculate the half effective amount of trichosanthes anti-early pregnancy It is 1.78±0.28mg/kg.

It has been reported in the literature that 0.4 mg of trichosanthes can be administered intramuscularly, but the inhibitory effect on early-pregnant mice is not ideal. The above experiment also observed that Trichosanthes can terminate early pregnancy in mice, and its effect increases with the increase of dose. However, when a dose that makes the pregnancy inhibition rate reach over 80%, it can significantly reduce the weight of mice and cause certain toxicity to the body. This shows that clinically, due to the limitation of drug toxicity, the purpose of improving the efficacy and shortening the time of miscarriage cannot be achieved by increasing the dose of trichosanthin.

1.4. The method for the effect of exogenous megestrol and chorionic gonadotropin on the anti-early pregnancy effect of trichosanthes is the same as above. On the 4th and 5th day of pregnancy, daily subcutaneous injection of trichosanthin 10mg/kg, and subcutaneous injection of 50mg/kg megestrol water suspension, or intraperitoneal injection of chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) 10I.U, anatomy on the 8th day of pregnancy , Record the number of pregnant animals. The results are shown in Table 3. The pregnancy inhibition rate of the two groups of combined injection decreased. And the embryos were smaller than the control group, and some of them were separated from the endometrium and freed in the uterine cavity.

1.5. Anti-early pregnancy effect of combined administration of Dahuafen and 15-A-PGF2a on mice:

The method is the same as above. On the 4th and 5th day of pregnancy, daily subcutaneous injection of trichosanthes 0.625mg/kg, and subcutaneous injection of l5-methyl-PGF2a 0.0125mg/kg, once a day in the morning and afternoon. It is known that this dose of 15-methyl-PGF2a has a 20% inhibitory rate on early pregnancy mice. Dissected on the 8th day of pregnancy, and recorded the number of pregnant animals. The results are shown in Table 3. In the combined treatment group of Trichosanthin and 15-A-PGF2a, all 12 mice were not pregnant. The pregnancy inhibition rate of mice obtained by the combination of the two drugs was 100% (ie ED100). This shows that when 15-M-PGF 0.0125 mg/kg is used in combination with 0.625 mg/kg of trichosanthin, the anti-early pregnancy effect is not additive, but increased.

1.6. Anti-early pregnancy effects of crystalline Trichosanthes proteosome on mice:

Select 6-8 weeks of healthy and cheap female mice weighing 20-22 g, and cage them according to the ratio of male and female 2:1. Those who find vaginal thrombus are the first day of pregnancy. The female rats that see the plug were randomly divided into groups, 10-15 rats in each group. On the sixth day of pregnancy, the following experimental design groups were administered: the first group of crystalline trichosanthin-Liposome (TL), the dose was TL2ug, 4ug and 8ug per mouse, and the second group was injected with trichosanthin-Liposome. 40ug; the third group was injected with 0.5ml of blank liposomes; the fourth group was injected with 0.5ml of saline as normal control. The mice were dissected on d5 after the injection, and the embryonic development of the uterus was observed. The results showed that the anti-early pregnancy dose of TL was 2ug/head, while the simple trichosanthes dose was 40ug/head, and the anti-early pregnancy rates were 66.7% and 70% respectively. It shows that a small dose of TL has obvious anti-early pregnancy activity. TL in vitro release test confirmed that the release rate was 4.6% in 6 hours and 68.2% in 72 hours. It is suggested that liposomes are promising in the application of gastric-saving drugs and contraceptive research.

1.7. The effect of Trichosanthin liposomes on serum progesterone levels in early pregnancy mice:

The mice on the 6th day of pregnancy were injected with different doses of TL solution into the abdominal cavity. On the 5th day after the injection, the orbital blood was bled, and the serum was collected. The level of progesterone was analyzed by radioimmunoassay. Changes of serum progesterone in pregnant mice TL against early pregnancy. The experimental results suggested that the serum progesterone content was significantly different between the medication group and the control group (P<0.01). The values ​​of TL and Trichosanthes are relatively close, but the progesterone content of blank liposomes has no significant change during early pregnancy. The principle of induction of labor with trichosanthes can be summarized as follows: trichosanthin can directly act on placental trophoblast cells and has certain cell specificity; it can selectively degenerate, necrosis and disintegrate placental villi syncytial trophoblast cells. The cell fragments remain in the sinusoids, causing coagulation, causing circulatory disturbances and further massive tissue necrosis. The damage of placental villi is reflected in the function, that is, the chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and steroid hormones rapidly drop below the critical level of abortion. As a result of severe damage to the morphology and function of the placenta, the endocrine relationship between the mother and the fetus and the exchange of metabolites are destroyed, and may cause an increase in prostaglandin synthesis through an unclear mechanism, and cause uterine contractions to cause miscarriage. In addition, trichosanthes can increase the contraction of the isolated uterus of mice and the in vivo uterus of rabbits, and can increase the sensitivity of the uterus to pituitrin. Its direct excitatory effect on uterine smooth muscle may also be one of the factors leading to miscarriage.

2. Anti-cancer effect
2.1. Therapeutic effect on mice with early transplantation of liver cancer ascites:

Select 18-22g healthy mice to subcutaneously inject tumor cell suspension (original times or 1:1) 0.2ml/mouse, weigh them 24 hours later, and randomly divide them into groups. The treatment group was injected subcutaneously with 0.2ml of trichosanthin (5mg/kg), and the original dose of trichosanthin was injected once again at an interval of 4-6 days. The mice in the control group were injected subcutaneously with 0.2ml of normal saline twice, with the same interval as the treatment group.

At the same time, the treatment group and the control group were respectively drawn 1ml/ascites for cytopathological examination to observe the total number of cells and cell classification. The results show that the treatment of ascites-type liver cancer with trichosanthes can reduce the amount of ascites and prolong the survival time: the experiment was repeated for 2 batches according to the 2 injections of trichosanthes subcutaneously. The survival rate was 61-76%, and the weight gain was less than that of the control group, indicating that the treatment group had less ascites. The average survival period was 29-30 days, and the longest patients were executed without seeing ascites growth for 60 days. The survival period was significantly longer than that of the control group, and the difference was significant P<0,05 (see Table 5). Most of the mice in the treatment group did not see ascites, and eventually died of toxic reactions. Occasionally, a few mice had a small amount of ascites. Pathological examination showed that the total number of cells in the ascites was small, most of which were lymphocytes, and lymphocytes surrounded cancer. The so-called satellite phenomenon of cells includes neutrophils and macrophages. In the control group, a large number of liver cancer died of ascites failure. There were many cells in the ascites, most of which were cancer cells. The third batch of treatment experiments was changed to subcutaneous injection of 0.2ml trichosanthin every 24 hours after cancer cell inoculation, and no treatment. The experiment shows that the survival rate of the treatment group can reach 85.6%, but the mice in the treatment group also have ascites. In the end all died of liver cancer.

2.2. Therapeutic effect on mice with advanced liver cancer ascites transplantation:

18-22g mice were injected subcutaneously with tumor cell suspension (1:1), weighed 24 hours and randomly grouped. Ascites had grown in 6 days. After weighing, the treatment group was injected with 0.2ml trichosanthin subcutaneously, weighed at 4 days interval. After weight loss, 0.4 or 0.2 ml of trichosanthes was injected subcutaneously, and the control group was injected with 0.2 ml of saline subcutaneously at the same interval as the treatment group. Results The amount of ascites was significantly reduced after one injection of trichosanthes, and the ascites inhibition rate reached 73% (P<0.05)

2.3. Therapeutic effect on mice with solid tumor type of liver cancer:

The experimental method is the same as above, and the results show that the inhibition rate of trichosanthes on the solid tumor of liver cancer in mice can reach 36-38.9%, and the tumor in the treatment group is significantly smaller than that in the control group (P<0.05).

2.4. The inhibitory effect of crystalline trichosanthin on tumor cells cultured in vitro:

Jar cells were cultured in RPMI1640 artificial culture medium containing 10 fetal bovine serum, plus 100ug/ml penicillin streptomycin. Hela and Fib cells use DMEM culture medium, in which the content of fetal bovine serum, penicillin and streptomycin are the same as before. The above three kinds of cells all grow in a single layer and adhere to the wall. The experiment was carried out according to the method of literature 37.

Experimental results show that crystalline trichosanthin has a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of Jar human choriocarcinoma cells. The intradermal injection 50 after 48 hours of incubation is 3.3ug/ml, while the intradermal injection of Hela human cervical cancer cells and normal fibroblasts 50 is 13.0 and 16.0ug/ml respectively. In addition, crystalline trichosanthin showed a stronger inhibitory effect on the hCG secretion of Jar cells. After 48 hours of culture, it was inhibited by 50%. The concentration of crystalline trichosanthin secreted by hCG was 1.3ug/ml.

2.5. It is also reported that the lyophilizing agent and water extract of Trichosanthes spp. have 40.4% and 30.9% inhibition rates on uterine cancer U-14, while the decoction has no effect on uterine U-14. In recent years, it has been reported that Trichosanthes can inhibit the growth of Ehrlich ascites cancer cells and prolong the survival period of tumor-bearing mice.

3. Impact on immune function
3.1. The effect of Trichosanthes on the immune function of red blood cells in tumor-bearing mice:

Healthy male mice of Kunming species, 2-3 months old, weighing 21.3±4.6g, mice in the trichosanthes group and tumor group were intraperitoneally inoculated with cell cancer cell suspension, and the normal group was injected subcutaneously with an equal volume of normal saline. In the trichosanthes group, 0.2ml (0.2mg) of trichosanthes was subcutaneously injected 24 hours after inoculation. The other groups were given an equal volume of normal saline. Animals in each group were harvested eleven days after tumor inoculation. The RCIA red blood cells were completely knotted with more than one yeast cell as a rosette, and CIC appeared at a dilution of 1:8 (++) as positive. It can be seen from Table 7 that the red blood cell C3b receptor rosette (RBC-RR) of the mice in the trichosanthes group and the normal group was at the same level, and the tumor group was significantly reduced, and the difference was very significant (P<0.01), indicating that the red blood cell C3b of the tumor-bearing mice Receptor activity was significantly impaired, and after treatment with Trichosanthes, it can be restored to normal levels; the red blood cell immune complex rosette (RBC-ICR) of mice in Trichosanthes group increased, which was significantly different from the other two groups (P<0.01) , Suggesting that Trichosanthes can enhance the ability of red blood cells to adhere to immune complexes in tumor-bearing mice. This result is consistent with the CIC determination. And it is mutually confirmed with the literature report.

3.2. The effect of smallpox on lectin receptors and immunoglobulins in mouse salivary glands:

The animals are 20 adult male healthy ICR pure mice, weighing 18-22g, divided into 2 groups, 10 in each group, the first group is the trichosanthin group, gl times a day, ml each time (concentration 65mg/ml), A total of 7 days, the preparation of the medicinal solution was carried out by conventional water extraction. The second group was the control group, which was injected subcutaneously once a day, each time with ml of physiological saline. On the 8th, the mice were killed and their salivary glands were taken for HE and other staining respectively. The results showed that PNA and PBA receptors in the submandibular glands of mice increased significantly, IgG increased significantly, and acid mucopolysaccharides were also higher than those in the control group, suggesting that trichosanthes is related to promoting the synthesis of galactose and ethylamine galactose in the salivary glands and increasing the body’s immune function.

4. Antibacterial and antiviral effects
The decoction of Trichosanthes has a certain inhibitory effect on hemolytic streptococcus, pneumococcus and diphtheria bacillus in vitro, and has weak effect on typhoid bacillus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, dysentery bacillus, proteus and Staphylococcus aureus. The inhibitory effects of trichosanthin on 7 kinds of viruses were measured on 3 cell culture systems by the lesion inhibition method and 125I radioimmunoassay. The results show that when the concentration of trichosanthin is below 10ug/ml, it has no obvious toxic effect on cells, and when it is 0.001-10ug/ml, it has no obvious toxic effect on Japanese encephalitis, Coxsackie B2, measles, adenovirus type 3 and herpes simplex virus type I. , Vesicular stomatitis virus and hepatitis B virus, etc. have obvious inhibitory effect, and this inhibitory effect increases with the increase of the concentration of sky powder protein. When the concentration is 0.01ug/ml, it can inhibit 50% of the cytopathic changes caused by intradermal injection of 50 virus at 100TC, suggesting that trichosanthes may be another protein with broad-spectrum anti-virus effect after interferon.

5. Fight against HIV
In vitro experiments have shown that trichosanthin can inhibit the replication of HIV in infected immune cells and reduce the number of live cells infected by the virus in immune cells. Its effective inhibitory concentration is 0.05-10ug/ml. A protein that can inhibit HIV infection and replication is called anti-HIVTA29. Clinical data also show that there is a certain therapeutic effect.

Episode 08: Dan Zhu Ye (lophatherum) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Dan Zhu Ye (lophatherum)

Herba Lophatheri dàn zhú yè light bamboo leaves
Lophatherum gracile (Latin scientific name: Lophatherum gracile) belongs to the family of Gramineae. Lophatherum gracile is a perennial herb with rhizomes. The middle part of the fibrous root can be expanded into a spun-shaped fleshy tuber, yellow-white. Leaves lanceolate, panicle; caryopsis oval. Born in a damp place under the forest on a hillside. Distributed in provinces and regions south of the Yangtze River.
The root is used for medicinal purposes. It has the effects of cooling, antipyretic, diuretic and inducing labor; Indications: chest fever, coughing up qi, vomiting blood, hot toxin wind, quenching thirst, suppressing erysipelas, eliminating phlegm, treating fever and boredom, Apoplexy, aphasia, headache, wind, stop palpitations, plague, depression, kill small insects, remove heat and relieve spleen. It can also be used as pasture.

Origin:
“Compendium of Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Dan Zhu Ye (lophatherum)

Efficacy and function: It clears away heat, eliminates troubles and diuresis. Used for fever, polydipsia, red and astringent urine, sores on the tongue and mouth.
Clearing away heat and irritability, diuresis. It is used for fever, polydipsia, red and astringent urine, and sores on the tongue.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Dan Zhu Ye (lophatherum)
⑴ Light bamboo leaves to prevent heatstroke: light bamboo leaves, big green leaves, ginger leaves, honeysuckle leaves 10 grams each, 6 grams of an incense stick, decocted in water (or boiled water)
Herbal Medicine Pale Bamboo Leaf
Herbal Medicine Pale Bamboo Leaf
Bubble) as tea.
⑵ Treatment of fever, upset and thirst: 10-15 grams of light bamboo leaves, decocted in water.
⑶ Treatment of hematuria: 12 grams of light bamboo leaves, 30 grams of fresh grass roots, 15 grams of agrimony, decocted in water.
⑷ Treatment of urinary tract infections: 12 to 15 grams of pale bamboo leaves, 30 grams each of Dingdong vine and Pteris sylvestris, or 10 grams of rushes, decocted in water, 1 dose per day.
⑸ Treat bloody, painful urination: light bamboo leaves, raw lotus roots 30 grams each, 15 grams of raw land, decocted in water, 2 times a day.
⑹ Treatment of cystitis: 15 grams of light bamboo leaves, 10 grams of rushes, 6 grams of Dingdong Vine, decoction in water.
⑺ Treatment of nephritis: 15 grams each of light bamboo roots and tubers, light bamboo leaves, and Duzhidu (core), decocted in water, 1 dose per day.
⑻ Treatment of mouth and tongue erosion: 30 grams of fresh bamboo leaves, 15 grams of cartea, 3 grams of licorice, decocted in water.
⑼ Treatment of fiery toothache and gum ulcer: 50 grams of light bamboo leaves, 5 grams of ginger, 2 grams of salt, 30 grams of raw plaster, decocted in water, and the liquid medicine frequently contains swallows.
⑽Treatment of fever, thirst, upset, and mouth sores: 15 grams each of light bamboo leaves, grass roots and honeysuckle, decocted in water, 1 dose per day.
⑾ Treatment of high fever and cough with pneumonia: 30 grams of light bamboo leaves, 15 grams of Ophiopogon japonicus, decocted in water, and taken with honey, 2 to 3 times a day.
⑿ Treatment of fever and convulsive wind in children: 6 grams each of light bamboo leaves, Dengxin, and Ophiopogon japonicus, 15 grams of black beans, 20 bamboo hearts, 1 dried persimmon, decoction in water.
⒀Treatment of chickenpox in children: 9 grams each of light bamboo leaves, dandelion and gold Suying, 15 grams of honeysuckle, decoction in water.
⒁Prevention of measles: 12 grams of light bamboo leaves, 30 grams of prunella vulgaris, 40-60 grams of green onions (horseshoes), decoction for tea.
⒂ Zhuye Gypsum Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”) After treating typhoid fever, febrile disease, and summer disease, the residual heat is not clear, and the qi and essence are injured. Body heat and sweating, heart irritation, vomiting, dry mouth, drinking, or insomnia, red tongue, less moss, thin pulse. Bamboo leaves 6g, gypsum 50g, pinellia 9g, Ophiopogon japonicus 20g, ginseng 6g, licorice (scorched) 6g, and japonica rice 10g. Top the seven flavors, use a bucket of water, cook for 6 liters, remove the slag, the inner japonica rice, cook the rice until the soup becomes the rice, warm it for one liter, and serve it three times a day. In the prescription, bamboo leaves are used for clearing away heat and irritability, as well as producing body fluid, which is the emperor’s medicine.
⒃Zhuye Decoction (“Waitai Secret Yao”) treats red eyes. 10g light bamboo leaves, 4 coptis, 20 green coins, 20 jujubes (peeled and cored), 7 gardenias.
⒄Single-flavor decoction, instead of tea, to prevent sore throat.

Pattern combinations:
⑴ Zhuye Gypsum Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”) After treating typhoid fever, febrile disease, and summer disease, the residual heat is not clear, and the qi and essence are injured. Body heat and sweating, heart irritation, vomiting, dry mouth, drinking, or insomnia, red tongue, less moss, thin pulse. Bamboo leaves 6g, gypsum 50g, pinellia 9g, Ophiopogon japonicus 20g, ginseng 6g, licorice (scorched) 6g, and japonica rice 10g. Top the seven flavors, use a bucket of water, cook for 6 liters, remove the slag, the inner japonica rice, cook the rice until the soup becomes the rice, warm it for one liter, and serve it three times a day. In the prescription, bamboo leaves are used for clearing away heat and irritability, as well as producing body fluid, which is the emperor’s medicine.
⑵ Zhuye Decoction (“Waitai Secret Yao”) to treat red eyes. 10g light bamboo leaves, 4 coptis, 20 green coins, 20 jujubes (peeled core), 7 gardenias, 10g plantain. Take four liters of water for six flavors, and boil one liter to wash your eyes, 6 to 7 times a day. Avoid pork. In the prescription, the bamboo leaves are compatible with various medicines to clear away heat and irritate, and diuresis.
⑶ Single decoction, instead of tea, to prevent sore throat. [5]

Precautions and contraindications: Dan Zhu Ye (lophatherum)
⑴Those who have no real fire, damp and heat should take it with caution, and those who are weak and cold should not take it.
⑵ Pregnant women should not take it.
Light Bamboo Leaf-Root
Light Bamboo Leaf-Root
⑶ People with renal deficiency and frequent urination should not be taken.
⑷It is not suitable for long-term frying. It is better to eat fresh products. When cooking porridge, it should be thin, not thick.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Dan Zhu Ye (lophatherum)
“Compendium”: “To get rid of heat, facilitate urination, and clear the heart.”

② “Preparation for the Nature of Herbal Medicine”: “Relieving phlegm and quenching thirst, removing burns, improving eyesight, promoting urination, treating white turbidity, reducing fever, and dispelling hemorrhoids.”

③ “Holding the Spirit of Materia Medica”: “Remove stomach heat.”

④ “Materia Medica Renewed”: “Cleans the heart and fire, facilitates urination, in addition to irritability and thirst, children’s acne. Exotic diseases are vicious.”

⑤ “Plant and Tree Recipe”: “Relieve phlegm, quench thirst. Treat dysentery, cough, wheezing, vomiting blood, vomiting, epilepsy in children.”

⑥ “Classification of Herbal Properties”: “Treats cough and asthma, catches eyes.”

⑦”Modern Practical Chinese Medicine”: “Cooling and relieving fever, diuresis. Treating fever, thirst, astringent urine, insomnia, swelling and painful gums, and stomatitis.”

⑧ “Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine History”: “Treat epistaxis.”

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Dan Zhu Ye (lophatherum)
⑴The antipyretic effect of light bamboo leaves: the water extract of this product is given to rats that have been injected with yeast suspension to cause fever. . For cats and rabbits with fever caused by E. coli, the antipyretic potency of 2g/kg bamboo leaves is about 0.83 times that of 33mg/kg phenacetin.
⑵Diuretic effect: normal people try to decoct 10g of this product, the diuretic effect is weak, but it can increase the excretion of chloride in the urine. Its diuretic effect is weaker than that of Mutong and Polyporus umbellatus, but it is stronger than Polyporus umbellatus in increasing the amount of chloride excretion in urine. Promote the excretion of urate from urine.
⑶ Other effects: The in vitro test of the water decoction of this product has inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus and hemolytic streptococcus. The crude extract of this product 100g (crude medicine)/kg has an inhibitory rate of 43.1~45.6% on sarcoma S-180, but has no inhibitory effect on cervical cancer-14 and lymphosarcoma-1 ascites. The product also has the effect of raising blood sugar.
⑷ Toxic and side effects: The median lethal dose for mice is 0.645g/10g. The median lethal dose of this product to mice is 64.5g/kg. [4]

① Antipyretic effect

Oral administration of 1-20 g/kg of light bamboo leaves to rats with artificial fever has an antipyretic effect, and the active ingredients are soluble in water but hardly soluble in alcohol. Using E. coli subcutaneous injection to cause artificial fever in cats and rabbits, the antipyretic potency of 2 g/kg of bamboo leaves is 0.83 times that of 33 mg/kg of phenacetin.

②Diuretic effect

The diuretic effect of bamboo leaves is weaker than that of Polyporus umbellatus and Mutong, but it is stronger than Polyporus umbellatus in increasing the amount of chloride excretion in urine.

In addition, it has the effect of increasing blood sugar.

Episode 08: Lu Gen (reed rhizome) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description:Lu Gen(reed rhizome)
Rhizoma Phragmitis  lú gēn
Reed root, also known as reed root, reed root, reed root, reed root, reed root, was born in rivers and lakes, along the banks of ponds and ditches and low wetlands. It is also the name of traditional Chinese medicine, used for fever polydipsia, stomach-heat vomiting, lung-heat cough, pulmonary carbuncle vomiting pus, hot shower astringent pain.
Reed Rhizome.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”.

Actions and Indications: Lu Gen (reed rhizome)
To clear away heat and produce fluid, eliminate irritability, relieve vomiting and diuresis.

Reed root has the functions of clearing heat and promoting fluid, eliminating irritability, relieving vomiting, and diuresis. It mainly treats polydipsia, stomach fever, vomiting, lung-heat cough, lung carbuncle vomiting pus, hot shower and astringent pain.
1. Reed root clears the middle and ventilates wind-heat. It can be used to treat wind-heat and cough. It is often prepared with mulberry leaves, chrysanthemums, platycodons and other medicines to dispel wind and heat, and relieve lungs and cough.
2. Reed root is used for fever and polydipsia.
3. Fresh medicine is stronger.
4. Reed root is used for hot showering and astringent pain.
5. The early stage of measles rash in children is not smooth. You can mix reed root with mint and cicada to relieve the wind and heat, and clear the rash.
6. ​​Reed root is used for lung-heat cough and lung carbuncle vomiting pus. Reed root clears and relieves lung heat, and is also diuretic. It can conduct heat and poison from urine. Therefore, it can treat lung heat, cough, thick sputum, and pulmonary carbuncle cough and vomiting pus. To clear away heat and resolve phlegm and relieve cough; to treat the latter, it is often combined with Platycodon grandiflorum, houttuynia cordata, raw columbine, honeysuckle and other medicines to clear the lungs and drain pus, detoxify and treat carbuncle.
7. The reed roots are both transparent and loose.
8. Reed root can also be used for puffer fish poisoning. Use mashed juice alone, or with ginger, perilla leaves, etc., decoct and drink.
9. Reed root is used for stomach fever and vomiting. Reed root not only clears heat and relieves vomiting of the stomach, but also does not disturb the stomach, so it is an important medicine for the treatment of stomach fever and vomiting. The lighter ones can be used alone, and the more severe ones are often served with bamboo, ginger, japonica rice, etc., to enhance heat-clearing and adverse effects, and to stop vomiting, such as Reed Root Yinzi in “The Essential Prescription for a Thousand Golds”.
category: heat-clearing and purging gunpowder.
Nature and flavor: sweet, cold.
return meridian: return lung meridian, stomach meridian.
Efficacy: clearing away heat and producing body fluid, eliminating irritability, relieving vomiting, diuresis.
Indications: Used for fever polydipsia, stomach-heat vomiting, lung-heat cough, pulmonary carbuncle vomiting pus, hot shower astringent pain.
Usage and Dosage: Oral administration: decoction, 15-30g (60-120g for fresh products); or mashed juice with fresh products. External use: appropriate amount, decoction and wash.
Source: This product is the fresh or dried rhizome of the monocot plant Gramineae reed.
Contraindications
People with deficiency of the spleen and stomach should avoid taking reed root.

Indications:
Used for fever polydipsia, stomach heat vomiting, lung heat cough, pulmonary carbuncle vomiting pus, hot shower astringent pain

1. Fever and polydipsia. This product is sweet and cold in nature, can not only clear the lungs and stomach qi, but also produce body fluid to quench thirst, and relieve irritability. Therefore, it can be used to treat fever, irritating body, and thirst.
Reed root
Reed root
Drink frequently with fried thick sauce (“Behind the Elbow”). It is often used for medicinal purposes such as Ophiopogon japonicus and trichosanthes; or take its fresh juice with Ophiopogon japonicus juice, pear juice, water chestnut juice, lotus root juice, such as Wuzhiyin (“Febrile Diseases”).
2. Stomach fever and vomiting. This product can clear the stomach heat and relieve vomiting. It can be used with fresh products and decoction with green bamboo such as green bamboo and ginger, such as reed root drink (“Qianjinfang”);
3. Lung-heat cough, lung carbuncle vomiting pus. This product can clear the lung heat when entering the lung, and is used to treat lung heat and cough. It is often used for medicinal purposes such as Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Fritillaria zheiensis, and Trichosanthes. For treating wind-heat and cough, it can be used with mulberry leaves, chrysanthemums, bitter almonds and other medicinal purposes, such as Sangju Decoction (“Differentiation of Febrile Diseases”). If treating lung carbuncle and vomiting pus, it should be used with coix seed and winter melon seed, such as reed stem soup (“Thousand Gold Prescriptions”).
4. The hot shower is astringent and painful. This product has the function of clearing heat and diuresis, and can be used to treat heat, drenching, astringent pain, short urine, and it is often used with Imperata cylindrica and Psyllium.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Lu Gen (reed rhizome)
Reed root
Cure lung heat, cough, lung carbuncle and vomiting pus: Reed root enters the lungs and clears the lungs through the heat,
Reed root cures fever and polydipsia: Reed root is sweet and cold in nature,
Reed root cures heat and astringency and pain: Reed root has the function of clearing away heat and diuresis, and can be used to treat heat and astringency, pain, short urine, and it is often used with Imperata root and Psyllium.
1. Reed root cures five chokes, stagnation of qi in the heart, boredom, vomiting, no eating: reed root five taels, file, three cups of water, boil two cups, remove the water, no time, warm service. (“Golden Chamber Jade Letter Fang”)
2. Reed root cures whooping cough and hemoptysis: 30g (Reed root), 6g Selaginella, 6g Oryx, 7.5g cowhide jelly. Decoction in water. (“Hunan Medicine History”)
4. Reed root cure gum bleeding: (Reed root) decocted in water, instead of tea. (“Hunan Medicine History”)
5. Reed root cures stomachache and spit acid water: Reed root 15g, Camphor root 9g. Simmering water, 2 times a day. (“Guizhou Herbal Medicine”)  6. Reed root cures pregnancy vomiting and spitting water: reed root is 10 points, orange peel is 4 points, ginger 6 points, betel nut 2 points. Take two liters of water, decoct Qihe, and take it hot on an empty stomach. (“Economical Production Treasure”)
7. Treat lung carbuncle and vomiting blood: 1000g fresh reed root, stewed pig heart and lung clothes. (“Chongqing Herbal Medicine”)
8. Reed root cures sore throat: fresh reed root, pound juice, adjust honey. (“Quanzhou Materia Medica”)

Formulas:
1. Diabetes: 15g of reed root, 9g of Ophiopogon japonicus, Digupi, Poria, 4.5g of tangerine peel. Decoction. (“Anhui Chinese Herbal Medicine”)
2. Cure whooping cough and hemoptysis: (Reed root) 30g, Selaginella 6g, Oryx sylvestris 6g, cowhide jelly 7.5g. Decoction in water. (“Hunan Medicine History”)
3. Cure lobar pneumonia, high fever, polydipsia, asthma and cough: reed root 30g, ephedra 3g, licorice 6g, almond 9g, plaster 15g. Decoction in water. (“Ningxia Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)
4. Treat lung carbuncle and vomiting blood: fresh reed root 1000g, stewed pig heart and lung clothes. (“Chongqing
Reed Root Drink
Reed Root Drink
Herbal Medicine)
5. Cure lung carbuncle, cough and spit fishy smelly sputum: reed root 30g, barley and winter melon seeds 15g, peach kernel and platycodon 9g each. Decoction in water. (“Ningxia Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)
6. Cure bone-steaming lung dysfunction, irritability can not eat: Reed root (cut to scale), Ophiopogon japonicus (heart removed), Digu skin 500g each, 500g ginger (cut with skin), orange peel, 250g tuckahoe each.
7. Cure five chokes, stagnation of qi in the heart, vomiting and irritability, no eating: 250 grams of reed root, file, three cups of water, boil two cups, detox, no time, warm service. (“Golden Chamber Jade Letter Fang”)
8. After the treatment of typhoid fever, nausea, and retching can not eat: raw reed root (cut), green bamboo ruins each one liter, japonica rice triple, ginger 150 grams. Top the four flavors, take five liters of water, cook two and a half liters, and drink as you like. (“The Essential Prescriptions for One Thousand Golds” Reed Root Drinking Seeds)
9. Treat children with vomiting, upset and fever: 50 grams of reed root. Rinse, take one liter of water, decoct Qihe, remove the drunk, red rice, and cook the porridge in the juice. (“Shi Yi Xin Jian” Reed Root Congee)
10. Control pregnancy, vomiting, and spitting water: reed root is 10 points, orange peel is 4 points, ginger is 6 points, and betel nut is 2 points. Take two liters of water, decoct Qihe, and take it hot on an empty stomach. (“Economical Production Treasure”)
11. Reed root cures postpartum vomiting, cholera, and abdominal pain: Reed root, ginseng, and loquat leaves each 50 grams. Pound and sieve, each serving 25 grams, one and a half cups of water, decoction for eight minutes, decanting, warm serving, regardless of time. (“Puji Fang” Reed Root Drink)
12. Treat stomachache and spit acid water: Reed root 15g, camphor root 9g. Simmering water, 2 times a day. (“Guizhou Herbal Medicine”)
13. Incomplete treatment of measles:

Reed root
Reed root 30g, Tamarix 9g. Decoction in water. (“Shandong Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)
② Appropriate amount of reed root and coriander. Rub the body with the concentrated decoction. (“Qingdao Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)
14. Cure scarlet fever: 30g each of fresh reed root and fresh white grass root, appropriate amount of sugar. Decoction in water and drink it as tea. (“Henan Chinese Herbal Medicine Handbook”)
15. Treatment of swelling and sore throat: fresh reed roots, smashed juice, adjust honey. (“Quanzhou Materia Medica”)
16. Cure aphthous: 200 grams of reed root, 150 grams of cork and cohosh each, five taels of raw ground. Cut the upper four flavors, use 4 liters of water, cook 2 liters, remove the glutinous content, and take the scum. Contains extremely cold vomiting, and even more. (“Waitai” quoted “Jijianfang”)
17. Treatment of bleeding gums: (reed root) decoction, instead of tea. (“Hunan Medicine History”)
18. Treatment of wind, fire, insect teeth: fresh reed root 60g, willow root 60g, yellow vitex root and roadside ginger each 30g, February soaked root,
Picture of reed root
Pictures of reed root (18 photos)
18g each with soaked roots. Decoction in water. (“Chongqing Herbal Medicine”)
19. Treatment of swollen eyes: 250 grams of reed root, 50 grams of licorice (sunburned), triple corn, sweet bamboo and big chicken. Top the four flavors and file like a bean. For every 25 grams, take two cups of water, decoct one cup, decontaminate, take warm after eating, three days a day. (Reed Root Soup in “The General Record of St. Francis”)
20. Treatment of dry stool: 15g each of reed root, prunella vulgaris and honey, 6g each of rhubarb, saponins and silver flower. Simmering water suit. (“Guizhou Herbal Medicine”)
twenty one. Treatment of leucorrhea: 15g reed root (dry), 30g five-finger hair peach root. Decoction. (“Chinese Herbal Medicine in Huiyang, Guangdong Province”)
twenty two. Treatment of puffer fish poisoning:
① 120g reed root. Decoction. (“Middle School Medicine in Huiyang District, Guangdong Province”)
② 150g reed root and 60g hollyhock root. Take it orally with mashed flushing water. (“Qingdao Handbook of Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

Precautions and contraindications: Lu Gen (reed rhizome)
People with deficiency of the spleen and stomach should avoid taking reed root.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Lu Gen (reed rhizome)
1. Reed Root “Famous Doctors”: Mainly diminishes one’s thirst and guest’s fever, and relieves minor convenience.
2. “Medicinal Properties”: It can relieve fever and appetite. The treatment is choking.
3 “Tang Materia Medica”: Treating vomiting, inability to eat, stomach fever, and typhoid fever.
4. “Materia Medica Shu”: Reed root, sweet and cold in taste and non-toxic. Diabetes patients, if there is heat in the middle Jiao, the spleen and stomach are dry, and body fluid is not born. Gan can benefit the stomach and neutralize the body. If the guest is hot, there will be evil heat, while the cold will eliminate the evil heat, and the guest heat will self-dissolve. The lungs are the source of water, the spleen qi disperses the essence, and returns to the lungs. It can pass through the water channels and infuse the bladder. Therefore, the pyrolysis of the lung, kidney, and spleen will cause urination to become normal, and the fire will increase the stomach heat, and the nausea and vomiting will not stop eating and choking. Therefore, Xieli people are more thirsty; pregnant women with insufficient blood will heat the heart, and the cold can relieve heat and calm the stomach, and can also relieve the qi, so it is also known for the Lord.
5. “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: Treats irritability and boredom during cold and heat, which is good for pregnant people with warm heart, and diarrhea and thirst.
6. “Daily Use Materia Medica”: Relieve puffer fish poison.
7. “Materia Medica Mengjun”: Relieve alcohol poisoning, fish and crab poisoning.
8. “Materia Medica”: cure cholera.
9. “Jade Catalpa Medicine Solution”: clears down the lungs and stomach, relieves depression and annoyance, produces body fluids to quench thirst, eliminates vomiting and eats, and treats choking and depression.
10. “Medical Chinese and Western Records”: “Thousand Golds” Reed Stem Soup, the exponent says that the reed uses stems instead of roots, and the lungs are on the top, and those who take the heavens will kiss them. Stupid thinks otherwise. The root of the reed lives in the bottom of the water. Its nature is cool and it rises well. Those who suffer from big head plague often use it as a medicinal medicine for meridians. Is the power of its ascent to the brain, but is it more important to the lungs? In addition, its cold nature can clear the lung heat, the hollowness can regulate the lung qi, and the taste is sweet and liquid, and it is better to nourish the lung and yin. The root is better than the stem. Today the name of the pharmacy is reed root, which is actually reed root. Its nature is quite similar to that of Maogen, and fresh reed roots can be used instead of those who use grass roots but no fresh ones.
11. “Medical Lin Zhuan Yao”: It can penetrate dampness and move water, and treat lung carbuncle.
12. “Tianbao Materia Medica”: To cleanse the heart and nourish the kidneys, to remove fog, dizziness, tinnitus, sore toxins, night dreams, and nocturnal emission.
13. “Chinese Medicine Zhizhi”: Cure constipation.
14. “Nanjing Folk Herbs”: cure sore throat.
15. “Shandong Traditional Chinese Medicine”: treat edema.
16. “Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine History”: Treatment of rash, dry tongue and lack of body fluid.
17. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: According to the “Preface to Lei Gong’s Cannon Burning Theory”, it is necessary to fry Lupu with good food and gourd. Note the cloud, use the reed root against the water, and divide the two flavors of magnolia into equal parts, and decoct the soup. Gailu root can benefit the stomach, and the cold can reduce the fire.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Lu Gen (reed rhizome)
On the bone
Skeletal muscle has an inhibitory effect
It can inhibit the contraction response caused by electrical stimulation of frog neuromuscular specimens, the oxygen uptake and anaerobic glycolysis of the rat diaphragm, and can inhibit the response of the actin-ATP system, as well as relatively weak central inhibition The effect is that it has a sedative effect on rats and mice, and can antagonize caffeine. On the rabbit’s EEG, the amplitude of the wave increases and the frequency decreases, indicating that it inhibits the function of the central nervous system. In the rat tail electric stimulation test, it has analgesic effect, and the intensity is similar to aminopyrine. It has antipyretic effect. It has a good antipyretic effect on TTG (Pseu-domonas fluorescens bacterial complex refined compound polysaccharide) fever, but has no effect on the fever caused by dinitrophenol. It has a short-term inhibitory effect on the polysynaptic reflex (cat peroneal nerve-gastrocnemius specimen). Intravenous injection can cause a short-term decrease in blood pressure in rabbits, and subcutaneous injection can decrease blood sugar slightly. It has an inhibitory effect on the isolated toad heart and isolated rabbit intestine, and has no obvious effect on the blood vessels of rabbit ears. Its toxicity is very low, 0.5g/(kg.d) orally in mice, lmo did not cause abnormal changes.
It has a relaxing effect on the isolated guinea pig intestine
At a concentration of 2×10(-5), it can significantly inhibit the contraction of the isolated rabbit small intestine. 4mg injected into the small intestinal cavity of the rabbit can slow down the peristaltic contraction. Oral 2mg given to rats every day can significantly increase the blood thyroxine. It also has a mild antioxidant effect, which can prevent the oxidation of adrenaline. There is a mild estrogen-like effect. It still has anti-cancer effect. The T/C of 6 and 12.5 mg on mouse P388 are 133 and 174%.

Episode 08: Huang Qin (scutellaria) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Category: Heat Clearing Herbs: Dampness Drying

Name and Description: Huang Qin(scutellaria)

RADIX SCUTELLARIAE huáng qín
Scutellaria, the name of Chinese medicine. Also known as camellia root and earth golden tea root, it is a perennial herb of the genus Scutellaria in the Lamiaceae family; the fleshy rhizome is thick, the leaves are papery, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, and the raceme grows on the stem and branches, and the corolla Purple, purplish red to blue, flat filaments, slender style, circular disk, brown ovary, small nut ovoid, flowering and fruit period from July to September. Scutellaria baicalensis was born on sunny grass slopes, with an altitude of 60-1300 (1700-2000) meters. Produced in Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Henan, Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Sichuan and other places, it can be grown in most provinces in northern China. Its root is used as medicine, it tastes bitter and cold in nature, has the effects of clearing heat and dampness, purging fire and detoxification, hemostasis, and anti-fetus. Indications include febrile fever, upper respiratory tract infection, lung-heat cough, damp-heat yellow gall bladder, pneumonia, dysentery, hemoptysis, red eyesight, fetal movement, high blood pressure, carbuncle swelling and furunculosis. The clinical antibacterial activity of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is better than that of Coptis chinensis, and it does not produce drug resistance.

Origin:
“Wu Pu’s Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Huang Qin(scutellaria)
Clearing away heat and dampness, purging fire and detoxification, hemostasis, and fetus.

Reduces actual fire, dehumidify heat, hemostasis, and anti-fetus. Treat strong-heat polydipsia, lung-heat cough, damp-heat diarrhea, jaundice, hot showers, vomiting, epistaxis, uterine bleeding, bleeding, red eyes, swelling and pain, fetal movement, carbuncle swelling and furunculosis.

Indications:
It is used for dampness, heat and dampness, chest tightness and nausea, damp heat and fullness, diarrhea, jaundice, lung-heat cough, high fever and polydipsia, blood-heat vomiting, carbuncle, swelling and sore poison, fetal movement and restlessness.

1. Used for damp-heat, chest tightness, thirst and unwilling to drink, as well as damp-heat diarrhea, jaundice and other symptoms. For damp-heat and fever, it can be used in conjunction with talc, Baikouren, Poria, etc.; for damp-heat diarrhea, abdominal pain, it is equivalent to white peony root, kudzu root, and licorice; Ye is equivalent.

2. Used for fever, hyperthermia, polydipsia, or lung-heat cough, or heat-induced blood spillage and heat toxin sores. To treat fever and high fever, it is often compatible with Coptis, Gardenia, etc.; to treat lung-heat and cough, it can be used with Anemarrhena vulgaris and Mulberry bark; for blood fever, it can be used with Habitat, Moutan bark, and Platycladus orientalis; Heat toxin sore, can be used together with honeysuckle, forsythia and other medicines.

In addition, this product has the effect of clearing heat and restoring the fetus, and can be used for fetal movements, often used in conjunction with Atractylodes macrocephala, Zhuru, etc.

It is used for dampness, heat and dampness, dampness and heat, diarrhea, jaundice and diarrhea. This product is bitter and cold, clearing away heat and dampness, and can clear the damp heat of the lungs, stomach, gallbladder and large intestine meridian, especially the damp heat of the upper coke in the disease. It can be used to treat dampness, warmth and dampness, dampness and heat stagnation, chest irritation, nausea and vomiting, poor body heat, yellow and greasy tongue coating, and it is often equivalent to talc, Baikouren, and Tongcao, such as Huangqin and talc soup; Vomiting, often compatible with coptis, dried ginger, pinellia, etc., pungent to relieve bitterness, such as Banxia Xiexin Decoction if the large intestine is damp and hot, diarrhea and dysentery, can be used together with Coptis and Pueraria lobata, such as Gegen Qinlian Decoction; used to treat damp-heat jaundice , It is used with Yinchen and Gardenia.
Used for lung-heat cough, fever polydipsia. This product is good for clearing lung fire and the actual heat of the upper Jiao. If the lung heat is suppressed, the lung is not clear, the cough is thick and the phlegm is thick, it is effective when used alone, such as Qingjin Wan; it can also be used with Morus alba, Anemarrhena, Ophiopogon, etc. , In order to enhance the power of clearing the lungs and relieving cough, such as Qingfei Decoction. In addition, this product can also be used to treat exogenous fever, hyperthermia, polydipsia, red face, dry lips, red constipation, and yellow moss pulses caused by middle and upper scorching heat. It is often used with mint, gardenia and rhubarb. Purging fire and laxative, such as Lianggesan. This product is incorporated into Shaoyang Gallbladder Meridian and used with Chai Hutong to treat evils in Shaoyang cold and heat, and has the power to reconcile Shaoyang, such as Xiao Chai Hu Decoction.
Used for pain, swelling and sore poison, sore throat. This product has a strong ability to regulate fire and detoxification. It can reduce the flaming sores and swelling toxins, sore throat and sore throat. It is often used equated with Yinhua, Forsythia, Burdock, and Isatis indigotica.
Used for blood-heat vomiting. This product, please heat and cool the blood to stop the bleeding, and can treat the bleeding syndrome of the violent fire and the forced blood, such as vomiting and bleeding. It is often used in combination with Habitat, Imperata cylindrica and Panax notoginseng.
Used for fetal fever and restlessness: This product has the effect of removing heat and restoring fetus, and can be used to treat the symptoms of fetal heat accumulation and restless fetal movement. It is often compatible with Atractylodes macrocephala, Angelica sinensis, etc., such as Danggui San.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Huang Qin (scutellaria)
1. Pediatric alopecia: hollyhock flower, rhubarb, scutellaria are divided into equal parts, at the end. Wash the rice glutinously and apply sesame oil. (“Pujifang”)
2. Bloody dysentery does not stop: five taels of Kochia scoparia, one tael each of Sanyu and Scutellaria scutellaria. Each serving of square inch dagger, warm water down. (“Holy Benefit”)
3. Hematemesis and blood, cure the lack of heart-qi, vomit blood and blood, Xiexin Decoction is the main one: two or two rhubarb, one or two each for coptis and scutellaria, three liters of water, one liter of boiling, hot service for profit. (Zhang Zhongjing “Golden Chamber Jade Letter”)

“Pharmaceutical Pairs”: “Dogwood and keel make it. Evil green onions. Awesome dansha, peony, veratrum. With Bupleurum, regulating the outer and inner parts, reconciling Shaoyang; with Atractylodes, clearing heat and fetus; with Pinellia, bitter Jiangxinkai; with Coptis chinensis, clearing away heat and dampness; with Citrus aurantium, Magnolia officinalis, digestion and stomach.

1) There is no fever for dampness and temperature, it can be used in conjunction with talc, Baikouren, Poria, etc.; for damp-heat diarrhea, abdominal pain, it is often used with white peony root, kudzu root, and licorice; for jaundice caused by damp-heat accumulation, it can be used with cotton Yinchen, gardenia, and light bamboo leaves are used equally. To treat fever and high fever, it is often compatible with Coptis, Shanzhi, etc.; to treat lung-heat and cough, it can be used with Zhimu and Mulberry bark; it can be used with Habitat, Paeonolium bark and Platycladus orientalis to treat blood fever. Heat toxin sore, can be used together with Yinhua, Forsythia and other medicines. It is used for restless fetal movement, and is often used in conjunction with Baizhu, Zhuru, etc.

Formulas:
1. Treating children with heart-warming and shocking cry: Scutellaria baicalensis (to black heart) and ginseng each have one point. Trouble is scattered. Take a word dagger for each serving, adjust the bamboo leaf soup, take it regardless of the time (“Sheng Ji Zong Lu” Huang Qin San)

2. To reduce lung fire and reduce hot phlegm: slices of skullcap, stir-fried, for the end, paste pill, or steamed cake pill Wuzi big. Take fifty pills. (“Danxi Heart Method” Qingjin Wan)

3. Treatment of chronic bronchitis: Scutellaria baicalensis and Tinglizi are divided into fine powder, sugar-coated tablets, each containing 0.8 grams of crude drug, three times a day, each tablet. (Inner Mongolia “Selected Materials of New Chinese Herbal Medicine Law”)

4. Treatment of upper respiratory tract infections and enteritis: Scutellaria baicalensis was chopped up, soaked in four times the amount of water for four hours, and the residues were soaked twice with twice the amount of water. The filtrate was combined and poured into the infusion with 20% alum to adjust. The pH is 3.5 (for every 100 kg of Scutellaria baicalensis, 6-8 kg of alum is needed), yellow precipitates are produced. Let stand for four hours, discard the supernatant, put the precipitate in a cloth bag, add water, filter, dry, pulverize, and make Tablets. Take two to three tablets per insult. (Liaoning “Selected Materials on New Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

5. Cure Shaoyang headache and sun headache, regardless of deviation: tablets of Huangmang, soaked in wine. Thousands of things are not in the air. Tea and wine are served for one dollar for each serving. (“Orchid Chamber Secret Collection” Xiao Qing emptying cream)

6. Treating the sun and Shaoyang disease, self-help: yellow mustard three taels, peony two taels, licorice two taels (broiled), 12 jujubes (boiled), four flavors, one bucket of water, three liters of boil ) Go Chuo. Warm clothes one liter, day and night again. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Huangqin Decoction)

7. Treating leaching, and also the main blood: Scutellaria baicalensis four or two, finely cut, with five liters of water, boil two liters, and serve separately. (“A Thousand Golden Wings”)

8. Treating vomiting and bleeding, which may occur or stop, are all caused by the accumulation of heat in the heart: one or two scutellaria (remove the black rot in the heart), and pound the snail to disperse. Take three coins for each serving, take one medium cup of water, and fry to six minutes. No matter what time, warm and warm suits. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Huang Qin San Tune)

9. Treating the middle and lower blood of collapse: yellow mustard, which is fine. Each serving is one dollar, and the wine is tempered by burning the scales with a hammer. (“The Party”)

10. After treating the woman forty-nine years old, Tiangui has been doing too much or too much: two or two of the branches of the skullcap heart (reuse rice vinegar, soak for seven days, dry, soak and soak again. Do this seven times). For the fine grains, the vinegar paste is for the pills, which are as big as the sycamore seeds. Take seventy pills per serving, give it with hollow warm wine, and take two servings a day. (“Ruizhutang Experience Formula” Qinxin Pills)

11. Anti-fetus: Atractylodes macrocephala, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, stir-fried song. The above is not, porridge pills, take. (“Danxi Heart Governance”)

12. Treatment of liver fever and haze, regardless of adults and children: one or two scutellaria. Lightly in twos and threes, for the future. Three coins per serving, wrapped in cooked pork liver, served with warm soup, and served twice a day. Avoid alcohol and noodles. (“Healthy Home Recipe”)

13. Treatment of eyebrow and orbital pain, belonging to phoenix heat and phlegm: Scutellaria baicalensis (wine immersion, fried), Angelica dahurica. The above is the future, and the tea is adjusted for two dollars. (“Danxi Heart Method”)

14, treatment of moxibustion sore blood: two money fried scutellaria baicalensis with wine. For the future, wine service. (“Strange Proof and Odd Fang”)

15. Treatment of fire pill: pestle of scutellaria baicalensis, water adjustment and application. (“Mei Master’s Collection of Prescriptions”)

16. Treat blood thirst after childbirth and drink more water: Scutellaria baicalensis (roasted on the new tile) and Ophiopogon japonicus (to the heart)). Top piece, finely cut. Take three coins for each serving, one and a half cups of water, fry until eighty minutes, and take it to warm water, whatever the time. (“The Yang Family Tibetan Recipe”)

Precautions and contraindications:
It is not suitable for people with deficiency of the spleen and stomach.

Kontra: Lungen-Yin-Leere, Milz- und Magen-Yang-Leere, Diarrhoe infolge von Kälte, unruhiger Fötus infolge von Kälte

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Huang Qin(scutellaria)
1. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: treat wind-heat, damp-heat, headache, ben dolphins heat pain, fire cough, lung fistula, fishy throat, and blood loss. [1] 2. “Don’t Record”: Treating phlegm and heat in the stomach, lower abdominal cramps, eliminating valleys, benefiting the small intestine, women with blood clot, drenching blood, and children with abdominal pain.
3. “The Classic”: all kinds of hot yellow gallbladder, intestinal diarrhea, drainage of water, blood closure, malignant sores, gangrene, fire ulcer.
4. “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: bitter cold, non-toxic. The hollow ones are dried into the lungs, and the fine ones are dried into the large intestine, and cooked with wine for stir-frying.

1. “Drug Pairs”: Scutellaria baicalensis, Magnolia officinalis, Rhizoma Coptidis to relieve abdominal pain: Schisandra, Meng, and oyster make you have children; Astragalus, Baiji, Chixiaodou can cure rat fistula.

2. “The Sketch Book”: Zhang Zhongjing treats typhoid fever and fullness of the heart. Scutellaria is used in all prescriptions of Xiexin Decoction. Because of its main heat, it benefits the small intestine. In addition, the benefits of the sun’s disease are more than that of Pueraria lobata, Scutellaria, Huanglian Decoction; and the main pregnancy Antai San, and Scutellaria scutellaria is often used.

3. “Medical Origin”: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. It is a necessary medicine for treating damp and heat in the lungs, treating swelling and redness in the eyes on the heat, and prosperous blood stasis. In the venting lung, the fire evil goes up against the barrier, replenishing the cold and inadequacy of the bladder, which is nourishing its source. The “Secrets of Indications” states that there are nine uses: to reduce the heat of the lungs and menstrual flow, one for one; Xiayue needs to use two, two for upper coke and skin phoenix heat, three for: to remove all heat, four for nourishment after childbirth To prevent yang, five ya; to promote chest and qi, six ya; to eliminate phlegm, seven ya; except for heat and spleen dampness, eight ya; anti-fetus, nine ya. Single system, two system, no system, divided into upper, middle and lower. Wine stirs up, blood accumulates on the upper part of the main body, which cannot be eliminated, and the lungs are bitter and the qi is reversed.

4. Zhang element: diarrhea, thick pus and blood, heavy abdominal pain, severe body heat for a long time, scutellaria, peony and licorice are used together. Scutellaria baicalensis is used for muscle heat and phlegm removal, Huangfen is also used for damp heat in upper Jiao, to relieve lung fire. For sore pain intolerable, use bitter and cold medicine, such as scutellaria, coptis, detailing up and down, dividing roots, and medicinal use for meridian introduction.

5. Li Gao: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi has a bitter and thin taste, so it can relieve lung fire and relieve muscle heat. It is also a hand Taiyin medicine. Those who are meticulous but not hollow, treat the lower part wonderfully.

6. Zhu Zhenheng: Scutellaria baicalensis lowers phlegm, but it also lowers fire. If it is hot and humid, it must be washed with wine and used. Slices of Qin to relieve lung fire, must be supplemented with mulberry. If the lung is deficient, it will hurt the lung if it is used more often. It must be used first to protect the lung qi. Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Baiyou are the holy medicines for fetal anti-fetuses. It is commonly used as the sacred medicine for fetuses. They do not dare to use them. They do not know that the fetus should be used to clear heat and cool the blood. The blood can nourish the fetus. When the fire goes down, Bai You can nourish the spleen.

7. “Compendium”: Jiegu Zhang’s Scutellaria baicalensis remedies lung fire and dampness of the spleen; Dongyuan Li’s scutellaria baicalensis treats lung fire, and Tiaoqin cures large intestine fire; Danxi Zhu’s Scutellaria baicalensis treats upper middle and second scorch fire; Zhang Zhongjing treats Xiaochaihu Decoction of Shaoyang Syndrome, Li Huangqin Decoction under Sun and Shaoyang Syndrome, and the heart is full without pain after Shaoyang Syndrome: Xiexin Decoction is used together; when it becomes impossible to say, Huangqin is bitter and enters B, venting Riffle fever means that Scutellaria baicalensis can start with the six meridians of Shaoyin, Yangming, Hand and Foot Taiyin, and Shaoyang. Gai Huangping is cold and bitter in taste, bitter enters B, cold overcomes heat, relieves heart and fire, cures damp heat in the spleen, one piece of gold is not tortured, and one stomach fire does not flow into the lungs, so it also saves the lung: those who are not suitable for lung deficiency, Bitter cold hurts the spleen and stomach, and hurts his mother. Yang Shiying’s “Zhizhifang” goes, Chaihu reduces fever, not as good as skullcap, and Gai does not know that Chaihu can reduce fever. It is the sound of the sound, the sign of fire, and the heat of Huang Zun is the power of cold to overcome heat, and the root of dismantling fire. . Scutellaria baicalensis can get the wine to go up, get pig bile to remove liver and gallbladder fever, get Bupleurum to relieve cold and fever, get peony to treat diarrhea, get mulberry bark to relieve lung fire, get Atractylodes macrocephala to treat fetus.

8. “Ben Cao Jing Shu”: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, its nature is pure, so it eliminates evil: bitter taste makes it dry and damp; yin and cold overcome heat, so it masters all heat. Those with all kinds of heat, evil heat and ubiquitous heat, jaundice, intestines, and dysentery, are all diseases that are better than damp heat. If you analyze the roots, all diseases will be crippled by themselves. Bitter cold can remove dampness and heat, so the small intestine is beneficial and water is driven away by itself, and the source of clearness makes it clean. For those with blood occlusion, the real heat lies in the blood, that is, the hot human blood chamber, which makes people amenorrhea. For those with malignant sores and gangrene, the blood and heat will remain knots, but for carbuncle swelling and stains: fire ulcers, the fire will hurt the blood, and cooling the blood to remove heat will heal itself. For those who reduce phlegm fever, if the heat is in the chest, it will cause phlegm fire; in the abdomen, it will cause colic. When the blood is exposed to the dew, it is the heat in the yin: it treats those who are cold and hot, and the evil is in the Shaoyang: the five drenchers, the damp and heat wins the cause: the bitter cold and the pure qi wins, then the evil qi resolves itself, which is the root of the attack. and also. Huangpu is a medicine for the detoxification of bitter cold, and its power is to eliminate heat and evil, not tonic. It should be juxtaposed with Rhizoma Coptidis. Although it can clear away heat and remove dampness and eliminate phlegm, bitter cold can damage the stomach qi and injure the spleen and yin, and those with deficiency and heat in the spleen and lungs. Avoid it.

9. “Materia Medica Huiyan”: Clear muscles and reduce fever, Bupleurum is the best, but without Scutellaria baicalensis can not cool the muscles. The mountain mast can be lowered to the fire of coke, but the scutellaria can not be the leader of the clear. Therefore, Fangmai department uses it to clear muscles and reduce fever, sore department uses it to detoxify and build muscle, Guangming department uses it to dissipate heat and improve eyesight, and women’s department uses it to relieve fetus. This is the first medicine that covers all departments.

10. “Medicine Chemistry”: The dry name of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is withered, and the thinner name is Qinqin. One product should be divided into two purposes. Gaikuqin’s body is light and buoyant, it is specially designed to relieve the fire on the lungs and stomach, mainly treat the chest qi, separate hot phlegm, cough and dyspnea, red eyes and teeth, vomiting blood loss, yellowish spots, acne and sore toxins, It also cools the diaphragm with its great power. Its main body weight is reduced, the fire of the lower coke of the large intestine is reduced, the main treatment is ambassador’s obturation, urinary turbidity, lower abdomen swelling, intestinal dysentery, blood and heat collapse, blood under fetal leakage, abdominal pain due to heat, delirium and rants. Can clear the large intestine too.

11. “Baihu Fengyuan”: In the past people used Bupleurum to remove heat as much as Scutellaria baicalensis, and Bupleurum used to control the cold and heat in Shaoyang, and Shaoyang was the pivot. Non-Bupleurum could not communicate with China and foreign countries; Scutellaria specializes in Yangming to steam heat and Yang In the middle of the Ming Dynasty, the non-Scutellaria baicalensis can not vent its contents. Although Qin is bitter and cold, after all, it is the medicine to treat symptoms, but those with heat in the body should be used. If the yin is deficiencies and heat, and the deficiency and yang are exposed, it can be lightly tested. Pills are the most effective for treating women’s blood heat, which is more effective than those under water storms.

12. “Benjing Shuzheng”: Zhongjing’s Scutellaria baicalensis has three couplings, and those with hot qi are coupled with Bupleurum (Xiao Chaihu Decoction, Da Chaihu Decoction, Chaihu Guizhi Ganjiang Decoction, Chaihu Guizhi Decoction): blood Those who suffer from heat, couple with peony (Guizhi Chaihu Decoction, Huangqin Decoction, Dachaihu Decoction, Huanglian Ejiao Decoction, Biejia Jianwan, Dahuang Chongwan, Bentang, Wang Buliu Xing San, Angelica San); damp heat resistance Among them, it is coupled with Huanglian (Banxia Xiexin Decoction, Gancao Xiexin Decoction, Ginger Xiexin Decoction, Pueraria lobata Scutellariae Huanglian Decoction, Yujiang Huangqin Huanglian Ginseng Decoction). Use Bupleurum to open up your qi

Knot, can not discourage the heat, the peony can open the blood to divide the knot, can not clear the heat of the forced blood, Coptis can cure the heat generated by dampness, can not cure the dampness of the heat master. For example, the fight is solved, but those who go to the fight will not calm the wrath of the fight, and the fight is not over. Therefore, Scutellaria baicalensis and Bupleurum can clear the qi and divide heat, and peony, can vent the heat of forced blood, and Coptidis, can relieve heat and dampness.

13. “The Classic”: Mainly all kinds of heat and jaundice, intestinal seclusion, venting benefits, draining water, blood closure, (curing) malignant sores, gangrene, and fire ulcers.

14. “Don’t Record”: Treating phlegm fever, stomach heat, lower abdominal cramps, eliminating valleys, benefiting the small intestine, women with blood clot, drenching blood, and children with abdominal pain.

15. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: Ascends to reduce lung fire, descends to reduce bladder fire, (cures) five leaching in men, sudden collapse in women, menstruation and clearing heat, fetal heat and restlessness, clearing fetal heat, except for the actual heat of the six meridians.

16. “Compendium”: Cure wind-heat, damp-heat headache, Bendan heat pain, fire cough, pulmonary dysfunction and throat, blood loss.

17. “Materia Medica”: The dry person clears the fire on the scorch, eliminates phlegm and promotes qi, relieves asthma and cough, stops blood loss, retreats from cold and heat, wind heat and damp heat, headache, relieves plague, clears pharynx, treats pulmonary atrophy, lung carbuncle, milk Carbuncle on the back, the heat of the Yufa muscle surface, so it can treat macula, rat fistula, sores, and red eyes; if it is cool, the heat of the coke can remove red dysentery, heat the bladder, five leaching and astringent pain, large intestine closure, blood in the stool , Leakage.

18. “Scientific Folk Herbs”: Wash wounds outside and have antiseptic effect.

19. “New Compilation of Materia Medica”: Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, bitter in taste, calm in qi, cold in nature, can rise or fall, yin and yang, non-toxic. Enter the lung meridian and large intestine. Reduce fever and trouble, relieve bladder fire, stop red dysentery, reduce red eyes, ease fetal gas, relieve typhoid fever and stagnation, moisturize dryness, and benefit lung qi. But it can be a minister, not a king medicine. People like to use it most recently, but it must be used for those with fire in the lungs, large intestine, and bladder. Otherwise, it should not be used frequently. The ancients clouded that Scutellaria baicalensis was the holy medicine for fetuses. Because of the fire in the fetus, it was used in Baizhu, Guishen, Ginseng, Rehmannia, and Eucommia for natural fetal safety. If there is no fire, and the fetal movement due to cold deficiency, you are afraid of getting Scutellaria baicalensis and helping its cold. Although there are medicines such as ginseng and Gui to replenish qi, blood and yin, it may not be able to solidify the fetal gas. There is no reason to desire her to have a baby.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Huang Qin(scutellaria)
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), a plant of the Lamiaceae family, is used as medicine by its roots. It has the effects of clearing away heat and dampness, cooling blood and anti-fetus, and detoxification. Indications include febrile fever, upper respiratory tract infection, lung-heat cough, damp-heat yellow gall bladder, pneumonia, dysentery, hemoptysis, red eyesight, fetal movement, high blood pressure, carbuncle swelling and furunculosis. The clinical application of Scutellaria baicalensis is better than Coptidis, and it does not produce drug resistance. We use broad-spectrum antibacterial

It has the characteristics of strong effect. It can be used in fungus culture to infect the mixed bacteria. The extract of Scutellaria baicalensis has a very good effect. It is the most ideal single medicine for the prevention and control of agricultural diseases. Produced in Hebei, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and other provinces and autonomous regions.

This product contains baicalein, baicalin, wogonin, wogonin, baicalein, benzoic acid, β-sitosterol, etc.

The pre-decoction of Huangqin decoction has a broad antibacterial spectrum in vitro, and has inhibitory effects on typhoid bacillus, dysentery bacillus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, pertussis bacillus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus, meningococcus, etc.
It also has inhibitory effect on influenza virus, Leptospira and a variety of pathogenic fungi.
In addition, it also has antipyretic, antihypertensive, diuretic, sedative, choleretic, hepatoprotective, lower capillary permeability, and inhibition of bowel peristalsis.
Baicalin and baicalin can relieve allergic contraction of the isolated trachea of ​​guinea pigs and allergic asthma in the whole animal, and have a synergistic effect with ephedrine.
Constipation is often compatible with hemp seeds and melon seeds.
In addition, this product is formulated with chrysanthemum to make Juming Antihypertensive Tablets, which have certain curative effects in treating hypertension, and Cassia decoction, syrup, and tablets are effective in treating hyperlipidemia.

IV. Heat Clearing Herbs: Dampness Drying

09: Huang Lian (coptis root),
Huang Bai (phellodendron bark),
Ku Shen (sophora flavescens),
Long Dan Cao (gentiana)

Heat Clearing, Dampness-Drying Herbs

Huang Lian (Rhizoma Coptidis) and Huang Bai (Cortex Phellodendri) are bitter, cold and drying in nature, both herbs clear heat, dry dampness, sedate fire and eliminate toxins. They treat various damp-heat and toxic heat syndromes.

Huang Lian more effectively clears heat from the middle jiao. It sedates fire in the Stomach, Large Intestine, Heart and Liver. Huang Lian is the strongest of the “three yellows.”

Huang Bai more effectively clears heat from the lower jiao. It treats lower jiao damp-heat with leukorrhea, edema, heat in the lower body and jaundice. It clears both excess and deficiency heat.

Huang Bai (Cortex Phellodendri) and Zhi Mu (Radix Anemarrhenae) are commonly combined because of their excellent synergistic effect to consolidate yin and clear deficiency heat.

Huang Bai dries dampness, eliminates toxins, and dispe1s damp-heat in the lower jiao.

Ku Shen Gen (Radix Sophorae Flavescentis) dries dampness and kills parasites, treating damp-heat in the lower jiao as found in dysentery二jaundice, yellow leukorrhea, re lin (heat dysurìa), or itching skin and eczema. Today, Ku Shen Gen is also being used to treat dyspnea, arrhythmia and elevated white blood cell counts.

Long Dan Cao (Radix Gentianae) is very cold and very drying. It is one of the strongest herbs to sedate Liver fire and dry dampness. It also is excellent for symptoms associated with Liver fire flaring upwards or damp-heat in the Liver channel in the lower jiao. This herb is reserved for use only in excess conditions.

Theses herbs treat disorders characterized by heat, fire and dampness, such as hepatitis, jaundice, dysentery, hemorrhoids, infections, sores, abscesses, and others.

Episode 09: Huang Lian (coptis root) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Huang Lian (coptis root)

Radix Coptidis huáng lián
Coptis chinensis (scientific name: Coptis chinensis), a perennial herb that prefers cold and humid places, belongs to the genus Coptis in the Ranunculaceae family. Coptis is also a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine. It was first recorded in the “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”. Because its rhizomes are in the shape of beads and yellow in color, it is called “Coptis”. Its taste is extremely bitter, and there is a saying that “dumb eats coptis, and there is bitterness that cannot be said”, that is, it tells the taste of it.

Origin:
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” Huang Lian was first published in “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” and listed as top grade. “Famous Doctors” contains: “Huang Liansheng Wuyang (now Wushan County, Sichuan Province) Chuangu and Shujun (now Ya’an, Sichuan Province), Taishan. Picked in February and August. It can be seen that Sichuan has been the main source since ancient times. Origin. “Xinxiu Materia Medica” contains: “Shu Taoists are thick and flat, taste very strong and bitter, and treat thirst best; Jiangdong people are like beads and treat dysentery. Now Lizhou (now Li County, Hunan) is even better.” “Compendium of Materia Medica” contains: “Although there are both in Wu and Shu, but Yazhou and Meizhou are good ones. The pros and cons of medicine are different. There are roughly two kinds: one has thick roots without hair and beads, which are shaped like eagles and chicken claws. Solid, dark yellow in color; a kind of no beads and hairy but mid-deficiency, slightly light yellow. Each has its own suitability.” According to the place of origin, the shape of the medicine and the nature and taste, the former “Wei Lian” contained in “Compendium of Materia Medica” “, the original plant is Coptis chinensis Franch.; the latter is now known as “Ya Lian”, the original plant is Coptis chinensis C. chinensis. deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao; and “Xinxiu Materia Medica” is produced in Jiangdong, and the knot is like a pearl, which is the “Coptis rhizome” produced in East China. The original plant is C. chinensis. chinensis Franch. var. brevisepala W. T. Wang et Hsiao, “A Textual Research on Plant Names” contains: “Coptis chinensis, which is produced in Sichuan today, is produced in the mountains of Jiangxi, called Coptis chinensis.” From the leaf shape of the photo, it can be determined as Coptis sibiricum. At present, the main production areas are Lichuan City, Hubei Province, and Shizhu County, Chongqing City.

Actions and Indications: Huang Lian (coptis root)
Clearing away heat and dampness, purging fire and detoxification

Efficacy: Purging fire, drying dampness, detoxification, and killing insects. Treatment of febrile toxin, typhoid fever, heat, upset, fullness of vomiting, bacillary dysentery, heat diarrhea, abdominal pain, lung congestion, vomiting, epistaxis, blood, diminishing thirst, malnutrition, ascariasis, whooping cough, sore throat, Fire eyes, mouth sores, carbuncle sore poison, eczema, soup and fire burns.

Indications:
Used for damp-heat fullness, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, high fever and dizziness, hyperactivity of the heart, upset and insomnia, blood-heat vomiting, red eyes and sore eyes, toothache, diminished thirst, carbuncle, swelling and furunculosis; external treatment of eczema, Wet sores, pus in the ear canal. The wine huanglianshanqing is scorched and hot. Used for red eyes and mouth sores. Turmeric even clears the stomach and relieves vomiting. Used for cold and heat, damp and hot bardo, full of vomiting. Yuhuanglian relieves the liver and stomach to relieve vomiting. Used for liver-stomach discord, vomiting and soreness.

1. Used for damp-heat internal accumulation, gastrointestinal damp-heat, vomiting, diarrhea and other diseases. With scutellaria, rhubarb, etc., it can cure the syndrome of damp heat. For damp and heat nostalgia, it is often combined with Pinellia and Zhuru; with woody, scutellaria, pueraria lobata, etc. to treat diarrhea.

2. Used for febrile disease, high fever, thirst, irritability, bloody heat, and heat toxin sore. It can treat febrile disease, high fever and hyperactive heart fire, and is compatible with gardenia, forsythia, etc.; for bloody fever, it can be used with scutellaria and rhubarb; for heat ulcers, it can be used with red peony root and tree peony bark. In addition, Rhizoma Coptidis can also be used for the Zhongxiao syndrome of flaming stomach fire. It can be used with Trichosanthes, Anemarrhena, and Shengdi. It can be used to treat sores in the mouth and tongue.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Huang Lian (coptis root)

1. Chinese medicine Rhizoma Coptidis suffers from severe bitterness and cold, which is good for clearing the heat and dampness of Zhongjiao. Diarrhea, dysentery, and vomiting caused by gastrointestinal damp heat are most commonly used. For patients with diarrhea, dysentery and fever, it is often compatible with Radix Scutellariae and Pueraria lobata root, such as Radix Puerariae Radix Scutellariae Huanglian Decoction; for patients with stagnation of Qi, abdominal distension and pain, uncomfortable stools, it is compatible with Muxiang, namely Xianglian Pills. For stomach fever and vomiting, it is often compatible with tangerine peel and bamboo ruddy, such as coptis orange peel Zhuru Pinellia decoction; if vomiting caused by liver fire invading the stomach, it is often compatible with evodia, namely Zuojin Wan.

2. The traditional Chinese medicine Huanglian has a strong heat-clearing and purging fire power, especially the heart-reducing meridian, which is good at real fire, and can detoxify. It is used for syndromes of febrile disease, internal heat evil, high fever and dizziness. It is often compatible with Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Phellodendron amurense, such as Huanglian Jiedu Decoction. It is used for those with hyperactive heart fire, disturbing mind, upset and insomnia, and even irritable and restless. It is often compatible with donkey-hide gelatin and scutellaria, such as Huanglian Ejiao chicken yellow soup. It is used for heat evil to force blood to go rashly, vomiting blood, bleeds, and often compatible with rhubarb and skullcap, to clear the heart to relieve fire and cool blood to stop bleeding, such as Xiexin Decoction.

3. The traditional Chinese medicine Coptis chinensis has a strong ability to relieve fire and detoxify. Used for heat toxin sore, often compatible with Shanzhi and Forsythia, such as Huanglian Jiedu Decoction. Used for ear canal discharge, it can be used with borneol and dry alum powder for external use; for skin wet sores, it can be used with Coptidis powder to make an ointment for external application. It can also be used for the evidence of red eyes, swelling and pain. Coptis can also be used for stomach fire and toothache, often with gypsum, cohosh, and raw rehmannia, such as Qingwei San.

Precautions and contraindications: Huang Lian (coptis root)

Caution: diarrhea due to empty spleen

Contraindicated during pregnancy

Overdose or specific precautionary measures: contains berberine, may hinder conjugation of bile in fetuses or newborns); Hyperbilirubinemia (should not be used in breastfeeding mothers for up to a month)

Berberine, when taken by pregnant women, can cause hemolysis in newborns, and when taken by children, it can cause acute hemolysis and severe jaundice.

Decoction, 2~5g. Appropriate amount for external use.

Stomach deficiency and vomiting, spleen deficiency, diarrhea, and kidney diarrhea should be taken with caution.

1. “Materia Medica Annotations”: evil chrysanthemum, turnip, Scrophulariaceae, white fresh; fear of butterbur.

2. “Medicinal Properties”: evil white rigid silkworm, avoid pork.

3. “Shu Materia Medica”: Achyranthes. '

4. “Compendium”: Huanglian is used to reduce fire and dampness. How can it be taken for a long time so that the order of killing will be perpetuated, and it will generate a reconciling qi?

5. “Materia Medica”: Huanglian is good at reducing the heart and spleen and the fire, if the deficiency and heat are used improperly, it will cause Geyang. Therefore, Kou Zongyingri: For those with deficiency and cold, do not use it lightly; Inside also.

6. “Materia Medica Supplement”: Any patient with insufficient blood, weak spleen and stomach, insufficient blood, causing palpitations, sleeplessness, irritability and thirst, and postpartum insomnia, blood deficiency, fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, acne in children, yang deficiency Ejaculation, diarrhea after the diarrhea, the elderly open the stomach to diarrhea due to cold deficiency, yin deficiency and diarrhea during the day, the disease name kidney diarrhea, lack of true yin, internal heat and irritability of various syndromes, the law is salty to avoid it, and committing it makes people dangerous.

7. “New Edition of Materia Medica”: Coptis, bitter, cold, can rise or fall, yin, non-toxic. Into the heart and the cell network. The most diarrhea, it can also enter the liver. Approximately the same medicines that quote the scriptures can be incorporated into them, but to enter the heart, especially the scriptures. To relieve vomiting and tonic acid, to quench thirst. The eyes are very divine in treating fire, can be at ease, stop dreams, fix mania, remove fullness, and go to the woman’s vulva for swelling. It has special skills for treating children eating soil for chancre, relieving summer heat, damp heat, and stagnant heat.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Huang Lian (coptis root)
Huang Lian was first published in “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” and was listed as top grade. “Famous Doctors” contains: “Huang Liansheng Wuyang (now Wushan County, Sichuan Province) Chuangu and Shujun (now Ya’an, Sichuan Province), Taishan. Picked in February and August. It can be seen that Sichuan has been the main source since ancient times. Origin. “Xinxiu Materia Medica” contains: “Shu Taoists are thick and flat, taste very strong and bitter, and treat thirst best; Jiangdong people are like beads and treat dysentery. Now Lizhou (now Li County, Hunan) is even better.” “Compendium of Materia Medica” contains: “Although there are both in Wu and Shu, but Yazhou and Meizhou are good ones. The pros and cons of medicine are different. There are roughly two kinds: one has thick roots without hair and beads, which are shaped like eagles and chicken claws. Solid, dark yellow in color; a kind of no beads and hairy but mid-deficiency, slightly light yellow. Each has its own suitability.” According to the place of origin, the shape of the medicine and the nature and taste, the former “Wei Lian” contained in “Compendium of Materia Medica” “, the original plant is Coptis chinensis Franch.; the latter is now known as “Ya Lian”, the original plant is Coptis chinensis C. chinensis. deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao; and “Xinxiu Materia Medica” is produced in Jiangdong, and the knot is like a pearl, which is the “Coptis rhizome” produced in East China. The original plant is C. chinensis. chinensis Franch. var. brevisepala W. T. Wang et Hsiao, “A Textual Research on Plant Names” contains: “Coptis chinensis, which is produced in Sichuan today, is produced in the mountains of Jiangxi, called Coptis chinensis.” From the leaf shape of the photo, it can be determined as Coptis sibiricum. At present, the main production areas are Lichuan City, Hubei Province, and Shizhu County, Chongqing City.

“The Sketch Book”: Huanglian has many prescriptions for treating eyes, and Yangganwan is especially strange. The diseases that cover the eyes are caused by the stagnation of blood, so it is treated with blood medicine combined with Huanglian. If the blood gets hot, it’s OK, so you can wash with heat.

“Materia Medica Yanyi”: People nowadays use the treatment of dysentery to cover up the meaning of suffering and dryness. Slang but see intestinal deficiency and leakage, it seems that there is blood in the stool, just use it, let alone stop it. Regardless of how cold or hot it is, but taking the dose as the degree, it will cause more danger and difficulty. If the qi is first ill, heat and bloody dysentery, just take it and stop, still do not need to finish the dose. Or empty and cold, you don’t need to take it. Yu Ru “Jing”.

“Medicinal Faxiang”: Relieving heart and fire, removing dampness and heat in the spleen and stomach, treating irritability and nausea, depression and heat in middle stress, and vomiting. Medicine must be used to cure the heart not full of rage. Zhongjing treats nine kinds of heart-type diarrhea, and the fifth-class Xiexin soup is used.

“Medicinal Fu”: bitter taste, calm, cold air, non-toxic. Shen Ye, Yin Ye. It has four uses: relieves the heart and fire, relieves the heart and fills up the shape; controls the intestines, except for the mixed red in the intestines; it is suitable for the treatment of outbreaks of eye diseases, and the treatment of sores and ulcers is the same.

“Decoction of Materia Medica”: cold air, bitter taste. The taste is thick and thin, and the yin in the yang is also. Sheng Ye, non-toxic.

“Xiang” says: To relieve the heart and fire, remove the dampness and heat in the spleen and stomach, treat irritability and nausea, the depression and heat in the middle Jiao, the feeling of vomiting, the fullness of the heart must be treated with medicine. Zhongjing treats nine kinds of heart-type diarrhea, and the fifth-class Xiexin soup is used. Go to be used.

“Heart” says: It must be used to relieve the fire of the Heart Sutra, red and swollen eyes and various sores. Those with bitter cold dominate more than yang, and bitterness can be eliminated. An roundworm, Tong Han Ge, treats Jiao deficiency, strengthens the kidneys.

“Zhen” says: Wine stir-frying goes up, wine soaking goes up.

“Materia Medica” says: Mainly heat, eye pain, canthus, sobbing, eyesight. Intestines, abdominal pain, diarrhea, swelling and pain in the woman’s vagina. The five internal organs are hot and cold, drain pus and blood for a long time, relieve thirst and panic, remove water and bones, regulate stomach and thick intestines, benefit gallbladder, and treat aphthous sores. Long serving is unforgettable.

“Liquid” says: Starting with Shaoyin, it is bitter and dry, so if you enter the heart, the fire will be dry. However, the spleen is in fact purging the heart, and it is the son that can make the mother real, but in fact it purges the son. Healing blood and preventing wind is the upper envoy, Coptidis is the middle envoy, and Diyu is the lower envoy.

Haizang ancestor prescription, so that no spotted sores for life: fried huanglian one bite, when the child is not making a sound, fill it and respond. It has been uttered, although the spots are light, they are also light. In ancient prescriptions, Coptis chinensis was the most effective treatment for dysentery.

“Yan Yi” says: Treating dysentery has micro-blood, so Coptidis can not be used. It is a bitter-drying agent, and those who are deficient may cause distress, and those who are practical are better to use it.

“Materia Medica” also says: keel, marble, skullcap are used for it, evil chrysanthemum, dahlia, scrophulariaceae, white fresh skin, fear coltsfoot, defeat aconitum, relieve croton poison.

“Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: Stir-fried Xinsan with ginger juice, effective in removing heat.

“Materia Medica Play”: Chengchao Sheyun: Pain into the heart, cold and heat. The bitterness of rhubarb and coptis can relieve the deficiency and heat in the heart. It also goes: the hot ones vent the bitterness, and the bitterness of Coptis chinensis can reduce the yang. It also goes: roundworms will move if they get sweet, and if they get bitter, they will be safe, and the bitterness of Coptis and Phellodendron will calm them.

Jie Guyun: To relieve the heart and fire, remove the damp heat in the spleen and stomach, cure irritability and nausea, depression and heat in the middle Jiao, vomiting. The taste is bitter, the smell is thick, it can rise or fall, and it is also yin and yang. There are five uses: one to relieve the heart and heat, two to remove the middle scorching fire, three to remove sores, four to remove rheumatism, and five to remove red eyes. Wine stir-fry goes up. Another cloud: To get rid of the dampness and heat in the middle Jiao, use Huanglian to relieve the heart and fire. For eye pain into ninja, use Coptis root and Angelica root and decoct in wine. For those who do not eat, use Coptis and Citrus aurantium.

“Compendium of Materia Medica”: Rhizoma Coptidis suffers from severe cold, and when used to reduce fire and dampness, the disease will stop. How can you take it for a long time, so that the killing air will prevail, and the attacking air will occur? Qi Boyan: The five flavors enter the stomach, and each one goes to what it likes. Over time, it will increase your breath, and things will always take place. Qi increases for a long time, and the reason for Yao is also. Wang Bing’s Note: Acid enters the liver for warmth, bitterness enters the heart for heat, pungent enters the lungs for clearing, salty enters the kidneys for cold, and sweetness enters the spleen for the yin and the four qi, all increase its flavor and benefit its qi, so each From the visceral air for use. Therefore, long-term use of Coptis and Sophora flavescens is against heat, from cremation, the aftertaste is all the same. For a long time, the dirty spirit will win, that is, if there is partiality, there will be the way of violence. People who take the bait do not violently die, and there is no way to help. What’s more, eye diseases are caused by liver heat. Liver and heart are the mother and child. Heart fires, liver is also fire, kidneys are also solitary, and people suffer from one water and two fires. How can one take bitter medicine for a long time to make the heart more favorable, so Fire fighting, how about it?

Rhizoma Coptidis is an essential medicine for treating eyes and dysentery. The ancient prescription cures dysentery, Xianglian pills (wood incense, coptis). Jiang Lian San (dried ginger Wu). Biantong Pills (Juyu Wu). Turmeric powder (Ginger Wu). Steamed Rhizoma Coptidis with wine for curing thirst. Cure blood, garlic Wu. Cure aphthous, Asarum Wu. There is one cold and one hot, one yin and one yang, cold is used for heat, heat is used for cold, monarchs and ministers complement each other, yin and yang complement each other, the most beneficial way, so there is success without the harm of partial victory.

Go to the heart orifices and nausea, relieve the boredom of taking medication.

Quan, Yin, and Taoism all say that Huanglian guilty of pork causes diarrhea.

“Materia Medica Sutra”: Huanglian endows the world’s cold air to produce, so the smell is bitter and non-toxic. The taste is thicker than the air, the taste is bitter and thick, and the yin is also. It is advisable to let it go down, and to make it go up, it must be guided. Start with Shaoyin, Yangming, Foot Shaoyang, Jueyin, Foot Yangming, Taiyin. It is the fairy medicine of sick wine, the god of stagnation. Each of the six classics has its own merits. Its main heat, pain in the eyes and tears from the canthus, improving eyesight, frightening and strengthening the gallbladder, cooling the heart and clearing the liver and gallbladder. Intestinal pain, abdominal pain and diarrhea, “Do Not Record” is also the main vent. Diarrhea, diarrhea, and diarrhea; Diarrhea, blood in the large intestine, commonly known as dirty poison. In addition to water and bones, thick intestines and stomach, and aphthous treatment, it also cleans up the dampness and heat of the intestines, stomach and spleen. Those who are not forgetting for a long time, the heart is clear if there is no fire, and clear is bright, so don’t forget.

Simple mistake: Coptidis has a bitter taste, a bitter qi, and a clear thing in the grass. The place where the sutras go, for example, you Gao Taozhi

In Yu Ting, it is his duty to ban people’s evils in the criminal law enforcement. The matter of Jiqi and Kuilong is not his responsibility. Therefore, dispelling pathogens and dissipating heat, cleansing the stomach, and purging the gods are the strengths of their nature; and for nourishing the essence and blood, warming and nourishing vitality, their power is as good as it is. Patients with insufficient blood and qi deficiency, weak spleen and stomach, insufficient blood to cause palpitations, sleeplessness, irritability, thirst, and postpartum insomnia, blood deficiency and fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, acne in children, yang deficiency, diarrhea after diarrhea, elderly people Deficiency and cold of the spleen and stomach cause diarrhea, yin deficiency people will evaporate every day, the name of the disease is kidney diarrhea, the deficiency of true yin, internal heat and irritability are all syndromes, and the law is salty. Committing it makes people dangerous, so avoid pork.

“Materia Medica Mengjun”: bitter taste, cold air. The taste is thick and thin, which can rise or fall. Shen Ye, Yin Ye, yang in the yin. Non-toxic. Cure all fire evils, stir fry according to various systems. Cure all fire evils, stir fry according to various systems. Stir-fried wine with fire on top, stir-fry with fire on bottom to make it easy for children. The real fire is simple, the virtual fire is vinegar. Phlegm fire ginger juice, scorching the fire. Salt soup. Qi stagnation and fire are the same as Evodia, and the blood is mixed with dry paint. Food accumulation and diarrhea can also be taken, and Chen Bitu is better for the east. Research and speculate it. The cornflower lacquer soil is well researched, water is adjusted and fried. If the liver and gallbladder fire to drive, it is necessary to stir-fry pig bile. Also treat red eyes, soak and steam human milk. Or point or swallow, and it can instantly cause pain. Shengwufu, Aconitum, Aconite. Fear coltsfoot. Evil daisy daisy flower, chrysanthemum. Scrophulariaceae, avoid pork cold water. In order to make the keel of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, start with the Heart Sutra of Shaoyin. When croton encounters it, its poison is solved. You can boil the ointment decoction and use it as a pill. Xianglian Wan Guang Muxiang He mixes, it is an important medicine for abdominal pain and diarrhea; Zhulian Wan Evodia edulis is a magic prescription for vomiting and vomiting acid water. Such as quenching one’s thirst, there will be more, and single-grinding honey will be effective as a pill. The same as Citrus aurantium treats hemorrhoids, and blood Angelica treats eye sores. Zuogui honey decoction is hollow, Coptis chinensis is the king, Zuoguangui a little, fry a hundred and boil into honey, hollow and take it. Make the heart and kidney in an instant. To calm the liver and cool the blood, to cure the blood, to prevent wind as the upper envoy, Coptis as the middle envoy, and Diyu as the lower envoy. Adjust the stomach and thicken the intestines. To invigorate the gallbladder and relieve convulsion, relieve the heart and eliminate the fullness of the skin. Go to the woman’s vulva for swelling, and the child will become chancre from eating soil. Eliminate malignant sores and carbuncle, but damp and hot.

Mo Press: When suffering comes first, the fire must be dry. Rhizoma Coptidis is bitter and dry, it is the Heart Sutra. Although it is clear that the heart is solid, and the spleen can be used for the child to make the mother fruit, in fact, the child is also reduced. But after taking it for a long time, he turned from cremation, and became more feverish, knowing that there was cold. Therefore, the effect is only for those who are initially ill with excessive heat and qi, the best is taken, while for chronic illnesses with qi deficiency and fever, taking it will help the fire.

“Materia Medica Chengya”: bitter cold winter, cold water; knotty yellow, the system of the earth, judged as the medicine of the heart. Inflammation of the heat, that is, using the inflammation as a bitter product, the difference can enter into it, and its nature will change, resulting in peace.

Yellow takes its color, and even looks like its shape. It doesn’t wither in the winter, and the air is cold and tastes bitter. If this loess is assumed, I think that the dike does not insult its insults, and think that it is a god. The party can adapt to the circumstances, and there is no risk of inward consideration. The upper part of the inflammation is bitter, the bitterness goes down, the horse rests on the sun and the nine days, the down to the nine springs, the outer skin, the inner reaches the five middles, so the boss can be treated evenly, the lower and the yin middle, the external treatment of sores, the inner governs the intestines and stomach . Jiufu will reach the heat trouble, and the tranquility. Therefore, it is unforgettable, all with fiery as the origin, fiery as the standard, and fiery as the gas.

“Medicinal Xingjie”: Coptis, bitter taste, cold in nature, non-toxic, enter the heart meridian. Main heart fire inflammation, outbreak of eye disease, sore swelling, red intestines and diarrhea, fullness of diarrhea, malnutrition fever in children, aphthous ulcers, palpitations, irritability, and fever. Scutellaria, keel, forsythia, talc, evil chrysanthemum, dahlia flower, scrophulariaceae, white fresh, white dead silkworm, fear coltsfoot, relieving croton and aconitum, avoid pork and cold water.

Note: Coptidis tastes bitter and relieves the heart, which is indispensable for treating various diseases of the heart and fire. Although the diarrhea belongs to the spleen meridian, it cannot produce soil due to fire. Thick. Those who suffer from diarrhea due to cold will avoid it, and those who have long-term illness with qi deficiency and low heart fire will make the heart qi weaker, and the empty fire will turn blazing.

“Yao Jian”: cold air, bitter taste, thin air and thick taste, non-toxic, heavy, and yin. Hand Shaoyin medicine also. Stir-fried rice with ginger juice can relieve vomiting and clear the heart and stomach. It cures all qi, and relieves all kinds of heat, toxic, filthy, swollen, sore, and eye diseases. The ginger syrup made from Gaihuanglian is slightly different from the cold, and the sex is changed less, so as to attract the hot place and make it domesticated. The so-called heat is also used for cold. Used with wood incense, medicine for abdominal pain and diarrhea. Evodia edulis is used together, it is a divine prescription for vomiting and vomiting acid water. Treat blood hemorrhoids with Citrus aurantium, treat eye diseases with Angelica. Zuogui honey makes the heart and kidney meet in an instant. Into Jiangxin, heal the heart and lungs. If you want to clear up the leader’s mouth sore, it is better to stir-fry with wine. To relieve the poison of acne, stir-fry platycodon and ephedra juice, whichever is the best. The actual fire is the same as Pu Xiao, the empty fire uses potent vinegar, the phlegm fire uses ginger juice, and the low fire uses salt soup. Those who have accumulated diarrhea of ​​rice should be fried in wall soil. Those with red-eye outbreaks are soaked in human milk. Dongyuan thinks he has a thick stomach, why? Covering the stomach and intestines is caused by dampness and heat, and dysentery is a pain. With this bitter-cold medicine, the pain will be relieved by the dampness and heat, and the stomach and intestine will be thickened. It is also said that it can be used together with wood incense to treat the fullness of the heart and the heart accumulation. It is also said that in addition to the mixed red in the intestines, it is advisable to use them, such as blood under yin deficiency, and those who damage the spleen but blood does not return to the spleen. It is also said to treat the five labors and seven emotions, to settle the palpitations, and to relieve the pain of the heart and abdomen.

Hu Huanglian treats fatigue and bone steaming, treats typhoid fever and cough. Nourish the liver and gallbladder, the catastrophe hurts Youling. Treating the waist and kidneys is the quickest way to condense Yin and sweat. In most cases, it is painful to enter the heart first, and when it enters the heart, it is a hot bath. Although this agent can relieve the heart and the spleen soil, the lid can make the mother replenish, but in fact, it can also relieve the child. It’s just that the illness is over. Don’t take it for a long time. If it’s a long time, it will turn to cremation and feel more feverish. Therefore, it said: Qinlian Gardenia has fever for a long time. This is also what it means. Anti-flower pork.

“The Complete Book of Jingyue”: The taste is bitter and the anger is cold. The taste is thick and thin. Specializing in the treatment of fires, the fire is above, stir fry with wine; when the fire is below, stir fry with children. Those who suffer from fire and vomiting are fried with ginger juice; those who suffer from fire and vomiting are fried with salt soup. Stir-fried with Evodia can relieve fire pain; fried with Chenbitu can relieve fever and diarrhea. It is also practical and can extinguish fire and swell; it can be used with pollen to quench polydipsia. Same as Muxiang pills, and Huozhi diarrhea, abdominal pain; same as Evodia japonicus pills, treats stomach heat, vomiting, and sour water. In short, its nature is severe cold, so it can only calm the liver and cool blood, soothe the stomach, clear the intestines and cool the gallbladder, stop epilepsy, relieve the heart and eliminate fullness. The upper part can cure vomiting and bleeding, and the lower part can cure intestinal redness. Treat women’s vaginal swelling and pain, in addition to children’s food accumulating hot chancre, killing roundworms, eliminating malignant sores and carbuncle swelling, eliminating dampness and heat stagnation, good treatment of fire eyes, and also eliminating hemorrhoids and leakage. Relieve the heat of Wu Fu, kill the poison of croton. However, it is good at reducing the fire in the heart and spleen, and using it rashly will cause Geyang, so Kou Zongshi said: Those who are weak and cold, do not use it lightly. Wang Haizang said: Xia Yue’s bloody dysentery does not need Coptis, but Yin is also inside. Jing Yue said: The spleen and stomach of human beings contain all things and produce all things. They are like the earth but belong to the earth. The soil is warm and the air is flowing and dry, the soil is cold and the air is condensed and wet, the soil is dry and the soil is wet, and the soil is slippery. If the bitter cold of Coptidis is like this, those who have taken Qinlian will not lose the spleen. It is slippery and it is obvious and easy to see. It is only because Tao Hongjing’s “Bielu” has a saying about regulating the stomach and thick intestines, and Liu Hejian’s re-examination said: All bitter and cold medicines are excessively discharged, but Coptis and Phellodendron are cold and dry. It is regarded as a rare sight for later generations, and it is all because of the dryness of Coptidis and thick intestines and stomach. Anyone who treats diarrhea will start with Coptidis. I don’t know the dryness of Coptidis and Phellodendron. How do you see it? Alas! A word is ridiculous, if this is the case, it is difficult to wash away, and it is deceptive and confusing. Although it is said that Huanglian is also effective in treating dysentery, it must be poisonous to the yang, or have a long mouth and abdomen, and those with dysentery due to dampness and heat are suitable. Moreover, anyone who is indiscriminate and has a strong spirit, even if it is misused, may not kill people, and the evil will gradually heal after a long time. Why not give credit to Huanglian? In addition, those who are weak in vitality, hurt the spleen and suffer from dysentery, or have no fire evil but cold and damp spleen, have a lot of diseases. Those who died of dysentery, the rate comes from this, is it not chilling? Yu said this, and people who do not necessarily believe, often use the word “bitterness and dryness” to have unclear ears. Therefore, in the “Chuanzhonglu” Discrimination of Hejian Article, I repeat the theory of bitterness in detail, and praise and rectify those who are benevolent. , The right and wrong are known, and the people’s livelihood is at stake. Taoist scriptures: Taking Huanglian offends pork, causing diarrhea.

“Materia Medica”: Reduce fire and dry dampness.

Great bitterness and coldness. When entering the heart to relieve the fire, Wang Haizang said: Relieving the heart and reducing the spleen also. In fact, the child is purged. It calms the liver and cools the blood, cures the blood, windproof is the upper part, Coptis is the middle part, and Diyu is the lower part. To dry dampness and relieve depression, quench thirst, single use can cure thirst. Eliminate irritability, benefit liver and gallbladder, thicken intestines and stomach, relieve heart stasis, and remove nausea in the heart orifices. Stop night sweats. Cool heart. Cure intestinal diarrhea and diarrhea, blood in the stool is called diarrhea, and there are visceral pills. Stagnation of dampness and heat causes dysentery, Huanglian is an important medicine for treating dysentery. Those who silence the mouth will get burnt, and sip it with ginseng decoction, but you have to swallow it. Yu Jiayan said: Diarrhea must be resolved by sweat first, and then adjusted inside. First use Xinliang to relieve the watch, second use the bitter cold to attack the inside. “Confidential” says: The back weight should be lowered, the abdominal pain should be moderate, the body weight should be dehumidified, the pulse string should be removed from the wind, the wind evil should be sweated, the body should be warm with cold and spontaneous perspiration, and the pus and blood should be thick and viscous. Diarrhea red belongs to blood, and white belongs to gas. Dai said: It is commonly said that people with red heat and white cold are not. They are commonly used for treatment of damp and heat, but there are differences between Xinjiu, deficiency and reality. Sickness full of dampness and depression. Zhongjing treats Jiuzhongxin Xiaxin, and the fifth class Xiexin Decoction is used. Abdominal pain, clear heat. The heartache is over the beam, the heart accumulates. Eye pain and canthal wounds, human milk soaking point or integrative, peony root, decoction and hot washing, heat dissipation and blood circulation. Carbuncle, sore, scabies, all pains and itching sores, all belong to the heart fire. Mingmu “Tianxinfang”: one sheep liver, one or two huanglian, pill pill, all eye diseases are cured, the name is Yanggan pill. Ding shocked, calm the liver. Antiperspirant and detoxification, in addition to chancre, steamed with pig liver into pills. Kill roundworms. Ascarids suffer from bitterness. Deficiency is forbidden for the sick. Long-serving Coptis and Sophora flavescens are anti-heat, but also from cremation. Ang’s press: Bitterness on inflammation, bitter taste will lead to dryness, dryness will lead to hotness. In addition, the bitter cold and the dark and solemn kill, and the air of harm and harmony. Han Mao said: Coptis and Cinnamon can make heart and kidney in an instant. Shizhen said: Xianglian pills for treating dysentery; Coptis and dried ginger for Jianglian pills; Coptis and ginger for turmeric powder; Coptis and Evodia for Zuojin. Coptis asarum is used to treat oral sores, and Coptis and garlic are used to stop bleeding. One yin and one yang, cold is used for heat, and heat is used for cold. The best way to control it. It is used to treat the heart and fire, stir-fried with vinegar, liver and gallbladder, fire pig bile, stir-fried with hot wine, there are sour and noisy signs, there are also acid vomiters named yangxin, suitable for coptis and evodia to reduce fire and open depression.酢, sound vinegar. Stir-fried with ginger juice in medium-scorched fire; stir-fried with coke water in salt water or with children’s stool; stir-fried in yellow soil with food accumulating fire; stir-fried with evodia decoction to control dampness and heat; stir-fry in blood with dry varnished water; red eyes, human milk invasion. Shi Zhen said: All dharmas are not guided solely by them. Gaixin is hot and cold and bitter, and salty and cold is dryness, and the user shall be detailed. Scutellaria and keel are used, evil chrysanthemum, scrophulariaceae, rigid silkworm, white fresh skin, coltsfoot, achyranthes, avoid pork, Shizhen said: There are zanglian pills, huanglian pig liver pills, why not avoid meat but not organs NS? Kill aconitum and crotontoxin. Rhizoma Coptidis for reducing heart fire, accompanied by gentian for reducing liver and gallbladder fire, white peony for reducing spleen fire, gypsum for reducing stomach fire, Zhimu for reducing kidney fire, phellodendron to reduce bladder fire, Mutong for reducing intestinal fire, scutellaria for reducing lung fire, Gardenia adjuvant ; To reduce the large intestine fire, Huang Qin Zuo; Chaihu to reduce the liver and gallbladder fire, Huang Qin Zuo; Zheng Dianyi said: Hot depression and nausea, Wuwu wants to vomit, using Huanglian to score points is very effective.

“Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: bitter cold, non-toxic. Cure heart fire, use for health; cure liver and gallbladder fire, stir-fried pig bile; cure liver and gallbladder fire, brown in vinegar; cure upper burnt fire, stir fried with wine; medium burnt fire ginger, stir fried with juice; lower burnt fire and salt, stir fried with water; gas stagnation Stir-fried evodia decoction with liver fire; stir-fry with dried lacquer and stir-fry in blood in pieces and stir-fry with loess. Detoxify aconite, croton, light powder poison, avoid pork.

Rhizoma Coptidis has a bitter cold taste, thin qi and thick taste. Bitter enters the heart, cold overcomes heat, the bitter cold of Coptis and Rhubarb, to guide the actual heat under the heart, to remove the heart orifice nausea, Zhongjing’s nine kinds of heart ruffles, and the fifth class Xiexin Decoction are all used. Those who bleed the heart, actually bleed the spleen, but actually bleed their sons. For those with dysentery, heat, appetite, diarrhea, huanglian ginseng decocted soup, sip it from time to time; if you vomit, drink it again, but you have to sip it and swallow it. There are many diarrhea in various bitter and cold medicines, but Coptis, Qin, Bai, cold and dry in nature, can reduce fire, remove dampness and stop diarrhea, so blood dysentery is the king. Nowadays, people see the intestinal deficiency and leakage, and it seems that there is blood. Regardless of the cold and heat, they use Coptis chinensis, because it is more dangerous. As for the cold and cold white diarrhea, and the deficiency and cold syndrome of diarrhea first and then diarrhea, misuse can lead to many deaths. All pains, ulcers and sores are all heart-fire. Eyes are red and swollen, the pain is unbearable, it is also a kind of heart-fire, and it is also a kind of liver disease. Therefore, the first words of the “Benjing” treat heat, qi, eyes, pain, and intestinal pain, and take the bitterness and dryness to clear the head, strengthen the intestines and stomach, and eliminate dampness and heat. Swelling and pain in a woman’s vagina is also a risk of dampness and heat, especially bitterness and dryness. For the treatment of dysentery, the ancient prescriptions used Coptis and Muxiang for Xianglian Pills, dried ginger and Coptis for Jianglian San, and Coptis and Evodia for Zuojin Pills. Steamed Rhizoma Coptidis with wine for treatment of diminished thirst, Asarum Rhizoma Asarum for treatment of mouth sores, and Coptis Coptidis for treatment of blood. The cold is used because of heat, and the heat is used because of cold, without the harm of partial victory. However, the medicine of bitter cold will stop the illness. How can the order of killing be carried out, and the cutting will generate a rush of energy! According to the medical classics, taking coptis root and sophora flavescens for a long time against heat, although this nature is cold, its taste is very bitter, and it first returns to the heart when it enters the stomach. In modern times, Tang Liu preferred to use Huanglian as a clearing agent, but he did not know that Huanglian reduced the actual fire. Therefore, yin deficiency and heat, spleen deficiency and diarrhea, five change kidney diarrhea, women’s postpartum blood deficiency and diarrhea, children’s acne rash, qi deficiency for diarrhea, and diarrhea after plasma are all prohibited.

“Materia Medica Chongyuan”: Huanglian was born in Western Sichuan, tastes bitter and cold, and is endowed with the essence of Shaoyin and Shuiyin. For those who treat hot air, water nourishes its fire, and yin helps its yang. Those who have sore eyes and canthus weep out of the eye, the eye is sore and the canthus is wounded, and the canthus is wounded, and the canthus is wounded. He also said: Those who improve eyesight, declare that the eyes are painful, and the canthus cries out, so that it can improve eyesight. Intestines, the hot inside is multiplied by the yin, the husband’s heat is licentious in the inside, and the thin is the intestines. This heat hurts the yin. For patients with abdominal pain and diarrhea, the evil of wind, cold, heat and dampness damages their meridians, and cannot go out from the muscles, they will go through the stomach and intestines, resulting in intestinal pain and diarrhea. Coptis diarrhea is hot and nourishes the yin, so it cures intestinal and abdominal pain

The physical properties are cold, warm, clear, dry and moist, and have five colors and five flavors. Five colors and five flavors in response to the five luck, cold and heat to clear dryness in response to the six qi, are the ancient Sisui preparations. If Shaoyin Junhuo, Shaoyang Xianghuo Sisui, prepare warm medicine. When the sun is cold, the medicine for yin and cold is prepared. When Jueyin Feng Mu Si is old, prepare cool medicine. If the toast is too yin and wet, prepare the medicine for sweetness and moisturization. For yang gall bladder dryness Jinsi years old, prepare pungent dry medicine. Qi Bo said: Si Sui’s equipment has the expertise of heaven and earth, while non-Si Sui’s equipment is energized. Later generations can’t follow the preparations of the ancients, because they are concocted to help them. For example, the flooding of Coptis chinensis, the aconite artillery, that is, the meaning of helping the cold water monarch fire. Later generations did not understand the meaning, and instead fried Rhizoma Coptidis with fire and boiled aconite in urine. The cold is hot, and the hot is cold. It is a system, not a system. For example, the power of the eagle dog lies in the minions. To tie its claws and tie its teeth today is so expensive as an eagle dog.

“Materia Medica Seeking Truth”: [Pan] Daxie’s heart is full of enthusiasm.

Rhizoma Coptidis concentrates on the heart, and also enters the intestines, stomach, and spleen. According to the book’s healing powers, the great sufferings and colds are well-prepared, and with the phrase “thick stomach and intestines” in “Bielu”, it spreads to each other, so that today, Liao Youmopied endless harm. Paozhi Huanglianzhi is a product of diarrhea and dehumidification. Hao Gu said: Rhizoma Coptidis is bitter and dry, and if bitter enters the heart, the heart will become dry, and those who relieve the heart will actually relieve the spleen. In fact, the child is also purged. That is to say, the cloud intestines can be stopped, dry mouth can be eliminated, scumbags and abdominal pain can be eliminated, carbuncle sores can be cured, liver deficiency can be suppressed, with couples, vaginosis, malnutrition in children, red eyes and pain, vomiting, bleeding, etc. Toxins and other diseases are all treated by this, and why not because of the damp heat and the retreat of the fire, there is still a curative effect in addition to the dampness and the retreat of the fire. The element says: Rhizoma Coptidis has six uses: to reduce the heart and fire, one is; to remove the heat and dampness of the middle coke, two are; all sores must be used, three are; four are used to remove rheumatism; and also. Zhu Zhenheng said: For those with diarrhea and hot appetite, use Huanglian ginseng decoction to sip it all day long, such as vomiting, and then drink strongly, but it is better to swallow. Liu Wansu said: In ancient prescriptions, Coptidis was the best cure for dysentery. The cure for dysentery is only a bitter cold medicine. The pungent can diverge, open up stagnation, bitterness can dry dampness, cold can overcome heat, so that qi can be calmed. Many cold and bitter medicines have a lot of diarrhea, but Coptis and Phellodendron are cold and dry in nature, which can reduce fire and dampness and stop diarrhea. Said: Nowadays people use Huanglian to treat diarrhea

Righteousness, slang, but see the intestinal deficiency and leakage, it seems that there is blood, just use it, regardless of the cold and heat, but only want to use the medicine, because it is more dangerous and difficult. Shi Zhen said: Coptis chinensis is a medicine for great bitterness and coldness. It is used to reduce fire and dampness, and it will stop the illness. How can it be taken for a long time, so that the order of killing is often carried out and the qi of it is generated. Qin Guan and Jo Xisheng’s comment on Huanglian Shuyun: Wen Gong used his eyes to bait Huanglian to a dozen or two, almost impossible. According to the medical classics, taking coptis root and sophora flavescens for a long time against heat, although it is very cold, its taste is bitter, but when it enters the stomach, it will first return to the heart, and it will not stop when it enters the stomach. There is a weak spleen-yang element, so it spreads, but it can be regarded as an ordinary person. Nowadays, when people see the fire, whether it is cold or hot, virtual or real, they choose to vote, so that they will win the trouble and suffer a premature death, which is very regrettable. Shi Zhen said: Huanglian is the main medicine for treating eyes and dysentery. For the treatment of dysentery, the ancient prescriptions used Coptis and Muxiang for Xianglian Pills; Dried ginger and Coptis for Jianglian Powder; Coptis and Cornus for Biantong Powder; Coptis and Ginger for Turmeric Powder. To cure thirst, use wine to steam coptis; to cure summer heat, use wine to boil coptis; cure blood to use coptis and garlic; cure liver fire to use coptis and cornus; cure aphthous use coptis and asarum. Interaction between cold and heat, without the harm of partial victory. Wang Ang said: Rhizoma Coptidis reduces the fire of the heart, accompanied by gentian to reduce the fire of liver and gallbladder, white peony reduces the fire of the spleen, gypsum reduces the fire of the stomach, Zhimu reduces the fire of the kidney, Phellodendron amurense reduces the fire of the bladder, and Mutong reduces the fire of the small intestine. Scutellaria baicalensis reduces the lung fire, gardenia adjuvant; reduces the large intestine fire, Huanglian adjuvant. Chaihu reduces liver and gallbladder fire, Huanglian Zuozhi; Reduces triple burnt fire, Huangqin Zuozhi. Embroidery press: Chaihu reduces the fire, only for the liver and gallbladder evil depression, if the internal fire uses this, the more harmful it will increase, you must know.

“De Pei Materia Medica”: Scutellaria, dragon muscle, and marble are used for it. Achyranthes bidentata, coltsfoot, evil cold water, chrysanthemum, Scrophulariaceae, white scorpion silkworm, white fresh skin, dahlia flower. Avoid pork. Kill aconitum, croton, light powder poison.

Great suffering, great cold. Start with the Qi points of the Shaoyin meridian. It relieves the heart and spleen, cools the liver and gallbladder, clears the triple energizer, and detoxifies fever. To relieve dampness and open depression, cure heart orifice hyperemia, yang toxin madness, palpitations, irritability, nausea, fullness, soreness and vomiting acid, all kinds of pains in the heart and abdomen, intestinal diarrhea, dysentery, malaria, scabies, scabies, red eyes, sore teeth, tooth sacs Mouth sores, crying in the abdomen of pregnant women, fetal convulsions, swelling and pain in the vulva.

Obtain wood incense, cure heat stagnation; Obtain citrifolia, cure hemorrhoids; Obtain cinnamon, make heart and kidney intersect; Obtain Evodia, cure diarrhea due to heat; Obtain white peony, reduce spleen fire; Obtain plaster, reduce stomach fire; Know the mother, Reducing kidney fire; getting Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, purging lung fire; getting Mutong, purging small intestine fire; getting Chuan Cypress, purging bladder fire; getting Sophora japonicus, purging large intestine fire; getting Shanzhi, purging triple burnt fire. Served with simmered single head of garlic to cure internal poisoning blood; Served with Sichuan pepper, safe roundworm; Served with aloe vera, honey soup intestines, cure chancre in children. Add toad charcoal into equal parts, halve the Indigo Naturalis, a little musk, paint away the chalcedony. With Poria, remove damp and heat, cure whiteness. Add gentian grass to relieve liver and gallbladder fire; add citrus aurantium, eliminate irritation and swelling; add pollen, relieve polydipsia; make Asarum, cure mouth sores, and stop bleeding.

The purging of gunpowder by each channel will get Chuanlian, and its power will be more fierce.

To reduce the heart fire, use it for life; when the fire is on top, stir-fry with wine; when the fire is below, stir-fry with children; when the fire is in the middle, stir-fry with ginger juice; lower the fire and stir-fry with salt water; Stir-fry; stop diarrhea, stir-fry in wall soil; stir-fry liver and gallbladder, stir-fry with vinegar or bile; stir-fry with puddle and nitrate when the heat is in the bottom; stir-fry in the blood with dry lacquer.

Misuse of virtual heat will cause Geyang. It’s really bad. Jiufu turned into heat. Even will be dry and not moist. Do not eat pork for fear of diarrhea.

The evil fire is reversing, and the product that is not the most bitter to the cold cannot retreat its heat. However, when the fever starts at the beginning, the evil fire is about to attack, throwing the river to suppress the fire, then the evil general will entangle and not disperse, causing internal injury to the blood, heat evil to heal inflammation, the so-called cold is also beneficial to heat. After a long time of heat, the yin qi is severely injured, and the gastric juice is dry. It is necessary to first aid the stomach yin to control the yang fire and cool and moisturize the agent. If you treat the heat with bitter dryness, the drier and hotter will be. To overcome suffering to reduce the qi, to reduce the qi, the yin will not grow, dry to consume the blood, and the blood to die is exhausted. From the fear of fire and the evil fire, the death can also be waited for immediately.

“Materia Medica”: Rhizoma Coptidis Qi is cold, and the water vapor of winter cold in the sky enters the Shaoyin Kidney Meridian of the foot; the taste is bitter and non-toxic, and it has the smell of the fire in the south, and it starts with the Shaoyin Heart Meridian. The smell is all down, and the yin is also.

Its main heat is the pain in the eyes, the heart is the fire, the fire is hot, the heart is sick and the liver is relieved, the liver resuscitates the eyes, and the bitter cold of Rhizoma Coptidis also clears the fire. The positive pulse of hand Shaoyin originates from the face and closes the inner canthus of the eye. Hand Shaoyin is the fire of the heart, and when the fire is strong, the heart is anxious and tears are released. In fact, the heart is the son of the liver tree, and the heart is clear, and the liver is diarrhea, so the eyesight is also improved.

The large intestine is the organ of Gengjin. When the heart and fire are multiplied by it, the body fluid will turn into pus and blood, pain and dysentery. The main one can clear the fire by cold, and relieve the heat by bitterness.

The north is black, it enters into the kidney, and opens the second yin. In the woman’s yin, it is the kidney orifice. The heat is swollen, and the swelling and pain are the fire.

Those who are unforgettable for a long time will clear the fire when the heart is clear, and the heart will be clear when the fire is clear, and can also remember.

“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica Reading”: Coptis rhizoma is cold, and the water vapor of cold days and winter enters the Shaoyin Kidney Meridian of the foot; the taste is bitter and non-toxic, and it has the smell of southern fire. It starts with Shaoyin Heart Sutra. Everything is the same, so it can eliminate the chaos of water and fire, and it is a disease of damp and heat.

The heat of the cloud, except for all qi, is also hot. Eye pain, canthus, tears are unknown, all are damp-heat diseases; intestinal abdominal pain and diarrhea, all damp-heat diseases are in the middle; women’s yin swelling and pain, it is a disease of damp-heat in the bottom, Rhizoma Coptidis dehumidify heat, so it is the main cause.

Those who are unforgettable for a long time can fill the heart with painstaking efforts. However, bitterness is the original flavor of fire, and it is supplemented by the bitterness of its flavor; while cold can overcome fire, that is, it is relieved by its coldness. Throughout the ages, only Zhongjing obtained the secret of “The Classic”. The “Golden Chamber” treats the heart-qi deficiency and vomiting blood, take it to invigorate the heart; if typhoid, cold and heat condense the heart, and the ruffian, take it to relieve the heart; Jueyin Zhi Those who are hot, qi hits the heart, use ebony plum; for those who have severe diarrhea, they use Pulsatilla, a great saint who truly believes in and loves the ancients.

“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica Hundreds of Records”: taste bitter and cold. The main heat, the heat removal is in the air. Eye pain, tears in the canthus, improved eyesight, dehumidification and fever. Intestines, abdominal pain and diarrhea, dehumidification and fever in the middle? 8 save the boat, brother Zi Chu 3 still know the wheel >MeiZhao Shunhuang? Where is bursal disease?

Bitterness is fire, and its nature is hot. This is a solid common sense. Huanglian is bitter, but when it is cold, it will get the taste of fire and the nature of water, so it can eliminate the disease of water and fire. Those who are in trouble with water and fire are also hot and humid. Any medicine that can dehumidify must increase heat, and if it can remove heat, it must not dehumidify. But Coptidis can dry dampness with bitterness and remove heat with cold, which can kill two birds with one stone.

Heart belongs to fire, cold overcomes fire, so Huanglian should be a medicine to relieve the heart, but why can it replenish the heart? To cover bitterness is the right taste of fire, which is to replenish it with taste. If there is evil fire in the heart, this can also relieve it, and real fire can replenish it.

Those who suffer from extreme suffering have an anti-cold nature, that is, the meaning of “Inner Classics” is superfluous and harmful. The so-called extreme fire is also anti-hydration.

“Benjing Shuzheng”: Coptis roots are clustered, and the vines are in the same genus. There are hundreds of plants with a single stem, so the name is Lian, and its treatment is also prolonged for a long time. The name immersion is not a disease of the first violent illness, nor is it a cure for cripples. Therefore, in the two books on the Golden Chamber for Treatise on Febrile Diseases, there has never been a case of using Coptidis for a new disease.

Coptis root, yellow flowers, yellow and yellow, all have earthy color, bloom in April, bear fruit in June, and have tight roots in July. It is suitable for the medicine of spleen and stomach, Zhongjing What is the key to Zhuxiexin Decoction? The husband Zhongjing traced the source of the various heart-reducing syndromes, saying that the disease is caused by yang, and vice versa, and the heat is caused by chest congestion; the disease is caused by yin and vice versa, because of ruffles. Knotting the chest is called heat, but ruffling is not called heat. It can be seen that the evil that enters is not yang evil. Yin evil knots in the yin position, the heart lashes out, what is not the heart disease? The heart is sick and cannot warm the soil, and the soil is unlucky and dry, stinky, retching, and upset. Those with thunder in the abdomen will not be able to move up the intestines because of thunder. The heart of the husband is the body, and the hexagram is separated from the hexagram. Now that the evil has been transformed, the yin and evil have been transformed. If the heart and yang are not forced, the inner turmoil is determined, but the outer evil is still hindered, then the two yellows are taken Exhaust heat, scavenge its evils, suffocate the evils, and calm themselves down. Those who suffer from cold and sweat will also transform the evils of the upper and the evils of the lower. Therefore, take the qi of the two yellows lightly and use the heat to eliminate the filth. The prestige of Aconite is to chase Niyin, make the differences and converge to the same, the same but not the opposite. For the untransformed, the yang is discouraged in the position of the yang, and the arrogant in the yin, the evil is entrenched in the Qing Dao, and the ulcer is vented in the bottom, the non-dried ginger, Pinellia ginger, ginger vibrates the haze, not enough to clear the heart outside the Guo; non-human soaked in Coptis Nourishing yin and venting heat is not enough to calm the internal conflicts of the heart. The title of husband should follow the facts, the tonic is to benefit the deficiency, the diarrhea is to vent the truth, the present is clearly due to evil spirits, causing internal conflicts in the heart, if it is said to make up, it is too innocent. Can you care? The so-called intestines and abdominal pain in this sutra have the same heart. Covering the intestines with abdominal pain and lowering benefits, usually occurs at the turn of summer and autumn heat and humidity. When the heat is strong, the heart is relieved, and the test is sweat. The so-called sweat is also the heart fluid. At this time, either the mouth is cold and greasy to prevent the comforting qi, or the wind is used to take the cold, so that the sweat is not smooth, so the fire is stagnant in the middle, and the shadow is condensed outside, because of this, dampness is generated, and the dampness regenerates heat. , Cold and heat and dampness, the glue is solid, so the incense and ginger and other methods made by later generations all hurt this meaning.

For those with typhoid fever in the chest, evil in the stomach, pain in the abdomen, and vomiting, Huanglian Decoction is the main one. Shaoyin disease, more than two or three days, upset, can not lie down, Huanglian Ejiao soup is the main one. Rhizoma Coptidis is the king of the two sides, and both syndromes are sent to the heart. It can be seen that Rhizoma Coptidis is an agent that relieves the heart and fire. Cheng Wuji said, “Yin cannot rise, but cures alone at the bottom, which is pain in the abdomen; if yang cannot drop, cures alone at the top, it is chest heat. For vomiting, the yin of the husband rises, the body is from the kidneys, the use is from the liver, the yang is lowered, the source is from the lungs, and the responsibility is from the heart, but the spleen and stomach are the lifting hub, the spleen promotes the kidney and the liver to raise the qi, and the stomach drags The qi of the heart and lungs descends, so if the yin is not raised, the spleen must be cured, and if the yang is not descended, it must also cure the stomach. It is Yuhuanglian Decoction and can participate. Rhizoma Coptidis is an agent for the heart and stomach, and vomiting is a gastric disease. Therefore, Coptidis can be used to treat vomiting in later generations. Its effect is the most rapid. All thrusts belong to the fire. Especially in Jing said, the cold of the Yang Jing changes to heat, and it is attributed to the qi, and the cold of the Yin Jing changes to heat, which is attributed to the blood, the heat of the Yang Jing, or the heat of the blood, but the heat of the Yin Jing must not return to Qi, so Sanyin has a heat syndrome. There is no need to adjust the stomach to carry the qi and the small to carry the qi, but to use the big to carry the qi alone. If you are upset, you cannot lie down, and you have heat syndrome. For more than two or three days, you are annoyed. To reduce the fire, if you see it for more than two or three days, it is yang prosperous, and yang prosperous is better to reduce the fire. However, if the yang is prosperous, the yin itself must be weak. Then only rely on Peng Lian, and Peng is only one or two, and even is four or two. This is the title of Huang Lian, and it is indisputable to win one side. Viewing from the two sides, it can be understood that Huanglian has a single taste. In Huanglian Decoction, it is a warm medicine for cold medicine, and in Huanglian Ejiao Decoction, it is a laxative in tonic.

The essence of the internal organs and the six fu organs are all focused on the eyes, and the essence of the essence, the essence of the essence is the eye, the essence of the bone is the pupil, the essence of the tendons is the black eye, the essence of the blood is the collaterals, and the essence of the qi is the white eyes. The essence of the muscles is the restraint, the essence of the muscles, bones, blood, and qi are combined with the pulse. The upper part belongs to the brain, and the back comes out of the middle. Therefore, the pupil black eyes are used in yin, the white eyes and red veins are used in yang, and the combination of yin and yang is smart. . So knowing that the eye disease is not a disease of the past, the eye pain of Coptis chinensis, must be both hurt and weeping, and we must know that the eye pain is all hurt and weeping, it must be caused by the heat, it is the right medicine, this Why? As mentioned above, those who have pain due to pupils, those with dark eyes, and those with white eyes are not serious. They are all injured and those who are restrained from the inside, and those who cry because of wind and those who are cold and weak are not allowed to be used. Gai Wei hurts inside the cell, outside the white eyes, it is the disease of the red collaterals, and when weeping out, it starts as a damp and heat fight. The hot one hurts the main body, the red veins belong to the heart. , The various diseases applied to it, such as the red and red veins in the eyes of jujube decoction, the hot and painful eyes of the eye-washing soup, the decoction of milk, the decoction of milk, the tears of the decoction of milk, the eyes of Huanglian decoction Red heat removal is consistent with this sutra, and it is nothing more than clearing heart fire and removing dampness and heat.

The words of the ancient book are concise and profound. Those who read it should be careful not to weed. This is also true of the so-called woman with swelling and pain in the vagina. Swelling and pain in the husband’s yin are common to husbands, so it is unique to the woman, that is, the swelling and pain in the yin of the woman does not stop at one end. Although there is no clear text in the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber, the Qianjin is like the ones listed, such as ecdysis, chancre, rot in the yin, itching pain, worms in the yin, prolapse under the yin, and yin tingling. Use it occasionally for swelling and pain. Most of the diseases in the yin begin with urination. If urination is unfavorable, dampness and heat will occur. If the dampness and heat cannot be passed on, the swelling will occur. . Coptis can cure swelling and pain, swelling and pain in the yin, if it is necessary, cover the swelling and pain in the yin, it must be caused by dampness and heat, and the dampness is more than enough to help heat, and the thing that clears heat is more than enough to nourish dampness. It can dry out dampness, but also can be hot, other places are swollen and painful, some are caused by wind, some are caused by heat and cold, and some are caused by fire. It does not need to be due to dampness, so this scripture uniquely identifies women. Although, all the diseases in the husband’s yin are all hot and humid, the cure of coptis, where is the one who uniquely identifies the woman? Gawei’s husband is mostly not involved in blood. Even if it stops dampness and heat generation, and it is involved in blood, it should be beneficial, nourishing, such as leading to redness, and not dryness. Fugan is humidification, and bitterness is desiccation. Therefore, those with sweet taste can choke the breath into dampness even though they are dry, and those with bitter taste are like the cold of Coptis chinensis. Can they only stimulate their fire due to dryness? Knowing that Huanglian treats dampness and heat, it must be viewed separately. It can be used for those who are in urgent need of wet card, but not for those who are slow. Those with low dampness are not full of heat, and when the heat is not full, the qi and cold of coptis are also available; those with slow heat syndrome can be used, but not for those with acute dampness. . Rhizoma Coptidis treats blood heat and should be viewed separately. It can be used if the heat of the qi is involved in blood, but not if the blood is self-generating heat. Blood is like water, and sex is the main flow. The cold of Coptidis may cause blood clotting and dryness. , I am afraid of running out of blood.

Or ask Huanglian enters the heart to clear away heat and dampness. As the son said, he can only think of wumei pills, dried turmeric and Huangqin ginseng soup. Any huanglian is serious, and all hepatic diseases are treated? Said, in the article, whoever talks about certain viscera and certain viscera, explain its meaning in this way, and the ears are not categorical. Try to observe the separate records of this scripture, stop saying that a certain medicine cures a certain disease, and does not say that it enters a certain viscera and a certain organ. The person who solves it does not infer that a certain disease is related to a certain viscera and certain organs. Why is it known that the disease occurs? It also only says that a certain disease belongs to a certain sutra, and a certain party treats a certain disease. For example, sun sickness has bad wind and cold, but asthma is not a lung disease? Palpitation, vigilance, palpitations, not heart disease? The reason why the righteousness is discussed cannot be discussed in the same way. The son took Wumei pills and dried turmeric. It is definitely said that Huanglian is the main five internal organs because of cold and heat for a long time. The husband is cold and hot. How can you stay together for a long time and not enter? The fire of the monarch must not do. Sleng is cold and hot or hot, cold or hot. All of the body fluid in Si, and the daily increase in water valleys, will not turn into pure and high rise, and they will fall down one after another. If there is more cold, it’s venting, if there’s more heat, it’s 澼, if it’s too hot, it’s pus and blood, and it’s phlegm when it’s cold. Relief is heavy, Xiaoxianxiong Decoction treats drinking stagnation, all of them borrowed from Coptis. The severity of the disease depends on which is hot or cold, so it can be combined with aconite dried ginger and cassia twig, or with dried ginger ginseng, or with phellodendron chinense, or with melon and pinellia, but not all of it is from Coptis, is It can be seen that the treatment of Coptidis may not be in the liver, and the syndrome of Wumei Pills and dried turmeric and Huangqin Ginseng Decoction may not be unrelated to the heart. Although the five internal organs are cold and hot for a long time under the words of Xieming and thick blood, you can read the words of the word. If you look at Liqigu, those with Sini Decoction, those with diarrhea, pus and blood, and Taohuatang, do not use Coptis, and you can know that Xietong is not used. The short-term pus and blood, and the long-term but related to the cold of the five internal organs, and those not related to the combination of cold and hot of the five internal organs, are not suitable for Huanglian.

One thousand gold prescriptions to diminish one’s thirst, says, if you drink for a long time, you can quench your thirst. The big cold will condense the sea, but the wine does not freeze. It shows that the wine is very hot and there is nothing to add.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Huang Lian (coptis root)

Berberine hydrochloride

Cas 6020-18-4

Chemical formula: C19H14ClNO4

Molecular weight: 355.77176

Chemical name Bis[1,3]benzodioxolo[5,6-a:4′,5′-g]quinolizinium, 6,7-dihydro-, chloride

Source: Coptis chinensis Franch

English name: Coptisine hydrochloride

Pharmacological action: It has antibacterial, anti-tumor and anti-arrhythmia and other pharmacological activities, and has the effects of clearing heat and dampness, purging fire and detoxification. It also has antibacterial, hypoglycemic, anti-tumor, and gastric mucosal protection activities

Episode 09: Huang Bai (phellodendron bark) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Huang Bai (phellodendron bark)

CORTEX PHELLODENDRI
Huang Bai (huáng bò), the name of Chinese medicine. It is the dry bark of Phellodendron chinense Schneid. Xi is called “Chuan Huang Bai”. After peeling the bark, remove the rough bark and dry it in the sun.

“Clinical Commonly Used Chinese Medicine Manual”: Phellodendron chinense is bitter and cold, clears away heat and dampness, has a strong ability to purify fire and detoxification, and return to the kidney and bladder meridian, longer than Qingxiajiao damp-heat. [1] [2-4]

Origin:
“Compendium of Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Huang Bai (phellodendron bark)

Efficacy and function To clear away heat and dampness; purify fire and detoxify. Mainly damp-heat dysentery, diarrhea, jaundice; dreams, drenching turbidity, and entrapment; bone steaming and fever; and sores in the mouth and tongue; red eyes and swelling and pain; carbuncle sore; skin eczema

Indications:
For damp-heat diarrhea, jaundice, red urine, vaginal itching, hot shower astringent pain, beriberi dysfunction, bone steaming fever, night sweats, spermatorrhea, sores, swelling toxin, eczema and eczema. Salt cork nourishes yin and reduces fire. Used for yin deficiency and fire, night sweats and bone steaming.

Phellodendron chinense and Coptis coptis also contain more berberine, so their pharmacological effects are also roughly similar, see Coptis coptis. But the content is lower than Coptidis, and contains other ingredients, the effect is also somewhat different.

1. Antibacterial effect:

The antibacterial active ingredient of Phellodendron chinense is berberine, so its pharmacological effect is similar to that of Coptidis, but its content is lower than Coptidis. In vitro tests are effective or strong against Staphylococcus aureus, pneumococcus, diphtheria bacillus, streptococcus viridis, dysentery bacillus (except Sonnett), hemolytic streptococcus, meningococcus, Vibrio cholerae, and Bacillus anthracis Inhibition; It also has an inhibitory effect on Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pertussis and Bacillus tetanus; it has no direct inhibitory effect on H37Rv and Mycobacterium avium, but it can reduce the number of bacteria, but when the concentration reaches 1%, it exhibits antibacterial effect. When guinea pigs were inoculated with human tuberculosis (H37Rv) for experimental treatment, the efficacy of oral or injection was very poor. For guinea pigs inoculated with bovine tuberculosis, the hydrochloric acid crystal of Phellodendron chinense extract has a certain effect when injected intramuscularly. Phellodendron amurense improves the clinical symptoms and X-ray examination of tuberculosis patients, and is better than Coptis. In the test tube, Phellodendron amurense decoction or infusion has varying degrees of antibacterial effect on common pathogenic fungi. Its water decoction cannot kill Leptospira (the dose needs to be 1 times larger than that of Coptis). It also has a weak effect on Trichomonas vaginalis in vitro. According to reports, Phellodendron amurense acid-base extract is made into a 1:1 phellodendri liquid, which can be cured by enema, and it can be cured in 2-4 days. Huangbai physiotherapy solution uses direct current to treat chronic prostatitis, with a total effective rate of 97.3%.

2. Antifungal effect:

The ether extract of Phellodendron amurense and Phellodendron amurense has a strong antibacterial effect on Cryptococcus neoformans and Trichophyton rubrum. Its effect is stronger than that of nystatin, but its inhibitory effect on Candida albicans is weaker than that of fungi.

3. Antitussive effect:

The volatilization of Phellodendron chinense fruit has an antitussive effect, and its antitussive component is mainly myringene. And from the volatile oil, berberine and 5,5′-dimethyl furfural ether are obtained.

4. Antihypertensive effect:

Intravenous injection or intraperitoneal injection of Phellodendron chinense in anesthetized animals can have a significant and long-lasting effect on blood pressure. Carotid artery injection is stronger than intravenous injection, so blood pressure reduction may be central. The tertiary amine compound named Xylopinin, synthesized by changing the quaternary ammonium type phellodendron, can also cause rapid and significant blood pressure reduction; cutting the spinal cord between the Ⅰ-Ⅱ cervical vertebrae will reduce blood pressure and disappear. Prove that blood pressure is central. In addition, Syropirin has a strong anti-adrenaline-like effect, and it has a high pressure response caused by compression of the carotid artery, suffocation, electrical stimulation of the large visceral nerve, and nictitating contraction caused by injection of epinephrine or electrical stimulation of the superior cervical sympathetic ganglion. The reaction was suppressed.

5. Anti-trichomoniasis:

Phellodendron chinense decoction, 10% concentration and trichomoniasis solution 1:1 mixed culture, has an inhibitory effect on Trichomonas vaginalis.

6. Anti-hepatitis effect:

Huangbo decoction has an inhibitory effect on hepatitis B antigen in 6.25-100% in vitro tests. Phellodendron has a certain effect on chronic hepatitis.

7. Impact on immune function:

Phellodendron amurense decoction, 100% concentration, 0.3ml/gavage, for 7 consecutive days, can increase the number of splenic plaque-forming cells in mice.

8. Anti-ulcer effect:

Phellodendron chinense extract (deberberine) 100mg/kg subcutaneously injected, 100, 1000mg/kg gavage or intradermal injection, has inhibitory effect on rat gastric ulcer induced by ethanol, aspirin or pyloric ligation.

9. Other functions:

Phellodendrine and syropirin have an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system, and the spontaneous activities and various reflexes of mice are inhibited. When syropirin is given to unanaesthetized rabbits, the brain waves can show slow amplitude waves. Phellodendron has a mild curare-like effect and has no effect on the tension of the frog rectus abdominis, but it can inhibit the contraction response caused by acetylcholine. For isolated rabbit intestines, phellodendron powder can enhance its amplitude, phellodendron can enhance its tension and amplitude; phellodendron lactone can inhibit intestinal tract. In rabbits with pancreatic fistula, cork can promote pancreatic secretion. When phellodendron lactone is close to the lethal dose (0.05-0.1g/kg), it can lower the blood sugar of rabbits, but phellodendron has no such effect. Corkone is said to have the effect of protecting platelets. Phellodendron has a killing effect on larvae (10ppm can kill 62% in 18 hours) and houseflies. In addition, it has the effects of diuresis, stomach invigoration, and external use to promote the absorption of subcutaneous hemorrhage. (Source “Chinese Materia Medica”)

Herb combinations and Formulas: Huang Bai (phellodendron bark)
1. “Treatise on Febrile Diseases”: Phellodendron amurense, Gardenia, Licorice. Treat typhoid fever and yellow body.
2. “Fu Qingzhu Nvke”: Phellodendron, Chinese Yam, Plantago Seed, Gorgon, Ginkgo. Cure the dampness and heat of the coke, and the turbidity.
3. “Fu Qingzhu Nvke”: Phellodendron, Chinese Yam, Plantago Seed, Gorgon, Ginkgo. Cure the dampness and heat of the coke, and the turbidity.

Formulas:
① Treat children with hot dysentery and blood: acerola chinensis and half two, red peony four dollars. The same as above is fine powder, rice and pill, pockmark is big. Take one or twenty pills for each, drink the rice before eating, and add the number of pills for the larger one. (“Yan’s Prescriptions for Children”)

② Treatment of dysentery: 300 grams of Phellodendron chinense, 450 grams of Potentilla chinensis, 300 grams of Qinpi. Decoct 200 grams of the whole white grass, Qin bark and Phellodendron chinense twice in water. Combine the decoction and condense it into a paste with a slow fire. Add the remaining 100 grams of Phellodendron chinense powder to the paste, mix well, dry at low temperature, and grind finely. pink. One or two grams per serving, three times a day. (Liaoning “Selected Materials on New Chinese Herbal Medicine”)

③ Treatment of diarrhea due to cold and heat during pregnancy and postpartum: a catty of Phellodendron amurense, a liter of Coptis, 20 gardenias. Serve the three flavors, cut finely, add five liters of water, soak for one overnight, boil for three times, serve one liter, and order all day and night. Add a handful of orange peel and two ounces of ginger for those who vomit. (“Golden Wings”)

④ Treatment of children’s heat diarrhea: Phellodendron amurense, roasted for the end, with rice soup and corn balls. Take one or twenty pills per serving, under rice soup. (“Ten Quan Bo Rescue”)

⑤ Cure Diabetes and Diabetes Urinary Multi-energy Food: One catty of acerola, one liter of water, boil for three or five times, drink it when you are thirsty, and drink it for a few days. (“Lone Traveler”)

⑥ Treatment of typhoid fever, yellow body, fever: fifteen fat sons (beat), one or two licorice (sunburn), two or two cork. Serve the three flavors, take four liters of water, boil one and a half liters, remove the dregs, and serve after dividing the temperature. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases” Zhizi Bopi Decoction)

⑦ Treatment of muscle and bone pain due to dampness and heat: Astragalus (stir-fried), Atractylodes japonicus (soaked in rice, stir-fried). Add the two flavors to the end, boil the soup and mix with ginger juice. Both things have a majestic atmosphere, the one that expresses the real energy, add a little wine to it. (Er Miao San of “Danxi Heart Method”)

⑧Treatment of fever and venting of dreams, stunned, and dry tongue: a tad or two of Amur bark (to remove the rough skin). It’s the last to pound the Luo, enter the dragon’s brain with a money dagger, and study it uniformly, refine the honey and pill as big as the phoenix tree. Take one to nineteen pills per serving, under thick decoction of Ophiopogon japonicus. (“The General Record of St. Francis” Qingxin Pills)

⑨Treat white licentiousness, dreaming and nocturnal emission and slipping out but not collecting: a catty of phellodendron barberry (putting a new tile on the fire to make the redness of the red), a catty of real clam powder. The top is fine powder, and the dripping water is a pill, which is as big as a tongzi. Take one hundred pills per serving, under hollow wine. (The Pearl Powder Pills in “Suwen Pathogen Life Saving Collection”)

⑩ Treatment of lower yin spontaneous perspiration, dizziness and waist soreness: Three coins of phellodendri, four coins of atractylodes, 30 Sichuan peppers, add 2000 ml of water, and fry to 600 ml. Take 100ml each time, three times a day, and finish it on the second day. [“Intermediate Medical Journal” (3): 177, 1966]

11. Reduce Yin fire and invigorate kidney water: Amur barberry (fried brown), Anemarrhena vulgaris (wine soaked, fried) each 4 taels, Rehmannia glutinosa (wine steamed), turtle shell (crispy) each 6 taels. The top is the end, pig spinal cord and dense pills. Take seventy pills, under the hollow salt and white soup. (“Danxi Heart Method” Dabu Pills)

12. Reduce heart fire and benefit kidney water: Acerola three or two, Amomum one and two and a half, licorice one or two. The top is fine powder, and the thin paste is pill, which is as big as Wutongzi. For each serving of 50 pills, use Cistanche in half, chop it into pieces, use a large cup of wine, soak it overnight, fry in hollow the next morning, boil for three or four times, remove it, and send it with sake. (“Wonderful Remedy” Fengsui Pill)

13. Treatment of red eyes during treatment: Phellodendron amurense, peeled off the coarse skin, for the end, wrapped in wet paper, solidified with yellow mud, simmered and dried. Each time you use a marble, wrap it with gauze, soak a cup in water, steam it over the rice, and fumigate it with heat. One pill can be used three or five times. (Five Elements Soup in “Longmu Theory of Ophthalmology”)

14. Treatment of red eyes in children: Astragalus, soaked with milk, point. (“Sketch Party”)

15. Treatment of sores in the mouth and on the tongue: pound astragalus to contain it. (“A Thousand Gold Recipes”)

16. To treat children with heavy tongue: Phellodendron amurense, take bamboo pour, and tap on the tongue carefully. (“A Thousand Gold Recipes”)

17. Treatment of malnutrition and stinky: Five coins for amur cork, three coins for patina. A total of unmixed, remove salivation, heal. (“Sketch Party”)

18. Treatment of pain and itching of lip sores: Phellodendron amurense, mixed with wild rose root juice. (“San Franciscans”)

19. Treatment of lung congestion, sores in the nose, swelling and pain: Astragalus and betel nut are divided into equal parts. The smashed Luo is the last, and the pork fat is used to adjust the compress. (“Holy Benefit”)

20. Treatment of milk, carbuncle, back and jealous milk: pound the acerola, sieve, whiten the chicken, and apply thickly. Dry and easy. (“Fix the Back of the Elbow”)

21. Treatment of carbuncle and swollen poison: Astragalus bark (fried) and Sichuan aconite (cannon) are divided into equal parts. For unmodified application, keep your head and frequently moisten it with a rice bath. (“Simplified Prescription of the Lakeside Collection”)

22. Treatment of male sore damage: First, boil avocado, wash it, and coat it with white honey. 2. Divide Coptis and Phellodendron amurense into equal parts. At the end, boil fat pork juice, sore sores, and powder. (“Fix the Back of the Elbow”)

23. Incompatibility of treatment of umbilical ulcers in children: Apply the moss to it. (“The Secret Record of the Son and Mother”) 24. Treat children with abscesses, not dry all over the body: Phellodendron amurense, mixed with a little orange vitriol. (“Simple One Way”)

Precautions and contraindications: Huang Bai (phellodendron bark)

Caution: spleen and stomach yang emptiness

contraindication: during pregnancy
Overdose or specific precautionary measures: contains berberine, may hinder conjugation of bile in fetuses or newborns); Hyperbilirubinemia (should not be used in breastfeeding mothers for up to a month)

Drug interactions:
huáng băi Phellodendri Cortex and antihypertensive (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
huáng băi Phellodendri Cortex could increase the effects of antihypertensive drugs.

This product is forbidden to use for patients with bitter cold and stomach injury, and spleen and stomach deficiency and cold.

Diarrhea due to spleen deficiency and weak stomach should not be taken.

1. “Materia Medica Collection Notes”: Evil dry lacquer.

2. “Ben Cao Jing Shu”: deficiency of both yin and yang, disease combined with weak spleen and stomach, eating less and unable to eat, or both with diarrhea, or disgusting cold things and hot food; kidney deficiency is the cause of venting; upper heat and lower cold, Uncontrollable urination; cold and painful abdomen, cold uterus; blood deficiency, infertility, yang deficiency, fever, stagnation of blood, postpartum blood deficiency and fever, fever with gold sores; fever after carbuncle, ulceration, fever, yin deficiency and small water disadvantage, spleen deficiency after acne Water is not good, blood deficiency cannot sleep, blood deficiency is irritable, spleen yin is insufficient for ejaculation, etc., so the law should be avoided.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Huang Bai (phellodendron bark)
1. “Do not record”: Huang Bo, Sheng Hanzhong Valley and Yongchang.

Cork
2. Tao Hongjing: (Huangbo), the one who came out of Shaoling today, the light and deep color wins. Those who come out of Dongshan are thick and light in color. They are rooted in Taoism and enter Muzhi products. Today, people do not know how to convince them. There is also a small tree, shaped like a pomegranate, with a yellow and bitter skin. Another small tree, thorny, yellowish skin, and also responsible for mouth sores.

3. “Shu Materia Medica”: “Picture Classic” cloud, Amur bark, tree height and numbers, the leaves are like Evodia, also like purple chrysanthemum, yellow skin, and its roots are like Matsushita Poria. Today there are valleys in the states such as housing, business, and cooperation. The skin is tight and thick by two or three points, and the bright yellow one goes up. Picking the skins in February and May, the day is dry.

4. “This Sketch Book”: Barberry and Amur bark are found everywhere here, and the one in the middle of Shu is better. Pick the skins in May and June and use them to remove wrinkles. Its root name is Tanhuan.

5. “Compendium”: Barberry, the name is not specified. “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” talks about barberry and its roots, not bark, and it is almost common for wood and bark in ancient times.

Various discourses
1. “Medical Origins”: Astragalus, cures kidney water bladder insufficiency, various dysfunction, waist weakness, add to Huangqi Decoction to make the strength of the two knees gush out, the dysfunction is immediately removed and the second system cures the upper coke, single Control the middle coke, but not the lower coke.

2. Li Gao: Phellodendron amurense and Atractylodes atractylodis are essential medicines for treating dysfunction. Anyone who removes Jiao damp heat for swelling and pain, and has fire evil in the bladder, and has difficulty in urination and yellow astringency, and washes Phellodendron amurense with wine, Zhimu is the king, Poria, Alisma as auxiliary. For those who are thirsty because of difficulty in urination, the evil heat is in the qi, and the heat in the lungs cannot produce water. It is the source of absolute urination. The method should be medicines with thin and permeable smell, such as Polyporus umbellatus and Alisma orientalis, to relieve the lungs. Fire clears the lungs and gold, the source of nourishing water. If the evil heat is scorching the blood, those who are not thirsty and have difficulty urinating, it is said in “Su Wen” that there is no yin and yang cannot be produced, and if there is no yang, yin cannot be transformed. The bladder is the official of the state capital. Can get out. The law should be treated with a strong smell, and the yin in the yin medicine is used to treat it, such as Astragalus and Anemarrhena. Chang’an Wang Shanfu’s disease is unable to urinate, gradually becomes full, his abdomen is as firm as a stone, his feet and legs are cracked and water is broken, his eyes are protruding, he is unable to eat, the pain is unspeakable, the medicine for curing Manli urine leakage is taken all over, and the pre-diagnosis is called This is too much toxin nourishment. The accumulated heat of the ointment damages the kidney water, causing the bladder to dry out for a long time, the urination does not melt, the fire goes up again, and it is vomiting. “Difficulty” so-called pass is not allowed to urinate, and the pattern is rebellious. Jie ancient people said that the heat is in Xia Jiao, but if the Jiao is cured, the disease will be healed. Then he took the medicine of the bitter cold caused by the cold water in the north, one or two each for Amur and Anemarrhena, washed and roasted with wine, and cinnamon was used as a guide. Before the thorn

The swelling dissipated like a waterfall and a stream under the bed. The “Internal Classics” states that the hot ones are cold, the kidneys are wicked and dry, and the fast food is pungent to nourish them. It takes the bitter cold to relieve heat and replenish water and dryness of Astragalus fortunei, the bitter cold to relieve the kidney fire of Zhimu as the supplement, and the pungent heat of cinnamon is used for cold and heat.

3. “Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: Barberry skin, walking hand Jueyin, and has the power of reducing fire and replenishing yin. With asarum, it can cure aphthous ulcers.

4. Zhu Zhenheng: Phellodendron amurense, go to the yin, it has the power of reducing the fire and replenishing the yin, it is not the fire in the yin, and it is not available. Knowing that the mother nourishes the yin and reduces the fire, get the herb dehumidification and clearing away heat.

5. “Decoction of Materia Medica”: Amur bark, Foot Shaoyin, the kidneys are bitter and dry, so the kidneys stop dampness, gardenia and scutellaria enter the lungs, Coptis chinensis enters the heart, Astragalus scutellaria enters the kidneys, and the dryness of the dampness belongs to each category. . “Book of Living Humans” detoxification soup, the upper and lower internal and external treatment.

6. “Introduction to Medicine”: Phellodendron amurense. It is also used to treat red eyes, rhinorrhea, throat numbness, carbuncle and back, and breast carbuncle and umbilical sores. Dongyuan Yun, purge the concealed dragon fire, install the ascaris worms, which can cure the deficiency of the kidney. It can be used for single treatment and can nourish the insufficiency of the kidneys. Yellow, must be used for patients with lower abdomen pain. It can also treat exogenous muscle heat, internal injury and bone heat, blood loss and spermatorrhea and vaginal dysfunction. Inhibition of Coptidis enters the heart, Zhi and Qin enter the lungs, Phellodendron chinense enters the kidneys, the kidneys are bitter and dry and stop dampness, the cypress tastes slightly pungent and can moisturize dryness, and it can dehumidify under the benefits of nature, so it is the main medicine of the kidney meridian. However, the “This Sutra” says that the main five internal organs are hot, and the flames of the gut rush upwards, the intestines and stomach are dry, and the five internal organs are all fire. The above diseases are all caused by fire, and they are made from dampness and depression. They are used to relieve fire. The kidney water is self-consolidating, and there is no risk of madness and leakage. The so-called tonifying kidney also means this. Danxi said that there is no fire in the kidney family, and those with a weak two-chi pulse or a strong left-chi pulse are not suitable for use, but those with a strong two-chi pulse are the most suitable.

7. “Compendium”: The ancient book said that Anemarrhena arborescens can nourish yin and reduce fire. There is the meaning of gold and water. There is no Anemarrhena arborescens, and there is no shrimp like a jellyfish. Gai Huangbo can cure the fire in the bladder gate, Zhimu can clear the lungs and nourish the source of kidney water, so Jiegu, Dongyuan, and Danxi all think that medicine is needed for nourishing yin and lowering fire, which has not been said in ancient times. Cover qi is yang, blood is yin, evil fire is tormented, yin and blood will gradually dry up, so the disease of yin deficiency and fire is necessary, but there will be less strong energy and edible ones. It is appropriate to use, if there is not enough qi, evil fire will flourish For a long time, there will be changes in the cold. People who are recently depleted and indulge in heirs use yin tonics, often taking the two flavors as the king, taking bait every day, lowering the order too much, hurting the spleen and stomach, impairing the true yang, and not warming the essence, causing other diseases. Gai does not know that this thing is bitter and cold and slippery, and the bitter taste for a long time will cause the harm of cremation. Therefore, Ye’s “Medical System” contains four things plus Anemarrhena and Amur sinensis. Taking it for a long time will hurt the stomach and prevent the ring of yin. Raw use will reduce the fire, cooked use will not hurt the stomach, the wine system will cure, the salt system will cure, and the honey system will cure the middle.

8. “Materia Medica Shu”: Phellodendron amurense, the main five internal organs in the stomach and intestines. Insufficient yin cover, the heat begins in the stomach and intestines; although yellow squat is caused by damp heat, it must occur in people with insufficient true yin; intestinal hemorrhoids are also caused by damp heat and blood injury; diarrhea, stagnation, also damp heat dry Gastrointestinal diseases; women leaking red and white, yin wounds and sores are all formed by damp heat from the lower part of the guest due to yin deficiency; skin-heat redness, red eyes and sore mouth sores, all sickness caused by yin deficiency and blood heat. As for the yin qi, it can make up to the deficiency of yin, and if it is deficiencies, it can be made up. The yin reverts to heat and decomposes, dampness and dampness are eliminated by themselves. It is the main medicine of the Foot Shaoyin Kidney Meridian.

9. “Materia Medica”: Phellodendron amurense, cold in nature, the fastest to get rid of the fire, Danxi said that it suppresses the dragon fire, nourishes the kidney and strengthens the yin. If the water is not dry but the fire is full, it can be used to draw salaries. If the water is exhausted and hot, it is difficult to compensate for the yin, and the authorities should not be careful. Think of tonics. The Danxi who has heard of it said that the fire of the king can be turned straight, and the genus of Coptis can be controlled; the fire of the phase should be subdued according to its nature, but the genus of Phellodendron can be lowered. According to this discussion, if there is a good opinion, it is really strong. The husband’s so-called one according to his nature, that is, the “Internal Classic” is also the theory of governance. The “Jing” says: the righteous one is governing, the follower opposing the governing. The person who treats righteously means that water is used to make fire, and cold is used to treat heat; those who are governed are that fire is used to help fire, and heat is used to treat heat; also the so-called sweet and warmth Congruence? It is said that Huanglian controls the heart fire, and Huangbai controls the kidney fire. However, those who treat blood and drowning are suitable for Huanglian. Isn’t it the bladder and lower part of the large intestine? The upper part of the heart and spleen are almost medicine? In short, Coptis and Phellodendron are characterized by great bitterness and coldness, and Coptidis is water, Phellodendron is not water, Coptidis is a diarrhea, and Phellodendron is a tonic. How unreasonable?

10. “Medicine Interpretation”: Phellodendron chinense, bitter taste into the bones, so it can reduce the fire from the top to the heel, degenerate the skin and the marrow, all are thoughtful, and it specializes in reducing the fire of the kidney and bladder. Cover kidney is cold water, more water will disappear, and exhaustion will become hot. If the qi rises from under the umbilicus, the yin fire is also. The “Internal Classic” states that the kidneys want to be firm, and the bitter firmness is the firmness of the body. Danxi uses salt water to make the salt into the kidneys, and the yin fire is reduced to save the kidney water. Stir-fry with honey soup, choose the diaphragm but not to fall suddenly, cure the five symptoms of upset, fever, eye pain and mouth sores. Single fried brown, cure bowel redness, hemorrhoids, turbid spermatorrhea, damp-heat jaundice. Bladder fever, pain in the umbilical abdomen, if the zodiac signs fire, use this to fold, the kidney will be strong, and there is no danger of sideways. Because of the bitter taste, it can remove the bones and sink. Stir it with wine, mix with Siwu Decoction, take in the blood, cure the pain of the joints of the extremities, the aches and weakness of the feet and knees, the malignant sores all over the body and the athlete’s foot attack. Vomiting, nausea, yin deficiency and blood heat, anger in the feet, cover this blindly, the name is stealth scattered, can disperse the fire in the yin, can also calm roundworms, the righteousness of suffering from suffering.

11. “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: cork, raw and used to reduce solid fire, wine system to treat yin fire and inflammation, salt system to treat lower coke fire, ginger to treat medium coke phlegm fire, ginger sauce black to treat damp heat, salt wine to stir black to treat false fire , Yin Deficiency Huo Sheng Mian Chi Dai Yang, aconite juice system.

12. “Changsha Yaojie”: Phellodendron chinense, let out the damp and heat of the soil, steamed by Qingyimu, regulate heat and reduce stress, regulate jaundice, full belly, and typhoid fever. Wumei Wan is used to treat Jueyin typhoid, when the breath hits the heart, the heart hurts and heats up, when eating, it will spit out roundworms, and the wood will turn into insects. The depression will give rise to heat, and the phellodendron will release the depression and raise the heat, but also kill roundworms. Pulsatilla decoction is used to treat Jueyin’s disease to benefit those who are severely affected by heat, while Muyu is beneficial to use it to produce heat. Phellodendron amurense vents the depression and heats, and lifts weights. “Golden Chamber” Zhizi Bopi Decoction is used to treat Taiyin disease and those with yellow body fever; Dahuang Nishitang is used to treat jaundice with full abdomen and urinary problems; with Yimu collapsibility, it cannot be drained, Yu gives birth to heat, which is transmitted to the bladder. The water does not open, overflowing in the meridians, the body is full of yellow abdomen and fever, and Phellodendron cypress drains damp heat and clears the bladder. Yang decays and soil dampness, but yimu does not reach it, suppresses the damp and heat on the face, and if you rush to your appetite, you will feel pain and heat in your heart. Phellodendron chinense is bitter and cold quickly, soothes the liver and spleen to relieve dampness and heat, clears the bladder and drains blood stasis and turbidity, which has a special quick effect. It can relieve the yang of the liver, kidney, spleen, and stomach, and later generations use it as an agent for nourishing yin and replenishing water, which causes many mistakes.

13. “De Pei Materia Medica”: Replenish water with Phellodendron chinense, with its ability to clear the yin fire from the bottom to the top, the water will be firm when the fire is clear. To cover the evil fire in the yin, it is not the real fire of the life gate. You may wish to remove it with the bitter cold. If the real water in the kidney is insufficient, the real fire in the water is floating on the top, it is appropriate to use the two places to nourish it, and the water can return to the dirty. If you misunderstand knowing and understanding, the water will become dry and the fire will become more inflammatory, and it will become a solitary yang flying over, and there is no way to save it. The fire of the gate of life, set its place as the little fire of life, and out of its place, it is the strong fire of Shuo Yin and Qi. It is also a fear of fire. It must be eliminated urgently. Chuanbai and Danpi are necessary. However, there is less fire, the source of loss of water, the bitterness of Chuanbai, not the pungent of paeon, for no harm to true yin.

14. “Pursuing the Truth of Materia Medica”: Phellodendron amurense was used in Liuwei Pills with Zhimu, named Zhibo Bawei Pills, and one or two Zhibo Bawei Pills were used. The liquor was washed and roasted into Gui, named Zishen Pills. It is said that it can nourish the true Yin, this is said, and the world is very sect, so that today, it is unbreakable. Return to know that Amuria chinensis is indulgent in yin, bitter in taste, cold in nature, and the order of midwinter to kill, so only enters Shaoyin to relieve fire, and enters bladder to relieve heat. If the patient’s fire is hyperactive, he sees bone steaming and heat, eyes are red, tinnitus, diarrhea and constipation, and damp-heat is a disease, and he sees all kinds of dysfunction and paralysis, water diarrhea, jaundice and edema, hemorrhoids, blood and intestinal wind, leakage of red and white, and Almost all pains, sores, itching, internal attacks of roundworms, the ruler is huge and powerful, and it can be used temporarily to fry the black to make the damp and heat flow down, and the yin fire is latent, so the yin will not be tortured, and the yin is It’s not that the true Yin is weakened. Taking this will have the power to moisturize. Therefore, it is good to make money in the real heat, but it will be detrimental and useless if the heat is empty. The nature of yin and cold can damage people’s popularity and reduce food. The life gate is the fire of true essence. It will die at first sight. The function of spleen and stomach is depressed at first sight. The vitality is both weak and cold storage is used to curb vitality. Why not.

15. “Chongqing Tang Essays”: The merits of Amur bark, the former has already known it, or the sight of the poison, do not use it if you are painful, is it a bad habit to discuss medicine and not disease? Hardship is hard. There are many diseases that are not firm in the lower part, such as stem dysfunction, turbidity, leakage, dysfunction, blood in the stool, and diarrhea. Nowadays, people don’t know the condition, but treat it from deficiency and cold, and don’t know that most of them belong to deficiency and heat. Under the cover, the coke is more damp, and the damp heat prevents the husband from vaporizing due to the yin deficiency and the fire, and then the semen is consumed, and then it becomes a disease that is not firm. To preserve anger, who would say that bitter cold is not good for anger? It is the treatment of the syndromes of Jiao dampness and heat under the treatment of Phellodendron amurense.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Huang Bai (phellodendron bark)
Phellodendron chinense and Coptis coptis also contain more berberine, so their pharmacological effects are also roughly similar, see Coptis coptis. But the content is lower than Coptidis, and contains other ingredients, the effect is also somewhat different.

1. Antibacterial effect:

The antibacterial active ingredient of Phellodendron chinense is berberine, so its pharmacological effect is similar to that of Coptidis, but its content is lower than Coptidis. In vitro tests are effective or strong against Staphylococcus aureus, pneumococcus, diphtheria bacillus, streptococcus viridis, dysentery bacillus (except Sonnett), hemolytic streptococcus, meningococcus, Vibrio cholerae, and Bacillus anthracis Inhibition; It also has an inhibitory effect on Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pertussis and Bacillus tetanus; it has no direct inhibitory effect on H37Rv and Mycobacterium avium, but it can reduce the number of bacteria, but when the concentration reaches 1%, it exhibits antibacterial effect. When guinea pigs were inoculated with human tuberculosis (H37Rv) for experimental treatment, the efficacy of oral or injection was very poor. For guinea pigs inoculated with bovine tuberculosis, the hydrochloric acid crystal of Phellodendron chinense extract has a certain effect when injected intramuscularly. Phellodendron amurense improves the clinical symptoms and X-ray examination of tuberculosis patients, and is better than Coptis. In the test tube, Phellodendron amurense decoction or infusion has varying degrees of antibacterial effect on common pathogenic fungi. Its water decoction cannot kill Leptospira (the dose needs to be 1 times larger than that of Coptis). It also has a weak effect on Trichomonas vaginalis in vitro. According to reports, Phellodendron amurense acid-base extract is made into a 1:1 phellodendri liquid, which can be cured by enema, and it can be cured in 2-4 days. Huangbai physiotherapy solution uses direct current to treat chronic prostatitis, with a total effective rate of 97.3%.

2. Antifungal effect:

The ether extract of Phellodendron amurense and Phellodendron amurense has a strong antibacterial effect on Cryptococcus neoformans and Trichophyton rubrum. Its effect is stronger than that of nystatin, but its inhibitory effect on Candida albicans is weaker than that of fungi.

3. Antitussive effect:

The volatilization of Phellodendron chinense fruit has an antitussive effect, and its antitussive component is mainly myringene. And from the volatile oil, berberine and 5,5′-dimethyl furfural ether are obtained.

4. Antihypertensive effect:

Intravenous injection or intraperitoneal injection of Phellodendron chinense in anesthetized animals can have a significant and long-lasting effect on blood pressure. Carotid artery injection is stronger than intravenous injection, so blood pressure reduction may be central. The tertiary amine compound named Xylopinin, synthesized by changing the quaternary ammonium type phellodendron, can also cause rapid and significant blood pressure reduction; cutting the spinal cord between the Ⅰ-Ⅱ cervical vertebrae will reduce blood pressure and disappear. Prove that blood pressure is central. In addition, Syropirin has a strong anti-adrenaline-like effect, and it has a high pressure response caused by compression of the carotid artery, suffocation, electrical stimulation of the large visceral nerve, and nictitating contraction caused by injection of epinephrine or electrical stimulation of the superior cervical sympathetic ganglion. The reaction was suppressed.

5. Anti-trichomoniasis:

Phellodendron chinense decoction, 10% concentration and trichomoniasis solution 1:1 mixed culture, has an inhibitory effect on Trichomonas vaginalis.

6. Anti-hepatitis effect:

Huangbo decoction has an inhibitory effect on hepatitis B antigen in 6.25-100% in vitro tests. Phellodendron has a certain effect on chronic hepatitis.

7. Impact on immune function:

Phellodendron amurense decoction, 100% concentration, 0.3ml/gavage, for 7 consecutive days, can increase the number of splenic plaque-forming cells in mice.

8. Anti-ulcer effect:

Phellodendron chinense extract (deberberine) 100mg/kg subcutaneously injected, 100, 1000mg/kg gavage or intradermal injection, has inhibitory effect on rat gastric ulcer induced by ethanol, aspirin or pyloric ligation.

9. Other functions:

Phellodendrine and syropirin have an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system, and the spontaneous activities and various reflexes of mice are inhibited. When syropirin is given to unanaesthetized rabbits, the brain waves can show slow amplitude waves. Phellodendron has a mild curare-like effect and has no effect on the tension of the frog rectus abdominis, but it can inhibit the contraction response caused by acetylcholine. For isolated rabbit intestines, phellodendron powder can enhance its amplitude, phellodendron can enhance its tension and amplitude; phellodendron lactone can inhibit intestinal tract. In rabbits with pancreatic fistula, cork can promote pancreatic secretion. When phellodendron lactone is close to the lethal dose (0.05-0.1g/kg), it can lower the blood sugar of rabbits, but phellodendron has no such effect. Corkone is said to have the effect of protecting platelets. Phellodendron has a killing effect on larvae (10ppm can kill 62% in 18 hours) and houseflies. In addition, it has the effects of diuresis, stomach invigoration, and external use to promote the absorption of subcutaneous hemorrhage. (Source “Chinese Materia Medica”)

Episode 09: Ku Shen (sophora flavescens) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Ku Shen (sophora flavescens)

RADIX SOPHORAE FLAVESCENTIS Ku Shen
Sophora flavescens (scientific name: Sophora flavescens) is a plant of the genus Sophora flavescens in the leguminous family. Distributed in Russia, Japan, India, North Korea, and other provinces and regions in the north and south of mainland China. It grows at an altitude of 1,500 meters. It grows mostly on hillsides, sandy land, grass slopes, shrubs, and near fields. It has not been artificially introduced. Cultivated. Functions and indications: clearing away heat and dampness, killing insects, diuresis. It is used for heat dysentery, blood in the stool, jaundice and urine obstruction, red leucorrhea, vaginal swelling and itching, eczema, eczema, skin itching, scabies and leprosy; external treatment of trichomonas vaginitis.

Origin:

First published in “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Ku Shen (sophora flavescens)

Efficacy and effect Clear heat and dry dampness; dispel wind and kill insects. Mainly damp-heat and diarrhea; intestinal wind, blood in the stool; jaundice; poor urination; edema;

1) This product is small toxic, and the dosage should not be too large. After poisoning, salivation, irregular pace, rapid breathing, pulse, convulsions, and finally death due to respiratory arrest. Rescue methods: gastric lavage and catharsis when there is no convulsion; oral administration of egg white, tannic acid or strong tea; intravenous infusion of glucose saline; intramuscular injection of antispasmodics such as phenobarbital during convulsions; respiratory stimulants when breathing disorders.

(2) It is used for diarrhea, jaundice, leucorrhea, genital itching, etc. It is often used in combination with cork and gentian. It is used for wind itching around the body, scabies and stubborn ringworm, often combined with red peony root, rehmannia glutinosa, and white moss skin; for leprosy, it is often the same as Dafengzi.

Excerpt from “Chinese Pharmacopoeia”

Indications:
1. Treatment of vaginal itching. It has a good therapeutic effect on women with yellowish color, as well as men’s swollen and itchy vulva.

2. Treatment of eczema and scabies. Sophora flavescens bath can remove the damp heat of the lower Jiao, kill insects and relieve itching, and has a good relieving effect on skin itching caused by eczema and scabies.

3. Treatment of unfavorable urination. Sophora flavescens bath can treat various causes of urination, burning and astringent pain. Especially for women’s urination caused by pregnancy, it is more effective when combined with Sophora flavescens decoction.

Herb combinations and Formulas Ku Shen (sophora flavescens)
① Treating blood dysentery more than: Sophora flavescens is fried to the end, and water pill wuzi is big. Take fifteen pills per serving and drink the rice. (“Rencuntang Experience Formula”)

②Treat hemorrhoid bleeding, intestinal wind and blood, and alcohol poisoning: Sophora flavescens (sliced, soaked in wine, steamed and sun-dried for nine times for the degree, fried yellow for the end, net) one catty, rehmannia four taels (one night soaked in wine) , Steamed, mashed). Add honey as a pill. Two dollars per serving, Baiguntang or wine is given away, twice a day. (“Surgery Dacheng” Kushen Dihuang Pills)

③ Treatment of gu jaundice, revolving head after eating, depression and yellowing of the heart, caused by loss of hunger and heavy food, stomach qi flushing: Sophora flavescens in three or two, and gentian in one (at the end). Niudan pills are like Wuzi. Take five pills with ginger juice, three times a day. (“Filling the Back of the Elbow”)

④ Treatment of Chibai Belt: Sophora flavescens two to two, oysters one to five dollars. For the end, take a male pig belly, boil it in three bowls of water, mash the mud and pill, and make the wuzi big. Take one hundred pills per serving, under warm wine. (“Jidetang Experience Formula”)

⑤ Treatment of lower sore leakage: Sophora flavescens decoction, wash it every day. (“Renzhai Zhifang”)

⑥ Treatment of colorectal prolapse: Sophora flavescens, gallnut, and Chenbitu are divided into equal parts. Decoction and wash, apply horsetail at the end. (“Summary of Medical Prescriptions”)

⑦Cure cardiopulmonary heat accumulation, kidney wind poison attacks the skin, sometimes scabies, unbearable itching, sometimes yellow water, and strong winds, broken hands and feet, eyebrows falling off, all wind diseases: Sophora flavescens 32 taels, Nepeta ( Go to the stem) Sixteen taels. The top is fine powder, and the water paste is a pill, which is as big as a Chinese phoenix tree. Take 30 pills per serving, swallow with good tea, or with nepeta soup, and take after eating. (“Bofang” Sophora Pills)

⑧ Treatment of leakage of pus and fat sore, pus sore, pear head, all-over rheumatism, addiction rash, scabies, abnormal itching, numbness, soreness of hands and feet, broken skin, itchy scrotum, and itching and dampness of the vulva : One catty of Sophora flavescens (for the end), six taels of goose feather (fried with sesame oil). Yellow rice paste pills, cinnabar as clothing. The tea soup is delivered twice a day. Or rub or wash or paste as you get sick. (“Wang Qiuquan’s Family Secret” Magical Pill)

⑨Treatment of scrofula: Sophora flavescens four or two, pound the powder, raw achyranthes bidentata and pills such as Wuzi. Take ten pills of warm water after eating, three times a day. (“Prepare for Emergency with You”)

⑩ Treatment of various malignant sores of rat fistula: two catties of Sophora flavescens, two catties of exposed hive, and two catties of song. Three buckets of water, two nights of soaked medicine, two liters of millet, two liters of millet, brewed shoots, three days a day. It is better to add hedgehog skin to one side. (“Filling the Back of the Elbow”)

⑾ Treatment of soup, ironing, burning pain: Sophora ginseng is not the amount, as the fine, use sesame oil to adjust. (Green and White Powder in “Health Treasure Mirror”)

⑿Treatment of rotatory ear sore (also known as lunar eclipse sore) at first on the helix or behind the ear, there is a yellow rice-like pimple at the earlobe, redness around the ear, white pus through the top, unbearable itching, and pus overflow after breaking. Spread the infection, before and after the ears become a patch, pus dripping, this sore is most easily transmitted to children: Sophora flavescens, phellodendri cypress each five dollars, atractylodes rhizome, sea octopus three dollars each. Each research is extremely fine and uniform. Adjust the affected area with warm boiled water, and change the dressing once a day in the morning and evening. (“Zhejiang Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine” (6): 27, 1958)

⒀ Treatment of bleeding between teeth: one or two Sophora flavescens, one dollar for dry alum. For the end, the day three wiped it out. (“Pujifang”)

⒁ Treatment of toxic heat and swelling of the feet for painful release: Sophora flavescens boiled in wine stains. (“Yao Sengtan’s Prescriptions”)

Each theory ① “Compendium”: “The bitter and cold of Sophora flavescens and Phellodendron amurense can nourish the kidney, cover the bitterness and dry dampness, and remove heat from the cold. Heat generates wind and dampness generates insects, so it can cure wind and kill insects. Only the kidneys If the water is weak but the fire is better, if the fire is weak and cold, the true essence is insufficient, and the elderly are not available. Zhang Congzheng also said that all medicines are poisonous, although licorice and sophora are not unimportant. Poison, taking a long time, each of the five flavors will return to its internal organs, and there must be a risk of increasing Qi and Qi. All medicines are true. Scholars should be able to grow by touching them, and the diet is also true. According to the “Historical Records”, Taicang Gongchunyu Italian doctor Qi doctors diseased tooth decay, moxibustion on the left hand Yangming pulse, gargle three liters a day with Sophora flavescens decoction, enter and leave the wind carefully, five or six days to heal, this also takes the meaning of eliminating wind and damp heat and insecticide.

②”Hundred Kinds of Materia Medica”: “Sophora flavescens, which specializes in treating the fire of the Heart Sutra, has a function similar to that of Coptidis. But Coptidis is more like the fire that removes the heart and the small intestine, so Coptidis The odor is clear, but the odor of Sophora flavescens is turbid. According to the word tonic, it also means bitter to dry the spleen.”

③ “Materia Medica Justice”: “Sophora flavescens, severe bitterness and cold, relieves fever, relieves damp fire, its effect is similar to that of Qin, Lian, and Gentian, but the bitterness of Sophora flavescens is worse, and its dryness is more intense, so it can Killing insects caused by damp heat is more powerful than Qin and Lian. People in recent years dare not take decoctions, and they are afraid of the bitterness and uncomfortable. They also think that they are harsh and avoid them. If this is not the case, people nowadays think that they are used to wash sores, and they might not avoid eating their ears because of choking.”

Clinical application: Ku Shen (sophora flavescens)

①Treatment of bacillary dysentery

(1) Oral method: 50% concentrated decoction, 20-30 ml each time, 3 times a day. Or use 2 taels of Sophora flavescens, add 400 ml of water and decoct into 200 ml, and take it twice a day, 7 to 10 days as a course of treatment. You can also use 0.5g tablets containing crude drugs, 2 to 4 tablets each time, 4 times a day. (2) Injection method: 50% injection is injected intramuscularly with 2 to 4 ml, morning and evening; 4 to 8 ml intravenously, diluted with 500 ml of 10% glucose solution. It is often used as an adjuvant treatment for oral decoctions. (3) Enema method: 100 ml of 50% decoction (10-20 ml of 0.25% procaine), retention enema once a night, 7-10 days as a course of treatment. It is used for cases where the symptoms improve after oral decoction but the pathological changes of the intestinal tract are not obvious. (Iv) Umbilical application method: Use 8 to 10 grams of Sophora flavescens powder to make a thick paste with warm water. Make cakes to apply to the umbilical area, cover it with oiled paper or gauze, and fix it with a bandage. 1 to 2 times a day. According to hundreds of clinical observations, the cure rate of acute bacillary dysentery with oral decoction or topical application of umbilical cord is above 85%. The average cure time is about 1 week, especially the clinical symptoms improve quickly. The decoction has a better effect on chronic persistent bacillary dysentery, especially gastrointestinal disorders. After applying Sophora flavescens to the navel, the patient felt feverish in the abdomen, intestinal peristalsis was slightly increased, the exhaust was smooth, abdominal pain, stool and tenesmus were gradually reduced, and polyuria occurred at the same time. It is inferred from this that the drug may stimulate the umbilical acupoints, adjust the function of the autonomic nervous system through the neural reflex of the acupoints, promote gastrointestinal blood circulation, and enhance the phagocytosis of leukocytes, thereby resulting in curative effects. It is also believed that there are two links in obtaining its curative effect: one is the role of the drug itself, and the other is the role of the umbilical point.

②Treatment of acute gastroenteritis

Decoction with 1.5 yuan each time, 2 times a day; or use syrup (containing 1 tael of crude drug per 100 ml), 10-15 ml each time, 2 times a day; capsules, 0.5 g dry powder each time, Take 4 times a day. It is usually cured after taking medicine for 1 to 2 days.

③Treatment of acute infectious hepatitis

In addition to general hepatoprotective treatment, 4 grams of Sophora flavescens powder is used every day, filled in capsules or made into pills, and taken in 4 divided doses. Observed 19 cases, the average time for jaundice to resolve was 12.6 days, the shortest was 3 days; at the same time, the symptoms were also improved; hepatomegaly and liver function recovered faster.

④Treatment of pneumonia in children

Use 2 ml of 200% Sophora flavescens injection for intramuscular injection, twice a day. Cases of heart failure and severe asthma, high fever, convulsions and respiratory failure should be treated with western medicine. According to the observation results of 129 cases (including 47 cases with intravenous infusion of broad-spectrum antibiotics once), the effective rate was above 92%, the clinical cure rate was 34.9%, and the average hospital stay was 3.8 days. 57.4% of children with respiratory tract infection symptoms alleviated, lung rales decreased, and they were discharged after their condition improved. Ineffective cases are severe pneumonia, or those with comorbidities and dehydration. During the treatment, two cases developed allergic reactions within 5 minutes after the injection, which were manifested as shortness of breath, bruising complexion, cold limbs, increased heart rate, sudden suffocation, profuse sweating, pale complexion, and weak pulse to be touched.

⑤Treatment of acute tonsillitis, etc.

Use 50% Sophora flavescens injection intramuscularly, 2 to 3 ml each time, 2 times a day to treat acute tonsillitis, acute conjunctivitis, acute mastitis, periodontitis, surgical infection and boils, pyelonephritis, acute There are 220 cases of more than 10 kinds of acute inflammatory diseases such as tracheitis and acute lymphadenitis, with an average effective rate of more than 90% and a cure rate of more than 74%. In addition, it has a certain effect on colitis, cholecystitis, cystitis and other inflammations.

⑥Treatment of chronic bronchitis

Take Sophora flavescens and Platycodon grandiflorum according to the ratio of 7:3, and grind the fine powder together. The water becomes a pill. 1 coin each time, 2 times a day, a course of 10 days. The treatment interval is 5 days. A total of 498 cases (all patients over 50 years old) were treated, 2 cases were cured, 112 cases were markedly effective, 296 cases were improved, and 88 cases were ineffective. The effective rate was 82.3%. Side effects: 43 cases had nausea and vomiting, burning sensation and pain in the stomach, diarrhea and bloating; 2 cases had dry nasopharyngeal, 1 case had vertigo.

⑦Treatment of Giardia lamblia

Tablets or syrups made of oral extracts are taken 3 times a day for adults at a dose of 30 grams of crude drug, and children can be reduced for 7 days as a course of treatment. 100 cases were treated and 92 cases were cured. Most of the symptoms disappeared within 1 to 4 days after treatment, the stool returned to normal, and the stool examination turned negative. Some cases were followed up for 3-9 months, except for one exception, no recurrence was found in the rest. For example, 25% Kushen decoction is used for retention enema, 100-200 ml each time for adults, once a day for 5 consecutive times, it is also effective, but it is not as good as oral administration. A few cases feel nausea after taking the medicine, and some fingers feel numb, which does not affect the continued treatment.

⑧Treatment of human intestinal trichomoniasis

For oral administration of Kushen powder capsules or Kushen tablets, the dosage for adults is 1.2 to 4 grams of crude drug each time, 3 times a day, and the children should reduce it. Generally, a course of treatment is 10 days. If the effect is not good, another 50% Sophora flavescens decoction 60-100 ml can be used to preserve the intestines, once a day. For those with obvious abdominal pain or frequent bowel movements, add western medicine for symptomatic treatment, and for those with roundworms, also use ascaris repellent. According to 54 observations, the clinical cure rate is 50%. The symptoms and signs of cured patients disappeared in 11.44 days on average, and the fecal examination turned overcast in 11.67 days on average. A few cases have dizziness, constipation, decreased appetite, nausea and other reactions, all of which are mild and can disappear on their own.

⑨Treatment of trichomonal vaginitis

Mix 0.6 g of Sophora flavescens powder with the same amount of glucose, boric acid powder and cumulon powder as a single dose for topical treatment. When using, first lavage the vagina with 1/5000 potassium permanganate solution, and sprinkle the medicine powder after drying. 1 time a day, 3 consecutive times as a course of treatment. 176 cases were clinically observed, and the total success rate was 71.5%. Among them, those who followed up for 3 months without trichomoniasis were cured, accounting for 26.1%; those who followed up for less than 3 months, but the symptoms disappeared, and those who had no trichomoniasis in vaginal secretions were effective, accounting for 45.4%. Patients with cervical erosion also improved greatly after treatment. A small number of patients had slight vaginal pain after the medication; after the course of treatment, almost all patients had vaginal epidermis shedding, and follow-up observation showed no adverse effects on the body.

⑩Treatment of ascites due to schistosomiasis

Take 6 to 8 grams of Sophora flavescens for decoction every day. Observing 25 cases, most of them increased the frequency of urination and decreased abdominal circumference within 2 days after taking the medicine, which created conditions for splenectomy.

In addition, it is reported that the trial administration of Sophora flavescens preparation to treat filariasis seems to have insecticidal effect.

Excerpt from “Chinese Medicine Dictionary”

Precautions and contraindications: Ku Shen (sophora flavescens)

Caution: empty spleen diarrhea; Cons: Radix et Rhizoma Veratri lí lŭ is not compatible (xiang fan) or incompatible with Radix Sophorae Flavescentis (ku shen), i.e. the combination leads to and additional

Overdose: nausea and vomiting, respiratory paralysis; pay attention to the maximum dosage!

Matrine was injected into rabbits, and the central nervous system was found to be paralyzed, and convulsions occurred at the same time, and eventually he stopped breathing and died. When injected into a frog, it becomes excited at first, then becomes paralyzed, breathing becomes slow and irregular, and finally spasms occur, resulting in death. The seizure of the spasm may be caused by the hyperreflexia of the spinal cord. The minimum lethal dose to rabbits is 0.4g/kg. Matrine alkaloids can cause spasm and paralyze the respiratory center of cold-blooded and warm-blooded animals. The mice that received larger doses of the drug showed excitement such as bounce and convulsions; the intravenously injected rabbits began to experience fear and anxiety, and finally died of difficulty in breathing. When sophocarpine is injected into rabbits in large doses (150mg/kg), it can cause venous congestion, drop in blood pressure, significantly reduce breathing frequency, respiratory paralysis and death due to poisoning. The results of the LD50 determination of matrine alkaloids are inconsistent. The LD50 of the total flavonoids of Sophora flavescens injected intravenously to mice was 103.1±7.66g/kg. The LD50 of intramuscular and intravenous injection of oxymatrine in mice were 256.74±573.6mg/kg and 144.2±22.8mg/kg, respectively. The LD50 of mice injected with kushen extract by gavage and intramuscular injection were 14.5g/kg and 14.4g/kg, respectively. The LD50 of subcutaneous injection of matrine crystalline base in mice is 571.2±48.8mg/kg. Canine intramuscular injection of matrine Jiechang (200mg/Kg) or Sophora flavescens extract (0.1g/kg), pigeon intramuscular injection of Sophora flavescens alkaloids (100mg/kg) showed no symptoms of poisoning. Sophora flavescens contraceptive suppository has no irritation to the vagina and cervix of mice.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Ku Shen (sophora flavescens)
1. Avoid taking it if the spleen and stomach are cold.

2. “Introduction to Medicine”: Use with caution for those with weak stomachs.

3. “Ben Cao Jing Shu”: long-term use can damage the kidney qi, liver and kidney deficiency without severe fever, do not take it.

[Discussed by each family]

1. “Materia Medica Yanyi Supplement”: Sophora flavescens, which can strengthen the yin qi, or cause waist weight due to its qi drop, it is not a kind of kidney injury. It is effective in treating gale, and it has a fine rash of wind-heat.

2. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: The bitter cold of Sophora flavescens and Phellodendron amurense can invigorate the kidney, cover the bitterness, dry dampness, and remove heat from cold. Heat produces wind and dampness produces insects, so it can cure wind and kill insects. However, it is suitable for those who have weak kidneys and those who overcome the fire. If the fire is weak and cold, the true essence is insufficient, and the elderly cannot use it. Zhang Congzheng also said that all medicines are poisonous. Although licorice and sophora flavescens are not poisonous, the five flavors will return to their internal organs after a long period of time. It can be long, and so is the diet. According to the “Historical Records”, Taicang Gongchun Yu Yi treated doctor Qi with dental caries, moxibustion on the Yangming pulse of his left hand, gargle three liters a day with Sophora flavescens decoction, and healed in five or six days. Meaning.

3. “Materia Medica Huiyan”: Yao Fei Chengyun, Sophora flavescens, a medicine for dispelling wind and reducing fire, dampness and deworming. The predecessor said that Sophora flavescens nourishes the kidney and yin, its theory is quite absurd. This medicine is bitter and smelly, and it is dry and filthy, but it is suitable for those with strong kidney qi and damp fire. If the fire is weak and the essence is cold, the yuan yang is insufficient, and the elderly will have weak stomach and weak qi. Undesirable. In addition, for those who have a heavy waist after taking a long time, they will not rise because of their ability to drop, which means that the kidney is actually injured. .

4. “Hundred Kinds of Materia Medica”: Sophora flavescens, specializes in treating the fire of the Heart Sutra, similar in function to Huanglian. However, Coptidis is more like the fire to remove the heart, and the sophora flavescens is more like the fire to remove the heart and the small intestine. The smell of Coptidis is clear, and the odor of Sophora flavescens is turbid. According to the word “buzhong”, it also means suffering to dry the spleen.

5. “Changsha Yaojie”: “Golden Chamber” Sophora Decoction, treats foxes in the lower part, the liver is the main tendon, the former yin is the gathering of the tendons, the soil is wet and the wood is sinking, the depression is hot, and the metaplasia is NI , Erosion in the front yin, Sophora flavescens clears away heat and removes dampness, heals sores and kills insects. Angelica Peimu Kushen Pills are used to treat pregnancy and urinary difficulties, and the soil is wet and wood sinks, which causes heat to be stagnant.

6. “Materia Medica Justice”: Sophora flavescens, great suffering and cold, relieves fever, relieves damp fire, and its efficacy is similar to that of Qin, Lian, and Gentian, but the bitterness of Sophora flavescens is worse, and its dryness is more intense, so it can Killing insects born from damp heat is stronger than Qin and Lian. People in recent years dare not use it as a decoction, and Gai is afraid of its bitterness, and he also avoids it because of its harshness. However, the poisonous wind and vicious leprosy are not eliminated, but people today think that they are used to wash the sores, and they may waste their ears because of choking.

7. “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”: Mainly confuses qi, accumulates symptoms, jaundice, drowning, drains water, removes carbuncle and swelling, invigorates the middle, improves eyesight and stops tears.

8. “Famous Doctors”: Nourish the liver and courage, calm the five internal organs, fix the mind and improve the essence, benefit the nine orifices, remove the heat of the intestines, quench thirst, sober up, urinate yellow and red, treat the lower part of the malignant sore, calm the stomach, and make people feel good Addicted to food.

9. Tao Hongjing: If the sick person is stained with alcohol, the person who suffers from scabies also removes the clothes, and the cover can kill the insects.

10. “Properties of Medicine”: cures heat toxins, skin and muscle irritability and sores, red eyebrows, mainly removes severe heat and lethargy, cures abdominal pain, nausea, and body nausea, cures confidential accumulation.

11. “Tang Materia Medica”: treat shin acid, treat evil worms.

12. “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: kill chancre. Stir-fry with smoke is the end, drink with rice, treat intestinal wind, blood and heat dysentery.

13. “Pearl Sac”: Dehumidification.

14. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: cooling blood, antipyretic toxin, scabies, purulent and sore toxins. It can treat skin pruritus, blood rheumatism sore, naughty white dander, blood under intestinal wind, blood in stool. Eliminate wind, reduce swelling and poison, phlegm toxin.

15. “Materia Medica Congxin”: Dry dampness, overcome heat, treat dreams and nocturnal emission.

【Instructions】

1. Decoction and soaking method. Put 50 grams of Sophora flavescens into the water and boil for 30 minutes, soak the whole body when the water temperature drops to a suitable temperature.

2. Sophora flavescens bathing. Fumigate the affected area with the Sophora flavescens liquid while it is hot, and apply a hot compress with a towel dipped in water. Once a day, every 30 minutes.

3. Sophora flavescens foot bath. Once a day, every 30 minutes.

4. Sophora ginseng sitz bath. Treatment of gynecological itching, damp-heat diarrhea, jaundice, red urine and various blood in the stool, 2 times a day, 30 minutes each time.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Ku Shen (sophora flavescens)

1. Anti-tumor effect
Sophora flavescens
Matrine has anti-cancer activity. The survival rate of mice in the 500μg.d group was 40% at 2mo, while the control group all died within 23 days. Oxymatrine has no effect on this. Matrine has the effect of reducing mouse peritoneal macrophages to inhibit the proliferation of P815 tumor cells in vitro. Sophocarpine (Sophocarpine) also has anti-cancer activity. It has obvious inhibitory effect on S-180, U-14.ECA, L and other tumor strains in experimental mice. Matrine, oxymatrine, sophocarpine and their mixtures of A, B, and C bases in different proportions have different levels of inhibitory effects on S-180 solid tumors. The tumor inhibition rate of each monomer alkaloid is 35. % Above, when the dose of C alkali mixed in different proportions is 113mg/(kg.d), the tumor inhibition rate of continuous intraperitoneal injection for 10 days reaches 61.38%, which is 23.5% higher than the total alkali. Compared with matrine alone, There is a significant difference (P<0.01). Matrine has a significant inhibitory effect on the production rate of peripheral multidirectional hematopoietic progenitor cell colonies in chronic myeloid leukemia, with an inhibitory rate of 0.76, and the best inhibitory concentration is 100mg/L. Sophora flavescens decoction acts on human promyelocytic leukemia cells cultured in vitro. At a dose of 8 mg/ml, it can significantly induce leukemia cells to differentiate into mononuclear macrophages.

2. The effect of promoting white blood cells
Oxymatrine can prevent mouse leukopenia caused by MMC and cyclophosphamide. Intravenous or intramuscular injection of 30mg/kg matrine total alkali and 100mg/kg oxymatrine can affect normal rabbit peripheral blood leukocyte count It has a significant increase effect, and the effective time, maintenance time and peak white blood cell count of oxymatrine on normal rabbits are basically the same within 18 days after administration. The white effect is better than that of scyllohydrin. In the treatment experiment of total matrine, oxymatrine, and matrine on the leukopenia caused by 600-lens X-ray irradiation in rabbits, the total matrine group had white blood cell counts from 5 days after administration to the 19th day. Basically, it remained above 6000/mm3, while the control group did not recover the above level until 22 days; the whitening potency of oxymatrine was not higher than the total alkali, and matrine had no therapeutic effect. Oxymatrine can prevent and treat leukopenia caused by whole body irradiation of 60 cobalt r-rays of 500 luns in rabbits. The dose rate is 31 luns/min, which shows a certain preventive effect. At the dose rate of 120 luns/min, there is no preventive effect.

3. The effect on the cardiovascular system
Intravenous injection of matrine and oxymatrine of 1/4LD50 significantly counteracts arrhythmia induced by aconitine and chloroform-adrenaline in rats; intraperitoneal injection significantly counteracts chloroform-induced ventricular fibrillation in mice, and also improves aconitum The dosage required for alkali-induced arrhythmia in rats, against barium chloride-induced arrhythmia in rats and arrhythmia induced by ligation of the anterior descending coronary artery in rats. Intravenous injection of 30 mg/kg of oxymatrine to rabbits shortened the recovery time of adrenaline-induced arrhythmia, the treatment administration was shortened by an average of 43%, and the preventive administration was shortened by an average of 22%. Intravenous injection of 42mg/kg sophocarpine can resist calcium chloride-induced ventricular arrhythmia in mice and aconitine-induced arrhythmia in rats; intravenous injection of 16mg/kg can increase ouabain-induced premature beats and cardioplegia in rabbits The required amount can also fight against coronary artery obstruction-reperfusion-induced arrhythmia in dogs, but not against calcium chloride-acetylcholine-induced atrial fibrillation in mice and chloroform-adrenaline-induced arrhythmia in rabbits. Intravenous injection of l/5 LD50 of sophoridine (11mg/kg) can prevent or treat aconitine-induced arrhythmia in rats, and can also increase the tolerance of guinea pigs to various arrhythmias caused by ouabain, and prevent chlorine Barium chloride and calcium chloride induced arrhythmia in rats. 1/10 LD50 dose (5mg/kg) significantly shortens the time of adrenaline-induced arrhythmia in rabbits, and the duration of action is much longer than that of quinidine. It can also increase the left ventricular electrical fibrillation threshold of rabbits, and increase with the increase of intravenous injection dose. It can also reduce the rate of ventricular fibrillation induced by chloroform or carbon tetrachloride in mice in a dose-related manner, and resist carbon tetrachloride-adrenaline Arrhythmia caused by rabbits. Matrine alkaloids can dilate blood vessels and protect against acute myocardial ischemia. It can cause obvious hypotensive effect on anesthetized rabbits, generally reducing blood pressure by about 20mmHg, lasting for 2-3 minutes to return to normal; for isolated rabbit ear vessels, it can cause immediate dilation, and last for about 10 minutes; for acute hemorrhagic heart can be prolonged Its arrest time is about 7 minutes; it has obvious protective effect on acute myocardial ischemia caused by pituitary gland. Oxymatrine can increase rabbit atrial contractility, and has a good dose-effect relationship. 9μm does not affect myocardial excitability, but shortens the refractory period; reduces the threshold concentration of epinephrine to induce left atrium autonomy; slows down the right atrium Automatic rhythm, and reduce the positive frequency effect of CaCl2 on the right atrium. The amount of poisoning (360μm) can reduce myocardial contractility and excitability. Oxymatrine 50μmol/L can antagonize the positive frequency effect of isoproterenol. The low (high) concentration of oxymatrine (100μmol/L) in cultured cardiomyocytes can produce negative (positive) frequency effects mediated by α (β) receptors. Matrine can slow down the automatic frequency of the right atrium in guinea pigs, increase the contractility of the right atrium and reduce the MDF (maximum drive frequency) of the left atrium, in a dose-dependent manner; its negative frequency, positive muscle strength and negative MDF effects are all Straight line correlation. Matrine can inhibit the autonomic effects of aconitine-induced left atrium in rats or prolong the incubation period of aconitine-induced autorhythm and slow down its initial frequency; it can also increase ouabain-induced guinea pig right arrhythmia and adrenaline injection Induces the threshold concentration of guinea pig left atrium autonomy, and has a potentiating effect on the positive inotropic effect of ouabain. Matrine can be significantly inhibited by the Ca2+ channel blocker verapamil (1μmol/l), and the inhibition of smooth muscle is greater than that of the myocardium, suggesting that the positive inotropic effect of matrine may be related to the activation of Ca2+ channels. Matrine can increase the content of cAMP and decrease the level of cMP in rat plasma, and has no significant effect on the content of cAMP and cGMP in myocardial tissue. Sophoridine can increase the level of cAMP in rat plasma and the content of cAMP in myocardial tissue. Oxymatrine 50μmol/L and 250μmol/L have a significant inhibitory effect on the increase of lactate dehydrogenase content of cardiomyocytes in vitro induced by mitomycin C, and can alleviate the cardiomyocytes caused by hypoglycemia and hypoxia Damage, but has no protective effect on cardiomyocyte damage caused by chlorpromazine. Intramuscular injection of oxymatrine has the effect of prolonging the survival period of free allograft myocardium in mice, and its effect will increase with increasing dose. Sophora flavonoids 125-250μg/ml can slow down the spontaneous pulsation frequency of the cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocyte clusters, and can resist the spontaneous pulsation arrhythmia induced by the myocardial cell clusters and ouabain. The total flavonoids of Sophora flavescens have a significant antagonistic effect on ventricular fibrillation induced by inhalation of chloroform in mice, with an LD50 of 23.9±1.1 g/kg and a therapeutic index of 3.56. Intravenous injection of 8g and 30g/kg of total flavonoids of Sophora flavescens to rabbits, 30-60 minutes later, it can obviously resist the arrhythmia caused by chloroform-adrenaline. The complete confrontation rate is 40% and 70% respectively. Intravenous injection of total flavonoids of Sophora flavescens 20-40g/kg has a significant therapeutic effect on arrhythmia in rats caused by intravenous injection of aconitine. The effective rate of the first treatment was 63%, and the effective rate of the second treatment was 84%. Intravenous injection of matrine in rats can significantly counteract arrhythmias caused by aconitine, barium chloride and coronary artery ligation. Intravenous injection of total flavonoids of Sophora flavonoids 30g/kg and 60g/kg in anesthetized rats shows a significant negative effect. Autonomic action, negative frequency action and negative conduction action. These effects increase with increasing dose.

4. Anti-asthmatic and expectorant effects
Matrine mainly excites β receptors, especially the β receptors in the center, relieves bronchospasm and inhibits antibodies and

The release of slow-reacting substances produces anti-asthmatic effects. Matrine can resist the effect of acetylcholine and barium chloride in excitement of isolated guinea pigs, rat trachea and intestines in the calcium or calcium-free Krebsen nutrient solution. The anti-asthmatic effects of total matrine and oxymatrine on histamine-induced asthmatic guinea pigs are basically similar to those of aminophylline. The one-hour anti-asthmatic rate is above 90%, while the control group is about 15%; in terms of anti-asthmatic time, The anti-asthmatic rate of aminophylline in 6 hours is 55%, and the total alkali of matrine is more than 80%. Sophocarpine Ach has a stronger asthma-causing effect than aminophylline, and its anti-asthmatic effect may be through the activation of β-receptors in the midbrain. Phenol red excretion method proved that the total alkalis of sophora flavonoids and flavonoids 0.8g/kg in mice have obvious effect of dispelling talk.

5. Stabilization
Sophora flavescens 50-100mg/kg can significantly inhibit the free movement of mice; 400mg/kg can significantly inhibit the passive activity of mice; 100-200mg/kg can inhibit the aggressive behavior of lonely mice; Sophora flavescens 25 -40mg/kg combined with Dongmianling (5mg/kg) can cause mice to lose their righting reflex, 100-200mg/kg matrine total alkali can significantly enhance the inhibitory effect of 0.5mg/kg reserpine on spontaneous activities in mice ; Matrine total alkali 50-200mg/kg and intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital sodium 20-25mg/kg in combination, can cause mice to fall asleep; respectively with thiopental sodium (intraperitoneal injection, 40mg/kg), The combination of chloral hydrate (intraperitoneal injection, 200mg/kg) can significantly enhance the central inhibitory effect. It can also significantly counteract psychomotor excitement caused by central stimulants amphetamine (intraperitoneal injection, 4-6mg/kg) and caffeine (50mg/kg); total alkaloids of matrine on convulsions caused by strychnine and pentylenetetrazol Not only does it have no antagonistic effect, but it enhances convulsions and increases the number of animal deaths; the total alkali of matrine alone has a mild analgesic effect, and when combined with a threshold dose of morphine, it can significantly increase its analgesic percentage.

6. Anti-allergic effect
Matrine can reduce the release of allergic mediators and is an immunosuppressant. Its concentration to inhibit 50% of T cell proliferation is 0.55-0.56 mg/ml; the concentration to inhibit IL-2 production is 0.1 mg/kg.

7. Immunosuppressive effect
Matrine and oxymatrine have inhibitory effects on the immune function of mice at a dose of 1/5 LD50. Rabbit and rat intramuscular injection of oxymatrine 150mg/kg or 100mg/kg has a significant inhibitory effect on passive or active skin allergic reactions, and has a significant inhibitory effect on the formation of rabbit serum IgE antibodies. Intraperitoneal injection of oxymatrine 200 mg/kg.d for 21 days has a protective effect on the death of mice caused by immediate allergy.

8. Other functions
Intramuscular injection of oxymatrine can significantly resist the exudative inflammation induced by croton oil, carrageenan (rats) and glacial acetic acid (mouse). Rabbit gavage, subcutaneous injection, intravenous injection, intraperitoneal injection and intramuscular injection of Kushen decoction, Kushen injection and matrine all have diuretic effects, and the amount of sodium chloride in the urine has a significant increase. Sophora flavescens 50% methanol extract has the effect of resisting ulcers caused by hydrochloric acid and ethanol, and its active ingredient is Kurarinone. In addition, matrine has antibacterial effects both in vivo and in vitro, and its strength in the body is equivalent to that of chloramphenicol. The alcohol extract has anti-trichomoniasis in vitro, and its strength is similar to that of hops.

Episode 09: Long Dan Cao (gentiana) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description:Long Dan Cao (gentiana)

RADIX GENTIANAE Long Dan Cao
Gentian, the name of Chinese medicine. It is the dried roots and rhizomes of Gentianaceae, Gentianaceae, Gentiana, Gentiana triflora or Gentiana hardy. The first three are called “gentian”, the latter are called “firm gentian”. The plant gentian is distributed in mainland China, Russia, Japan, North Korea, etc., and grows in areas between 400 meters and 1700 meters above sea level. There are more than 240 species of Gentiana in China, which are mostly produced in the high mountains of southwest China, and only a few species are found around Beijing and in the Qilian Mountains. Cold-tolerant, light-loving, semi-shade-tolerant, sandy soil that likes deep, fertile and well-drained. The plant height is 30-1500px, the stem is erect, and the upper part is not branched. Single leaf opposite, sessile, small basal leaves, middle and upper leaves ovate to lanceolate, the base of the leaves are round and reported jointly on the stem nodes. Flower solitary stem top, wide funnel-shaped, dark blue, flowering period from August to September.

Actions and Indications: Long Dan Cao (gentiana)
To clear away heat and dampness, relieve liver and gallbladder fire.

1. Treating fever and abdominal pain: 30 grams of gentian, pounding salt and taking juice.
2. Treatment of heat dysentery: 15 grams each of gentian grass and kapok, 30 grams of red pig sow, decocted in water.
3. Treat red eyes, swelling and pain:
⑴ 15-30 grams of gentian grass, pound the juice.
⑵ 15-30 grams of gentian, 30 grams of white flower Pengchucao, 15 grams of leaf red, decocted in water.
⑶ 15-30 grams of gentian, decocted in water, and taken with brown sugar. The scum is beaten to the eyes, leaving a hole in the middle.

Medicinal identification
⒈The product is bitter and cold. Among the bitterness of traditional Chinese medicine, it is second only to Maqianzi, better than Coptis, and ranks second.
Gentian
Gentian
It is often used for stomach failure, and it is not easy to eat, so it should be accompanied by licorice. To adjust the taste.
⒉Coptis and Gentiana are both essential medicines for clearing heat and purging fire. Rhizoma Coptidis partly clears the fire of the heart and stomach, and gentian is part of the fire of liver and gallbladder.
⒊Gentiana and Phellodendron cylindrica can both clear damp heat, but gentian is longer than the liver and gallbladder to reduce heat, and Phellodendron cylindrica mainly reduces the heat and clears deficiency and heat.

Indications:
It is used for damp-heat jaundice, yin swelling and itching, entrapment, eczema and itching, liver fire, red eyes, tinnitus and deafness, hypochondriac pain, pain in the mouth, strong middle, convulsions and convulsions.

To clear away heat and dampness
Chinese herbal medicine-gentian (Picture 2)
Chinese herbal medicine-gentian (Picture 2)
; To relieve the liver and relieve the convulsions. Damp-heat jaundice; painful urination; swollen vagina; itchy dampness; head swelling and headache due to liver and gallbladder fire; red eyes, swelling and pain; deafness and ear swelling; hypochondriac pain and painful mouth;
Gentian is also effective in treating hair loss. In modern society, due to the acceleration of the pace of life, work pressure has increased, and the mental burden has increased, and hair loss patients have become more and more common. Generally, the treatment of hair loss is already difficult. It is more difficult to treat patients with total baldness in clinical practice. Even those with brows, beards, armpit hairs, pubic hairs, etc. who have all stripped off and become general hair loss, the treatment is even more difficult. From 2000 to 2003, a total of 6 patients with total herniation were treated. All of them have been treated with Western medicine or externally treated with a variety of drugs but have not improved. The clinical manifestations are full loss of hair, red tongue, yellow coating, or red tongue, crimson thorns, The moss is thin and yellow, and the pulse string is several. After taking the medicine internally and using the external washing formula, after 2 courses of treatment (30 days × 2), the patient’s eyebrows, armpit hair, and pubic hair have grown; after 6 courses of treatment, the scalp becomes black and protrudes from sparse hair. After 12 courses of treatment, the hair is dense and the general hair is healed. After long-term follow-up, the treated patient has dark hair and no recurrences. She realized that in the treatment of hair loss, the treatment of hair loss should be based on the fact that there is no deficiency in the treatment, and it is the only medicine that can be used for treatment. [2]

Herb combinations and Formulas: Long Dan Cao (gentiana)

1. Typhoid fever: the grass gentian is the last, the chicken is clear, the white honey is added, and the cold water is used for two dollars. (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”)
2. Heart attack and tingling of roundworms, vomiting water: one or two gentian, remove the head file, two cups of water, boil one cup, do not eat every night, take it evenly. (“Holy Benefit”)

Precautions and contraindications: Long Dan Cao (gentiana)

Avoid use for those with deficiency of spleen and stomach, and with caution for those with deficiency of yin and body fluid.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Long Dan Cao (gentiana)
1. “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Cure sore throat, wind-heat and night sweats.” [1] 2. “This Sutra”: “Cold and hot between the main bones, seizures, continuation of the wounds, fix the five internal organs, and kill the poison.”
3. “New Compilation of Materia Medica”: “Gentiana gentianum is specialized in diuresis, dehumidification, jaundice, and other treatments for eyes, diarrhea, swelling, and fever, all of which are promoted. But this is too profitable. , Inevitably deplete qi and blood, water disappears and blood also disappears, dampness disappears and qi disappears, the first onset of watery jaundice, it has to be used urgently, the chronically ill watery jaundice, it must be used slowly, but it is not possible. Quanzhen is the divine pill for diuresis, the elixir for eliminating dampness and eliminating spleen. It is also called gentian grass to treat damp-heat, the most beneficial to spleen disease, and it is also the disease of damp-heat. However, gentian is used to cure jaundice, and it is often ineffective. What is it? Jaundice is not just a kind of dampness and heat. Some people who become jaundice if they are not hot can not be cured by gentian. Eudangrass relieves the heat in the dampness, and cannot relieve the dampness that is not hot.”
4. “Materia Medica Justice”: “Gentiana gentiana is bitter and cold, and it works with Qin, but the “Book of Classics” says its taste is astringent, and its performance is kept inside, so it is only used to treat bone heat; Yu Zeqing It is enough to release the excess fire from the liver and gallbladder, and clear the knot of damp heat in the lower coke, and it is enough to do what you can; and the poison of mold sore and the ulcer of suffocation are all related to rampant fire. Just let go of the focus.”
5. “The Sketch Book”: “Ancient prescription is often used to treat jaundice.”
6. “Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: “Cures sore throat, washes sores, scabies and swelling.”

⒈ “Medical Qiyuan”: Bupleurum humilis is the mainstay, and the grass gentian is used as a medicine. It is also a necessary medicine in the treatment of eye diseases. Treats yellow eyes, red eyes, swelling of eyes, raised blood stasis, and it is painful. The “Secrets of Indications” says: Treat rheumatism and dampness in the lower part, swelling and pain from below the navel to the foot, and cold and damp athlete’s foot.
⒉ “Compendium”: treatment of sore throat, wind-heat and night sweats. The phase fire rests on the liver and gallbladder, and there is no tonifying effect. Therefore, the qi of gentian, which benefits the liver and gallbladder, is just because it can relieve the evil heat of the liver and gallbladder. However, due to the severe bitterness and cold, the qi that grows in the stomach may be hurt by overtaking, and it will help the evil spirits.
⒊”Materia Medica Sutra”: Herbal gentian has a bitter taste, a recurring cold in nature, and a pure yin medicine. Although it can eliminate the actual heat, people with less gastric deficiency and blood should not try it lightly. Fasting bait is so drowning, because it is too bitter to vent too much.
⒋ “Materia Medica”: Gentiana is the correct medicine for foot Jueyin and Shaoyang. It can relieve fire, but if it is used, all fires will be cured. Where there is excess fire in the liver and kidney, it is suitable.
⒌”Medicines’ Interpretation”: Dancao specializes in reducing the fire of liver and gallbladder, mainly treating eye pain and neck pain, pain in two flanks, epilepsy evil, malnutrition in children, and all the diseases of the liver meridian are used wonderfully. Its smell is thick and heavy, it is good for clearing the damp and heat of the lower coke, if the bursa, feces, chancre, and urinary stagnation, men’s yang is swollen, or shiny pus, or itching in the stem, women’s vulva pain, or itching Sores can be treated with Longdan Xiegan Decoction, which has the power of bitter cold to overcome heat. It can also remove stomach fever, smooth roundworms, and relieve the ears when the roundworms are bitter.
⒍ “New Compilation of Materia Medica”: Gentiana gentiana, its functions specialize in diuresis, dehumidification, jaundice, the rest of the eyes, stop dysentery, swelling, and fever, all promoted. However, this kind of excessive distribution of benefits will consume blood and blood. The water will disappear and the blood will disappear. The dampness will disappear and the air will disappear. The first onset of watery jaundice has to be used urgently, and the chronically ill watery jaundice cannot be used Don’t slow down, it’s not as good as the divine pill of water, and the elixir of dehumidification and diarrhea. Or it is said that gentian grass is the most beneficial for curing damp-heat, and it is the disease of damp-heat. However, gentian grass is used to cure jaundice. Why is it not effective? Jaundice is not just a kind of damp and heat, and some people who become jaundice without heat can not be cured by gentian. Eudangrass scavenge the heat in the dampness, not the dampness that is not hot.
⒎ “Medical Comprehension of Chinese and Western References”: Gentian, bitter and slightly acidic, is a good medicine for stomachers. Its bitterness can reduce stomach qi and strengthen the stomach; its acidity can also replenish the sour juice in the stomach and digest food. If the stomach heat is reversed, and the stomach juice is short, and cannot eat, it can be taken as an appetizer. Its power to relieve the heat of the liver and gallbladder is several times that of peony, and it is not as good as peony to suppress the deficiency and heat of the liver and gallbladder.
⒏ “Materia Medica Justice”: gentian grass, bitter and cold, and Qin together with power, but “Ben Jing” said that its taste is astringent, and its performance is kept inside, so it is only used to treat bone heat; the rest is to clear the liver and gallbladder. Excessive fire can clear the knot of dampness and heat in the lower coke, which is enough to do what it can. The poison of mildew sore and the ulcer of carbuncle are all related to the flames. It’s more than righteous.
⒐ “This Classic”: The main bones are cold and hot, epileptic evil, continued injury, fixed the five internal organs, and killed poison.
⒑ “Do not record”: In addition to the stomach heat, the temperature is hot at times, the heat releases the benefit, removes the small worms in the intestines, helps the liver and gallbladder, and relieves panic.
⒒ “Theory of Drug Properties”: Mainly in children with epilepsy into the heart, strengthening heat, bone heat, carbuncle; curing disease and heat yellow, mouth sores.
⒓ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: treats guests, malnutrition, madness, fever, scabies, improved eyesight, and relieves annoyance.
⒔ “The Sketch Book”: Ancient prescriptions are used to treat jaundice.
⒕ “Lugan Rock Materia Medica”: cures alcohol poisoning with blood in the stool, blood in the intestinal wind.
⒖”Southern Yunnan Materia Medica”: cure sore throat, wash sores, scabies and swelling.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology:Long Dan Cao (gentiana)
Effects on the digestive tract Gentian or gentiopicroside can promote gastric juice and gastric acid secretion. Gentiopicroside administered orally to dogs that cause gastric fistula can promote gastric juice secretion, increase free hydrochloric acid, and increase appetite. However, sublingual smearing or intravenous injection is ineffective, so it is believed that gentiopicroside can directly promote gastric juice secretion and increase free acid.
Choleretic and hepatoprotective effects Taking healthy and liver-damaged mice, giving 50g/kg gentian injection to the duodenum or intravenous injection of 4.5g/kg in healthy dogs can significantly increase the bile flow. From the canine bile secretion flow curve, it can be seen that there are two peaks at 5 minutes and 20 minutes after administration. Longdan injection 25g/kg subcutaneously can significantly reduce the serum bilirubin content in the experimental jaundice model (hyperbilirubinemia and cholestasis) in mice caused by α-naphthalene isothiocyanate.
Diuretic effect: Gentian injection 10g/kg, ear vein injection, can increase the average urine output of 5 rabbits from 0.76ml per 30 minutes before administration to 2.64ml (p<0.1), suggesting that gentian has obvious diuretic effect .
Antibacterial effect 14 species of Gentian were tested, of which 7 had effects on rhizobia, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, etc. The gentian water extract has varying degrees of inhibition on the dermatophytes such as Trichophyton gypsum-like bacteria Nocardia stellariae in the test tube. The test tube method proved that the gentian decoction has varying degrees of inhibitory effects on Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus, Typhoid bacillus, Shigella, Staphylococcus aureus, etc.
Effects on the central nervous system Gentiline has an excitatory effect on the central nervous system of mice, but anesthetic effects appear at larger doses. Swertia picroside can inhibit the central nervous system and has analgesic and sedative effects. It has antispasmodic effect on the smooth muscle of intestine and uterus.
Other effects When taken in large quantities, it can hinder digestion, sometimes have headaches, flushing, and dizziness. The Huaaidan containing gentian (species not indicated) was used to test Ehrlich ascites small carcinoma in mice, which proved to have anti-tumor effect. Large doses of gentian tincture have a hypotensive effect on anesthetized animals, and can inhibit the heart and slow down the heart rate. The gentiopicroside proposed from G.lutea is used for malaria fever and experimental arthritis caused by antimicrobial formaldehyde with high toxicity of Plasmodium. Gentiline has antihypertensive effects on cats and has anti-inflammatory effects on experimental formaldehyde arthritis in rats. The aqueous extract of gentian has an inhibitory effect on the delayed-type allergic reaction of mice induced by chloropicrin.
Longdan Xiegan Decoction (“Medical Prescriptions”) treats liver and gallbladder fire and inflammation, headache, red eyes, hypochondriac pain, deafness, ear swelling, red tongue, yellow coating, strong pulse string. Liver meridian damp-heat betting card. Yin swelling, itching, sinews, diarrhea, turbid urine, or yellowish smell in women, red tongue and yellow greasy coating. Gentiana 6g, Scutellaria baicalensis 9g, Gardenia 9g, Alisma orientalis 12g, Mutong 9g, Plantago 9g, Angelica 3g, Rehmannia glutinosa 9g, Bupleurum 6g, Raw licorice 6g. Decoction in water. Pills can also be used, 6-9 grams per serving, twice a day, with warm boiled water. In the prescription, gentian grass has severe bitterness and severe cold, which relieves fire and removes dampness.
Longdan powder (“Taiping Shenghui Prescription”) cures yellowing, sweating on the forehead, hot hands and feet, pain in the limbs, cold and heat at dusk, self-interest in urination, etc. 0.6 grams of gentian, 1 gram of Ophiopogon japonicus, licorice, Bupleurum, hemp, and rhino horn each, and 30 grams of oysters. The top 7 flavors are loose, decoct in water, add 0.5 cups of raw rehmannia juice, and take it warmly. In the prescription, gentian grass is compatible with various medicines to reduce liver and gallbladder fire, and remove damp heat.
Single-flavor ground powder, decoction, or boiled water to treat epistaxis caused by liver fire. [4]

V. Heat Clearing Herbs: Blood Cooling

10: Xi Jiao (cornu rhinoceri),
Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia),
Xuan Shen (scrophularia),
Mu Dan Pi (peony bark)

Heat Clearing Herbs: Blood Cooling

These herbs clear heat and cool blood at the ying (nutritive) and xue (blood) levels, condìtions characterized by restlessness, irritability delirium, high fever, altered consciousness, purpura, and bleeding.

Xi Jiao (Cornu Rhinoceri) is an endangered animal and its use is prohìbited. Shui Niu Jiao (Cornu Bubali) is now used as a substitute. It has historically been excellent for treatment of heat in the blood characterized by high fever with delirium and incoherent speech, purpura, and reckless movement of blood (with bleeding from the nose and the mouth).

Sheng Di Huang (Radix Rehmanniae) and Xuan Shen (Radix Scrophularìae) both nourish the yin and cool the blood simultaneously. They are used for heat in the ying (nutritive) and xue (blood) levels characterized by purple blotches on the skin, bleeding, yin -deficient heat, thirst and body
fluid deficiency.
Sheng Di Huang has a stronger tonic function to nourish yin and generate body fluids.
Xuan Shen is more effective to eliminate toxins, dispel heat, and treat sore throat, scrofula and goiter.

Mu Dan Pi (Cortex Moutan) cools and invigorate blood circulation, clears heat in the ying (nutritive) and xue (blood) levels with purpura, hematemesis, bleeding and amenorrhea.
Mu Dan Pi more strongly clears Heart fire and cools blood to treat yin-deficient heat.

 

Episode 10: Xi Jiao (cornu rhinoceri) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Xi Jiao (cornu rhinoceri)
Rhinocerotis Cornu xī jiăo

(Note: Xi Jiao is an endangered animal and its use is prohìbited.)

At present, buffalo horns (that is, the double horns of water buffalo) are used clinically as a substitute for rhino horns. According to the record of “Bielu”, water buffalo horns can “cure seasonal cold and heat headache”, and “Daming Materia Medica” says: “Fried juice, cures hot, poisonous wind and strong heat.” According to the above, the effect of buffalo horn is similar to rhino horn. The Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine quoted a survey report from the Tianjin Municipal Pharmaceutical Bureau that said that a citizen in Tianjin has been able to treat infantile fever with buffalo horn for more than ten years and has had good results, and clinical trials are also recommended.

1) Rhinoceros horn is a medicine for blindly clearing blood and antipyretic. When it is matched with bezoar or antelope horn, it will calm the heart and calm down; when it is matched with fresh ground, red peony root, and danpi, it will cool the blood to stop bleeding, and it will be matched with large green leaves, scrophulariaceae, Cohosh, etc. will cool the blood to dissolve spots; with forsythia, bamboo leaf curling heart, etc., will clear the heart and detoxify; with plaster, anemarrhena, scrophulariaceae, etc., will cool the serum and heat.

(2) Rhinoceros horns and fresh ground can clear heat and cool blood, fresh ground grows longer than nourishing yin and nourishing body fluid, while rhino horns tend to detoxify and relieve convulsions. Rhinoceros horn is mainly used to clear blood and separate heat, which is also different from that of plaster. However, rhino horn is the same as plaster, and it has a very good effect in curing qi and blood.

Origin:
From “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”

Actions and Indications: Xi Jiao (cornu rhinoceri)
Clear heat, cool blood, calm convulsions, detoxify.

Cure typhoid fever, fever into the blood, panic, irritability, delirium, macula, yellowing, vomiting blood, blemishes, blood, carbuncle and swollen toxin.

Indications:
Cure typhoid fever, fever into the blood, panic, irritability, delirium, macula, yellowing, vomiting blood, blemishes, blood, carbuncle and swollen toxin.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Xi Jiao (cornu rhinoceri)
① Treat warm heat and summer blight, convulsive coma, delirium spots, dry tongue, or purplish crimson, or round hard, or black moss; concurrently treat severe acne, entrainment of purplish spots, and internal burning after acne rash. Mouth and throat rot, red eyes and annoying: black rhinoceros horn tip (grinding juice), calamus, scutellaria baicalensis Georgi each six taels, Zhenhuaishengdi (washed in cold water and soaked in pounding juice), Yinhua (for fresh pounding juice), each -Jin, dung Qing, forsythia each twelve, Isatis root nine taels, Xiangli eight taels, Yuan ginseng seven taels, pollen, comfrey four taels each. The raw materials are dried in the sun (avoid fire-fried), and the rhino horn, rehmannia glutinosa juice, feces and pounding are used as pills (do not add honey, if the pill is difficult, the fragrant black bean can be boiled), each weighs three dollars. Cool water and hydration clothes, twice a day. Children are halved. If there is no fecal cleansing, you can add Zhonghuang Siliangyan Pills. (“Warm Jingwei” Shen Xi Dan)
② Treatment of Taiyin and Febrile Diseases, those who are faint and deceptive: Rhinoceros horn two coins (Chongmo), Yuanshen heart three coins, lotus seed heart five cents, bamboo leaf curling heart two coins, even Qiao heart two coins, Lianxin Ophiopogon three coins . Decoction in water. (“Differentiation of Febrile Diseases” Qinggong Decoction)
③ Treatment of typhoid fever and heat poisoning and red spots on the body: one or two each for rhino horn (pound), ephedra (removing root nodes), and plaster, three points for Coptidis (removing beard), and one and two half for mountain gardenia. Top the five flavors, mash and sieve coarsely, each serving of five coins dagger, one and a half cups of water, fry until one cup, remove the water, and take it warmly. (“Sanji General Record” Rhinoceros Decoction)  ④ Treats acute yellow, irritability of the heart, red eyes and eyes: one or two rhino horn crumbs, two or two Yinchen, one or two scutellaria, one or two gardenia, one or two Sichuan cohosh, one or two Sichuan Glauber’s salt two taels. Apply the medicine, pound and sieve for powder. Take four coins for each serving, take one cup of water, and three-seven slices of bamboo leaves, fry until six minutes, remove the water, and take it warm regardless of time. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Rhinoceros Sans)
⑤ To treat typhoid fever and febrile disease, those who should sweat without sweating and accumulate blood, and have epistaxis, vomiting blood, remaining blood stasis, yellow face, black stool. Eliminate blood stasis: one or two rhino horns, two or two rehmannia, three or two peony, and two or two peony cortex. Top the four flavors, cut finely, use 9 liters of water, boil 3 liters, and divide into three servings. (“A Thousand Gold Recipes” Rhino Horn Rehmannia Soup)
⑥ Treating vomiting blood like goose and duck liver, day and night: two pairs of rhino horns (for raw use of pound crumbs), two pairs of platycodon (for raw use). Two flavors, pounding Luo is scattered. Warm wine to adjust the two money dagger. (“San Franciscans General Record” Sheng Xi San)
⑦ Treatment of diarrhea and blood: rhino horn (swarf), dried rehmannia, and sanguis every two or two. Serve the three flavors, pound and sieve, the honey pill is as big as a marble. Take one pill, one liter of water, decoct Wuhe, remove the water, and take it warmly. (“Ancient and Modern Recorded Prescriptions”)
⑧ Cure children’s sores, not aversion to cold, but irritability, red urine, thirst, or red spots: rhino horn (pound), licorice (sunburn), two and two, two and two for wind, and half and two for scutellaria. The top is rough. Copy three coins for each serving, one cup of water, fry until 70%, remove the residue and take it warmly, regardless of time. (“Miraculous Remedy” Rhinoceros Powder)
⑨ Cure children with epilepsy, bewildered, chewing tongue, and looking up: the rhino horn is half a coin, the water is combined, and it is taken. (“Guang Li Fang”)
⑩ Cure children’s erysipelas, walking around, wind-heat irritability and anger: burdock seed (fried), nepeta, parsnip, scutellaria, one dollar each, rhino horn five cents, raw licorice five cents. Decoction in water. Slice beef for external use and paste it, and replace it for dry. (“Odd Formula” Rhinoceros Horn Disinfecting Drink)
⑾ Treatment of fever, red and swollen throat, sore in the mouth, can not eat: one or two rhinoceros horn crumbs, one or two Sichuan cohosh, one or two Sichuan rhubarb (filed and micro-fried), one or two horse teeth, half two, Phellodendron (file), half two, Scutellaria, one or two. The medicine is smashed into a sieve for powder. Four large cups of water are decocted to one large cup. The three phases of honey are added. (“Tai Ping Sheng Hui Fang” fried rhino horn)

①Treat warm heat and summer blight, convulsions and faintness, delirium spots, dry tongue, or purplish crimson, or round hard, or black moss; concurrently treats severe acne poisoning, entrained purpura spots, and internal burning after acne rash. Mouth and throat rot, red eyes and annoying: black rhinoceros horn tip (grinding juice), stone calamus, scutellaria baicalensis Georgi each six taels, Zhenhuaishengdi (washed in cold water and soaked in pounding juice), Yinhua (for fresh pounding juice) each -Jin, dung Qing, forsythia each twelve, Isatis root nine taels, Xiangli eight taels, Yuan ginseng seven taels, pollen, comfrey four taels each. The raw materials are dried in the sun (avoid stir-frying), and the rhino horn, rehmannia glutinosa juice, feces and pounding are used as pills (do not add honey, if the pill is difficult, you can boil the fragrant black bean sauce), each weighs three dollars. Cool water and hydration clothes, twice a day. Children are halved. If there is no fecal cleansing, you can add Zhonghuang Siliangyan Pills. (“Warm Jingwei” Shen Xi Dan)

②Treats Taiyin Febrile Disease, those who are faint and deliant: two coins for rhinoceros horn tip (punch mill), three coins for yuan ginseng heart, five coins for lotus seed heart, two coins for bamboo leaf curling heart, two coins for Qiao heart, three coins for Lianxin Ophiopogon . Decoction in water. (“Differentiation of Febrile Diseases” Qinggong Decoction)

③ Treatment of typhoid fever and heat poisoning, red spots on the body: rhino horn (pound), ephedra (removed root node), plaster each one or two, Coptidis (removing beard) three points, mountain gardenia seed one and two and a half. Top the five flavors, mash and sieve coarsely, each serving of five coins dagger, one and a half cups of water, fry until one cup, remove the water, and take it warmly. (The Rhinoceros Soup in “The General Record of St. Francis”)

④ Treatment of acute yellow, irritability of the heart, red eyes and eyes: one or two rhino horn crumbs, two or two Yinchen, one or two scutellaria, one or two gardenia, one or two Sichuan cohosh, two or two Sichuan Glauber’s salt. Apply the medicine, pound and sieve for powder. Take four coins for each serving, take one cup of water, and three-seven slices of bamboo leaves, fry until six minutes, remove the water, and take it warm regardless of time. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Rhinoceros Sans)

⑤ To treat typhoid fever and febrile disease, those who should sweat without sweating and accumulate blood, as well as epistaxis, vomiting blood, remaining blood stasis, yellow face, black stool. Eliminate blood stasis: one or two rhino horns, two or two rehmannia, three or two peony, and two or two peony cortex. Top the four flavors, cut finely, use 9 liters of water, boil 3 liters, and divide into three servings. (“A Thousand Gold Recipes” Rhinoceros Rehmannia Soup)

⑥ Treating hematemesis like goose and duck liver, day and night: two or two rhino horns (for raw use), two or two platycodons (for raw). Two flavors, pounding Luo is scattered. Warm wine to adjust the two money dagger. (“San Franciscans Records” Sheng Xi San)

⑦ Treatment of diarrhea and blood: rhino horn (dust), dried rehmannia, and sanguis every two or two. Serve the three flavors, pound and sieve, the honey pill is as big as a marble. Take one pill, one liter of water, decoct Wuhe, remove the water, and take it warmly. (“Ancient and Modern Records and Prescriptions”)

⑧ Treatment of children’s sores, not aversion to cold, but irritability, red urine, thirst, or red spots: rhino horn (pound), licorice (burning) each half two, wind-breaking two or two, and yellow skullcap. The top is rough. Copy three coins for each serving, one cup of water, fry until 70%, remove the residue and take it warmly, regardless of time. (“Wonderful Remedy” Xijiao San)

⑨Cure children with epilepsy, bewildered, chewing tongue, and looking up: the rhino horn is half a dagger at the end of the rhino horn, and the water is combined. (“Guang Li Fang”)

⑩ Cure children’s erysipelas, wandering around, wind-heat irritability and anger: burdock seed (fried), nepeta, parsnip, scutellaria, one coin each, rhino horn five cents, raw licorice five cents. Decoction in water. Slice beef for external use and paste it, and replace it for dry. (“Odd Formulas” Rhino Horn Disinfecting Drink)

⑾ Treatment of fever, red and swollen throat, sore in the mouth, no food: one or two rhinoceros horn crumbs, one or two Sichuan cohosh, one or two Sichuan rhubarb (filed, micro-fried) one or two, horse tooth nitrate half two, cork (file) half two , Scutellaria one or two. The medicine is smashed and sieved for powder. Take four large cups of water, fry to one large cup, remove the drunk, add honey to the triple combination, decoct one or two to boil, let it warm, and slowly swallow. (“Sheng Hui Fang” fried rhino horn)

⑿ Treatment of eye swelling and pain: two and a half of rhino horn, two or two of Gentiana (removing the seedlings and soil), one or two each of Coptis (removing the beard), talc (crushed), and almond (soup soaked, peeled tip, double Ren, oil) half and two. Add the six flavors, pound and grind them for the end, mix well, put the medicine in one place with sugar and boil to form an ointment. (“San Franciscans” rhino horn cream)

⒀ Treat gangrene: drink rhino horn juice. (“A Thousand Gold Prescriptions”)

Precautions and contraindications: Xi Jiao (cornu rhinoceri)
① “Lei Gong’s Cannon Burning Theory”: “Women should not take it if they are pregnant, it can reduce the fetal gas.”

②”Materia Medica Annotation”: “Resin is used for it. Astragalus vulgaris, Lei Wan.”

③ “Compendium”: “Choise is used for it. Evil aconitum and black beak.”

④ “Materia Medica Shu”: “It should not be used for acne patients with deficiency of qi and too much heat; typhoid yin syndrome is irritable and should not be misused.”

Vorsicht: während der Schwangerschaft, Kontra: xī jiăo Rhinocerotis Cornu hemmt (xiāng wù) die Wirkung von căo wū Aconiti kusnezoffi Radix und Rx. Aconiti prep. (Chuan wu), dh es neutralisiert von Radix von Radix oder miniert chuān wū tóu Aconiti Radix Praeparata; Cornu Rhinocerotis wird aufgrund seiner Knappheit durch Cornu Bubali (shui niu jiao) (Wasserbüffelhörner) ersetzt

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Xi Jiao (cornu rhinoceri)
① “The Classic”: “Cure hundreds of poisons, miasma. Kill hook kisses, poisonous feathers, snake venom.”

② “Annotation to the Collection of Materia Medica”): “Relieve scopole poison.”

③ “Do not record”: “Cure typhoid fever, febrile disease, headache, cold and heat, and various poisonous gases.”

④ “Medicinal Properties Theory”: “Increase the vicious gas, calm the mind, relieve fever, disperse wind toxins, cure the back, carbuncle, sores, and suppurate water. The main treatment is fever like fire, irritability, and poison into the heart. , Crazy talk.”

⑤ “Diet Therapy Materia Medica”: “Treat red dysentery, study it for the end, and take it with water; it also focuses on stroke, nausea and pain, various dietary poisons, drug poisons, heat toxins, muscles and bones strokes, and irritability of the heart and wind. It is also used to extract juice with water mill and take it with children. , To treat shock fever.”

⑥ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: “Treat upset, stop convulsions, relieve fever, tears and sputum, relieve mountain malaise toxins, suppress liver and improve eyesight. Treat stroke, aphonia, heat toxins, wind, and madness.”

⑦ “Compendium”: “Grinding juice to treat vomiting, blemishes, lower blood, and typhoid blood accumulation, frantic delirium, yellowing and spots; dense acne, internal heat sinking or no scabs. To relieve liver and cool heart, clear stomach and detoxify.”

① “Compendium”: “Rhinoceros horn, foot Yangming medicine. The stomach is a sea of ​​water and valleys, and dietary drugs must be received first, so rhino horns can relieve all poisons. The five internal organs are all endowed with qi in the stomach. Dry it, so rhino horn can heal all kinds of blood and panic spots.”

② “Materia Medica Sutra”: “Rhinoceros horns are used to treat vomiting blood, bleeds, blood, typhoid fever, blood storage, mad delirium, yellowing, spotting, ulcers and gangrene dense heat and extreme blackness, etc., all of which are taken into the stomach. The power of heart, dispelling evil, clearing away heat, cooling blood and detoxifying.”

③ “Materia Medica”: “Rhinoceros horns, the sex rises but the goodness is scattered, so the treatment of typhoid fever is closed, and those who are irritated and faint and sweating are unsolvable. The sharpened tip is mixed into the medicine, and the sweat is as fast as a response. Zhong Jingyun: Ru Without rhino horn, the person who replaced it with cohosh is now entering Yangming with both things, and the power is ascending and dissipating, and today’s people have no answer. Every question is the enthusiasm for knowing rhino horn, but not knowing rhino horn. It can rise and dissipate, especially fast than cohosh. If the middle qi is weak, the pulse is thin and the pulse is absent, and the blood deficiency of acne, the true yin is insufficient, etc.; those who fear sweat, chills, and disperse should be avoided. Or as a last resort, it should be used as a tonic.”

④ “Ben Jing Feng Yuan”: “Rhinoceros horn, treats vomiting blood, blemishes, blood in urine and stool, rhinoceros dihuang decoction is a special medicine. If you suffer from chronic qi deficiency, it is forbidden, and its energy consumption is used to disperse blood and qi. The blood and heat poison of acne It is especially necessary for the prosperous ones; however, when filling on the 6th or 7th, it is also forbidden, and it can be used to make water as water; but after the scabs, the after-toxin carbuncle is not to be avoided; but the qi deficiency and poisonous pox, cut Don’t commit.”

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Xi Jiao (cornu rhinoceri)
1. Impact on the cardiovascular system
a. Heart strengthening effect: 10% rhino horn decoction has a heart strengthening effect on the in-situ or isolated toad heart and isolated rabbit heart, which can strengthen the contractility of the heart, increase the amplitude, increase the heart rate, and increase the output per minute . Increasing the dose will cause the isolated toad heart to show a cardiotonic effect, and it will soon become poisoned, and finally stop in the systolic phase. The hot infusion of rhino horn can significantly strengthen the heartbeat and restore it to its original shape on the frog’s heart that is weakened by pilocarpine. The heart strengthening effect of rhino horn is mainly due to the direct excitement of the myocardium.
b. Effect on blood vessels: 10% rhino horn decoction was used to perfuse the lower limbs of toads. In a short time, the blood flow decreased than normal, and then gradually increased, exceeding the normal flow. It suggests that the blood vessels of the lower extremities contract first and then expand.
c. Effect on blood pressure: Rhinoceros horn decoction is intravenously injected into anesthetized dogs and rabbits. The blood pressure first rises, then drops, and then continues to rise. Its antihypertensive effect has little to do with the vagus nerve. The phenomenon that its blood pressure first rises and then drops may be related to its contraction of blood vessels first and then expansion. When the blood pressure is restored, it continues to increase again, possibly because its excitatory effect on the heart exceeds the effect of vasodilation at this time or the reason that the vasodilation effect has been eliminated at this time.
2. Antipyretic effect: Rhinoceros horn has no antipyretic effect on E. coli fever rabbits. However, it is reported that intravenous injection of the saline solution of rhino horn can reduce the body temperature of rabbits with fever caused by E. coli. It has no antipyretic effect on rabbits that have fever caused by thermal stimulation or intracerebral injection of adrenaline. Intravenous or subcutaneous injection of rhino horn extract has no antipyretic effect.
3. Anti-convulsive effect. It has been reported that rhino horn has a certain anti-convulsive effect, and its point of action on the central nervous system may be mainly in the spinal cord. Experiments have shown that: Gavage of rhino horn suspension to mice (3g/kg body weight) for three consecutive days has no obvious effect on the effects of pentetrazole and caffeine, but the effect on strychnine seems to prolong the response The incubation period and animal survival time, animal reaction rate and mortality rate also decreased, and at the same time, the sleep time of animals in the pentobarbital sodium group could be prolonged.
4. Other effects. In healthy rabbits, intravenous injection of rhino horn injection can cause the total number of white blood cells to decrease sharply for a short time, and then there will be a long-lasting increase. It can also shorten the clotting time, blood

Episode 10: Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia)

Rehmanniae Radix shēng dì huáng
Rehmannia glutinosa, alias: Rehmannia glutinosa, rehmannia, ground pith, native place, dried rehmannia, benzyl, fen, milk seed, mother-in-law’s milk, Scrophulariaceae, rehmannia, root tuber, perennial erect herb. It likes a mild climate and sunny places, and is afraid of stagnant water. It is a medicine for clearing heat and cooling blood. It is used for the symptoms of warming fever, heat entering the camp and blood, dry mouth, crimson or red tongue, etc.

Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaetn.) Libosch. ex Fisch. et
dried rehmannia root

Origin:
Textual research] From “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”; ① “Compendium”: “Nowadays people only rely on Rehmannia glutinosa in Huaiqing, and the prosperity and abolishment are different at any time. Dark green, thick like small mustard leaves, not crossed, with stalks in the leaves, with fine hairs on the stems, small cone flowers on the stems, red-yellow, strong like wheat grains, roots three or four inches long, thin as fingers The skin is red and yellow, such as sheep’s hooves root and gourd radish root. It is black when exposed to dryness. Raw food is rustic, and its seedlings are commonly called mother-in-law’s milk. The seeds of the ancients are the only roots. Picking its side leaves for vegetables is very beneficial. “Materia Medica” uses the roots in February and August to pick up the roots, which is not poor in physical properties. The remaining leaves in August are still there, and the essence of the leaves is not exhausted. The essence of the root has nourished the leaves. It is not as good as those harvested in the first month and September, and it is also suitable for steaming.” ②”Materia Medica Chengya Banyan”: After planting Rehmannia glutinosa, the soil will be bitter, and cattle can only be bred in the following year. Knee, yam can be planted in another two years, and the taste will turn sweet for a full ten years, before replanting rehmannia glutinosa, otherwise the taste will be bitter and thin and unbearable. ”

Actions and Indications: Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia)
Clear heat and cool blood, nourish yin and promote body fluid.

Rehmannia glutinosa clears away heat and produces body fluid, cools blood and stops bleeding; used for heat-wind to injure yin,
Rehmannia porridge
Rehmannia porridge
Crimson tongue, polydipsia, spotted rash, vomiting blood, bleeding, throat swelling and pain. Rehmannia glutinosa clears heat and cools blood, nourishes yin and produces body fluids; used for fever, polydipsia, spotted rash, yin deficiency and internal heat, vomiting blood, bleeding, diabetes, infectious hepatitis

1. To clear heat and cool blood. The taste is sweet and bitter, cold in nature and into the blood, which can clear the heat and cool the blood of the camp. It is used for high fever, thirst, and crimson tongue in febrile diseases. The prescription is like Qingying Decoction. In addition, the product has the effect of stopping bleeding by cooling the blood, and can be used for various hemorrhagic diseases of blood heat.
2. Nourish yin and produce fluid. The high-quality moisturizing liquid can nourish yin, produce body fluid when sweet and cold, and has the effect of nourishing yin, moisturizing dryness and promoting body fluid. It is used in the later stage of febrile disease and those who suffer from evil heat and body damage. In addition, the product has the effect of nourishing yin and clearing heat, and is often used to treat dry mouth, thirst, dizziness and dizziness due to yin deficiency and fire. The prescription is like Liuwei Dihuang Pills. Diabetes can also be treated with raw land for those who suffer from heat and body injury. [5]

Indications:
Used for heat into the camp blood, dry mouth and crimson tongue. This product is moisturizing in quality from cold and bitter cold and clearing away heat. It is the essential medicine for clearing heat, cooling blood, nourishing yin and promoting body fluid. To treat damp-heat disease and heat into the blood camp, strong heat and dizziness, dry mouth and crimson tongue, it is often used equated with Scrophulariaceae, such as Qingying Decoction. In the later period of the treatment of febrile disease, the residual heat is not exhausted, the yin fluid is injured, the night is hot and early cools, the tongue is red and the pulse number is often used in the same way as the turtle shell, artemisia annua and anemarrhena, such as Qinghao turtle shell soup.
It is used for bloody fever, rash and vomiting. This product clears away heat, relieves fire, cools blood and stops bleeding. Treat blood-heat vomiting, bleeding in the stool, and uterine bleeding, often used together with fresh lotus leaves, raw mugwort leaves, raw arborvitae leaves, such as Sisheng pills; treat warm-fever fever into the camp blood, blood heat toxins, vomiting blood, rash, purple spots Black, often used together with red peony root and paeonol.
Used for thirst of body wounds, internal heat to quench thirst. This product is sweet and cold, clears heat and nourishes yin, promotes body fluid and quenches thirst. Treat internal heat and reduce thirst, often with yam. Raw astragalus and pig pancreas can be used together, such as nourishing drink; to treat febrile disease, yin damage, intestinal dryness and constipation, can be used together with Scrophulariaceae and Ophiopogon japonicus, such as Zengye Decoction.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia)
With donkey-hide gelatin, clear heat and reduce fire; match with cork, nourish yin and clear heat; match with cinnamon sticks, nourish yin and blood; match with achyranthes, nourish yin and nourish kidney; match with ebony, clear heat and nourish yin.

Formulas:

① Cure Diabetes: Astragalus, Fushen, Trichosanthes (Trichosanthes), Licorice, Ophiopogon japonicus each three or two, and dry Rehmannia five two. Add six flavors, finely chop, use 8 liters of water, boil 2 liters and a half, remove the dregs, divide into three servings, take one dose a day, and take ten doses. (“A Thousand Gold Prescriptions”)
②Treat Yangming febrile disease, no soil burn syndrome, no bowel movement for a few days, the person’s yin element is insufficient, and the person who can not use the qi: one or two Yuanshen (Scrophulariaceae), Ophiopogon (Lianxin), Xishengdiba money. Eight cups of water, three cups of decoction, dry mouth and drink the order, inconvenience, take it again. (Zengye Decoction in “Differentiation of Febrile Diseases”)
③ Treatment of vomiting from asthenia: one or two dried rehmannia, one or two scutellaria, one or two white peony, two or two donkey-hide gelatin (pounded, fried to make yellow dry), one or two angelica, two or two Fulong liver. The medicine is pounded as a powder, and every time you take it, you can drink it with glutinous rice porridge for two yuan. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Dihuang San)
④ Treat epistaxis and heat on the diaphragm: Divide dry rehmannia glutinosa and borneol mint (that is, stachys) into equal parts. In the end, adjust the cold water. (“Sun Zhaofang”)
⑤ Treatment of bleeding after pregnancy abortion, less abdominal pain: raw and dried rehmannia (roasting), angelica (roasting, cutting), xiong 藭 (chuanxiong) (to lutou), donkey-hide gelatin (zhilingzao), mugwort leaf Two in half. Serve the five flavors, mash and sieve coarsely, each serving three coins dagger, one cup of water, fry until 70%, remove warm, take it empty, take it later in the evening. (“Sanji General Record” Dihuang Decoction)
⑥ To treat Chong and Ren Qi deficiency, menstrual blood loss, continuous moon water, continuous lingering: raw and dried rehmannia (roasting) two or two, scutellaria (removing black heart), angelica (cutting, roasting), and cypress leaves (Arborvitae leaves) each half and a half , Ai Ye half points. Serve the five flavors, mash and sieve coarsely, take three money daggers, one water gu, fry until seven minutes, remove the water, add a money dagger into the yellowtail, take it before hollow food. (“Sanji General Record” Dihuang Decoction)
⑦ Treatment of blood streaks: one or two dried rehmannia, two or two cuttlefish bones (sea salamander). The top is the last, the hollow warm wine adjusts to seven servings. (“Pujifang” Dihuang San)
⑧ Treatment of apoplexy limbs and spasms: dry rehmannia, licorice, and ephedra each one or two. Finely chop, use 3 liters of wine, 7 liters of water, fry to 4 liters, remove the residue, divide into eight servings, regardless of time, take two servings a day. (“Treatment Zhunsheng” Dihuang Decoction)
⑨ Treatment of incompatibility of various sores and growth of muscles: raw dry rehmannia (rehmannia glutinosa) triple, Bletilla striata (Baiji), Bai Lian (Bai Liao), licorice (raw file) each half two, Angelica root three points, pig fat half a catty ( Practice). In addition to the fat, the six flavors are smashed into the fat and boiled into the cream to form a paste. After cold, apply it on the third or fourth day of the day. (“San Franciscans” Rehmannia glutinous paste)
⑩Cure fever, first feeling irritable, headache, waist and feet pain. Three liters of rehmannia juice, two points of skullcap, one point of ginger, and half a spoon of white honey. For the medicine, file the two flavors of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and ginger finely. Take a large cup of water and fry until six minutes. To remove the rehmanniae, add rehmannia, honey, and fry in twos and threes to a boil. Regardless of time, take two servings. (“Sheng Hui Fang” detoxification drink)
⑾Treat children’s fever, polydipsia, headache, strong heat and more than just a triad of raw rehmannia juice. Add raw honey in half and evenly, and take it with one from time to time, adding or subtracting the amount of honey. (“Sheng Hui Fang”)
⑿ To treat typhoid fever and febrile disease, sweating but not sweating should be performed. Those with internal blood accumulation, and treatment of epistaxis, vomiting blood, blood stasis, yellow face, black rhino horns in stool, one or two black rhino horns, rehmannia glutinosa, peony (white peony) Three or two, peony skin two or two. Decoction in water, divided into three servings. (“The Essential Prescriptions for One Thousand Golds” Rhinoceros Rehmanniae Soup)
⒀ During the treatment, the qi-heat toxin is in the viscera and the red spots are about to occur. Put the upper medicine in a pot to make half a catty of pork fat. Fry for more than ten years and boil, filter out the dregs, and stir evenly with musk. Take the two-in-one with each serving, and take all of them. The poison should be sweated out of the flesh, and it will be healed. (“Sheng Hui Fang”)
⒁Treat vomiting blood. One liter of rehmannia glutinosa juice is combined, and one or two white glue is used to hold it in copper. The order of steaming. (“Medical Heart Prescription” Single God Prescription)
⒂ Treatment of small intestinal heat, irritability, urinary bleeding, rehmannia glutinosa and Imperata cylindrica roots are two and a half, and two stalks are green and white. Serve the three flavors, file as big as a sesame bean, three cups of water, fry until one and a half cups, remove the water, and take two servings before eating. (“Sanji General Record” Dihuang Decoction)
⒃Cure more than hematuria due to strain. Rehmannia glutinosa juice five combinations, plantain leaf (plantain) juice five combinations, antler gum three or two (mashed), stir-fried to make yellow dry. For the medicine, combine the two flavor juices, and adjust the gum powder for each small cup before eating. (“Sheng Hui Fang”)
⒄ Governance of postpartum urinary bleeding. Rehmannia glutinosa and thorn thistle (small thistle) are each half a catty. Mix the juice on top, take a small cup each, and drink it before eating. (“Pujifang”)
⒅Treat heart heat, intestinal wind, and visceral poisoning and bleeding. Rehmannia glutinosa half a catty, grind and extract the juice, connect the residue, huanglian four or two, mix the two flavors and dry. At the end, refined honey pills are as big as mung beans. Twenty pills per serving, under the decoction of Maimendong after the meal. (“Medical System” Qianjindihuang Pills)
⒆ Treat the woman’s bleeding, and half a bowl of rehmannia glutinosa juice and motherwort juice under the red leucorrhea. Take the medicine, take half a cup of water, and decoct the same to seven minutes. Take it three to five times a day. (“Pujifang” Dihuang Motherwort Soup)
⒇ Treating postpartum abdominal pain, seeing black flowers, or madness like a ghost; or fetal restlessness, aphasia, fullness of the heart and chest, no water and valleys, dry mouth and polydipsia, hot and cold exchanges, sores in the mouth, sore throat, palpitations in the heart , Can not sleep at night; postpartum stroke, reflexed horns, red face, urgent teeth; or collapse such as dolphins liver, umbilical abdomen pain, irritability, trance, swollen limbs; and unsteady conception, blue lips and nails Rehmannia glutinosa and ginger are 2 catties each, grind, take the juice and leave the juice, and puhuang and angelica are 4 taels each. In the silver stoneware, stir-fry the ginger tumbler with the rehmannia glutinosa juice over a slow fire, and fry the rehmannia glutinosa tumbler with the ginger juice, and each order is dried. Four flavors are roasted and dried into fine powder, and the batter balls boiled in vinegar are as big as marbles. For each pill, use angelica to drink before eating. (“Women’s Remedy” Dihuang Wan)
(21) Treatment of postpartum blood dizziness and distress. One large cup of Rehmannia glutinosa juice, one point for Angelica sinensis (file), and one point for red peony root (file). Decoction in water for three to five boiling, warm to drink, if you feel annoying, remove the angelica, take half a cup of pee into the boy. (“Yunqizi Life Saving Collection”)
(22) Treatment of broken bones and broken bones. Use raw rehmannia to smash it, iron and heat it, it is easy to count day and night. If the blood gathers, it will be determined by the needle.
(23) Treat injured limbs, broken arms, broken tendons and damaged bones, but have skin connected. Use raw rehmannia glutinosa juice, good wine and kimono, the tendons and skins will be continuous in one month; and pestle, stir-fry and seal the damaged area.
(24) Treating breast carbuncle Rehmannia glutinosa juice is applied for several times a day. (22~24 recipes are from “Sanitation Yi Jian Fang”)
(25) Treat blood heat and cause ringworm. Take raw rehmannia juice frequently. (“The Essential Prescriptions for Thousands of Money”)
(26) Treat violent red eyes, swelling and pain. Rehmannia glutinosa (wash, cut, and grind), black beans, two or two each, raw and crushed. Apply the second flavor, pound it into an ointment, wash your eyes with salt soup when you are lying down, close your eyes, put the ointment on your eyes, let them not move, until the dawn of water moisturizes the medicine to make it soft, remove it. (“San Franciscans” Rehmannia glutinous paste)
(27) Treatment of wind pain in the bone groove, swollen gums and sparse teeth. Rehmannia glutinosa (juice extraction), half of Hutong tears (fine research), half of alum (dry, research), and musk one minute (fine research). The three flavors are ground into very fine powder, blended with the raw rehmannia juice, and put in silverware, that is, slowly boiled with civil and martial fire to form a paste. Temporarily apply the medicine to the gums, and swallow when there is fluid. Every time you use a word, you will lie down at night after eating. (“San Franciscans General Record”)
(28) Treat typhoid fever, heart heat, sores in the mouth and tongue. Add the two flavors and stir well, and fry over a slow fire like a thick 饧. Half a spoon per serving, containing chemical, slowly throating fluid, regardless of time. (“San Franciscans General Record”)
(29) Treat closed throat. Use two liters of raw rehmannia juice and three liters of honey. (“Pujili”)
(30) To treat the wind with the mouth and face, not to speak too much, reincarnate with a liter of rehmannia juice, a liter of bamboo lees, and live alone (cut). Combine the three flavors, decoct one liter, and take it. If not corrected, one more medicine. Nothing to stop. (“Outside Taiwan”)
(31) Cure, cough, fatigue, limb weakness, no eating or drinking, half a catty of raw rehmannia juice, honey triad, artemisia annua juice triad. Apply the medicine in harmony, regardless of time, take it with warmth and Yidun take it. (“Pujifang” Dihuang Decoction)
(32) Cure dry cough due to exhaustion, good drinkers cough for a long time, especially effective ginseng twelve taels, white tuckahoe fifteen taels, amber and agarwood each half two taels, and ten kilograms of rehmannia glutinosa (washed, fine silverstone inside pestle) , Take natural juice. Avoid ironware), five kilograms of white honey (boil to remove foam). First boil the rehmannia juice and honey, stir well, filter with dense silk, put the ginseng as fine powder and honey juice into the magnetic bottle or silver bottle, seal the bottle with ten layers of tissue paper and put it into the casserole. Or use long flowing water to boil the bottleneck in a copper iron pot, boil it for three days and nights with mulberry firewood, take it out, change the oil and tie the mouth with a single wax paper, suspend it in the well for half a day to release the fire, lift it, and still boil for half a day to release the water vapor, and then store it. Take one or two spoonfuls in the morning and afternoon every day, and mix it with warm wine one or two times. People who do not drink alcohol can also make it in white. (“Ancient and Modern Medicine”)
(33) Treating heart disease without asking Xinjiu Rehmannia glutinosa, according to how much people eat, search for noodles as a feast, or cold wash food, but avoid using salt, take it for a long time and benefit, and it will heal. (“World Medicine Effective Recipe”)
(34) Pass the meridians, replenish weakness, strengthen the feet and knees, and moisturize the skin. Apply the medicine, stir well, boil it in a silver stoneware, and the pill will be a pill, which is as big as a Chinese phoenix tree. Thirty pills per serving, drink before eating. (“Pujifang”)
(35) Treat the yellow and red mustache, and it will become black when dyed. Raw rehmannia and ginger each half a catty, wash, stone mortar, wring out natural juice, and leave residue for use. Use a non-moth saponaria on the top, peel off the string, dip it in the concoction, and slowly burn it to brown it. Then the pro-drug dregs are put into the tank, fire for storage, grind the powder, and use an ironware to hold it. For every three dollars used, add a cup of white soup, mix thoroughly, and let stand for three days. When you go to sleep, apply the medicine to your moustache and your hair will naturally turn black. (“Ancient and Modern Medicine”)
(36) Cure smashed raw pannus membrane eye, also in addition to panpan membrane raw rehmannia juice, mint juice, wintergreen (Ligustrum lucidum) juice. Boil the three-flavored juice thick, add a couple of honey, and boil it into a cream. (Changchun ointment in “The Complete Book of Ophthalmology”)

Precautions and contraindications: Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia)
This product is not suitable for people with cold and stagnant nature, spleen deficiency, dampness, stagnation, and loose stools.

Caution: with diarrhea due to empty spleen and moisture

Drug interactions:
shēng dì huáng Rehmanniae Radix and antihypertensive agents (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
shēng dì huáng Rehmanniae Radix could increase the effects of antihypertensive drugs.

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia)

“Pearl Sac”: “Cools the blood, produces blood, nourishes the kidney and water for real yin.”
① “This Sutra”: It mainly breaks and breaks the tendons, expels the blood from the injury, fills the bone marrow, grows the muscles, and is used as a soup to remove cold and heat accumulation, and remove the numbness. The survivor Youliang.
② “Don’t Record”: The main man has five labors and seven injuries, the female is injured, the cell leaks blood, breaks the malignant blood, drowns the intestines, helps the small and small intestines, goes to the stomach and sleeps, replenishes the five internal organs, lacks internal injuries, clears blood vessels, and improves vitality. , Li Ermu.
③ “Properties of Medicine”: tonic deficiency, warm middle and lower qi, clear blood vessels, treat postpartum abdominal pain, and vomit blood.
④ “Rihuazi Materia Medica”: treats palpitations, fatigue, heart and lung damage, vomiting blood, epistaxis, women’s collapse and bleeding, helping bones and muscles.
⑤Wang Haogu: Mainly suffering from heart disease, heat pain in the palms, floppy arthralgia, addiction to lying down, and pain in the feet.
⑥ “Materia Medica Congxin”: cures blood deficiency and fever, often feels hungry, discouraged, tired and addicted to lying, chest and diaphragm nausea; regulating menstruation and anti-fetus.

Contemporary Research and Pharmacology: Sheng Di Huang (rehmannia)
1. The effect on the cardiovascular system
a. Effect on the heart: Experiments have shown that Sheng Di Huang Liu extract has a significant effect on the contractility of the frog’s heart, and it is more pronounced on the weakened heart, but large doses can poison the normal frog’s heart. Rats receive intravenous injection of ethanol from the rehmannia glutinosa. Extracts and water extracts have a significant inhibitory effect on the heart, slowing the heartbeat or even stopping it. Therefore, when using large doses of Rehmannia glutinosa, attention should be paid to the toxicity to the heart. [6] b. Effects on blood pressure: Rats were injected with Dihuang water, alcohol and ether extracts into the intraperitoneal cavity of rats. The results showed that: the water extract had a significant effect on lowering the blood pressure of acute experimental hypertension, while the alcohol and ether extracts had no obvious effect on hypertension. It has a stabilizing effect on blood pressure under cold conditions (room temperature 23℃). Intravenous injection of Rehmannia glutinosa extract in rabbits and dogs can increase blood pressure. When the hind legs of toads are perfused, the medium concentration causes the blood vessels to contract, and the high concentration causes the blood vessels to dilate. Intravenous injection of the alcohol extract of Huaiqing Dihuang to anesthetized dogs and rabbits can reduce blood pressure. Experimental proof: Liuwei Dihuang Decoction is experimental on rats

Rehmannia
Renal hypertension has obvious effects of lowering blood pressure, improving renal function, and reducing mortality.
2. Effect on blood: The yellow needle-like crystals obtained from the ethanol extract of Rehmannia glutinosa can shorten the clotting time of rabbits, but the effect of its water decoction is not obvious. Experiments show that the decoctions of raw rehmannia, rehmannia glutinosa, raw rehmannia, and rehmannia glutinosa can significantly shorten the clotting time, and there is no significant difference between them.
The DIC effect study on nine different kinds of rehmannia and radix rehmanniae proved that one of the rehmannia glutinosa produced in China has an antithrombin effect, and two have the effect of activating the fibrinolytic system, which can obviously resist thrombin and endotoxin induced DIC occurred in rats, but there was no platelet aggregation.
Rehmannia glutinosa has both hemostatic and anticoagulant effects, and its mechanism needs to be further studied.
100% Shengdi injection was injected into the intraperitoneal cavity of rats, 1ml per day for 6 consecutive days, which can reduce the platelet damage caused by cobalt 60 irradiation and accelerate the recovery. [6] 3. The effect on blood sugar: The effect of Dihuang on blood sugar needs to be further studied. After decoction, infusion or alcohol extract is given to rabbits by gavage or injection, it can reduce normal blood sugar and hyperglycemia caused by epinephrine and amine chloride. It has been reported that subcutaneous injection of 2g/kg of rehmandinol extract solution or 4g/kg gavage can reduce blood sugar in rabbits. The injection administration is more obvious, and the blood sugar drops to the lowest level 4 hours after the administration. Intramuscular injection of 20g of dihuang alcohol extract solution can also inhibit and prevent the elevation of blood sugar in rabbits caused by adrenaline. Single-flavored Dihuang Dihuang has a more significant blood sugar lowering effect than Pueraria lobata; Bawei Dihuang Wan has a lower blood-sugar effect than that of single-flavored Dihuang. It is reported that Bawei Dihuang Decoction has a lowering effect on rats’ hyperglycemia caused by alloxan. Another report

Rehmannia glutinosa water or alcohol extract only reduces blood sugar in normal rabbits, but is not effective against hyperglycemia caused by adrenaline.
However, there are also reports to the contrary. Experiments on rabbits with alcohol extracts, decoctions, and water extracts of Rehmannia glutinosa did not observe the blood sugar-lowering effect of Rehmannia glutinosa.
4. The effect on the central nervous system. Rehmannia glutinosa has an obvious sedative effect, and its action site may be in the cerebral cortex. Its water extract can inhibit the autonomous activities of mice, and can strengthen the hypnotic effect of subliminal hypnotic doses of sodium pentobarbital and thiopental sodium. At the same time, it can also resist the excitatory effect of sodium nitrate, but not against the effect of nitrate nitrate. Convulsions caused by Ning and Pentylenetetrazol. The sedative effect of Rehmannia glutinosa is beneficial to alleviate the symptoms of hypertensive patients and significantly improve the insomnia caused by hypertensive patients, with an effective rate of 94%. Some people think that the sedative components of Rehmannia glutinosa are mainly water-soluble substances. Oral rehmannia glutinosa decoction extract, alcohol extract or intraperitoneal injection of 10g/kg can all have a synergistic effect on the hypnotic effect of sodium pentobarbital.
5. Anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects. Rehmannia decoction has obvious antagonism to rat formaldehyde arthritis and egg white arthritis, and can inhibit the granuloma caused by subcutaneous injection of turpentine and the capillary permeability caused by histamine. Sexual increase. Rehmannia glutinosa water extract has a significant inhibitory effect on the increase in vascular permeability caused by histamine and peritonitis caused by acetic acid in mice. It also has an anti-inflammatory effect on acute inflammation caused by egg white, while the alcohol and ether extracts of rehmannia glutinosa have no anti-inflammatory effect. .
It has been reported that dried Rehmannia glutinosa water extract can significantly increase T lymphocytes in peripheral blood, and dried Rehmannia glutinosa alcohol extract can significantly promote the production of anti-SRPC antibody-hemolysin and reduce peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Rehmannia glutinosa water extract does not. This role.
6. Antifungal effect  Rehmannia glutinosa water extract against tinea bursa, microsporum gypsum, and microsporum latifolia

And the growth of many kinds of fungi such as Oduon Microsporum can inhibit the growth of. [6] 7. Effects on endocrine  Dihuang has the inhibitory effect of dexamethasone on the pituitary-adrenal cortex system, and can promote the synthesis of adrenal cortex hormones. Clinical observations have found that the combined use of Rehmannia glutinosa and glucocorticoids can reduce the side effects of yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity caused by hormones. The combined use of Shengdi and dexamethasone can gradually increase the concentration of corticosterone in rabbits, but pathological observations show that it has no significant changes in the morphology of the pituitary and adrenal cortex of rabbits, which suggests that Shengdi can reduce the effect of glucocorticoid on the rabbit pituitary. -The influence of the function and morphology of the adrenal cortex system. Animal experiments show that Rehmannia glutinosa can resist the decrease of plasma corticosterone concentration after continuous administration of dexamethasone, and can prevent adrenal cortex atrophy. Rehmannia decoction can significantly reduce the content of vitamin C in the adrenal glands of rats. [4] 8. Anti-tumor effect   Liuwei Dihuang Decoction can obviously resist the effect of N-nitrosoacetate-induced squamous cell carcinoma of the front stomach in mice (similar to human esophageal cancer). It is generally believed that the anti-tumor effect of Rehmannia glutinosa is related to the increase of immune function. Rehmannia glutinosa promotes the transformation of lymphoblasts, increases the number of T-lymphocytes, and can enhance the phagocytic function of the reticuloendothelial system, especially for those with weakened immune function. The effect is more obvious.
9. Other effects. It has been reported that after intravenous injection of Dihuang extract in anesthetized dogs, urine output per unit time increases. The principle of diuresis may be related to its heart strengthening and blood vessel expansion. However, there are also reports of Dihuang Shuijian extract and alcohol extract. The diuretic effect on rats has not been confirmed. [6] 10. Heat into the camp and blood, rash and vomiting
Rehmannia glutinosa is moisturizing in quality, cold and clear from bitter cold, and it can be divided into camp and blood. It is an important medicine for clearing camp, cooling blood, and hemostasis. It is used for warming disease and fever into the camp blood, strong heat and polydipsia, dizzy tongue, often used the same as water buffalo horns and Scrophulariaceae, such as Qingying Decoction in “Febrile Diseases Tiaobian”; if the blood is too hot, vomiting blood and bleeding , Purple and black macules, often compatible with water buffalo horn, red peony root, and Moutan bark, such as rhinoceros rehmannia decoction in “The Essential Prescriptions for Thousand Golds”; Use with raw mugwort leaves and raw cypress leaves, such as Sisheng Pills in “Women’s Remedy”; if the blood is hot and vomiting, it can be compatible with Moutan bark, Jiaoshanzhi, Panax notoginseng, etc., such as “Medical Insights” 》Sheng Dihuang Decoction.
11. Yin deficiency internal heat, hot flashes and night sweats
This product is sweet and cold in quality, enters the kidney meridian, and can nourish yin and reduce fire. It is used for those who have not exhausted the residual heat in the later stage of febrile disease, the evil is submerged in the yin, the night is hot and the cold is early, and the tongue is red and the veins are red. ; If the yin deficiency and fire are prosperous and the night sweats will not stop, it is often used with cork, astragalus, floating wheat, etc., such as “Jingyue Quanshu” Shengdi Huangjian; if the yin deficiency caused by fatigue, the bone is steamed and heated, it can be used with Mudan Pi, Zhimu, etc. Compatibility of Digupi, such as “Ancient and Modern Medicine” Rehmannia Ointment; If the lung yin is deficient, dry cough due to exhaustion, dry throat and hemoptysis, it is often used together with ginseng, poria, white honey, such as “Hong’s Collected Prescriptions” Qiongyu Ointment. [6] 12. Thirst for body wounds, internal heat to quench thirst
This product is sweet and cold in quality, and has the effects of clearing heat and nourishing yin, promoting body fluid and quenching thirst. It is used for yin injury caused by fever, dry mouth and throat, polydipsia and polydipsia. It is often used with Polygonatum, Ophiopogon japonicus, and Adenophora spp Drink more, use it with trichosanthes, coptis, lotus root juice, etc., such as the “Danxi Heart Method” to reduce thirst Same use, such as Lianmei Decoction in Tiaobian of Febrile Diseases; it is used for yin deficiency and internal heat for diminishing thirst syndrome, thirst and polydipsia, and can be used with Chinese yam, astragalus, dogwood, etc. Fat drink; if febrile disease hurts body fluid, stool is dry, throat is dry and thirsty, it is often used with Scrophulariaceae and Ophiopogon japonicus, such as “Fever Disease Tiaobian” Zengye Decoction. [6]

Episode 10: Xuan Shen (scrophularia) Guide
Podcast | 
Herbal Medicine: a Guide to Single Herbs and their Clinical Application

Name and Description: Xuan Shen (scrophularia)

Radix Scrophulariae xuán shēn
Scrophulariaceae, the name of Chinese medicine. It is a herbaceous plant of the Scrophulariaceae family, which can reach more than 1 meter. There are several branches, spindle-shaped or carrot-shaped swelling, and the thickness can reach more than 3 cm. Born in bamboo forests, streams, jungles and tall grasses below 1,700 meters above sea level. Produced in Hebei (south), Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi (south), Hubei, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan, Guangdong, Guizhou, Sichuan. Sweet, bitter, salty, slightly cold in nature, it has the effects of clearing heat and cooling blood, nourishing yin and reducing fire, detoxification and dispelling stagnation.

Origin:[Source] “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica”.

Actions and Indications: Xuan Shen (scrophularia)
Clearing away heat and cooling blood, purging fire and detoxification, nourishing yin.

Scrophulariaceae VS Rehmannia

Both can clear heat and cool blood, nourish yin and produce body fluid, treat heat into ying and blood, heat disease to injure yin, yin deficiency and internal heat, etc., and the normal phase must be used. However, Scrophulariaceae has strong efficacies in reducing fire and detoxification, so throat swelling and pain, phlegm and scrofula are more useful; Rehmannia glutinosa has a greater power to clear heat and cool blood, so blood-heat bleeding, internal heat and thirst are more useful.

Indications:
Warm evil into the camp, invaginated pericardium, warm toxins and spots, fever injures the yin, crimson tongue, polydipsia, body fluid constipation, bone steaming, cough, red eyes, sore throat, scrofula, diphtheria, carbuncle and sore toxin

Used for warming evil into the camp, invading pericardium, warming toxin and spotting, and constipation. This product is bitter, sweet, salty, cold and moisturizing, has functions of clearing away heat and cooling blood, nourishing yin and moisturizing dryness, reducing fire and detoxification. Treatment of febrile disease and fever into the camp, body heat at night, upset and thirsty, crimson tongue and pulse number, often used with Habitat and Ophiopogon japonicus, such as Qingying Decoction; treatment of febrile disease, pericardium, deceptive delirium, and wheat In winter, forsythia and heart are used as the same, such as Qinggong Decoction; if there is a rash caused by febrile qi and blood, it is often used together with gypsum and anemarrhena, such as Huaban Decoction.
Used for sore throat, scrofula sputum nucleus, carbuncle swelling and sore toxin. This product is salty and cold, has the functions of clearing away heat and cooling blood, detoxifying and dispelling congestion, and relieving throat and swelling. Cure exogenous blast poison, swelling and sore throat caused by heat toxin, and large head plague. It is equivalent to peppermint, forsythia and Radix isatidis, such as Puji Sanitizing Drink; cure swelling and pain of throat due to yin deficiency and fire, can be the same as Ophiopogon, Platycodon grandiflorum, and licorice Use, add Xuanmai Ganju Decoction; treat scrofulaceous sputum nucleus of phlegm fire stagnation, mostly use with Fritillaria and raw oysters, such as Xiaosui Pill; treat sore swelling and toxin, and use silver flower, forsythia, purple ditin It is equivalent; if it is mixed with silver flower, licorice, and angelica, it can cure gangrene, and add Simiao Yongan Decoction.
In addition, this product is used with lily, rehmannia glutinosa, and Chuan Fritillaria to treat cough and hemoptysis; with Digupi, Yin Chaihu, and Danpi to treat bone steaming fever; with Ophiopogon, Schisandra, Chinese wolfberry Equally used, it can also cure internal heat and reduce thirst. All take the effect of clearing heat and cooling blood, nourishing yin and moisturizing dryness.

Herb combinations and Formulas: Xuan Shen (scrophularia)
① After treating typhoid fever, sweating and vomiting, the poison gas will not dissipate, the surface is weak and the inside is solid, and the heat is emitted outside. Two in half. The file is as big as a dou, and each serving is a five-coin dagger. Take one and a half cups of water and fry until seven minutes, then take it. (“Like Certificate of Living Human Book” Scrophulariaceae and Cohosh Soup)

②Treatment of triple burnt fever: Scrophulariaceae, Coptis and Rhubarb each one or two. In the end, the refining honey pill Wuzi is big. Take three or forty pills per serving, under white decoction. Xiaoerwan corn is big. (“Danxi Heart Method”)

③Treat Yangming febrile disease, no scorching syndrome, no bowel movement for a few days, now, if the person’s yin is insufficient, it is not feasible to bear the air: Scrophulariaceae one or two, Ophiopogon (Lianxin) eight dollars. Eight cups of water, three cups of boiled, dry mouth and drink the order. Inconvenience, take it again. (Zengye Decoction in “Differentiation of Febrile Diseases”)

④ Treatment of typhoid fever, congestion of toxic gas and heat, swelling and pain in the throat and tongue: Scrophulariaceae, shegan, and xanthate are one or two each. The medicine is mashed and sieved at the end. Take five dollars for each serving. Take a large cup of water and decoct until it reaches five minutes. (“Sheng Hui Fang” Xuan Shen San)

⑤ Treatment of acute throat arthralgia, regardless of adults and children: Scrophulariaceae and Rat Nianzi (half-life, half-fried) each one or two. In the end, take a new cup of water. (“Sheng Hui Fang”)

⑥ The first treatment of scrofula: Yuan ginseng (steamed), oysters (calcined in vinegar, grind), Fritillaria (heart-removed, steamed), four or two each. The total is the end, and the refining of honey is the pill. Three dollars per serving, open underwater, two servings a day. (“Medical Enlightenment” Xiaoshou Pill)

⑦Relieve all heat and reduce sore toxin: Scrophulariaceae and Rehmannia glutinosa each have one or two, and rhubarb five coins (simmering). The top is the end, refined honey pills, light heart, light bamboo leaf soup, or a little sugar. (“Supplementary Pocket Prescriptions for Children”)

⑧ Treatment of Chimai Guantong: Scrophulariaceae as the end, boil pork liver with rice swill, and eat it every day. (“Quick Xianfang”)

Precautions and contraindications: Xuan Shen (scrophularia)
People with deficiency of the spleen and stomach and loose stools should not take it. Anti-Veratrum.

Caution: with diarrhea due to empty spleen and moisture

Drug interactions:
xuán shēn Scrophulariae Radix and antihypertensive (reinforcing effect) (theoretical)
xuán shēn Scrophulariae Radix could increase the effects of antihypertensive drugs.

This herb has been noted to antagonize Rhizoma Zingiberis Officinalis (gan jiang), Radix Astragali Membranacei (huang qi), Fructus Zizyphi Jujubae (da zao), Frucutus Corni Officinalis (shan zhu yu), and is incompatible with Rhizoma et Radix Veratri ( lu).

Chinese Materia Medica Classics: Xuan Shen (scrophularia)
Zhang element: Scrophulariaceae, is the agent of the cardinal, controls all qi up and down, clears and does not become turbid, and is often used in wind medicine. Therefore, Scrophulariaceae and cohosh decoction in the Book of the Living is known as the agent for purging cardinals if the poison persists after vomiting after sweating. On this basis, to cure the air entrapped in the air and the rootless fire, Scrophulariaceae is the sacred medicine.
“Compendium”: Kidney water is injured, true yin is lost, solitary yang has no root, and it is a fire disease. The law should strengthen water to make fire, so Xuan participates in the same power of Dihuang. The elimination of scrofula is also a fire, Liu Shouzhen said that tuberculosis is a fire.

“Materia Medica”: Scrophulariaceae, the taste is bitter but sweet, bitterness can clear the fire, and sweetness can nourish the yin, because of its sweet taste, so the lowering of the sex is slow. ̶